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  1. Little evidence is available about how sports participation influences psychosocial health and quality of life in children and adolescents with a disability or chronic disease. Therefore, the aim of the curren...

    Authors: Saskia J. te Velde, Kristel Lankhorst, Maremka Zwinkels, Olaf Verschuren, Tim Takken and Janke de Groot
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:38
  2. Recently, four different operative techniques, referring to the primary anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) repair, were described. These are the dynamic intraligamentary stabilization (DIS) with Ligamys™, the Br...

    Authors: Michael-Alexander Malahias, Dimitrios Chytas, Kaori Nakamura, Vasileios Raoulis, Masashi Yokota and Vasileios S. Nikolaou
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:37
  3. The current recommendations for resistance training (RT) frequency range from 2 to 5 days per week (days week− 1) depending on the subjects’ training status. However, the relationship between RT frequency and mus...

    Authors: Grant W. Ralston, Lon Kilgore, Frank B. Wyatt, Duncan Buchan and Julien S. Baker
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:36
  4. Maternal metabolic health during the prenatal period is an established determinant of cardiometabolic disease risk. Many studies have focused on poor offspring outcomes after exposure to poor maternal health, ...

    Authors: Laetitia Guillemette, Jacqueline L. Hay, D. Scott Kehler, Naomi C. Hamm, Christopher Oldfield, Jonathan M. McGavock and Todd A. Duhamel
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:35
  5. Practicing sport at the highest level is typically accompanied by several stressors and restrictions on personal life. Elite athletes’ lifestyle delivers a significant challenge to sleep, due to both the physi...

    Authors: Mathieu Nedelec, Anis Aloulou, François Duforez, Tim Meyer and Gregory Dupont
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:34
  6. Core stability training has grown in popularity over 25 years, initially for back pain prevention or therapy. Subsequently, it developed as a mode of exercise training for health, fitness and sport. The scient...

    Authors: David R. Clark, Michael I. Lambert and Angus M. Hunter
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:32
  7. While clinical trials have demonstrated the benefits of structured exercise for prostate cancer survivors, few attempts have been made to investigate and implement sustainable community-based exercise programs...

    Authors: Eik Dybboe Bjerre, Mette Leth, Nanna Maria Hammer and Julie Midtgaard
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:31
  8. “Hitting the wall” (HTW) can be understood as a psychophysiological stress process characterised by (A) discrete and poignant onset, (B) dynamic interplay between physiological, affective, motivational, cognit...

    Authors: Andreas Venhorst, Dominic P. Micklewright and Timothy D. Noakes
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:30
  9. Locomotor muscle fatigue (LMMF) and exercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD) are common conditions experienced during long-distance running due to the pooled effect of mechanical and metabolic strain on the locom...

    Authors: Andreas Venhorst, Dominic P. Micklewright and Timothy D. Noakes
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:29
  10. It is important that players and coaches have access to objective information on soccer player’s physical status for team selection and training purposes. Physiological tests can provide this information. Phys...

    Authors: Monèm Jemni, Mohammad Shoaib Prince and Julien S. Baker
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:28

    The Retraction Note to this article has been published in Sports Medicine - Open 2019 5:42

  11. Foam rolling (FR) has been shown to alleviate some symptoms of exercise-induced muscle damage and has been suggested to increase range of motion (ROM) without negatively impacting strength. However, it is uncl...

    Authors: Lewis J. Macgregor, Malcolm M. Fairweather, Ryan M. Bennett and Angus M. Hunter
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:26
  12. This review aims to (1) consolidate evidence regarding the association between socioeconomic status (SES) and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), (2) conduct a meta-analysis of the association between SES and CRF...

    Authors: Katherine J. Ombrellaro, Nita Perumal, Johannes Zeiher, Jens Hoebel, Till Ittermann, Ralf Ewert, Marcus Dörr, Thomas Keil, Gert B. M. Mensink and Jonas D. Finger
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:25
  13. The study of human movement within sports biomechanics and rehabilitation settings has made considerable progress over recent decades. However, developing a motion analysis system that collects accurate kinema...

    Authors: Steffi L. Colyer, Murray Evans, Darren P. Cosker and Aki I. T. Salo
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:24
  14. Previous research has established that general sleep screening questionnaires are not valid and reliable in an athlete population. The Athlete Sleep Screening Questionnaire (ASSQ) was developed to address this...

    Authors: Amy M. Bender, Doug Lawson, Penny Werthner and Charles H. Samuels
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:23
  15. Higher cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) is associated with lower morbidity and mortality in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD). The mechanisms for this are not fully understood. A more favourable cardio...

