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  1. Research results on the training intensity distribution (TID) in endurance athletes are equivocal. This non-uniformity appears to be partially founded in the different quantification methods that are implement...

    Authors: Manuel Matzka, Robert Leppich, Billy Sperlich and Christoph Zinner
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:1
  2. Cardiorespiratory fitness and fatness (notably central obesity) are mediating factors of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) and consequent cardiovascular disease (CVD)/mortality risk. The fitness-fatness index (FFI...

    Authors: Joyce S. Ramos, Lance C. Dalleck, Mackenzie Fennell, Alex Martini, Talita Welmans, Rebecca Stennett, Shelley E. Keating, Robert G. Fassett and Jeff S. Coombes
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:100
  3. Interval training is a form of exercise that involves intermittent bouts of relatively intense effort interspersed with periods of rest or lower-intensity exercise for recovery. Low-volume high-intensity inter...

    Authors: Lauren E. Skelly, Celine Bailleul and Jenna B. Gillen
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:99
  4. “Sit less–move more” has been the univocal advice to adults for better health. Predominantly, this advice is based on research of physical behaviors during leisure-time. A recent study among > 100,000 adults i...

    Authors: Andreas Holtermann, Charlotte Lund Rasmussen, David M. Hallman, Ding Ding, Dorothea Dumuid and Nidhi Gupta
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:98
  5. Despite hip and groin pain being commonly reported in elite youth football players, little evidence on risk factors exists. Risk factors in adult football players include reduced hip adductor strength and hip ...

    Authors: Jacob Schoffl, Katherine Dooley, Peter Miller, Jess Miller and Suzanne J. Snodgrass
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:97
  6. Australian Football is a fast paced, intermittent sport, played by both male and female populations. The aim of this systematic review was to compare male and female Australian Football players, competing at e...

    Authors: Christopher Wing, Nicolas H. Hart, Callum McCaskie, Petar Djanis, Fadi Ma’ayah and Kazunori Nosaka
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:96
  7. Authors: Víctor Rodrigo-Carranza, Fernando González-Mohíno, Jordan Santos-Concejero and José María González-Ravé
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:94

    The Letter to the Editor to this article has been published in Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:95

    The original article was published in Sports Medicine - Open 2020 6:21

  8. This study assessed relationships and sex differences between psychological state (recovery, stress, anxiety, and self-confidence) and gastrointestinal symptoms (GIS) prior to and during a 56 km ultramarathon ...

    Authors: Charles S. Urwin, Luana C. Main, Antonina Mikocka-Walus, David R. Skvarc, Spencer S. H. Roberts, Dominique Condo, Amelia J. Carr, Lilia Convit, William Jardine, Shant S. Rahman and Rhiannon M. J. Snipe
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:93
  9. Protection against airborne infection is currently, due to the COVID-19-associated restrictions, ubiquitously applied during public transport use, work and leisure time. Increased carbon dioxide re-inhalation ...

    Authors: Tobias Engeroff, David A. Groneberg and Daniel Niederer
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:92
  10. The Nordic Hamstring Exercise (NHE) is very popular for selective eccentric hamstring strengthening. However, NHE-related research is hindered by insufficient details about implementation and reporting. Availa...

    Authors: Tobias Alt and Marcus Schmidt
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:91
  11. There is increasing international interest in clinical practice and research related to mental health in the international sports society. The athlete-specific psychological distress assessment tool that addre...

    Authors: Yasutaka Ojio, Asami Matsunaga, Shin Kawamura, Masanori Horiguchi, Goro Yoshitani, Kensuke Hatakeyama, Rei Amemiya, Ayako Kanie, Rosemary Purcell, Simon M. Rice and Chiyo Fujii
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:90
  12. Urinary incontinence (UI) can negatively affect a woman’s quality of life, participation in sport and athletic performance. The objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence of UI in competitive wo...

    Authors: Lolita Wikander, Marilynne N. Kirshbaum, Nasreena Waheed and Daniel E. Gahreman
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:89
  13. Exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation is safe and implemented in international cardiac rehabilitation guidelines. Evidence for long-term health effects is scarce and rare for health care service research.

    Authors: Lars Gabrys, Johannes Soff, Christian Thiel, Christian Schmidt, Enno Swart and Dirk Peschke
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:88
  14. Across team sports, it is critically important to appropriately define, evaluate and then aptly describe individual and team performance. This is of particular significance when we consider that performance mo...

    Authors: Tannath J. Scott, Colin E. Sanctuary, Matthew S. Tredrea and Adrian J. Gray
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:87
  15. Physical activity (PA) has acquired a significant relevance due to the health benefits associated with its practice. Accelerometers are an effective tool to assess PA; however, the diversity of cut-off points ...

