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  1. Evidence guiding the decision on whether to treat proximal hamstring tendon avulsions (PHA) operatively or non-operatively is very limited. The aim of this study was to identify the current practices and the r...

    Authors: Sofia Laszlo, Martin Nilsson, Elsa Pihl, Ville M. Mattila, Jörg Schilcher, Olof Sköldenberg, Frede Frihagen and Kenneth B. Jonsson
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:49
  2. Prostate cancer is a complex disease affecting millions of men globally. Radiotherapy (RT) is a common treatment modality although treatment efficacy is dependent upon several features within the tumour microe...

    Authors: Malcolm Brown, Amélie Rébillard, Nicolas H. Hart, Dominic O’Connor, Gillian Prue, Joe M. O’Sullivan and Suneil Jain
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:48
  3. Expert performers in fast-ball and combat sports continuously interact with their opponents and, if they are to be successful, adapt behaviour in order to gain an advantage. For example, disguise and deception ar...

    Authors: Harry Ramsey, Matt Dicks, Lorraine Hope and Vasu Reddy
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:47
  4. In this review we integrate the scientific literature and results-proven practice and outline a novel framework for understanding the training and development of elite long-distance performance. Herein, we des...

    Authors: Thomas Haugen, Øyvind Sandbakk, Stephen Seiler and Espen Tønnessen
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:46
  5. Sports-related concussion (SRC) is common in collision sport athletes. There is growing evidence that repetitive SRC can have serious neurological consequences, particularly when the repetitive injuries occur ...

    Authors: David K. Wright, Terence J. O’Brien and Sandy R. Shultz
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:45
  6. High-intensity multimodal training (HIMT) is emerging as a popular training method that combines aerobic and resistance training throughout a single exercise session. The current literature is limited by a lac...

    Authors: Tijana Sharp, Clementine Grandou, Aaron J. Coutts and Lee Wallace
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:43
  7. The critical power (CP) concept represents the uppermost rate of steady state aerobic metabolism during work. Work above CP is limited by a fixed capacity (W′) with exercise intensity being an accelerant of its d...

    Authors: Normand A. Richard and Michael S. Koehle
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:42
  8. Current trends in sports monitoring are characterized by the massive collection of tech-based biomechanical, physiological and performance data, integrated through mathematical algorithms. However, the applica...

    Authors: Lluc Montull, Agne Slapšinskaitė-Dackevičienė, John Kiely, Robert Hristovski and Natàlia Balagué
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:41

    The Correction to this article has been published in Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:61

  9. Plyometric training (PT) has been widely studied in sport science. However, there is no review that determines the impact of PT on the structural variables and mechanical properties of the lower limbs and phys...

    Authors: María Ramírez-delaCruz, Alfredo Bravo-Sánchez, Paula Esteban-García, Fernando Jiménez and Javier Abián-Vicén
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:40
  10. Running-related injury (RRI) is highly prevalent among recreational runners and is a key barrier to participation. Atypical lower limb alignment and mechanical function have been proposed to play a role in dev...

    Authors: Benjamin Peterson, Fiona Hawke, Martin Spink, Sean Sadler, Morgan Hawes, Robin Callister and Vivienne Chuter
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:38
  11. The application of post-exercise cooling (e.g., cold water immersion) and post-exercise heating has become a popular intervention which is assumed to increase functional recovery and may improve chronic traini...

    Authors: Thomas Chaillou, Viktorija Treigyte, Sarah Mosely, Marius Brazaitis, Tomas Venckunas and Arthur J. Cheng
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:37
  12. Exercise training can positively impact the immune system and particularly natural killer (NK) cells, at least in healthy people. This effect would be of relevance in the context of cancer given the prominent ...