    Authors: Simon Nichols, Claire Taylor, Richard Page, Anna Kallvikbacka-Bennett, Fiona Nation, Toni Goodman, Andrew L. Clark, Sean Carroll and Lee Ingle
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:22

    The Correction to this article has been published in Sports Medicine - Open 2019 5:5

  16. Analyses of talent development in sport have identified that skill can be enhanced through early and continued involvement in donor sports which share affordances (opportunities for action) with a performer’s ...

    Authors: Ben William Strafford, Pawel van der Steen, Keith Davids and Joseph Antony Stone
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:21
  17. Sideline video review has been increasingly used to evaluate risk of concussive injury during match play of a number of collision sports, with the view to reducing the incidence of match play concussion injuri...

    Authors: Andrew J. Gardner, Ryan Kohler, Warren McDonald, Gordon W. Fuller, Ross Tucker and Michael Makdissi
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:20

    The Correction to this article has been published in Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:54

  18. Sickle cell trait has long been considered a benign condition but continues to be the leading cause of death in young African Americans in military basic training and civilian organized sports. There continues...

    Authors: Bruce L. Mitchell
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:19
  19. In some sports such as rugby, a large body size is an advantage, and the desire to gain weight can bring young players to become overweight or obese. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of ove...

    Authors: Olivier Gavarry, Gregory Lentin, Patrick Pezery, Anne Delextrat, Guillaume Chaumet, Alain Boussuges and Julien Piscione
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:17
  20. Self-determination theory (SDT) has been used to predict children’s physical activity and well-being. However, few school-based SDT intervention studies have been conducted, and no research exists with childre...

    Authors: Stephen Shannon, Deirdre Brennan, Donncha Hanna, Zoe Younger, Jessica Hassan and Gavin Breslin
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:16
  21. Walking and running provide cyclical loading to the knee which is thought essential for joint health within a physiological window. However, exercising outside the physiological window, e.g. excessive cyclical...

    Authors: Jaqueline Lourdes Rios, Kevin Rudi Boldt, James William Mather, Ruth Anne Seerattan, David Arthur Hart and Walter Herzog
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:15
  22. The physiological and pathophysiological mechanisms that govern diving, both self-contained underwater breathing apparatus (SCUBA) and breath-hold diving (BH-diving), are in large part well known, even if ther...

    Authors: Nicola Sponsiello, Danilo Cialoni, Massimo Pieri and Alessandro Marroni
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:14
  23. This randomized controlled trial explored the practicality and effectiveness of a novel tool-assisted self-help device, one that combines vibrational oscillation, leverage, and the shearing effect from the edg...

    Authors: Christopher-Marc Gordon, Sophie Manuela Lindner, Niels Birbaumer, Pedro Montoya, Rachel L. Ankney and Frank Andrasik
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:13
  24. In this study, the main hypothesis is that heavier people enjoy strength exercises more than normal-weight people, mediated by fat-free mass and muscle strength. Further, it is hypothesized that heavier people...

    Authors: Gill A. ten Hoor, Guy Plasqui, Annemie M. W. J. Schols and Gerjo Kok
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:12
  25. CrossFit is recognized as one of the fastest growing high-intensity functional training modes in the world. However, scientific data regarding the practice of CrossFit is sparse. Therefore, the objective of th...

    Authors: João Gustavo Claudino, Tim J. Gabbett, Frank Bourgeois, Helton de Sá Souza, Rafael Chagas Miranda, Bruno Mezêncio, Rafael Soncin, Carlos Alberto Cardoso Filho, Martim Bottaro, Arnaldo Jose Hernandez, Alberto Carlos Amadio and Julio Cerca Serrão
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:11
  26. The amount, quality, and timing of sleep are considered important for athletes’ ability to train, maximize training responses, and recover. However, some research has shown that elite athletes do not obtain su...

    Authors: Masako Hoshikawa, Sunao Uchida and Yuichi Hirano
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:10
  27. A well-learned motor skill is characterized by the efficient activation of muscles that are involved in movement execution. However, it is unclear if practice-related changes in motor performance correlate wit...

    Authors: Dennis Brueckner, Rainer Kiss and Thomas Muehlbauer
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:9
  28. Schedule-based and in-season factors (e.g., competition type) have been shown to be associated with symptom reporting patterns and injury severity in sport-related concussion (SRC). To determine if acute neuro...

    Authors: Benjamin L. Brett, Andrew W. Kuhn, Aaron M. Yengo-Kahn, Zachary Y. Kerr, Christopher M. Bonfield, Gary S. Solomon and Scott L. Zuckerman
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:8
  29. The original article [1] mistakenly omits a grant acknowledgement; thus, the authors would like to acknowledge that the original article was supported by FAPESP 2015/20082-7.

