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  1. Aerobic training (AT) improves glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes. However, the role of the progression of training variables remains unclear. The objective of this review was to analyze the eff...

    Authors: Rodrigo Sudatti Delevatti, Cláudia Gomes Bracht, Salime Donida Chedid Lisboa, Rochelle Rocha Costa, Elisa Corrêa Marson, Nathalie Netto and Luiz Fernando Martins Kruel

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2019 5:22

    Content type: Systematic Review

    Published on:

  2. The current study examined the acute effects of a lower body resistance training (RT) session on physiological and thermoregulatory measures during a sub-maximal running protocol in the heat in heat-acclimatiz...

    Authors: Kenji Doma, Anthony Nicholls, Daniel Gahreman, Felipe Damas, Cleiton Augusto Libardi and Wade Sinclair

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2019 5:21

    Content type: Original Research Article

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  3. Exercise is an important element to optimize health and well-being, though navigating exercise safely can be challenging for exercise specialists working with people with diabetes. Measuring glucose levels bef...

    Authors: Grant Turner, Scott Quigg, Peter Davoren, Renata Basile, Sybil A. McAuley and Jeff S. Coombes

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2019 5:20

    Content type: Current Opinion

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  4. To collect and analyse helmets from real-world equestrian accidents. To record reported head injuries associated with those accidents. To compare damage to helmets certified to different standards and the inju...

    Authors: Thomas A. Connor, J. Michio Clark, Jayaratnam Jayamohan, Matt Stewart, Adrian McGoldrick, Claire Williams, Barry M. Seemungal, Rebecca Smith, Roy Burek and Michael D. Gilchrist

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2019 5:19

    Content type: Original Research Article

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  5. Physical activity via early mobilization after surgery is recommended to help reduce the risk of postoperative adverse effects and to improve recovery. We explored whether prehabilitation is associated with di...

    Authors: Darren Au, Andrew G. Matthew, Paty Lopez, William J. Hilton, Rashami Awasthi, Guillaume Bousquet-Dion, Karim Ladha, Franco Carli and Daniel Santa Mina

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2019 5:18

    Content type: Original research article

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  6. Fundamental movement skills (FMS) are strongly related to physical activity (PA) in childhood and beyond. To develop FMS, resistance training (RT) may be a favourable intervention strategy. The purpose of this...

    Authors: Helen Collins, Josephine N. Booth, Audrey Duncan and Samantha Fawkner

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2019 5:17

    Content type: Systematic Review

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  7. Artistic swimming (AS) is a very unique sport consisting of difficult artistically choreographed routines ranging in the number of athletes (one to ten: solo, duet, team, combination, highlight routine) and wi...

    Authors: Eric Viana, David J. Bentley and Heather M. Logan-Sprenger

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2019 5:16

    Content type: Review Article

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  8. Professional athletes involved in high-performance sport are at a high injury risk, which may lead to long-term health consequences. Professional athletes often expose themselves to risky behaviours, resulting...

    Authors: Yanbing Chen, Conor Buggy and Seamus Kelly

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2019 5:15

    Content type: Review Article

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  9. The reliable diagnosis of a mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) is a pervasive problem in sports and in the military. The frequency and severity of each occurrence, while difficult to quantify, may impact long ...

    Authors: M. Windy McNerney, Thomas Hobday, Betsy Cole, Rick Ganong, Nina Winans, Dennis Matthews, Jim Hood and Stephen Lane

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2019 5:14

    Content type: Original Research Article

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  10. While arthroscopic complete repair of massive rotator cuff tears (MRCT) back to their anatomic footprint is preferential, there are cases where this type of repair is not applicable due to the contraction of t...

    Authors: Michael-Alexander Malahias, Lazaros Kostretzis, Efstathios Chronopoulos, Emmanouil Brilakis, Grigorios Avramidis and Emmanouil Antonogiannakis

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2019 5:13

    Content type: Systematic Review

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  11. The hamstrings-to-quadriceps muscle strength ratio calculated by peak torque has been used as an important tool to detect muscle imbalance, monitor knee joint stability, describe muscle strength properties and...

