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  1. Content type: Original Research Article

    In some sports such as rugby, a large body size is an advantage, and the desire to gain weight can bring young players to become overweight or obese. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of ove...

    Authors: Olivier Gavarry, Gregory Lentin, Patrick Pezery, Anne Delextrat, Guillaume Chaumet, Alain Boussuges and Julien Piscione

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:17

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  2. Content type: Original Research Article

    Self-determination theory (SDT) has been used to predict children’s physical activity and well-being. However, few school-based SDT intervention studies have been conducted, and no research exists with childre...

    Authors: Stephen Shannon, Deirdre Brennan, Donncha Hanna, Zoe Younger, Jessica Hassan and Gavin Breslin

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:16

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  3. Content type: Original Research Article

    Walking and running provide cyclical loading to the knee which is thought essential for joint health within a physiological window. However, exercising outside the physiological window, e.g. excessive cyclical...

    Authors: Jaqueline Lourdes Rios, Kevin Rudi Boldt, James William Mather, Ruth Anne Seerattan, David Arthur Hart and Walter Herzog

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:15

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  4. Content type: Original Research Article

    The physiological and pathophysiological mechanisms that govern diving, both self-contained underwater breathing apparatus (SCUBA) and breath-hold diving (BH-diving), are in large part well known, even if ther...

    Authors: Nicola Sponsiello, Danilo Cialoni, Massimo Pieri and Alessandro Marroni

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:14

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  5. Content type: Original Research Article

    This randomized controlled trial explored the practicality and effectiveness of a novel tool-assisted self-help device, one that combines vibrational oscillation, leverage, and the shearing effect from the edg...

    Authors: Christopher-Marc Gordon, Sophie Manuela Lindner, Niels Birbaumer, Pedro Montoya, Rachel L. Ankney and Frank Andrasik

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:13

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  6. Content type: Original Research Article

    In this study, the main hypothesis is that heavier people enjoy strength exercises more than normal-weight people, mediated by fat-free mass and muscle strength. Further, it is hypothesized that heavier people...

    Authors: Gill A. ten Hoor, Guy Plasqui, Annemie M. W. J. Schols and Gerjo Kok

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:12

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  7. Content type: Systematic Review

    CrossFit is recognized as one of the fastest growing high-intensity functional training modes in the world. However, scientific data regarding the practice of CrossFit is sparse. Therefore, the objective of th...

    Authors: João Gustavo Claudino, Tim J. Gabbett, Frank Bourgeois, Helton de Sá Souza, Rafael Chagas Miranda, Bruno Mezêncio, Rafael Soncin, Carlos Alberto Cardoso Filho, Martim Bottaro, Arnaldo Jose Hernandez, Alberto Carlos Amadio and Julio Cerca Serrão

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:11

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  8. Content type: Original Research Article

    The amount, quality, and timing of sleep are considered important for athletes’ ability to train, maximize training responses, and recover. However, some research has shown that elite athletes do not obtain su...

    Authors: Masako Hoshikawa, Sunao Uchida and Yuichi Hirano

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:10

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  9. Content type: Systematic Review

    A well-learned motor skill is characterized by the efficient activation of muscles that are involved in movement execution. However, it is unclear if practice-related changes in motor performance correlate wit...

    Authors: Dennis Brueckner, Rainer Kiss and Thomas Muehlbauer

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:9

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  10. Content type: Original Research Article

    Schedule-based and in-season factors (e.g., competition type) have been shown to be associated with symptom reporting patterns and injury severity in sport-related concussion (SRC). To determine if acute neuro...

    Authors: Benjamin L. Brett, Andrew W. Kuhn, Aaron M. Yengo-Kahn, Zachary Y. Kerr, Christopher M. Bonfield, Gary S. Solomon and Scott L. Zuckerman

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:8

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  11. Content type: Correction

    The original article [1] mistakenly omits a grant acknowledgement; thus, the authors would like to acknowledge that the original article was supported by FAPESP 2015/20082-7.

    Authors: P. A. M. Cavalcante, M. F. Gregnani, J. S. Henrique, F. H. Ornellas and R. C. Araújo

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:7

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    The original article was published in Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:42

  12. Content type: Original Research Article

    Presently, there is no literature that examines the reasons for the cancellation of amateur or professional mixed martial arts (MMA) bouts. The purpose of this study was to review the circumstances that lead t...

    Authors: Gwynn Curran-Sills

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:6

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  13. Content type: Original Research Article

    This paper examines the occupational risk of concussion amongst professional and semi-professional footballers in Ireland during the 2014 League of Ireland season. As part of a broader nationally representativ...

    Authors: Nicola Coffey, Martin Lawless, Seamus Kelly and Conor Buggy

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:4

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  14. Content type: Original Research Article

    The outstanding performance of an elite athlete might be associated with changes in their blood metabolic profile. The aims of this study were to compare the blood metabolic profiles between moderate- and high...

