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  1. The impact of vitamin D on musculoskeletal health is well-established, although its influence on physical performance is unclear. Therefore, we conducted this study to evaluate the impact of 25-hydroxy-vitamin...

    Authors: Astrid Most, Oliver Dörr, Holger Nef, Christian Hamm, Timm Bauer and Pascal Bauer

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:74

    Content type: Original Research Article

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  2. Exercise can improve mental health; however many tertiary students do not reach recommended levels of weekly engagement. Short-term exercise may be more achievable for tertiary students to engage in to promote...

    Authors: Michaela C. Pascoe, Alan P. Bailey, Melinda Craike, Tim Carter, Rhiannon K. Patten, Nigel K. Stepto and Alexandra G. Parker

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:72

    Content type: Review Article

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  3. Medial tibial stress syndrome (MTSS) is a common overuse injury that lacks effective evidence-based treatment options. Reduced leg girth has been associated with MTSS development because it is hypothesised to ...

    Authors: Joshua P. M. Mattock, Julie R. Steele and Karen J. Mickle

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:71

    Content type: Systematic Review

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  4. Although even small volumes (15–20 min) of daily physical activity (PA) are associated with health benefits, the optimal volume for healthy aging and longevity is substantially larger, amounting to about 100 m...

    Authors: Martin Kopp and Martin Burtscher

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:70

    Content type: Current Opinion

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  5. The aim was to verify the effect of non-periodized and linear periodized combined (aerobic plus resistance) exercise training on insulin resistance markers in adults with obesity.

    Authors: Anne Ribeiro Streb, Larissa dos Santos Leonel, Rodrigo Sudatti Delevatti, Cláudia Regina Cavaglieri and Giovani Firpo Del Duca

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:69

    Content type: Original Research Article

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  6. Cycling is a popular global sport and method of transportation and a significant contributor to admissions to hospital emergency units following an injury. Mountain biking events present additional challenges ...

    Authors: Kim Buchholtz, Mike Lambert, Lieselotte Corten and Theresa L. Burgess

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:68

    Content type: Systematic Review

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  7. Neuromuscular warmups have gained increasing attention as a means of preventing sports-related injuries, but data on effectiveness in basketball are sparse. The objective of this systematic review was to evalu...

    Authors: Anna C. Davis, Nicholas P. Emptage, Dana Pounds, Donna Woo, Robert Sallis, Manuel G. Romero and Adam L. Sharp

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:67

    Content type: Systematic Review

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  8. Rugby league is a high-intensity collision sport that carries a risk of concussion. Youth athletes are considered to be more vulnerable and take longer to recover from concussion than adult athletes.

    Authors: Lauchlan Carey, Douglas P. Terry, Andrew S. McIntosh, Peter Stanwell, Grant L. Iverson and Andrew J. Gardner

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:66

    Content type: Original Research Article

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  9. Some studies have suggested that a mouthguard is a performance-enhancing device due to a remote voluntary contraction. The extent to which a mouthguard can induce this phenomenon, e.g., by potentially increasi...

    Authors: Johannes Lässing, Christoph Pökel, Lennart Lingener, Roberto Falz, Stefan Kwast, Antina Schulze and Martin Busse

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:64

    Content type: Original Research Article

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  10. This study aimed to investigate the competitive history (the age when training and competing started), training habits and patterns of winning and losing of competitive combat sports athletes across different ...

    Authors: Oliver R. Barley and Craig A. Harms

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:63

    Content type: Original Research Article

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  11. This study addresses the lack of comparative data on the mental health of athletes in Paralympic sports (‘para-athletes’) and non-para athletes by examining the prevalence and correlates of mental health sympt...

    Authors: Lisa S. Olive, Simon Rice, Matt Butterworth, Matti Clements and Rosemary Purcell

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:62

    Content type: Original Research Article

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  12. Little is known about vital signs during the very first minutes after an accident. This study aimed to describe the vital signs of motorcycle riders shortly after racetrack crashes and examine the clinical val...

    Authors: Karin Hugelius, Jerry Lidberg, Linda Ekh and Per Örtenwall

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:59

    Content type: Original Research Article

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  13. Breath-hold diving (BH-diving) is associated to extreme environmental conditions, prolonged physical activity, and complex adaptation mechanisms to supply enough O2 to vital organs. Consequently, one of the bigge...

    Authors: Danilo Cialoni, Andrea Brizzolari, Nicola Sponsiello, Valentina Lancellotti, Cesare Lori, Gerardo Bosco, Alessandro Marroni and Alessandra Barassi

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:58

    Content type: Original Research Article

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  14. To evaluate the clinical utility of tactile somatosensory assessments to assist clinicians in diagnosing sport-related mild traumatic brain injury (SR-mTBI), classifying recovery trajectory based on performanc...