    Authors: Pedro L. Valenzuela, Gonzalo Saco-Ledo, Alejandro Santos-Lozano, Javier S. Morales, Adrián Castillo-García, Richard J. Simpson, Alejandro Lucia and Carmen Fiuza-Luces
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:36
  13. Rating of perceived exertion (RPE) and session RPE (sRPE) has been widely used to verify the internal load in athletes. Understanding the agreement between the training load prescribed by coaches and that perc...

    Authors: Allan Inoue, Priscila dos Santos Bunn, Everton Crivoi do Carmo, Eduardo Lattari and Elirez Bezerra da Silva
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:35
  14. The prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus increases with age, and people with type 2 diabetes are more affected by reductions in functional performance. Although exercise interventions are recommended for peo...

    Authors: Lucinéia Orsolin Pfeifer, Angélica Trevisan De Nardi, Larissa Xavier Neves da Silva, Cíntia Ehlers Botton, Daniela Meirelles do Nascimento, Juliana Lopes Teodoro, Beatriz D. Schaan and Daniel Umpierre
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:34
  15. Addressing high and stagnant physical inactivity rates remains a pervasive challenge for researchers, and a priority for health organisations, governments, and physical activity practitioners. Leaders are a pr...

    Authors: Mark Stevens, Tim Rees, Tegan Cruwys and Lisa Olive
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:33
  16. Foam rolling has been extensively investigated, showing benefits in performance and recovery. Recently, vibration has been added to foam rollers, with hypothesized advantages over conventional foam rollers. Ho...

    Authors: Alejandra Alonso-Calvete, Miguel Lorenzo-Martínez, Alexis Padrón-Cabo, Alexandra Pérez-Ferreirós, Anton Kalén, Cristian Abelairas-Gómez and Ezequiel Rey
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:32
  17. Knowing the impact of injuries is essential for their adequate management during reconditioning programs.

    Authors: Javier Raya-González, Juan José Pulido, Marco Beato, José Carlos Ponce-Bordón, Roberto López del Campo, Ricardo Resta and Tomás García-Calvo
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:31

    The Correction to this article has been published in Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:60

  18. Compulsive exercise is linked with poorer treatment outcomes in people with eating disorder (EDs). High-performance athletes represent a growing and complex subcomponent of the broader ED population, and emerg...

    Authors: Jordan A. Martenstyn, Nikki A. Jeacocke, Jana Pittman, Stephen Touyz and Sarah Maguire
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:30
  19. The emergence of the first Fitness-Fatigue impulse responses models (FFMs) have allowed the sport science community to investigate relationships between the effects of training and performance. In the models, ...

    Authors: Frank Imbach, Nicolas Sutton-Charani, Jacky Montmain, Robin Candau and Stéphane Perrey
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:29
  20. Evidence suggests that community-based exercise programs and sports participation benefit long-term physical activity adherence and promote health in clinical populations. Recent research shows that community-...

    Authors: Kickan Roed, Eik Dybboe Bjerre and Julie Midtgaard
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:28
  21. Cannabidiol (CBD) has demonstrated anti-inflammatory, analgesic, anxiolytic and neuroprotective effects that have the potential to benefit athletes. This pilot study investigated the effects of acute, oral CBD...

    Authors: Ayshe Sahinovic, Christopher Irwin, Peter T. Doohan, Richard C. Kevin, Amanda J. Cox, Namson S. Lau, Ben Desbrow, Nathan A. Johnson, Angelo Sabag, Matthew Hislop, Paul S. Haber, Iain S. McGregor and Danielle McCartney
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:27
  22. The primary aim of our systematic scoping review was to explore the factors influencing team function and performance across various industries and discuss findings in the context of the high-performance sport...

    Authors: Benjamin Salcinovic, Michael Drew, Paul Dijkstra, Gordon Waddington and Benjamin G. Serpell
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:25
  23. Complex systems are open systems consisting of many components that can interact among themselves and the environment. New forms of behaviours and patterns often emerge as a result. There is a growing recognit...