    Authors: Fatima Al-Khelaifi, Ilhame Diboun, Francesco Donati, Francesco Botrè, Mohammed Alsayrafi, Costas Georgakopoulos, Karsten Suhre, Noha A. Yousri and Mohamed A. Elrayess

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:2

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  15. Content type: Original Research Article

    Immersion pulmonary edema is potentially a catastrophic condition; however, the pathophysiological mechanisms are ill-defined. This study assessed the individual and combined effects of exertion and negative p...

    Authors: Olivier Castagna, Jacques Regnard, Emmanuel Gempp, Pierre Louge, François Xavier Brocq, Bruno Schmid, Anne-Virginie Desruelle, Valentin Crunel, Adrien Maurin, Romain Chopard and David Hunter MacIver

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:1

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  16. Content type: Systematic Review

    Australian football (AF) players require endurance, strength, speed, and agility to be successful. Tests assessing physical characteristics are commonly used for talent identification; however, their ability t...

    Authors: Jade A. Z. Haycraft, Stephanie Kovalchik, David B. Pyne and Sam Robertson

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:46

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  17. Content type: Original Research Article

    Overtraining syndrome (OTS) results from excessive training load without adequate recovery and leads to decreased performance and fatigue. The pathophysiology of OTS in athletes is not fully understood, which ...

    Authors: Flavio A. Cadegiani and Claudio E. Kater

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:45

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  18. Content type: Systematic Review

    Only a few studies have addressed the relationship between toll-like receptors 2 and 4 (TLR2 and TLR4) and the production of local and systemic cytokines in response to physical exercise, and they have produce...

    Authors: Paula Andréa Malveira Cavalcante, Marcos Fernandes Gregnani, Jessica Salles Henrique, Fábio Henrique Ornellas and Ronaldo Carvalho Araújo

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:42

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    The Correction to this article has been published in Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:7

  19. Content type: Original Research Article

    As a way to train at faster running speeds, add training volume, prevent injury, or rehabilitate after an injury, lower-body positive pressure treadmills (LBPPT) have become increasingly commonplace among athl...

    Authors: Kyle R. Barnes and Jessica N. Janecke

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:41

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  20. Content type: Original Research Article

    Isolation and long duration spaceflight are associated with musculoskeletal deconditioning. Mars500 was a unique, high-fidelity analogue of the psychological challenges of a 520-day manned mission to Mars. We ...

    Authors: Christopher J. Gaffney, Elena Fomina, Dennis Babich, Vladimir Kitov, Konstantin Uskov and David A. Green

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:40

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  21. Content type: Original Research Article

    The importance of optimal and/or superior vision for participation in high-level sports remains the subject of considerable clinical research interest. Here, we examine the vision and visual history of elite/n...

    Authors: Brendan T. Barrett, Jonathan C. Flavell, Simon J. Bennett, Alice G. Cruickshank, Alex Mankowska, Julie M. Harris and John G. Buckley

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:39

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  22. Content type: Original Research Article

    Session rating of perceived exertion (sRPE) is a practical tool for coaches to assess internal training load of their athletes. In a sport like cross-country running, that is individual in nature, but has a te...

    Authors: Kyle R. Barnes

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:38

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  23. Content type: Review Article

    Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are a class of drugs commonly used to treat both the acute and chronic injuries sustained by athletes during training and competition. In many parts of the world,...

    Authors: Martin Anthony Christopher Manoukian, Christopher William Migdal, Amode Ravindra Tembhekar, Jerad Alexander Harris and Charles DeMesa

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:36

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  24. Content type: Original Research Article

    The risk factors of pulmonary edema induced by diving in healthy subjects are not well known. The aim of the present study was to assess the parameters contributing to the increase in extravascular lung water ...

    Authors: A. Boussuges, K. Ayme, G. Chaumet, E. Albier, M. Borgnetta and O. Gavarry

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:35

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  25. Content type: Original Research Article

    Individual time to peak blood bicarbonate (HCO3 ) has demonstrated good to excellent reproducibility following ingestion of both 0.2 g kg−1 body mass (BM) and 0.3 g kg−1 BM sodium bica...

    Authors: Lewis Anthony Gough, Sanjoy Kumar Deb, Andy Sparks and Lars Robert McNaughton

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:34

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  26. Content type: Systematic Review

    Previous reports of single-leg assessment demonstrated functional deficits in postural stability following anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. However, quantified measures describing postural stability va...

    Authors: Tim Lehmann, Linda Paschen and Jochen Baumeister

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:32

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  27. Content type: Original Research Article

    A 12-week multi-team sport programme was provided to employees of a large services organisation and conducted in workplaces. This programme was used to investigate the short-term effect of regular sports team ...

    Authors: Andrew Brinkley, Hilary McDermott, Rachel Grenfell-Essam and Fehmidah Munir

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:30

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  28. Content type: Original Research Article

    Many professional sports have introduced sideline video review to help recognise concussions. The reliability and validity of identifying clinical and observable signs of concussion using video analysis has no...

