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  1. Exercise frequency is important for maintaining health; however, its effects on postprandial responses remain largely unknown. Better understanding this during popular sports activities such as football may in...

    Authors: Darren J. Paul, Jens Bangsbo, Anissa Cherif and George P. Nassis
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2019 5:38
  2. Cystic fibrosis (CF) is an inherited, multi-system, life-limiting disease characterized by a progressive decline in lung function, which accounts for the majority of CF-related morbidity and mortality. Inspira...

    Authors: Ren-Jay Shei, Robert L. Dekerlegand, Kelly A. Mackintosh, John D. Lowman and Melitta A. McNarry
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2019 5:36
  3. To receive maximum benefits from injury prevention exercise programmes (IPEP) such as Knee Control, players need to perform the exercises as prescribed. But, exercise fidelity in IPEPs is seldom evaluated. We dev...

    Authors: Gustav Ljunggren, Nirmala Kanthi Panagodage Perera and Martin Hägglund
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2019 5:35
  4. The purpose of the present study was to investigate whether the quality of sleep, in 91 national-level adolescent finswimmers, is affected by swimming style, swimming distance, and gender.

    Authors: Vasileios Stavrou, George D. Vavougios, Fotini Bardaka, Eleni Karetsi, Zoe Daniil and Konstantinos I. Gourgoulianis
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2019 5:34
  5. Epidemiologic data in professional sport is becoming an increasingly valuable tool in identifying frequently occurring injuries and developing strategies to reduce their occurrence. Currently, there is a pauci...

    Authors: George Elias Habib Awwad, Jennifer Helen Coleman, Christopher James Dunkley and David Craig Dewar
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2019 5:33
  6. Taper is considered as a strategy to avoid overtraining and increase peak performance in athletes. Because aerobic exercise increases the level and duration of independence during the lifespan, the participati...

    Authors: Paulo Costa, Roberto Simão, Anselmo Perez, Maurício Gama, Rogério Lanchtermacher, Reinaldo Musialowski, Fábio Braga, Valeria de Mello Coelho and Alexandre Palma
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2019 5:32
  7. The recurrence rate following acute anterior shoulder dislocations is high, particularly in young, active individuals. The purpose of this paper is to provide a narrative overview of the best available evidenc...

    Authors: Andrew W. Hasebroock, Joseph Brinkman, Lukas Foster and Joseph P. Bowens
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2019 5:31
  8. This review critically evaluates the magnitude of performance enhancement that can be expected from various autologous blood transfusion (ABT) procedures and the underlying physiological mechanisms. The review...

    Authors: Sara Amalie Solheim, Jacob Bejder, Andreas Breenfeldt Andersen, Jakob Mørkeberg and Nikolai Baastrup Nordsborg
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2019 5:30
  9. There is growing evidence that physical activity (PA) is beneficial for the mental health of young people. One area that has been widely examined is the impact of PA on ‘the self’, which is a term that encompa...

    Authors: Helen Collins, Josephine N. Booth, Audrey Duncan, Samantha Fawkner and Ailsa Niven
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2019 5:29
  10. The application of artificial intelligence (AI) opens an interesting perspective for predicting injury risk and performance in team sports. A better understanding of the techniques of AI employed and of the sp...

    Authors: João Gustavo Claudino, Daniel de Oliveira Capanema, Thiago Vieira de Souza, Julio Cerca Serrão, Adriano C. Machado Pereira and George P. Nassis
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2019 5:28
  11. Low back pain is one of the most prevalent complaints of athletes at all levels of competition. The purpose of this literature review is to provide an overview of sport-specific injuries and treatment outcomes...

    Authors: Jacob R. Ball, Colin B. Harris, Jonathan Lee and Michael J. Vives
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2019 5:26
  12. Inguinal disruption (ID) is a condition of chronic groin pain affecting mainly athletes. ID cannot be defined as a true hernia. Pathogenesis is multifactorial due to repetitive and excessive forces applied to ...

    Authors: Guglielmo Niccolò Piozzi, Riccardo Cirelli, Ilaria Salati, Marco Enrico Mario Maino, Ennio Leopaldi, Giovanni Lenna, Franco Combi and Giuseppe Massimiliano Sansonetti
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2019 5:25
  13. Rugby league is a collision sport, where players are expected to be physically competent in a range of areas, including aerobic fitness, strength, speed and power. Several studies have attempted to characteris...

    Authors: Daniel J. Glassbrook, Tim L. A. Doyle, Jacqueline A. Alderson and Joel T. Fuller
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2019 5:24
  14. Aerobic training (AT) improves glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes. However, the role of the progression of training variables remains unclear. The objective of this review was to analyze the eff...

    Authors: Rodrigo Sudatti Delevatti, Cláudia Gomes Bracht, Salime Donida Chedid Lisboa, Rochelle Rocha Costa, Elisa Corrêa Marson, Nathalie Netto and Luiz Fernando Martins Kruel
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2019 5:22
  15. The current study examined the acute effects of a lower body resistance training (RT) session on physiological and thermoregulatory measures during a sub-maximal running protocol in the heat in heat-acclimatiz...