    Authors: Cassio V. Ruas, Ronei S. Pinto, G. Gregory Haff, Camila D. Lima, Matheus D. Pinto and Lee E. Brown

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2019 5:11

    Content type: Review article

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  12. Lateral elbow tendinopathy (LET) is a common condition affecting adults. Although a lack of treatment consensus continues to prompt numerous effectiveness studies, there is a paucity of clear guidance on the c...

    Authors: Jonathan Peter Evans, Ian Porter, Jaheeda B. Gangannagaripalli, Charlotte Bramwell, Antoinette Davey, Chris D. Smith, Nicola Fine, Victoria A Goodwin and Jose M Valderas

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2019 5:10

    Content type: Systematic Review

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  13. Rugby league is a full-contact collision sport with an inherent risk of concussion. Wearable instrumented technology was used to observe and characterize the level of exposure to head impacts during game play.

    Authors: Lauchlan Carey, Peter Stanwell, Douglas P. Terry, Andrew S. McIntosh, Shane V. Caswell, Grant L. Iverson and Andrew J. Gardner

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2019 5:9

    Content type: Original Research Article

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  14. Within the last two decades, attitudes have shifted from considering sports-related concussion as an insignificant minor injury with no long-term repercussions to a potentially serious brain injury garnering a...

    Authors: Joshua P. McGeown, Patria A. Hume, Stephen Kara, J. Patrick Neary and Will Gardner

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2019 5:8

    Content type: Short Communication

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  15. High-intensity interval training (HIIT) is frequently employed to improve the endurance of various types of athletes. To determine whether youth soccer players may benefit from the intermittent load and time e...

    Authors: Philipp Kunz, Florian Azad Engel, Hans-Christer Holmberg and Billy Sperlich

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2019 5:7

    Content type: Systematic Review

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  16. The purpose of this opinion paper is providing a platform for explaining and discussing the relatedness and nestedness of constraints on the basis of four claims: (a) task constraints are distributed between t...

    Authors: Natàlia Balagué, Rafel Pol, Carlota Torrents, Angel Ric and Robert Hristovski

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2019 5:6

    Content type: Current Opinion

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  17. The original article [1] contains an error in the presentation of Table 4.

    Authors: Simon Nichols, Claire Taylor, Richard Page, Anna Kallvikbacka-Bennett, Fiona Nation, Toni Goodman, Andrew L. Clark, Sean Carroll and Lee Ingle

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2019 5:5

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:22

  18. Sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) is a well-established nutritional ergogenic aid, though gastrointestinal (GI) distress is a common side-effect. Delayed-release NaHCO3 may alleviate GI symptoms and enhance bicarbonate...

    Authors: Nathan Philip Hilton, Nicholas Keith Leach, S. Andy Sparks, Lewis Anthony Gough, Melissa May Craig, Sanjoy Kumar Deb and Lars Robert McNaughton

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2019 5:4

    Content type: Original Research Article

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  19. This retrospective case series examined 324 athletes who received elbow ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) reconstruction by a single surgeon in a private practice over a 9-year period. The novel Docking Plus techni...

    Authors: Benjamin F. Donohue, Marc G. Lubitz and Timothy E. Kremchek

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2019 5:3

    Content type: Original Research Article

    Published on:

  20. Despite the large number of studies and reviews available, the evidence regarding the biological determinants of physical activity (PA) is inconclusive. In this umbrella review, we summarized the current evide...

    Authors: Katina Aleksovska, Anna Puggina, Luca Giraldi, Christoph Buck, Con Burns, Greet Cardon, Angela Carlin, Simon Chantal, Donatella Ciarapica, Marco Colotto, Giancarlo Condello, Tara Coppinger, Cristina Cortis, Sara D’Haese, Marieke De Craemer, Andrea Di Blasio…

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2019 5:2

    Content type: Systematic Review

    Published on:

  21. Exercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD) is typically caused by unaccustomed exercise and results in pain, soreness, inflammation, and reduced muscle function. These negative outcomes may cause discomfort and imp...

    Authors: Patrick S. Harty, Megan L. Cottet, James K. Malloy and Chad M. Kerksick

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2019 5:1

    Content type: Review article

    Published on:

  22. This commentary delivers a practical perspective on the current state of subjective training load (TL) monitoring, and in particular sessional ratings of perceived exertion, for performance enhancement and inj...