    Authors: Andrew J. Gardner, David R. Howell, Christopher R. Levi and Grant L. Iverson

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:29

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  29. Content type: Original Research Article

    Staphylococcus aureus (SA) is a leading cause of infectious diseases in sports teams. In recent decades, community-associated SA (CA-SA) strains have emerged worldwide and have been re...

    Authors: E. Couvé-Deacon, D. Postil, O. Barraud, C. Duchiron, D. Chainier, A. Labrunie, N. Pestourie, P.M. Preux, B. François and M.C. Ploy

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:28

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  30. Content type: Original Research Article

    There is a large amount of information regarding risk factors for fifth metatarsal stress fractures; however, there are few studies involving large numbers of subjects.

    Authors: Sho Matsuda, Toru Fukubayashi and Norikazu Hirose

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:27

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  31. Content type: Original Research Article

    Several professional contact and collision sports have recently introduced the use of sideline video review for club medical staff to help identify and manage concussions. As such, reviewing video footage on t...

    Authors: Andrew J. Gardner, Christopher R. Levi and Grant L. Iverson

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:26

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  32. Content type: Original Research Article

    The efficacy of wearing [a] compression garment (CG) between repeated bouts of exercise within a same day has not been fully understood. The present study determined the effect of wearing a CG after strenuous ...

    Authors: Kazushige Goto, Sahiro Mizuno and Ayaka Mori

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:25

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  33. Content type: Short communication

    A foodborne illness outbreak involving an elite sports team was investigated by a public health unit in Sydney, Australia. An epidemiological association was established between gastrointestinal illness and th...

    Authors: Kwendy Cavanagh, Travers Johnstone, Essi Huhtinen, Zeina Najjar, Peter Lorentzos, Craig Shadbolt, John Shields and Leena Gupta

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:24

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  34. Content type: Systematic Review

    Researchers and practitioners working in sports medicine and science require valid tests to determine the effectiveness of interventions and enhance understanding of mechanisms underpinning adaptation. Such de...

    Authors: David Drake, Rodney Kennedy and Eric Wallace

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:23

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  35. Content type: Original Research Article

    Physical therapy and peritendinous hyaluronic acid (HA) injections have both shown promising results in the treatment of shoulder tendinopathies. However, the superiority of treatment combining physical therap...

    Authors: César Flores, Ramón Balius, Guillermo Álvarez, Miguel A. Buil, Luisa Varela, Carlos Cano and Joaquín Casariego

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:22

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  36. Content type: Original Research Article

    The mechanisms underlying the relative age effect in sport events have been investigated for more than two decades. The present study focused on the relationship between the relative age effect and lengths of ...

    Authors: Hiroki Nakata

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:21

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  37. Content type: Systematic Review

    Achilles tendinopathy is the most prevalent tendon disorder in people engaged in running and jumping sports. Aetiology of Achilles tendinopathy is complex and requires comprehensive research of contributing ri...

    Authors: Maria Kozlovskaia, Nicole Vlahovich, Kevin J. Ashton and David C. Hughes

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:20

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  38. Content type: Systematic Review

    While the clinical benefits of exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation are well established, there is extensive variation in the interventions used within these trials. It is unknown whether variations in indivi...

    Authors: Bridget Abell, Paul Glasziou and Tammy Hoffmann

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:19

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  39. Content type: Current Opinion

    Previous research has considered action and adventure sports using a variety of associated terms and definitions which has led to confusing discourse and contradictory research findings. Traditional narratives...

    Authors: Tuomas Immonen, Eric Brymer, Dominic Orth, Keith Davids, Francesco Feletti, Jarmo Liukkonen and Timo Jaakkola

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:18

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  40. Content type: Original Research Article

    Gorkhas, a sub-mountainous population of the Himalayan region, are known for strength and bravery. In the present study when “Gorkha” is used without brackets, we are mentioning Gorkhas of Tibeto-Burman origin...

    Authors: Seema Malhotra, Kiran Preet, Arvind Tomar, Shweta Rawat, Sayar Singh, Inderjeet Singh, L. Robert Varte, Tirthankar Chatterjee, M. S. Pal and Soma Sarkar

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:17

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  41. Content type: Original Research Article

    Susceptible to injury, the neck is subject to scientific investigations, frequently aiming to elucidate possible injury mechanisms via surface electromyography (EMG) by indirectly estimating cervical loads. Ac...

    Authors: Riccardo Lo Martire, Kristofer Gladh, Anton Westman and Björn O. Äng

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:16

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  42. Content type: Original Research Article

    The main mechanism involved in the pathogenesis of autoimmunity is an uncontrolled inflammatory response against self-antigens. Therefore, anti-inflammatory factors, such as the intake of bioactive compounds a...

    Authors: Leandro Kansuke Oharomari, Camila de Moraes and Anderson Marliere Navarro

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:15

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  43. Content type: Original Research Article

    Riboflavin is known to protect tissue from oxidative damage but, to our knowledge, has not been explored as a means to control exercise-related muscle soreness. This study investigated whether acute ingestion ...

    Authors: Martin D. Hoffman, Taylor R. Valentino, Kristin J. Stuempfle and Brandon V. Hassid

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:14

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