    Authors: Joshua P. McGeown, Patria A. Hume, Stephen Kara, Doug King and Alice Theadom

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:56

    Content type: Original Research Article

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  15. The promotion of inter- and multidisciplinarity — broadly drawing on other disciplines to help collaboratively answer important questions to the field — has been an important goal for many professional develop...

    Authors: Carl T. Woods, James Rudd, Duarte Araújo, James Vaughan and Keith Davids

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:55

    Content type: Current Opinion

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  16. The relationship between Olympic career sport injury and the long-term musculoskeletal health of the elite athlete remains unclear. This study describes the lifetime prevalence of medical attention injuries th...

    Authors: Dale J. Cooper, Mark E. Batt, Mary S. O’Hanlon and Debbie Palmer

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:54

    Content type: Original Research Article

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  17. Physical activity in children and adolescents has positive effects on cardiopulmonary function in this age group as well as later in life. As poor cardiopulmonary function is associated with higher mortality a...

    Authors: Isabelle Schöffl, Benedikt Ehrlich, Kathrin Rottermann, Annika Weigelt, Sven Dittrich and Volker Schöffl

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:53

    Content type: Original Research Article

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  18. A strong cardiorespiratory fitness is suggested to have beneficial effects on cardiovascular risk; the exact mechanisms underlying the cardioprotective effects of fitness remain uncertain. Our aim was to inves...

    Authors: Malin Enarsson, Tobias Feldreich, Liisa Byberg, Christoph Nowak, Lars Lind and Johan Ärnlöv

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:52

    Content type: Original Research Article

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  19. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of sex on the efficacy of intermittent post-exercise sauna bathing to induce heat acclimation and improve markers of temperate exercise performance in tr...

    Authors: Nathalie V. Kirby, Samuel J. E. Lucas, Thomas G. Cable, Oliver J. Armstrong, Samuel R. Weaver and Rebekah A. I. Lucas

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:51

    Content type: Original Research Article

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  20. Sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) during sports can be the first symptom of yet undetected cardiovascular conditions. Immediate chest compressions and early defibrillation offer SCA victims the best chance of surviv...

    Authors: Nicole M. Panhuyzen-Goedkoop, Hein J. Wellens, André L. M. Verbeek, Jan J. Piek and Ron J. G. Peters

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:50

    Content type: Original Research Article

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  21. High-intensity interval training (HIIT) is an increasingly popular form of aerobic exercise which includes bouts of high-intensity exercise interspersed with periods of rest. The health benefits, risks, and op...

    Authors: Catherine F. S. Marriott, Andrea F. M. Petrella, Emily C. S. Marriott, Narlon C. Boa Sorte Silva and Robert J. Petrella

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:49

    Content type: Review Article

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  22. Maximal muscular power production is of fundamental importance to human functional capacity and feats of performance. Here, we present a synthesis of literature pertaining to physiological systems that limit m...

    Authors: Jamie Douglas, Angus Ross and James C. Martin

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:48

    Content type: Review Article

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  23. Different field tests are used to evaluate muscle capacity, in particular maximal voluntary isometric endurance. However, although there are some normative values for a few muscle endurance tests, these do not...

    Authors: Frédérick Janik, Claire Toulotte, Anne Laure Seichepine, Bernadette Masquelier, Fabienne Barbier and Claudine Fabre

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:47

    Content type: Original Research Article

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  24. Physical activity (PA) has been positively associated with health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among cancer patients and family caregivers. However, there has been no relevant research for patient-caregiver...

    Authors: Siu-man Ng, Melody H. Y. Fung, Jessie S. M. Chan, Celia H. Y. Chan and Cecilia L. W. Chan

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:46

    Content type: Original Research Article

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  25. Wearable tracking devices are commonly utilised to quantify the external acceleration load of team sport athletes during training and competition. The ability to accelerate is an important attribute for athlet...

    Authors: Robert I. M. Delves, Robert J. Aughey, Kevin Ball and Grant M. Duthie

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:45

    Content type: Systematic Review

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  26. The purpose of this study is to assess injury patterns in collegiate club quidditch athletes at a single university over three seasons. Injury data were gathered from athletic trainers that provided sideline m...

    Authors: Christopher M. Fox, Jonathan G. Wu, Lucia Chen and Dena L. Florczyk

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:44

    Content type: Original Research Article

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  27. Despite an increasing rate of women participating in professional sports, emergency services, and military settings where they are exposed to exertional heat stress, our understanding of female thermoregulatio...