    Authors: Joseph O. C. Coyne, G. Gregory Haff, Aaron J. Coutts, Robert U. Newton and Sophia Nimphius

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:58

    Content type: Current Opinion

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  23. Mental health in elite sport is receiving more publicity due to an increase in male athletes sharing their personal experiences. Sports injury is recognised as the major risk factor for psychological distress ...

    Authors: Gary Souter, Robin Lewis and Laura Serrant

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:57

    Content type: Review article

    Published on:

  24. The risk of falling and associated injuries increases with age. Therefore, the prevention of falls is a key priority in geriatrics and is particularly based on physical exercising, aiming to improve the age-re...

    Authors: Azza Hamed, Sebastian Bohm, Falk Mersmann and Adamantios Arampatzis

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:56

    Content type: Systematic Review

    Published on:

  25. In the original article [1] reference was made to the Hawk-Eye system having been used as the sideline operating system during the 2015 season.

    Authors: Andrew J. Gardner, Ryan Kohler, Warren McDonald, Gordon W. Fuller, Ross Tucker and Michael Makdissi

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:54

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:20

  26. The mechanisms underlying the relative age effect (RAE), a biased distribution of birth dates, in sport events have been investigated for more than two decades. The present study investigated the characteristi...

    Authors: Yoichi Katsumata, Kohei Omuro, Naotoshi Mitsukawa and Hiroki Nakata

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:52

    Content type: Original Research Article

    Published on:

  27. Wearable sensors are portable measurement tools that are becoming increasingly popular for the measurement of joint angle in the upper limb. With many brands emerging on the market, each with variations in har...

    Authors: Corrin P. Walmsley, Sîan A. Williams, Tiffany Grisbrook, Catherine Elliott, Christine Imms and Amity Campbell

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:53

    Content type: Systematic Review

    Published on:

  28. Swimming-induced pulmonary edema is an infrequently encountered cause of acute respiratory distress in open-water swimmers. The condition can be challenging, with athletes often wanting answers to three main q...

    Authors: James H. Hull and Mathew G. Wilson

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:51

    Content type: Commentary

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:43

  29. Participation rates in fastpitch softball are continually on the rise, especially in youth. With the increased participation also comes the increased injury susceptibility. Unfortunately, the common misconcept...

    Authors: Jeff Barfield and Gretchen Oliver

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:50

    Content type: Current Opinion

    Published on:

  30. Previous injury in the last 12 months is the main risk factor for future running-related injuries (RRI) during training and competition environments. However, the relationship between a recent versus old previ...

    Authors: Jaime Leppe and Manuela Besomi

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:49

    Content type: Original Research Article

    Published on:

  31. In comparison to their heterosexual peers, lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) student-athletes encounter substantial challenges during their intercollegiate and professional athletic careers including detrimenta...

    Authors: Mikalyn T. DeFoor, Lara M. Stepleman and Paul C. Mann

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:48

    Content type: Review article

    Published on:

  32. Whether you are a morning lark or a night owl has proven to be a key contributor in the timing of peak athletic performance. Recent evidence suggests that accounting for these differences, known as one’s chron...

    Authors: Elise R. Facer-Childs, Sophie Boiling and George M. Balanos

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:47

    Content type: Original Research Article

    Published on:

  33. Tendons and ligaments are common sites of musculoskeletal injuries especially during physical activity. The multifactorial etiology of tendon-ligament injury (TLI) includes both genetic and environmental facto...

    Authors: Noel Pabalan, Phuntila Tharabenjasin, Suphawadee Phababpha and Hamdi Jarjanazi

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:46

    Content type: Systematic Review

    Published on:

  34. Exercise-induced disturbance of acid-base balance and accumulation of extracellular potassium (K+) are suggested to elicit fatigue. Exercise under hypoxic conditions may augment exercise-induced alterations of th...

    Authors: Daichi Sumi, Chihiro Kojima, Nobukazu Kasai and Kazushige Goto

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:45

    Content type: Original Research Article

    Published on:

  35. Pseudoephedrine (PSE), a sympathomimetic drug, commonly used in nasal decongestants, is currently banned in sports by the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA), as its stimulant activity is claimed to enhance perfor...

