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  1. Current literature evaluating body mass (BM) changes across a variety of running race distances is limited. The primary objective of this study was to profile the range of BM changes across race distances. The...

    Authors: Desmond Wei Tan, Si Hui Yap, Mingchang Wang, Priscilla Weiping Fan, Ya Shi Teo, Priathashini Krishnasamy, Lingaraj Krishna, Tamara Hew-Butler and Jason Kai Wei Lee
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2016 2:26
  2. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of global death. Physical activity can help individuals reduce their CVD risk. However, the biological mechanisms explaining the link between physical activity...

    Authors: Heather Brown, Frauke Becker and Kofi Antwi
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2016 2:25
  3. While the words “fit” and “healthy” are often used synonymously in everyday language, the terms have entirely separate meanings. Fitness describes the ability to perform a given exercise task, and health expla...

    Authors: Philip B. Maffetone and Paul B. Laursen
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2016 2:24
  4. Anemia has been implicated in adverse health outcomes of athletes and military trainees, ranging from overuse injuries to degraded physical and cognitive performance. The purpose of this study was to investiga...

    Authors: Kathryn E. Myhre, Bryant J. Webber, Thomas L. Cropper, Juste N. Tchandja, Dale M. Ahrendt, Christopher A. Dillon, Roy W. Haas, Samantha L. Guy, Mary T. Pawlak and Susan P. Federinko
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2016 2:23
  5. Injuries are common within military populations, with high incidence rates well established in the literature. Injuries cause a substantial number of working days lost, a significant cost through compensation ...

    Authors: Kimberley A. Andersen, Paul N. Grimshaw, Richard M. Kelso and David J. Bentley
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2016 2:22
  6. Strenuous physical activity activates the participant’s immune responses; however, few studies exist, observing exercise-induced simultaneous changes in mediators of inflammation.

    Authors: Markus Niemelä, Päivikki Kangastupa, Onni Niemelä, Risto Bloigu and Tatu Juvonen
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2016 2:21
  7. In 2013, the Amateur International Boxing Association (AIBA) introduced a rule banning headgear for male-senior open class boxers during competition. The AIBA has defended the rule change as motivated by safet...

    Authors: Philip Dickinson and Philip Rempel
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2016 2:19
  8. Dyspnea or perceived exertion during exercise is most commonly measured using Borg or visual analog scales, created for use in adults. In contrast, pictorial scales have been promoted for children due to skept...

    Authors: Paolo T. Pianosi, Zhen Zhang, Paul Hernandez and Marianne Huebner
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2016 2:17
  9. Debilitating gastrointestinal symptoms (GIS) and dermatological injuries (DI) are common during and after endurance events and have been linked to performance decrements, event withdrawal, and issues requiring...

    Authors: Ricardo J. S. Costa, Rhiannon Snipe, Vera Camões-Costa, Volker Scheer and Andrew Murray
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2016 2:16
  10. Ultramarathon runners commonly believe that sodium replacement is important for prevention of muscle cramping, dehydration, hyponatremia, and nausea during prolonged continuous exercise. The purpose of this st...

    Authors: Martin D. Hoffman, Kristin J. Stuempfle and Taylor Valentino
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2015 1:39
  11. The female athlete triad (Triad) is a serious condition with lifelong consequences seen in physically active females. Prior studies assessing Triad knowledge among coaches/athletic trainers reported surprising...

    Authors: Emily J. Curry, Catherine Logan, Kathryn Ackerman, Kelly C. McInnis and Elizabeth G. Matzkin
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2015 1:38
  12. It is well known that physical exercise is important to promote physical and cognitive health in older population. However, inconsistent research findings were shown regarding exercise intensity, particularly ...

    Authors: Andy C. Y. Tse, Thomson W. L. Wong and Paul H. Lee
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2015 1:37
  13. Studying relative anaerobic and aerobic metabolism contributions to total energy release during exercise may be valuable in understanding exercise energetic demands and the energetic adaptations that occur in ...

    Authors: Georges Jabbour, Horia-Daniel Iancu and Anne Paulin
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2015 1:36
  14. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of global mortality. Although the incidence may be reduced with regular exercise, the health benefits of a single bout of exercise on selected CVD risk factors...