    Authors: Kate P. Hutchins, David N. Borg, Aaron J. E. Bach, Joshua J. Bon, Geoffrey M. Minett and Ian B. Stewart

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:43

    Content type: Systematic Review

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  28. The assessment of technical skills as part of a multidimensional approach for talent identification and development in sports seems promising, especially in a technique-based sport like table tennis. However, ...

    Authors: Irene R. Faber, Till Koopmann, Dirk Büsch and Jörg Schorer

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:42

    Content type: Original Research Article

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  29. During isokinetic knee strength testing, the knee flexion angles that correspond to the measured torque values are rarely considered. Additionally, the hip flexion angle during seated testing diverges from tha...

    Authors: Christian Baumgart, Eduard Kurz, Jürgen Freiwald and Matthias Wilhelm Hoppe

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:41

    Content type: Original Research Article

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  30. Whole-body electromyostimulation (WB-EMS) training is used in popular and health sports to improve muscular performance. Little is known about the possible psychological effects of WB-EMS training. The aim of ...

    Authors: Christian Keicher, Lena Pyrkosch, Bernd Wolfarth and Andreas Ströhle

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:40

    Content type: Original Research Article

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  31. The tackle is the most common in-play event in rugby union and rugby league (the rugby codes). It is also associated with the greatest propensity for injury and thus accounts for the most injuries in the sport...

    Authors: Suzi Edwards, Roger Lee, Gordon Fuller, Matthew Buchanan, Timana Tahu, Ross Tucker and Andrew J. Gardner

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:39

    Content type: Systematic Review

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  32. Resistance training (RT) is an effective intervention for glycemic control and cardiometabolic health in individuals with type 2 diabetes (T2D). However, the use of RT in individuals at risk for T2D to prevent...

    Authors: Raza Qadir, Nicholas F. Sculthorpe, Taylor Todd and Elise C. Brown

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:38

    Content type: Systematic Review

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  33. Over the past decade, there has been increased interest amongst researchers, practitioners and policymakers in physical literacy for children and young people and the assessment of the concept within physical ...

    Authors: Cara Shearer, Hannah R. Goss, Lynne M. Boddy, Zoe R. Knowles, Elizabeth J. Durden-Myers and Lawrence Foweather

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:37

    Content type: Systematic Review

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  34. While participation in sports-related activities results in improved health outcomes, high school athletes are at risk for lower extremity injuries, especially ankle, knee, and thigh injuries. Efforts to promo...

    Authors: Corrine Munoz-Plaza, Dana Pounds, Anna Davis, Stacy Park, Robert Sallis, Manuel G. Romero and Adam L. Sharp

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:34

    Content type: Original Research Article

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  35. Ageing is associated with a decline in skeletal muscle mass and function (strength and power), known as sarcopenia. Inadequate dietary protein and inactivity have been shown to accelerate sarcopenia outcomes, ...

    Authors: Zoya Huschtscha, Alexandra Parr, Judi Porter and Ricardo J. S. Costa

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:32

    Content type: Original Research Article

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  36. High-dose exercise-induced cardiac outcomes may vary between sexes. However, many studies investigating the cardiovascular effects of high-dose exercise have excluded or under-recruited females. This scoping r...

    Authors: Roshan Patel, Caitlin L. Kemp, Muneebah Hafejee, Nicholas Peckham, Vageesh Jain, Gerry P. McCann and Susil Pallikadavath

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:30

    Content type: Review Article

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  37. In a randomised, counterbalanced, crossover design, eight men with type 1 diabetes (T1D; mean ± SD age, 27.6 ± 11.4 years) reduced insulin (INS) by 50% of their normal dose or consumed carbohydrates equivalent...

    Authors: Varun Vartak, Lynne Chepulis, Matthew Driller and Ryan G. Paul

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:29

    Content type: Short communication

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  38. Skeletal metastatic disease excludes many cancer patients from participating in exercise and physical activity due to safety concerns. Empirical evidence from high-quality trials is warranted to guide clinicia...

    Authors: Eik Dybboe Bjerre, Sarah Weller, Mads Hvid Poulsen, Søren Sørensen Madsen, Rie Dybboe Bjerre, Peter Busch Østergren, Michael Borre, Klaus Brasso and Julie Midtgaard

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:27

    Content type: Original Research Article

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  39. In 2018, there were 616,014 registered deaths in the United Kingdom (UK). Grief is a natural consequence. Many mental health concerns, which can be identified as grief outcomes (e.g. anxiety and depression) in...

    Authors: Jane Williams, Gillian W. Shorter, Neil Howlett, Julia Zakrzewski-Fruer and Angel M. Chater

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:26

    Content type: Systematic Review

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