    Authors: Kate K. Yung, Clare L. Ardern, Fabio R. Serpiello and Sam Robertson
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:24
  24. Jockeys are unlike other weight-making athletes as the sport of horse racing requires strict weight management to meet the racing stipulations, protracted working hours and an extended racing season with limit...

    Authors: Arthur Dunne, Giles Warrington, Adrian McGoldrick, Jennifer Pugh, Michael Harrison and SarahJane Cullen
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:23
  25. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) has been used to increase endurance performance but has yet to be evaluated in placebo-controlled clinical trials. The current study aimed to evaluate the effect of an intermit...

    Authors: Amir Hadanny, Yafit Hachmo, Daniella Rozali, Merav Catalogna, Eldad Yaakobi, Marina Sova, Hadar Gattegno, Ramzia Abu Hamed, Erez Lang, Nir Polak, Mony Friedman, Shachar Finci, Yonatan Zemel, Yair Bechor, Noga Gal and Shai Efrati
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:22
  26. When interpreting sex differences in the injury risk during sport activities, potential gender effects are often overlooked. This might actually be the case with regard to the higher injury risk of the anterio...

    Authors: Markus Posch, Gerhard Ruedl, Katja Tecklenburg and Martin Burtscher
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:21
  27. Paralympic swimmers with vision impairment (VI) currently compete in one of the three classes depending on their visual acuity (VA) and/or visual field. However, there is no evidence to suggest that a three-cl...

    Authors: Daniel Fortin-Guichard, H. J. C. Ravensbergen, Kai Krabben, Peter M. Allen and David L. Mann
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:20
  28. Strength training is widely used in swimming for improvement in performance. There are several ways to embark on strength training, which to different degrees follows the principle of specificity. There are di...

    Authors: Line Fone and Roland van den Tillaar
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:19
  29. The popularity of consumer-wearable activity trackers has led the scientific community to conduct an increasing number of intervention studies integrating them to promote physical activity (PA) and to reduce s...

    Authors: Carolina Casado-Robles, Jesús Viciana, Santiago Guijarro-Romero and Daniel Mayorga-Vega
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:18
  30. Athlete selection (often referred to as talent selection) reflects the end point of what is a complex decision-making process coaches, administrators, and/or scouts use when deciding who remains and who is rem...

    Authors: Joseph Baker, Kathryn Johnston and Nick Wattie
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:17
  31. It is well known that uncompensable heat stress greatly impairs endurance and team sport-related performance because an increase in the core temperature directly induces a greater magnitude of the central fati...

    Authors: Yinhang Cao, Tze-Huan Lei, Faming Wang, Bin Yang and Toby Mündel
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:16
  32. Seeking to obtain a competitive advantage and manage the risk of injury, team sport organisations are investing in tracking systems that can quantify training and competition characteristics. It is expected th...

    Authors: Lorena Torres-Ronda, Emma Beanland, Sarah Whitehead, Alice Sweeting and Jo Clubb
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:15
  33. Postprandial dysmetabolism, an important cardiovascular disease risk factor, can be improved by exercise. Further systematic review and meta-analysis is needed to compare the effects of accumulated exercise wi...

    Authors: Xiaoyuan Zhang, Chen Zheng, Robin S. T. Ho, Masashi Miyashita and Stephen Heung Sang Wong
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:14
  34. The primary aim of this study was to determine the influence of task constraints, from an ecological perspective, on goal kicking performance in Australian football. The secondary aim was to compare the applic...

    Authors: Peter R. Browne, Alice J. Sweeting and Sam Robertson
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:13
  35. Collisions in rugby union and sevens have a high injury incidence and burden, and are also associated with player and team performance. Understanding the frequency and intensity of these collisions is therefor...

    Authors: Lara Paul, Mitchell Naughton, Ben Jones, Demi Davidow, Amir Patel, Mike Lambert and Sharief Hendricks
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:12

    The Correction to this article has been published in Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:96

  36. Groin pain is a very common injury in multidirectional sports such as soccer, ice hockey, rugby and Australian football. Long-standing adductor-related groin pain is a persistent clinical condition and a frequ...