    Authors: Francisco Jesus Llorente-Cantarero, Jose Manuel Jurado-Castro, Rosaura Leis, Rocío Vázquez-Cobela, Esther M. González-Gil, Concepción María Aguilera, Gloria Bueno, Luis A. Moreno, Angel Gil and Mercedes Gil-Campos
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:86
  16. The validity of the Functional Movement Screen (FMS) in identifying active females who are predisposed to injury has not been specifically reviewed. This study aims to synthesize the literature on the ability ...

    Authors: Mojtaba Asgari, Shahab Alizadeh, Anna Sendt and Thomas Jaitner
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:85
  17. The tackle is the in-game activity carrying the greatest risk for concussion in rugby. A recent evaluation of tackle characteristics in rugby union precipitated a rule modification to reduce head impact risk d...

    Authors: Andrew J. Gardner, Grant L. Iverson, Suzi Edwards and Ross Tucker
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:84
  18. Sports practice can promote several health benefits in pediatric populations; nonetheless, most of the studies that investigated these benefits are of cross-sectional design. Thus, our objective was to verify ...

    Authors: Camila Cassemiro Rosa, William Rodrigues Tebar, Crystian Bittencourt Soares Oliveira, Breno Quintella Farah, Juliano Casonatto, Bruna Thamyres Ciccotti Saraiva and Diego Giulliano Destro Christofaro
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:83
  19. Few studies have assessed the use of dietary supplements, anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS) and selective androgen receptor modulators (SARM) in male gym users. The comparison of physical appearance with othe...

    Authors: Luuk Hilkens, Maarten Cruyff, Liesbeth Woertman, Jeroen Benjamins and Catharine Evers
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:81
  20. Preventing sports injuries is at the forefront of sports medicine. Although effective preventive strategies in scientific literature exist, their implementation is lagging behind. The Internet could support th...

    Authors: Aleksandra Katarzyna Mącznik, Poonam Mehta and Mandeep Kaur
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:80
  21. With the rising amount of data in the sports and health sectors, a plethora of applications using big data mining have become possible. Multiple frameworks have been proposed to mine, store, preprocess, and an...

    Authors: Ashwin A. Phatak, Franz-Georg Wieland, Kartik Vempala, Frederik Volkmar and Daniel Memmert
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:79
  22. Low back pain (LBP) is a burdensome problem affecting amateur cyclists. This cross-sectional study analysed Italian amateur cycling cohort’s demographic and sport-specific characteristics, the prevalence and c...

    Authors: Simone Battista, Lucia Grazia Sansone and Marco Testa
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:78
  23. Compared with age-matched untrained men, resistance-trained men who have undergone long duration training (> 2 years) at a high frequency (> 5 days/week) may be lower cardiovagal baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) b...

    Authors: Nobuhiro Nakamura and Isao Muraoka
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:77
  24. Information technology has been integrated into most areas of sport, providing new insights, improving the efficiency of operational processes, and offering unique opportunities for exploration and inquiry. Wh...

    Authors: Carl T. Woods, Duarte Araújo, Keith Davids and James Rudd
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:76
  25. Biomechanical factors affecting horizontal-plane hip and knee kinetic chain and anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury risk during cutting maneuvers remain unclear. This study aimed to examine whether differe...

    Authors: Issei Ogasawara, Yohei Shimokochi, Shoji Konda, Tatsuo Mae and Ken Nakata
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:75
  26. The impact of vitamin D on musculoskeletal health is well-established, although its influence on physical performance is unclear. Therefore, we conducted this study to evaluate the impact of 25-hydroxy-vitamin...

    Authors: Astrid Most, Oliver Dörr, Holger Nef, Christian Hamm, Timm Bauer and Pascal Bauer
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:74
  27. Exercise can improve mental health; however many tertiary students do not reach recommended levels of weekly engagement. Short-term exercise may be more achievable for tertiary students to engage in to promote...

    Authors: Michaela C. Pascoe, Alan P. Bailey, Melinda Craike, Tim Carter, Rhiannon K. Patten, Nigel K. Stepto and Alexandra G. Parker
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:72
  28. Medial tibial stress syndrome (MTSS) is a common overuse injury that lacks effective evidence-based treatment options. Reduced leg girth has been associated with MTSS development because it is hypothesised to ...

    Authors: Joshua P. M. Mattock, Julie R. Steele and Karen J. Mickle
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:71
  29. Although even small volumes (15–20 min) of daily physical activity (PA) are associated with health benefits, the optimal volume for healthy aging and longevity is substantially larger, amounting to about 100 m...

