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  1. Pacing has been investigated in different kinds of ultra-marathon races, but not in one of the toughest ultra-marathons in the world, the ‘Spartathlon’.

    Authors: Beat Knechtle, Ivan Cuk, Elias Villiger, Pantelis T. Nikolaidis, Katja Weiss, Volker Scheer and Mabliny Thuany
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:69
  2. Extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) is used commonly to treat pain and function in Achilles tendinopathy (AT). The aim of this study was to synthesize the evidence from (non-) randomized controlled trials,...

    Authors: Marc A. Paantjens, Pieter H. Helmhout, Frank J. G. Backx, Faridi S. van Etten-Jamaludin and Eric W. P. Bakker
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:68
  3. Studies on football and the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) have mainly focused on the lockdown consequences for player fitness, the resumption of football training, and how to safely restart the league pl...

    Authors: Markus Waldén, Jan Ekstrand, Martin Hägglund, Alan McCall, Michael Davison, Anna Hallén and Håkan Bengtsson
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:67
  4. Match analysis has evolved exponentially over the past decades in team sports resulting in a significant number of published systematic reviews and meta-analyses. An umbrella review of the available literature...

    Authors: Hugo Sarmento, Filipe Manuel Clemente, José Afonso, Duarte Araújo, Miguel Fachada, Paulo Nobre and Keith Davids
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:66
  5. Mobile-gaming athletes sit in the same posture for prolonged periods, contributing to significant health risks. This study investigated the health profiles, fatigue, pain and complaints, and musculoskeletal pr...

    Authors: Wing-Kai Lam, Rui-Tan Liu, Bob Chen, Xin-Zhou Huang, Jie Yi and Duo Wai-Chi Wong
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:65
  6. Physical exercise has favorable effects on the structure of gut microbiota and metabolite production in sedentary subjects. However, little is known whether adjustments in an athletic program impact overall ch...

    Authors: Viktor Bielik, Ivan Hric, Simona Ugrayová, Libuša Kubáňová, Matúš Putala, Ľuboš Grznár, Adela Penesová, Andrea Havranová, Sára Šardzíková, Marián Grendar, Eva Baranovičová, Katarína Šoltys and Martin Kolisek
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:64
  7. Winter swimming developed from a national tradition into a health-improving sport with international competitions. The difference in performance between women and men was thoroughly examined in various sportin...

    Authors: Janne Oppermann, Beat Knechtle, Aldo Seffrin, Rodrigo Luiz Vancini, Claudio Andre Barbosa de Lira, Lee Hill and Marilia Santos Andrade
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:63
  8. Physical activity is a health-relevant lifestyle factor associated with various benefits on physical and mental health. Several meta-analyses indicated effects of acute and chronic physical activities on eleme...

    Authors: Christian Rominger, Martha Schneider, Andreas Fink, Ulrich S. Tran, Corinna M. Perchtold-Stefan and Andreas R. Schwerdtfeger
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:62
  9. Authors: Javier Raya-González, Juan José Pulido, Marco Beato, José Carlos Ponce-Bordón, Roberto López del Campo, Ricardo Resta and Tomás García-Calvo
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:60

    The original article was published in Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:31

  10. The aims of this review are to (1) summarise the current research of sports clothing as it relates to thermoregulation, comfort, and performance during exercise in the heat, (2) identify methodological limitat...

    Authors: Isaiah Di Domenico, Samantha M. Hoffmann and Paul K. Collins
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:58
  11. The extramuscular connective tissue (ECT) has been shown to play a significant role in mechanical force transmission between musculoskeletal structures. Due to this and owing to its tight connection with the u...

    Authors: Sarah Tenberg, Kazunori Nosaka and Jan Wilke
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:57
  12. The concept of physical literacy (PL) has been advocated as the need to create environments fostering sustainable engagement in PA. This study adopted ecological approach to evaluate the effectiveness of a ble...

    Authors: Ming Hui Li, James Rudd, Jia Yi Chow, Cindy Hui Ping Sit, Stephen Heung Sang Wong and Raymond Kim Wai Sum
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:55
  13. The COVID-19 pandemic dramatically changed lifestyle worldwide, including sport. A comprehensive evaluation of the prevalence of cardiac involvement in COVID-19 is essential to finalize a safe protocol for res...

    Authors: Lidia Colangelo, Alessandra Volpe, Elisabetta Toso, Massimo Magnano, Mario Matta, Chiara Vignati, Andrea Marchini, Luca Semperboni, Luca Stefanini and Fiorenzo Gaita
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:54
  14. This article addresses several key issues that have been raised related to subjective training load (TL) monitoring. These key issues include how TL is calculated if subjective TL can be used to model sports p...

