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  1. Overtraining syndrome (OTS) results from excessive training load without adequate recovery and leads to decreased performance and fatigue. The pathophysiology of OTS in athletes is not fully understood, which ...

    Authors: Flavio A. Cadegiani and Claudio E. Kater
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:45
  2. Only a few studies have addressed the relationship between toll-like receptors 2 and 4 (TLR2 and TLR4) and the production of local and systemic cytokines in response to physical exercise, and they have produce...

    Authors: Paula Andréa Malveira Cavalcante, Marcos Fernandes Gregnani, Jessica Salles Henrique, Fábio Henrique Ornellas and Ronaldo Carvalho Araújo
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:42

    The Correction to this article has been published in Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:7

  3. As a way to train at faster running speeds, add training volume, prevent injury, or rehabilitate after an injury, lower-body positive pressure treadmills (LBPPT) have become increasingly commonplace among athl...

    Authors: Kyle R. Barnes and Jessica N. Janecke
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:41
  4. Isolation and long duration spaceflight are associated with musculoskeletal deconditioning. Mars500 was a unique, high-fidelity analogue of the psychological challenges of a 520-day manned mission to Mars. We ...

    Authors: Christopher J. Gaffney, Elena Fomina, Dennis Babich, Vladimir Kitov, Konstantin Uskov and David A. Green
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:40
  5. The importance of optimal and/or superior vision for participation in high-level sports remains the subject of considerable clinical research interest. Here, we examine the vision and visual history of elite/n...

    Authors: Brendan T. Barrett, Jonathan C. Flavell, Simon J. Bennett, Alice G. Cruickshank, Alex Mankowska, Julie M. Harris and John G. Buckley
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:39
  6. Session rating of perceived exertion (sRPE) is a practical tool for coaches to assess internal training load of their athletes. In a sport like cross-country running, that is individual in nature, but has a te...

    Authors: Kyle R. Barnes
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:38
  7. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are a class of drugs commonly used to treat both the acute and chronic injuries sustained by athletes during training and competition. In many parts of the world,...

    Authors: Martin Anthony Christopher Manoukian, Christopher William Migdal, Amode Ravindra Tembhekar, Jerad Alexander Harris and Charles DeMesa
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:36
  8. The risk factors of pulmonary edema induced by diving in healthy subjects are not well known. The aim of the present study was to assess the parameters contributing to the increase in extravascular lung water ...

    Authors: A. Boussuges, K. Ayme, G. Chaumet, E. Albier, M. Borgnetta and O. Gavarry
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:35
  9. Individual time to peak blood bicarbonate (HCO3 ) has demonstrated good to excellent reproducibility following ingestion of both 0.2 g kg−1 body mass (BM) and 0.3 g kg−1 BM sodium bica...

    Authors: Lewis Anthony Gough, Sanjoy Kumar Deb, Andy Sparks and Lars Robert McNaughton
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:34
  10. Previous reports of single-leg assessment demonstrated functional deficits in postural stability following anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. However, quantified measures describing postural stability va...

    Authors: Tim Lehmann, Linda Paschen and Jochen Baumeister
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:32
  11. A 12-week multi-team sport programme was provided to employees of a large services organisation and conducted in workplaces. This programme was used to investigate the short-term effect of regular sports team ...

    Authors: Andrew Brinkley, Hilary McDermott, Rachel Grenfell-Essam and Fehmidah Munir
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:30
  12. Many professional sports have introduced sideline video review to help recognise concussions. The reliability and validity of identifying clinical and observable signs of concussion using video analysis has no...

    Authors: Andrew J. Gardner, David R. Howell, Christopher R. Levi and Grant L. Iverson
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:29
  13. Staphylococcus aureus (SA) is a leading cause of infectious diseases in sports teams. In recent decades, community-associated SA (CA-SA) strains have emerged worldwide and have been re...

    Authors: E. Couvé-Deacon, D. Postil, O. Barraud, C. Duchiron, D. Chainier, A. Labrunie, N. Pestourie, P.M. Preux, B. François and M.C. Ploy
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:28
  14. There is a large amount of information regarding risk factors for fifth metatarsal stress fractures; however, there are few studies involving large numbers of subjects.

    Authors: Sho Matsuda, Toru Fukubayashi and Norikazu Hirose
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:27
  15. Several professional contact and collision sports have recently introduced the use of sideline video review for club medical staff to help identify and manage concussions. As such, reviewing video footage on t...

    Authors: Andrew J. Gardner, Christopher R. Levi and Grant L. Iverson
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:26
  16. The efficacy of wearing [a] compression garment (CG) between repeated bouts of exercise within a same day has not been fully understood. The present study determined the effect of wearing a CG after strenuous ...