    Authors: Kenji Doma, Anthony Nicholls, Daniel Gahreman, Felipe Damas, Cleiton Augusto Libardi and Wade Sinclair
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2019 5:21
  16. Exercise is an important element to optimize health and well-being, though navigating exercise safely can be challenging for exercise specialists working with people with diabetes. Measuring glucose levels bef...

    Authors: Grant Turner, Scott Quigg, Peter Davoren, Renata Basile, Sybil A. McAuley and Jeff S. Coombes
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2019 5:20
  17. To collect and analyse helmets from real-world equestrian accidents. To record reported head injuries associated with those accidents. To compare damage to helmets certified to different standards and the inju...

    Authors: Thomas A. Connor, J. Michio Clark, Jayaratnam Jayamohan, Matt Stewart, Adrian McGoldrick, Claire Williams, Barry M. Seemungal, Rebecca Smith, Roy Burek and Michael D. Gilchrist
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2019 5:19
  18. Physical activity via early mobilization after surgery is recommended to help reduce the risk of postoperative adverse effects and to improve recovery. We explored whether prehabilitation is associated with di...

    Authors: Darren Au, Andrew G. Matthew, Paty Lopez, William J. Hilton, Rashami Awasthi, Guillaume Bousquet-Dion, Karim Ladha, Franco Carli and Daniel Santa Mina
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2019 5:18
  19. Fundamental movement skills (FMS) are strongly related to physical activity (PA) in childhood and beyond. To develop FMS, resistance training (RT) may be a favourable intervention strategy. The purpose of this...

    Authors: Helen Collins, Josephine N. Booth, Audrey Duncan and Samantha Fawkner
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2019 5:17
  20. Artistic swimming (AS) is a very unique sport consisting of difficult artistically choreographed routines ranging in the number of athletes (one to ten: solo, duet, team, combination, highlight routine) and wi...

    Authors: Eric Viana, David J. Bentley and Heather M. Logan-Sprenger
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2019 5:16
  21. Professional athletes involved in high-performance sport are at a high injury risk, which may lead to long-term health consequences. Professional athletes often expose themselves to risky behaviours, resulting...

    Authors: Yanbing Chen, Conor Buggy and Seamus Kelly
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2019 5:15
  22. The reliable diagnosis of a mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) is a pervasive problem in sports and in the military. The frequency and severity of each occurrence, while difficult to quantify, may impact long ...

    Authors: M. Windy McNerney, Thomas Hobday, Betsy Cole, Rick Ganong, Nina Winans, Dennis Matthews, Jim Hood and Stephen Lane
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2019 5:14
  23. While arthroscopic complete repair of massive rotator cuff tears (MRCT) back to their anatomic footprint is preferential, there are cases where this type of repair is not applicable due to the contraction of t...

    Authors: Michael-Alexander Malahias, Lazaros Kostretzis, Efstathios Chronopoulos, Emmanouil Brilakis, Grigorios Avramidis and Emmanouil Antonogiannakis
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2019 5:13
  24. The hamstrings-to-quadriceps muscle strength ratio calculated by peak torque has been used as an important tool to detect muscle imbalance, monitor knee joint stability, describe muscle strength properties and...

    Authors: Cassio V. Ruas, Ronei S. Pinto, G. Gregory Haff, Camila D. Lima, Matheus D. Pinto and Lee E. Brown
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2019 5:11
  25. Lateral elbow tendinopathy (LET) is a common condition affecting adults. Although a lack of treatment consensus continues to prompt numerous effectiveness studies, there is a paucity of clear guidance on the c...

    Authors: Jonathan Peter Evans, Ian Porter, Jaheeda B. Gangannagaripalli, Charlotte Bramwell, Antoinette Davey, Chris D. Smith, Nicola Fine, Victoria A Goodwin and Jose M Valderas
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2019 5:10
  26. Rugby league is a full-contact collision sport with an inherent risk of concussion. Wearable instrumented technology was used to observe and characterize the level of exposure to head impacts during game play.

    Authors: Lauchlan Carey, Peter Stanwell, Douglas P. Terry, Andrew S. McIntosh, Shane V. Caswell, Grant L. Iverson and Andrew J. Gardner
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2019 5:9
  27. Within the last two decades, attitudes have shifted from considering sports-related concussion as an insignificant minor injury with no long-term repercussions to a potentially serious brain injury garnering a...

    Authors: Joshua P. McGeown, Patria A. Hume, Stephen Kara, J. Patrick Neary and Will Gardner
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2019 5:8
  28. High-intensity interval training (HIIT) is frequently employed to improve the endurance of various types of athletes. To determine whether youth soccer players may benefit from the intermittent load and time e...

    Authors: Philipp Kunz, Florian Azad Engel, Hans-Christer Holmberg and Billy Sperlich
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2019 5:7
  29. The purpose of this opinion paper is providing a platform for explaining and discussing the relatedness and nestedness of constraints on the basis of four claims: (a) task constraints are distributed between t...