    Authors: Joseph O. C. Coyne, Aaron J. Coutts, Robert U. Newton and G. Gregory Haff
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:53
  15. Performance of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) by children and adolescents improves physical and health-related fitness, as well as cardiometabolic risk factors.

    Authors: Nikolai Bauer, Billy Sperlich, Hans-Christer Holmberg and Florian A. Engel
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:50
  16. Evidence guiding the decision on whether to treat proximal hamstring tendon avulsions (PHA) operatively or non-operatively is very limited. The aim of this study was to identify the current practices and the r...

    Authors: Sofia Laszlo, Martin Nilsson, Elsa Pihl, Ville M. Mattila, Jörg Schilcher, Olof Sköldenberg, Frede Frihagen and Kenneth B. Jonsson
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:49
  17. Prostate cancer is a complex disease affecting millions of men globally. Radiotherapy (RT) is a common treatment modality although treatment efficacy is dependent upon several features within the tumour microe...

    Authors: Malcolm Brown, Amélie Rébillard, Nicolas H. Hart, Dominic O’Connor, Gillian Prue, Joe M. O’Sullivan and Suneil Jain
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:48
  18. Expert performers in fast-ball and combat sports continuously interact with their opponents and, if they are to be successful, adapt behaviour in order to gain an advantage. For example, disguise and deception ar...

    Authors: Harry Ramsey, Matt Dicks, Lorraine Hope and Vasu Reddy
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:47
  19. In this review we integrate the scientific literature and results-proven practice and outline a novel framework for understanding the training and development of elite long-distance performance. Herein, we des...

    Authors: Thomas Haugen, Øyvind Sandbakk, Stephen Seiler and Espen Tønnessen
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:46
  20. Sports-related concussion (SRC) is common in collision sport athletes. There is growing evidence that repetitive SRC can have serious neurological consequences, particularly when the repetitive injuries occur ...

    Authors: David K. Wright, Terence J. O’Brien and Sandy R. Shultz
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:45
  21. High-intensity multimodal training (HIMT) is emerging as a popular training method that combines aerobic and resistance training throughout a single exercise session. The current literature is limited by a lac...

    Authors: Tijana Sharp, Clementine Grandou, Aaron J. Coutts and Lee Wallace
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:43
  22. The critical power (CP) concept represents the uppermost rate of steady state aerobic metabolism during work. Work above CP is limited by a fixed capacity (W′) with exercise intensity being an accelerant of its d...

    Authors: Normand A. Richard and Michael S. Koehle
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:42
  23. Current trends in sports monitoring are characterized by the massive collection of tech-based biomechanical, physiological and performance data, integrated through mathematical algorithms. However, the applica...

    Authors: Lluc Montull, Agne Slapšinskaitė-Dackevičienė, John Kiely, Robert Hristovski and Natàlia Balagué
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:41

    The Correction to this article has been published in Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:61

  24. Plyometric training (PT) has been widely studied in sport science. However, there is no review that determines the impact of PT on the structural variables and mechanical properties of the lower limbs and phys...

    Authors: María Ramírez-delaCruz, Alfredo Bravo-Sánchez, Paula Esteban-García, Fernando Jiménez and Javier Abián-Vicén
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:40
  25. Running-related injury (RRI) is highly prevalent among recreational runners and is a key barrier to participation. Atypical lower limb alignment and mechanical function have been proposed to play a role in dev...

    Authors: Benjamin Peterson, Fiona Hawke, Martin Spink, Sean Sadler, Morgan Hawes, Robin Callister and Vivienne Chuter
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:38
  26. The application of post-exercise cooling (e.g., cold water immersion) and post-exercise heating has become a popular intervention which is assumed to increase functional recovery and may improve chronic traini...

    Authors: Thomas Chaillou, Viktorija Treigyte, Sarah Mosely, Marius Brazaitis, Tomas Venckunas and Arthur J. Cheng
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:37
  27. Exercise training can positively impact the immune system and particularly natural killer (NK) cells, at least in healthy people. This effect would be of relevance in the context of cancer given the prominent ...

    Authors: Pedro L. Valenzuela, Gonzalo Saco-Ledo, Alejandro Santos-Lozano, Javier S. Morales, Adrián Castillo-García, Richard J. Simpson, Alejandro Lucia and Carmen Fiuza-Luces
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:36
  28. Rating of perceived exertion (RPE) and session RPE (sRPE) has been widely used to verify the internal load in athletes. Understanding the agreement between the training load prescribed by coaches and that perc...

    Authors: Allan Inoue, Priscila dos Santos Bunn, Everton Crivoi do Carmo, Eduardo Lattari and Elirez Bezerra da Silva
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:35
  29. The prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus increases with age, and people with type 2 diabetes are more affected by reductions in functional performance. Although exercise interventions are recommended for peo...