    Authors: Martin Kopp and Martin Burtscher
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:70
  30. The aim was to verify the effect of non-periodized and linear periodized combined (aerobic plus resistance) exercise training on insulin resistance markers in adults with obesity.

    Authors: Anne Ribeiro Streb, Larissa dos Santos Leonel, Rodrigo Sudatti Delevatti, Cláudia Regina Cavaglieri and Giovani Firpo Del Duca
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:69
  31. Cycling is a popular global sport and method of transportation and a significant contributor to admissions to hospital emergency units following an injury. Mountain biking events present additional challenges ...

    Authors: Kim Buchholtz, Mike Lambert, Lieselotte Corten and Theresa L. Burgess
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:68
  32. Neuromuscular warmups have gained increasing attention as a means of preventing sports-related injuries, but data on effectiveness in basketball are sparse. The objective of this systematic review was to evalu...

    Authors: Anna C. Davis, Nicholas P. Emptage, Dana Pounds, Donna Woo, Robert Sallis, Manuel G. Romero and Adam L. Sharp
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:67
  33. Rugby league is a high-intensity collision sport that carries a risk of concussion. Youth athletes are considered to be more vulnerable and take longer to recover from concussion than adult athletes.

    Authors: Lauchlan Carey, Douglas P. Terry, Andrew S. McIntosh, Peter Stanwell, Grant L. Iverson and Andrew J. Gardner
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:66
  34. Some studies have suggested that a mouthguard is a performance-enhancing device due to a remote voluntary contraction. The extent to which a mouthguard can induce this phenomenon, e.g., by potentially increasi...

    Authors: Johannes Lässing, Christoph Pökel, Lennart Lingener, Roberto Falz, Stefan Kwast, Antina Schulze and Martin Busse
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:64
  35. This study aimed to investigate the competitive history (the age when training and competing started), training habits and patterns of winning and losing of competitive combat sports athletes across different ...

    Authors: Oliver R. Barley and Craig A. Harms
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:63
  36. This study addresses the lack of comparative data on the mental health of athletes in Paralympic sports (‘para-athletes’) and non-para athletes by examining the prevalence and correlates of mental health sympt...

    Authors: Lisa S. Olive, Simon Rice, Matt Butterworth, Matti Clements and Rosemary Purcell
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:62
  37. Little is known about vital signs during the very first minutes after an accident. This study aimed to describe the vital signs of motorcycle riders shortly after racetrack crashes and examine the clinical val...

    Authors: Karin Hugelius, Jerry Lidberg, Linda Ekh and Per Örtenwall
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:59
  38. Breath-hold diving (BH-diving) is associated to extreme environmental conditions, prolonged physical activity, and complex adaptation mechanisms to supply enough O2 to vital organs. Consequently, one of the bigge...

    Authors: Danilo Cialoni, Andrea Brizzolari, Nicola Sponsiello, Valentina Lancellotti, Cesare Lori, Gerardo Bosco, Alessandro Marroni and Alessandra Barassi
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:58
  39. To evaluate the clinical utility of tactile somatosensory assessments to assist clinicians in diagnosing sport-related mild traumatic brain injury (SR-mTBI), classifying recovery trajectory based on performanc...

    Authors: Joshua P. McGeown, Patria A. Hume, Stephen Kara, Doug King and Alice Theadom
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:56
  40. The promotion of inter- and multidisciplinarity — broadly drawing on other disciplines to help collaboratively answer important questions to the field — has been an important goal for many professional develop...

    Authors: Carl T. Woods, James Rudd, Duarte Araújo, James Vaughan and Keith Davids
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:55
  41. The relationship between Olympic career sport injury and the long-term musculoskeletal health of the elite athlete remains unclear. This study describes the lifetime prevalence of medical attention injuries th...

    Authors: Dale J. Cooper, Mark E. Batt, Mary S. O’Hanlon and Debbie Palmer
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:54
  42. Physical activity in children and adolescents has positive effects on cardiopulmonary function in this age group as well as later in life. As poor cardiopulmonary function is associated with higher mortality a...

    Authors: Isabelle Schöffl, Benedikt Ehrlich, Kathrin Rottermann, Annika Weigelt, Sven Dittrich and Volker Schöffl
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:53
  43. A strong cardiorespiratory fitness is suggested to have beneficial effects on cardiovascular risk; the exact mechanisms underlying the cardioprotective effects of fitness remain uncertain. Our aim was to inves...

    Authors: Malin Enarsson, Tobias Feldreich, Liisa Byberg, Christoph Nowak, Lars Lind and Johan Ärnlöv
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:52

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