    Authors: William M. C. Brown, Gareth W. Davison, Conor M. McClean and Marie H. Murphy
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2015 1:35
  15. Meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies identified obesity-related genetic variants. Due to the pleiotropic effects of related phenotypes, we tested six of these obesity-related genetic variants for t...

    Authors: Harold Lee, Garrett I. Ash, Theodore J. Angelopoulos, Paul M. Gordon, Niall M. Moyna, Paul S. Visich, Robert F. Zoeller, Heather Gordish-Dressman, Ved Deshpande, Ming-Hui Chen, Paul D. Thompson, Eric P. Hoffman, Joseph M. Devaney and Linda S. Pescatello
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2015 1:34
  16. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between MCT1 rs1049434 polymorphism and indirect muscle injuries in elite football players. One hundred and seventy-three male elite Italian football pl...

    Authors: Myosotis Massidda, Nir Eynon, Valeria Bachis, Laura Corrias, Claudia Culigioni, Francesco Piras, Paolo Cugia, Marco Scorcu and Carla M. Calò
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2015 1:33
  17. Obesity-related oxidative stress, the imbalance between pro-oxidants and antioxidants (e.g., nitric oxide), has been linked to metabolic and cardiovascular disease, including endothelial dysfunction and athero...

    Authors: Chun-Jung Huang, Matthew J. McAllister, Aaron L. Slusher, Heather E. Webb, J. Thomas Mock and Edmund O. Acevedo
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2015 1:32
  18. Intra-articular hyaluronic acid (HA) injection is an intermediate option between analgesics and knee joint replacement in patients with osteoarthritis (OA). Our objective was to test whether image-guided HA in...

    Authors: Terry K. Morgan, Emilie Jensen, Jeong Lim and Russell Riggs
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2015 1:31
  19. Worldwide female participation in ultra-endurance events may place them at risk for the female athlete triad (FAT). The study objectives were to establish triad knowledge, occurrence of disordered eating and t...

    Authors: Lindy-Lee Folscher, Catharina C Grant, Lizelle Fletcher and Dina Christina Janse van Rensberg
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2015 1:29
  20. Ice hockey is a popular sport comprised of high-intensity repeated bouts of activity. Light activity, as opposed to passive rest, has been shown to improve power output in repeated sprinting and could potentia...

    Authors: Jamie F. Burr, Joshua T. Slysz, Matthew S. Boulter and Darren E. R. Warburton
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2015 1:27
  21. Since accumulating evidence suggests that step rate is strongly associated with running-related injuries, it is important for runners to exercise at an appropriate running cadence. As music tempo has been show...

    Authors: Edith Van Dyck, Bart Moens, Jeska Buhmann, Michiel Demey, Esther Coorevits, Simone Dalla Bella and Marc Leman
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2015 1:15

    The Erratum to this article has been published in Sports Medicine - Open 2015 1:30

  22. In this study, we examine the biomechanical advantage of combining localized vibrations to hamstring muscles involved in a traditional resistance training routine.

    Authors: Ruben Tobias Goebel, Heinz Kleinöder, Zengyuan Yue, Ranajay Gosh and Joachim Mester
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2015 1:14

    The Erratum to this article has been published in Sports Medicine - Open 2015 1:28

  23. The human ACTN3 gene encodes α-actinin-3, an actin-binding protein with a pivotal role in muscle structure and metabolism. A common genetic single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) at codon 577 of the ACTN3 results i...

    Authors: Sigal Ben-Zaken, Alon Eliakim, Dan Nemet, Moran Rabinovich, Eias Kassem and Yoav Meckel
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2015 1:13
  24. Swimming is often recommended as a means of increasing physical activity and gaining health benefits. The present study examined the psychological, social, and physical health states in competitive swimmers en...

    Authors: François Potdevin, Gilles Vanlerberghe, Gautier Zunquin, Thierry Pezé and Denis Theunynck
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2015 1:12
  25. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of exercise modality and pre-exercise carbohydrate (CHO) or protein (PRO) ingestion on post-exercise resting energy expenditure (REE) and respiratory exchang...