    Authors: Maria D Gheorghiev, Farzad Hosseini, Jason Moran and Chris E Cooper

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:44

    Content type: Systematic Review

    Published on:

  36. Swimming-induced pulmonary oedema (SIPE) can affect people with no underlying health problems, but may be life threatening and is poorly understood. The aim of this systematic review was to synthesise the evid...

    Authors: Sarah Spencer, John Dickinson and Lindsay Forbes

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:43

    Content type: Systematic Review

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in Sports Medicine - Open 2019 5:12

    The Commentary to this article has been published in Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:51

  37. Worldwide physical activity levels of adults are declining, which is associated with increased chronic disease risk. Wearables and smartphone applications offer new opportunities to change physical activity be...

    Authors: Roxanne Gal, Anne M. May, Elon J. van Overmeeren, Monique Simons and Evelyn M. Monninkhof

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:42

    Content type: Systematic Review

    Published on:

  38. There has been a rise in research into obesity prevention and treatment programmes in youth, including the effectiveness of resistance-based exercise. The purpose of this meta-analysis was to examine the effec...

    Authors: Helen Collins, Samantha Fawkner, Josephine N. Booth and Audrey Duncan

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:41

    Content type: Systematic Review

    Published on:

  39. Injuries in association football (soccer) are debilitating for players and can also be detrimental to the success of a team or club. The type or condition of a playing surface has been empirically linked to in...

    Authors: Aimée C. Mears, Paul Osei-Owusu, Andy R. Harland, Alun Owen and Jonathan R. Roberts

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:40

    Content type: Original Research Article

    Published on:

  40. Little evidence is available about how sports participation influences psychosocial health and quality of life in children and adolescents with a disability or chronic disease. Therefore, the aim of the curren...

    Authors: Saskia J. te Velde, Kristel Lankhorst, Maremka Zwinkels, Olaf Verschuren, Tim Takken and Janke de Groot

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:38

    Content type: Original Research Article

    Published on:

  41. Recently, four different operative techniques, referring to the primary anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) repair, were described. These are the dynamic intraligamentary stabilization (DIS) with Ligamys™, the Br...

    Authors: Michael-Alexander Malahias, Dimitrios Chytas, Kaori Nakamura, Vasileios Raoulis, Masashi Yokota and Vasileios S. Nikolaou

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:37

    Content type: Review article

    Published on:

  42. The current recommendations for resistance training (RT) frequency range from 2 to 5 days per week (days week− 1) depending on the subjects’ training status. However, the relationship between RT frequency and mus...

    Authors: Grant W. Ralston, Lon Kilgore, Frank B. Wyatt, Duncan Buchan and Julien S. Baker

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:36

    Content type: Systematic Review

    Published on:

  43. Maternal metabolic health during the prenatal period is an established determinant of cardiometabolic disease risk. Many studies have focused on poor offspring outcomes after exposure to poor maternal health, ...

    Authors: Laetitia Guillemette, Jacqueline L. Hay, D. Scott Kehler, Naomi C. Hamm, Christopher Oldfield, Jonathan M. McGavock and Todd A. Duhamel

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:35

    Content type: Systematic Review

    Published on:

  44. Practicing sport at the highest level is typically accompanied by several stressors and restrictions on personal life. Elite athletes’ lifestyle delivers a significant challenge to sleep, due to both the physi...

    Authors: Mathieu Nedelec, Anis Aloulou, François Duforez, Tim Meyer and Gregory Dupont

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:34

    Content type: Review Article

    Published on:

  45. Core stability training has grown in popularity over 25 years, initially for back pain prevention or therapy. Subsequently, it developed as a mode of exercise training for health, fitness and sport. The scient...

    Authors: David R. Clark, Michael I. Lambert and Angus M. Hunter

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:32

    Content type: Original Research Article

    Published on:

  46. While clinical trials have demonstrated the benefits of structured exercise for prostate cancer survivors, few attempts have been made to investigate and implement sustainable community-based exercise programs...

    Authors: Eik Dybboe Bjerre, Mette Leth, Nanna Maria Hammer and Julie Midtgaard

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:31

    Content type: Original Research Article

    Published on:

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