    Authors: Lucinéia Orsolin Pfeifer, Angélica Trevisan De Nardi, Larissa Xavier Neves da Silva, Cíntia Ehlers Botton, Daniela Meirelles do Nascimento, Juliana Lopes Teodoro, Beatriz D. Schaan and Daniel Umpierre
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:34
  30. Addressing high and stagnant physical inactivity rates remains a pervasive challenge for researchers, and a priority for health organisations, governments, and physical activity practitioners. Leaders are a pr...

    Authors: Mark Stevens, Tim Rees, Tegan Cruwys and Lisa Olive
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:33
  31. Foam rolling has been extensively investigated, showing benefits in performance and recovery. Recently, vibration has been added to foam rollers, with hypothesized advantages over conventional foam rollers. Ho...

    Authors: Alejandra Alonso-Calvete, Miguel Lorenzo-Martínez, Alexis Padrón-Cabo, Alexandra Pérez-Ferreirós, Anton Kalén, Cristian Abelairas-Gómez and Ezequiel Rey
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:32
  32. Knowing the impact of injuries is essential for their adequate management during reconditioning programs.

    Authors: Javier Raya-González, Juan José Pulido, Marco Beato, José Carlos Ponce-Bordón, Roberto López del Campo, Ricardo Resta and Tomás García-Calvo
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:31

    The Correction to this article has been published in Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:60

  33. Compulsive exercise is linked with poorer treatment outcomes in people with eating disorder (EDs). High-performance athletes represent a growing and complex subcomponent of the broader ED population, and emerg...

    Authors: Jordan A. Martenstyn, Nikki A. Jeacocke, Jana Pittman, Stephen Touyz and Sarah Maguire
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:30
  34. The emergence of the first Fitness-Fatigue impulse responses models (FFMs) have allowed the sport science community to investigate relationships between the effects of training and performance. In the models, ...

    Authors: Frank Imbach, Nicolas Sutton-Charani, Jacky Montmain, Robin Candau and Stéphane Perrey
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:29
  35. Evidence suggests that community-based exercise programs and sports participation benefit long-term physical activity adherence and promote health in clinical populations. Recent research shows that community-...

    Authors: Kickan Roed, Eik Dybboe Bjerre and Julie Midtgaard
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:28
  36. Cannabidiol (CBD) has demonstrated anti-inflammatory, analgesic, anxiolytic and neuroprotective effects that have the potential to benefit athletes. This pilot study investigated the effects of acute, oral CBD...

    Authors: Ayshe Sahinovic, Christopher Irwin, Peter T. Doohan, Richard C. Kevin, Amanda J. Cox, Namson S. Lau, Ben Desbrow, Nathan A. Johnson, Angelo Sabag, Matthew Hislop, Paul S. Haber, Iain S. McGregor and Danielle McCartney
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:27
  37. The primary aim of our systematic scoping review was to explore the factors influencing team function and performance across various industries and discuss findings in the context of the high-performance sport...

    Authors: Benjamin Salcinovic, Michael Drew, Paul Dijkstra, Gordon Waddington and Benjamin G. Serpell
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:25
  38. Complex systems are open systems consisting of many components that can interact among themselves and the environment. New forms of behaviours and patterns often emerge as a result. There is a growing recognit...

    Authors: Kate K. Yung, Clare L. Ardern, Fabio R. Serpiello and Sam Robertson
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:24
  39. Jockeys are unlike other weight-making athletes as the sport of horse racing requires strict weight management to meet the racing stipulations, protracted working hours and an extended racing season with limit...

    Authors: Arthur Dunne, Giles Warrington, Adrian McGoldrick, Jennifer Pugh, Michael Harrison and SarahJane Cullen
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:23
  40. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) has been used to increase endurance performance but has yet to be evaluated in placebo-controlled clinical trials. The current study aimed to evaluate the effect of an intermit...

    Authors: Amir Hadanny, Yafit Hachmo, Daniella Rozali, Merav Catalogna, Eldad Yaakobi, Marina Sova, Hadar Gattegno, Ramzia Abu Hamed, Erez Lang, Nir Polak, Mony Friedman, Shachar Finci, Yonatan Zemel, Yair Bechor, Noga Gal and Shai Efrati
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:22
  41. When interpreting sex differences in the injury risk during sport activities, potential gender effects are often overlooked. This might actually be the case with regard to the higher injury risk of the anterio...

    Authors: Markus Posch, Gerhard Ruedl, Katja Tecklenburg and Martin Burtscher
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:21
  42. Paralympic swimmers with vision impairment (VI) currently compete in one of the three classes depending on their visual acuity (VA) and/or visual field. However, there is no evidence to suggest that a three-cl...

    Authors: Daniel Fortin-Guichard, H. J. C. Ravensbergen, Kai Krabben, Peter M. Allen and David L. Mann
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:20

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