    Authors: Natàlia Balagué, Rafel Pol, Carlota Torrents, Angel Ric and Robert Hristovski
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2019 5:6
  30. The original article [1] contains an error in the presentation of Table 4.

    Authors: Simon Nichols, Claire Taylor, Richard Page, Anna Kallvikbacka-Bennett, Fiona Nation, Toni Goodman, Andrew L. Clark, Sean Carroll and Lee Ingle
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2019 5:5

    The original article was published in Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:22

  31. Sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) is a well-established nutritional ergogenic aid, though gastrointestinal (GI) distress is a common side-effect. Delayed-release NaHCO3 may alleviate GI symptoms and enhance bicarbonate...

    Authors: Nathan Philip Hilton, Nicholas Keith Leach, S. Andy Sparks, Lewis Anthony Gough, Melissa May Craig, Sanjoy Kumar Deb and Lars Robert McNaughton
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2019 5:4
  32. This retrospective case series examined 324 athletes who received elbow ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) reconstruction by a single surgeon in a private practice over a 9-year period. The novel Docking Plus techni...

    Authors: Benjamin F. Donohue, Marc G. Lubitz and Timothy E. Kremchek
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2019 5:3
  33. Despite the large number of studies and reviews available, the evidence regarding the biological determinants of physical activity (PA) is inconclusive. In this umbrella review, we summarized the current evide...

    Authors: Katina Aleksovska, Anna Puggina, Luca Giraldi, Christoph Buck, Con Burns, Greet Cardon, Angela Carlin, Simon Chantal, Donatella Ciarapica, Marco Colotto, Giancarlo Condello, Tara Coppinger, Cristina Cortis, Sara D’Haese, Marieke De Craemer, Andrea Di Blasio…
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2019 5:2

    The Correction to this article has been published in Sports Medicine - Open 2020 6:60

  34. Exercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD) is typically caused by unaccustomed exercise and results in pain, soreness, inflammation, and reduced muscle function. These negative outcomes may cause discomfort and imp...

    Authors: Patrick S. Harty, Megan L. Cottet, James K. Malloy and Chad M. Kerksick
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2019 5:1
  35. This commentary delivers a practical perspective on the current state of subjective training load (TL) monitoring, and in particular sessional ratings of perceived exertion, for performance enhancement and inj...

    Authors: Joseph O. C. Coyne, G. Gregory Haff, Aaron J. Coutts, Robert U. Newton and Sophia Nimphius
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:58
  36. Mental health in elite sport is receiving more publicity due to an increase in male athletes sharing their personal experiences. Sports injury is recognised as the major risk factor for psychological distress ...

    Authors: Gary Souter, Robin Lewis and Laura Serrant
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:57
  37. The risk of falling and associated injuries increases with age. Therefore, the prevention of falls is a key priority in geriatrics and is particularly based on physical exercising, aiming to improve the age-re...

    Authors: Azza Hamed, Sebastian Bohm, Falk Mersmann and Adamantios Arampatzis
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:56
  38. In the original article [1] reference was made to the Hawk-Eye system having been used as the sideline operating system during the 2015 season.

    Authors: Andrew J. Gardner, Ryan Kohler, Warren McDonald, Gordon W. Fuller, Ross Tucker and Michael Makdissi
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:54

    The original article was published in Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:20

  39. The mechanisms underlying the relative age effect (RAE), a biased distribution of birth dates, in sport events have been investigated for more than two decades. The present study investigated the characteristi...

    Authors: Yoichi Katsumata, Kohei Omuro, Naotoshi Mitsukawa and Hiroki Nakata
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:52
  40. Wearable sensors are portable measurement tools that are becoming increasingly popular for the measurement of joint angle in the upper limb. With many brands emerging on the market, each with variations in har...

    Authors: Corrin P. Walmsley, Sîan A. Williams, Tiffany Grisbrook, Catherine Elliott, Christine Imms and Amity Campbell
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:53
  41. Swimming-induced pulmonary edema is an infrequently encountered cause of acute respiratory distress in open-water swimmers. The condition can be challenging, with athletes often wanting answers to three main q...

    Authors: James H. Hull and Mathew G. Wilson
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:51

    The original article was published in Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:43

  42. Participation rates in fastpitch softball are continually on the rise, especially in youth. With the increased participation also comes the increased injury susceptibility. Unfortunately, the common misconcept...

    Authors: Jeff Barfield and Gretchen Oliver
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:50
  43. Previous injury in the last 12 months is the main risk factor for future running-related injuries (RRI) during training and competition environments. However, the relationship between a recent versus old previ...

    Authors: Jaime Leppe and Manuela Besomi
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:49
  44. In comparison to their heterosexual peers, lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) student-athletes encounter substantial challenges during their intercollegiate and professional athletic careers including detrimenta...

    Authors: Mikalyn T. DeFoor, Lara M. Stepleman and Paul C. Mann
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:48
  45. Whether you are a morning lark or a night owl has proven to be a key contributor in the timing of peak athletic performance. Recent evidence suggests that accounting for these differences, known as one’s chron...

    Authors: Elise R. Facer-Childs, Sophie Boiling and George M. Balanos
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:47

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