    Authors: Kazushige Goto, Sahiro Mizuno and Ayaka Mori
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:25
  17. A foodborne illness outbreak involving an elite sports team was investigated by a public health unit in Sydney, Australia. An epidemiological association was established between gastrointestinal illness and th...

    Authors: Kwendy Cavanagh, Travers Johnstone, Essi Huhtinen, Zeina Najjar, Peter Lorentzos, Craig Shadbolt, John Shields and Leena Gupta
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:24
  18. Researchers and practitioners working in sports medicine and science require valid tests to determine the effectiveness of interventions and enhance understanding of mechanisms underpinning adaptation. Such de...

    Authors: David Drake, Rodney Kennedy and Eric Wallace
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:23
  19. Physical therapy and peritendinous hyaluronic acid (HA) injections have both shown promising results in the treatment of shoulder tendinopathies. However, the superiority of treatment combining physical therap...

    Authors: César Flores, Ramón Balius, Guillermo Álvarez, Miguel A. Buil, Luisa Varela, Carlos Cano and Joaquín Casariego
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:22
  20. The mechanisms underlying the relative age effect in sport events have been investigated for more than two decades. The present study focused on the relationship between the relative age effect and lengths of ...

    Authors: Hiroki Nakata
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:21
  21. Achilles tendinopathy is the most prevalent tendon disorder in people engaged in running and jumping sports. Aetiology of Achilles tendinopathy is complex and requires comprehensive research of contributing ri...

    Authors: Maria Kozlovskaia, Nicole Vlahovich, Kevin J. Ashton and David C. Hughes
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:20
  22. While the clinical benefits of exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation are well established, there is extensive variation in the interventions used within these trials. It is unknown whether variations in indivi...

    Authors: Bridget Abell, Paul Glasziou and Tammy Hoffmann
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:19
  23. Previous research has considered action and adventure sports using a variety of associated terms and definitions which has led to confusing discourse and contradictory research findings. Traditional narratives...

    Authors: Tuomas Immonen, Eric Brymer, Dominic Orth, Keith Davids, Francesco Feletti, Jarmo Liukkonen and Timo Jaakkola
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:18
  24. Gorkhas, a sub-mountainous population of the Himalayan region, are known for strength and bravery. In the present study when “Gorkha” is used without brackets, we are mentioning Gorkhas of Tibeto-Burman origin...

    Authors: Seema Malhotra, Kiran Preet, Arvind Tomar, Shweta Rawat, Sayar Singh, Inderjeet Singh, L. Robert Varte, Tirthankar Chatterjee, M. S. Pal and Soma Sarkar
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:17
  25. Susceptible to injury, the neck is subject to scientific investigations, frequently aiming to elucidate possible injury mechanisms via surface electromyography (EMG) by indirectly estimating cervical loads. Ac...

    Authors: Riccardo Lo Martire, Kristofer Gladh, Anton Westman and Björn O. Äng
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:16
  26. The main mechanism involved in the pathogenesis of autoimmunity is an uncontrolled inflammatory response against self-antigens. Therefore, anti-inflammatory factors, such as the intake of bioactive compounds a...

    Authors: Leandro Kansuke Oharomari, Camila de Moraes and Anderson Marliere Navarro
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:15
  27. Riboflavin is known to protect tissue from oxidative damage but, to our knowledge, has not been explored as a means to control exercise-related muscle soreness. This study investigated whether acute ingestion ...

    Authors: Martin D. Hoffman, Taylor R. Valentino, Kristin J. Stuempfle and Brandon V. Hassid
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:14
  28. The deleterious effects of dehydration on athletic and cognitive performance have been well documented. As such, dehydrated individuals are advised to consume fluid in volumes equivalent to 1.25 to 1.5 L kg−1 bod...

    Authors: Danielle McCartney, Ben Desbrow and Christopher Irwin
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:13
  29. The possible muscular strength, hypertrophy, and muscle power benefits of resistance training under environmental conditions of hypoxia are currently being investigated.

    Authors: Belén Feriche, Amador García-Ramos, Antonio J. Morales-Artacho and Paulino Padial
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:12
  30. Chronic exertional compartment syndrome (CECS) is a recognized condition in the lower limb, with many reports in the literature. However, very few instances include CECS of the upper limb. This article present...

    Authors: Austin Cole, John L. Hiatt, Christopher Arnold, Terry Sites and Ramon Ylanon
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:11
  31. Accurately measuring physical activity and energy expenditure in persons with chronic physical disabilities who use wheelchairs is a considerable and ongoing challenge. Quantifying various free-living lifestyl...