    Authors: P. A. M. Cavalcante, M. F. Gregnani, J. S. Henrique, F. H. Ornellas and R. C. Araújo
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:7

    The original article was published in Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:42

  30. Presently, there is no literature that examines the reasons for the cancellation of amateur or professional mixed martial arts (MMA) bouts. The purpose of this study was to review the circumstances that lead t...

    Authors: Gwynn Curran-Sills
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:6
  31. This paper examines the occupational risk of concussion amongst professional and semi-professional footballers in Ireland during the 2014 League of Ireland season. As part of a broader nationally representativ...

    Authors: Nicola Coffey, Martin Lawless, Seamus Kelly and Conor Buggy
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:4
  32. The outstanding performance of an elite athlete might be associated with changes in their blood metabolic profile. The aims of this study were to compare the blood metabolic profiles between moderate- and high...

    Authors: Fatima Al-Khelaifi, Ilhame Diboun, Francesco Donati, Francesco Botrè, Mohammed Alsayrafi, Costas Georgakopoulos, Karsten Suhre, Noha A. Yousri and Mohamed A. Elrayess
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:2
  33. Immersion pulmonary edema is potentially a catastrophic condition; however, the pathophysiological mechanisms are ill-defined. This study assessed the individual and combined effects of exertion and negative p...

    Authors: Olivier Castagna, Jacques Regnard, Emmanuel Gempp, Pierre Louge, François Xavier Brocq, Bruno Schmid, Anne-Virginie Desruelle, Valentin Crunel, Adrien Maurin, Romain Chopard and David Hunter MacIver
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:1
  34. Australian football (AF) players require endurance, strength, speed, and agility to be successful. Tests assessing physical characteristics are commonly used for talent identification; however, their ability t...

    Authors: Jade A. Z. Haycraft, Stephanie Kovalchik, David B. Pyne and Sam Robertson
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:46
  35. Overtraining syndrome (OTS) results from excessive training load without adequate recovery and leads to decreased performance and fatigue. The pathophysiology of OTS in athletes is not fully understood, which ...

    Authors: Flavio A. Cadegiani and Claudio E. Kater
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:45
  36. Only a few studies have addressed the relationship between toll-like receptors 2 and 4 (TLR2 and TLR4) and the production of local and systemic cytokines in response to physical exercise, and they have produce...

    Authors: Paula Andréa Malveira Cavalcante, Marcos Fernandes Gregnani, Jessica Salles Henrique, Fábio Henrique Ornellas and Ronaldo Carvalho Araújo
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:42

    The Correction to this article has been published in Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:7

  37. As a way to train at faster running speeds, add training volume, prevent injury, or rehabilitate after an injury, lower-body positive pressure treadmills (LBPPT) have become increasingly commonplace among athl...

    Authors: Kyle R. Barnes and Jessica N. Janecke
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:41
  38. Isolation and long duration spaceflight are associated with musculoskeletal deconditioning. Mars500 was a unique, high-fidelity analogue of the psychological challenges of a 520-day manned mission to Mars. We ...

    Authors: Christopher J. Gaffney, Elena Fomina, Dennis Babich, Vladimir Kitov, Konstantin Uskov and David A. Green
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:40
  39. The importance of optimal and/or superior vision for participation in high-level sports remains the subject of considerable clinical research interest. Here, we examine the vision and visual history of elite/n...

    Authors: Brendan T. Barrett, Jonathan C. Flavell, Simon J. Bennett, Alice G. Cruickshank, Alex Mankowska, Julie M. Harris and John G. Buckley
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:39
  40. Session rating of perceived exertion (sRPE) is a practical tool for coaches to assess internal training load of their athletes. In a sport like cross-country running, that is individual in nature, but has a te...

    Authors: Kyle R. Barnes
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:38
  41. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are a class of drugs commonly used to treat both the acute and chronic injuries sustained by athletes during training and competition. In many parts of the world,...

    Authors: Martin Anthony Christopher Manoukian, Christopher William Migdal, Amode Ravindra Tembhekar, Jerad Alexander Harris and Charles DeMesa
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:36
  42. The risk factors of pulmonary edema induced by diving in healthy subjects are not well known. The aim of the present study was to assess the parameters contributing to the increase in extravascular lung water ...

    Authors: A. Boussuges, K. Ayme, G. Chaumet, E. Albier, M. Borgnetta and O. Gavarry
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:35

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