    Authors: Luca Vergani, Marco Cuniberti, Massimo Zanovello, Daniele Maffei, Abdulaziz Farooq and Cristiano Eirale
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:11
  37. Despite calf muscle strain injuries (CMSI) being problematic in many sports, there is a dearth of research to guide clinicians dealing with these injuries. The aim of this study was to evaluate the current pra...

    Authors: Brady Green, Jodie A. McClelland, Adam I. Semciw, Anthony G. Schache, Alan McCall and Tania Pizzari
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:10
  38. Autoregulation has emerged as a potentially beneficial resistance training paradigm to individualize and optimize programming; however, compared to standardized prescription, the effects of autoregulated load ...

    Authors: Landyn M. Hickmott, Philip D. Chilibeck, Keely A. Shaw and Scotty J. Butcher
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:9
  39. Muscle damage and delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) can occur following intense exercise. Various modalities have been studied to improve blood lactate accumulation, which is a primary reason for DOMS. It h...

    Authors: Joanne DiFrancisco-Donoghue, Thomas Chan, Alexandra S. Jensen, James E. B. Docherty, Rebecca Grohman and Sheldon C. Yao
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:8

    The Letter to the Editor to this article has been published in Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:51

  40. The suitability of corticomotor inhibition and corticospinal excitability to measure brain health outcomes and recovery of sport-related head impact (concussion and subconcussion) depends on good inter-day rel...

    Authors: Thomas G. Di Virgilio, Magdalena Ietswaart, Ragul Selvamoorthy and Angus M. Hunter
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:7
  41. Research on talent in sports aims to identify predictors of future performance. This study retrospectively investigated 1) relationships between young handball field players’ technical throwing skills and (a) ...

    Authors: Till Koopmann, Franziska Lath, Dirk Büsch and Jörg Schorer
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:6
  42. Stimulant medications used for the treatment of Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) are believed to provide a physical advantage in athletics, but several of these medications are not regulated by ...

    Authors: Jenny Berezanskaya, William Cade, Thomas M. Best, Kristopher Paultre and Carolyn Kienstra
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:5
  43. To increase safety in elite alpine ski racing Injury Surveillance Systems were implemented and preventive measures introduced. However, studies analysing the change in athletes’ injury risk by controlling for ...

    Authors: Michael Barth, Hans-Peter Platzer, Carina Andrea Forstinger, Gunnar Innerhofer, Anton Giger, Peter Schröcksnadel and Werner Nachbauer
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:4
  44. Artistic gymnastics is a popular Olympic discipline where female athletes compete in four and male athletes in six events with floor exercise having the longest competition duration in Women’s and Men’s artist...

    Authors: Sebastian Kaufmann, Martin Ziegler, Jana Werner, Christine Noe, Richard Latzel, Stefan Witzany, Ralph Beneke and Olaf Hoos
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:3
  45. The validity of ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) during aerobic training is well established; however, its validity during resistance exercise is less clear. This meta-analysis used the known relationships ...

    Authors: John W. D. Lea, Jamie M. O’Driscoll, Sabina Hulbert, James Scales and Jonathan D. Wiles
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:2
  46. Research results on the training intensity distribution (TID) in endurance athletes are equivocal. This non-uniformity appears to be partially founded in the different quantification methods that are implement...

    Authors: Manuel Matzka, Robert Leppich, Billy Sperlich and Christoph Zinner
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:1
  47. Cardiorespiratory fitness and fatness (notably central obesity) are mediating factors of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) and consequent cardiovascular disease (CVD)/mortality risk. The fitness-fatness index (FFI...

    Authors: Joyce S. Ramos, Lance C. Dalleck, Mackenzie Fennell, Alex Martini, Talita Welmans, Rebecca Stennett, Shelley E. Keating, Robert G. Fassett and Jeff S. Coombes
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:100

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