    Authors: Tom E. Nightingale, Peter C. Rouse, Dylan Thompson and James L. J. Bilzon
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:10
  32. Brazilian jiu-jitsu is a grappling combat sport that has intermittency as its core element; in other words, actions of high, moderate and low intensity are interspersed during matches, requiring a high level o...

    Authors: Leonardo Vidal Andreato, Francisco Javier Díaz Lara, Alexandro Andrade and Braulio Henrique Magnani Branco
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:9
  33. Endurance athletes perform periodized training in order to prepare for main competitions and maximize performance. However, the coupling between alterations of total energy expenditure (TEE), energy intake, an...

    Authors: Juliane Heydenreich, Bengt Kayser, Yves Schutz and Katarina Melzer
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:8
  34. Plyometric training has been shown to increase muscle power, running economy, and performance in athletes. Despite its use by rowing coaches, it is unknown whether plyometrics might improve rowing economy or p...

    Authors: Julian D. Egan-Shuttler, Rohan Edmonds, Cassandra Eddy, Veronica O’Neill and Stephen J. Ives
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:7
  35. Mechanical loading during exercise has been shown to promote tissue remodeling. Safe and accessible exercise may be beneficial to populations at risk of diminished bone and joint health. We examined the effect...

    Authors: Dmitry Verniba, Jason D. Vescovi, David A. Hood and William H. Gage
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:6
  36. Nicotine use amongst athletes is high and increasing, especially team sports, yet the limited previous studies investigating the performance consequences of this behaviour have not examined the effects of the ...

    Authors: Toby Mündel, Marine Machal, Darryl J. Cochrane and Matthew J. Barnes
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:5
  37. There is evidence for considerable heterogeneity in the responsiveness to regular physical activity (PA) which might reflect the influence of genetic factors. The aim of this systematic review was to assess wh...

    Authors: J. R. Zadro, D. Shirley, T. B. Andrade, K. J Scurrah, A. Bauman and P. H. Ferreira
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:4
  38. Performance tests are used for multiple purposes in exercise and sport science. Ensuring that a test displays an appropriate level of measurement properties for use within a population is important to ensure c...

    Authors: Sam Robertson, Peter Kremer, Brad Aisbett, Jacqueline Tran and Ester Cerin
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:2
  39. Salivary alpha amylase (sAA) and chromogranin A (sCgA) have both been suggested as non-invasive markers for sympathetic nervous system (SNS) activity. A complete cervical spinal cord injury leading to tetraple...

    Authors: Christof A. Leicht, Thomas A. W. Paulson, Victoria L. Goosey-Tolfrey and Nicolette C. Bishop
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:1
  40. The aims of the present study were to investigate the impact of three whole blood donations on endurance capacity and hematological parameters and to determine the duration to fully recover initial endurance c...

    Authors: Julie Meurrens, Thomas Steiner, Jonathan Ponette, Hans Antonius Janssen, Monique Ramaekers, Jon Peter Wehrlin, Philippe Vandekerckhove and Louise Deldicque
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2016 2:43
  41. Endurance exercise plays a role in cardiovascular risk reduction, but may also be a risk factor for atrial fibrillation. This study was performed to assess the prevalence of atrial fibrillation in a population...

    Authors: Andrew D. Schreiner, Brad A. Keith, Karen E. Abernathy, Jingwen Zhang and Walter A. Brzezinski
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2016 2:42
  42. A large proportion of empirical research and reviews investigating the ergogenic potential of sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) supplementation have focused predominately on performance outcomes and only speculate abou...

    Authors: Jason C. Siegler, Paul W. M. Marshall, David Bishop, Greg Shaw and Simon Green
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2016 2:41
  43. Oxidative stress in female athletes is understudied. We investigated oxidative stress in sportswomen of different disciplines according to combined oral contraceptive (OC) use and lifestyle/alimentary habits.

    Authors: Sabina Cauci, Cinzia Buligan, Micaela Marangone and Maria Pia Francescato
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2016 2:40
  44. Effective interventions are needed for individuals with persisting post-concussion symptoms. High-resolution, relational, resonance-based, electroencephalic mirroring (HIRREM®) is an allostatic, closed-loop, a...

    Authors: Charles H. Tegeler, Catherine L. Tegeler, Jared F. Cook, Sung W. Lee, Lee Gerdes, Hossam A. Shaltout, Christopher M. Miles and Sean L. Simpson
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2016 2:39
  45. Sports-related concussion remains a public health challenge due to its morbidity and mortality. One of the consequences of concussion is cognitive impairment (CI) and cognitive-related symptoms (CRS) which det...

    Authors: Laurens Holmes Jr, Joshua Tworig, Joseph Casini, Isabel Morgan, Kathleen O’Brien, Patricia Oceanic and Kirk Dabney
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2016 2:38

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