    Authors: Hailee L Wingfield, Abbie E Smith-Ryan, Malia N Melvin, Erica J Roelofs, Eric T Trexler, Anthony C Hackney, Mark A Weaver and Eric D Ryan
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2015 1:11
  26. Single-parent family status has been investigated as a possible psychosocial determinant of children’s level of physical activity (PA)—although with mixed and inconclusive results. Prevailing evidence of the i...

    Authors: John Singhammer, Mathias Ried-Larsen, Niels Christian Møller, Peter Lund-Kristensen, Karsten Froberg and Lars Bo Andersen
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2015 1:10
  27. With the 2015 European College of Sports Science (ECSS) meeting in Malmö just around the corner (in time, if not space), I thought I would recap on what was an exciting meeting in Amsterdam last July.

    Authors: Steve McMillan
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2015 1:25
  28. Preference-based tempo-pace synchronized music has been shown to reduce perceived physical activity exertion and improve exercise performance. The extent to which such strategies can improve adherence to physi...

    Authors: David A Alter, Mary O’Sullivan, Paul I Oh, Donald A Redelmeier, Susan Marzolini, Richard Liu, Mary Forhan, Michael Silver, Jack M Goodman and Lee R Bartel
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2015 1:23
  29. Trunk impairment seems to impact significantly on performance in wheelchair court sports, but evidence to support this impression has never been systematically assessed. The objective of this study is to syste...

    Authors: Viola C Altmann, Anne L Hart, Yves C Vanlandewijck, Jacques van Limbeek and Miranda L van Hooff
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2015 1:22
  30. Bra straps are a primary source of discomfort during sport and exercise, particularly for women with large breasts. This study aimed to investigate the effects of altering bra strap orientation and design on b...

    Authors: Celeste E Coltman, Deirdre E McGhee and Julie R Steele
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2015 1:21
  31. Evidences have been highlighted the relationship among metabolic syndrome, chronic low-grade inflammation, oxidative stress and several diseases. In this sense, the aim of this study was to investigate the eff...

    Authors: Juliano Boufleur Farinha, Flávia Mariel Steckling, Sílvio Terra Stefanello, Manuela Sangoi Cardoso, Larissa Santos Nunes, Rômulo Pillon Barcelos, Thiago Duarte, Nélson Alexandre Kretzmann, Carlos Bolli Mota, Guilherme Bresciani, Rafael Noal Moresco, Marta Maria Medeiros Frescura Duarte, Daniela Lopes dos Santos and Félix Alexandre Antunes Soares
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2015 1:19
  32. The aim of this study was to determine whether the fatigue responses to the same intensified rugby league competition differed depending on playing standard and physical fitness.

    Authors: Rich D Johnston, Tim J Gabbett and David G Jenkins
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2015 1:18
  33. Running economy (RE) is considered an important physiological measure for endurance athletes, especially distance runners. This review considers 1) how RE is defined and measured and 2) physiological and biome...

    Authors: Kyle R Barnes and Andrew E Kilding
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2015 1:8
  34. The present article systematically reviews recent literature on the in vivo adaptation of asymptomatic human tendons following increased chronic mechanical loading, and meta-analyzes the loading conditions, inter...

    Authors: Sebastian Bohm, Falk Mersmann and Adamantios Arampatzis
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2015 1:7
  35. The ACTN3 gene may influence performance in team sports, in which sprint action and high-speed movements, regulated by the anaerobic energy system, are crucial to the ultimate success of a match. The aim of this ...

    Authors: Myosotis Massidda, Valeria Bachis, Laura Corrias, Francesco Piras, Marco Scorcu, Claudia Culigioni, Daniele Masala and Carla M Calò
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2015 1:6
  36. Research into the detrimental effects of excessive exercise has been conceptualized in a number of similar ways, including ‘exercise addiction’, ‘exercise dependence’, ‘obligatory exercising’, ‘exercise abuse’...

    Authors: Mark D Griffiths, Robert Urbán, Zsolt Demetrovics, Mia B Lichtenstein, Ricardo de la Vega, Bernadette Kun, Roberto Ruiz-Barquín, Jason Youngman and Attila Szabo
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2015 1:5
  37. Injury prevention measures might reduce the impact of injury on footballers and football clubs. Increasing research has evaluated the use of exercise for injury prevention. However, research has focused on ado...

    Authors: Tom Porter and Alison Rushton
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2015 1:4

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