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  1. Original Research Article

    Frequency of Self-Reported Concussion Amongst Professional and Semi-Professional Footballers in Ireland During the 2014 Season: a Cross-Sectional Study

    This paper examines the occupational risk of concussion amongst professional and semi-professional footballers in Ireland during the 2014 League of Ireland season. As part of a broader nationally representativ...

    Nicola Coffey, Martin Lawless, Seamus Kelly and Conor Buggy

    Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:4

    Published on: 8 January 2018

  2. Original Research Article

    A pilot study comparing the metabolic profiles of elite-level athletes from different sporting disciplines

    The outstanding performance of an elite athlete might be associated with changes in their blood metabolic profile. The aims of this study were to compare the blood metabolic profiles between moderate- and high...

    Fatima Al-Khelaifi, Ilhame Diboun, Francesco Donati, Francesco Botrè, Mohammed Alsayrafi, Costas Georgakopoulos, Karsten Suhre, Noha A. Yousri and Mohamed A. Elrayess

    Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:2

    Published on: 5 January 2018

  3. Original Research Article

    The Key Roles of Negative Pressure Breathing and Exercise in the Development of Interstitial Pulmonary Edema in Professional Male SCUBA Divers

    Immersion pulmonary edema is potentially a catastrophic condition; however, the pathophysiological mechanisms are ill-defined. This study assessed the individual and combined effects of exertion and negative p...

    Olivier Castagna, Jacques Regnard, Emmanuel Gempp, Pierre Louge, François Xavier Brocq, Bruno Schmid, Anne-Virginie Desruelle, Valentin Crunel, Adrien Maurin, Romain Chopard and David Hunter MacIver

    Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:1

    Published on: 3 January 2018

  4. Systematic Review

    Physical characteristics of players within the Australian Football League participation pathways: a systematic review

    Australian football (AF) players require endurance, strength, speed, and agility to be successful. Tests assessing physical characteristics are commonly used for talent identification; however, their ability t...

    Jade A. Z. Haycraft, Stephanie Kovalchik, David B. Pyne and Sam Robertson

    Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:46

    Published on: 19 December 2017

  5. Original Research Article

    Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal (HPA) Axis Functioning in Overtraining Syndrome: Findings from Endocrine and Metabolic Responses on Overtraining Syndrome (EROS)—EROS-HPA Axis

    Overtraining syndrome (OTS) results from excessive training load without adequate recovery and leads to decreased performance and fatigue. The pathophysiology of OTS in athletes is not fully understood, which ...

    Flavio A. Cadegiani and Claudio E. Kater

    Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:45

    Published on: 8 December 2017

  6. Systematic Review

    Aerobic but not Resistance Exercise Can Induce Inflammatory Pathways via Toll-Like 2 and 4: a Systematic Review

    Only a few studies have addressed the relationship between toll-like receptors 2 and 4 (TLR2 and TLR4) and the production of local and systemic cytokines in response to physical exercise, and they have produce...

    Paula Andréa Malveira Cavalcante, Marcos Fernandes Gregnani, Jessica Salles Henrique, Fábio Henrique Ornellas and Ronaldo Carvalho Araújo

    Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:42

    Published on: 28 November 2017

  7. Original Research Article

    The effect of long-term confinement and the efficacy of exercise countermeasures on muscle strength during a simulated mission to Mars: data from the Mars500 study

    Isolation and long duration spaceflight are associated with musculoskeletal deconditioning. Mars500 was a unique, high-fidelity analogue of the psychological challenges of a 520-day manned mission to Mars. We ...

    Christopher J. Gaffney, Elena Fomina, Dennis Babich, Vladimir Kitov, Konstantin Uskov and David A. Green

    Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:40

    Published on: 13 November 2017

  8. Original Research Article

    Vision and Visual History in Elite/Near-Elite-Level Cricketers and Rugby-League Players

    The importance of optimal and/or superior vision for participation in high-level sports remains the subject of considerable clinical research interest. Here, we examine the vision and visual history of elite/n...

    Brendan T. Barrett, Jonathan C. Flavell, Simon J. Bennett, Alice G. Cruickshank, Alex Mankowska, Julie M. Harris and John G. Buckley

    Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:39

    Published on: 10 November 2017

  9. Systematic Review

    Exercise and the Cortisol Awakening Response: A Systematic Review

    The cortisol awakening response (CAR) has been used as a biomarker of stress response in a multitude of psychological investigations. While a myriad of biochemical responses have been proposed to monitor respo...

    Travis Anderson and Laurie Wideman

    Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:37

    Published on: 10 October 2017

  10. Review Article

    Topical Administration of Ibuprofen for Injured Athletes: Considerations, Formulations, and Comparison to Oral Delivery

    Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are a class of drugs commonly used to treat both the acute and chronic injuries sustained by athletes during training and competition. In many parts of the world,...

    Martin Anthony Christopher Manoukian, Christopher William Migdal, Amode Ravindra Tembhekar, Jerad Alexander Harris and Charles DeMesa

    Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:36

    Published on: 5 October 2017

  11. Original Research Article

    Observational study of potential risk factors of immersion pulmonary edema in healthy divers: exercise intensity is the main contributor

    The risk factors of pulmonary edema induced by diving in healthy subjects are not well known. The aim of the present study was to assess the parameters contributing to the increase in extravascular lung water ...

    A. Boussuges, K. Ayme, G. Chaumet, E. Albier, M. Borgnetta and O. Gavarry

    Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:35

    Published on: 3 October 2017

  12. Original Research Article

    The Reproducibility of 4-km Time Trial (TT) Performance Following Individualised Sodium Bicarbonate Supplementation: a Randomised Controlled Trial in Trained Cyclists

    Individual time to peak blood bicarbonate (HCO3 ) has demonstrated good to excellent reproducibility following ingestion of both 0.2 g kg−1 body mass (BM) and 0.3 g kg−1 BM sodium bica...

    Lewis Anthony Gough, Sanjoy Kumar Deb, Andy Sparks and Lars Robert McNaughton

    Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:34

    Published on: 21 September 2017

  13. Original Research Article

    Staphylococcus Aureus Carriage in French Athletes at Risk of CA-MRSA Infection: a Prospective, Cross-sectional Study

    Staphylococcus aureus (SA) is a leading cause of infectious diseases in sports teams. In recent decades, community-associated SA (CA-SA) strains have emerged worldwide and have been re...

    E. Couvé-Deacon, D. Postil, O. Barraud, C. Duchiron, D. Chainier, A. Labrunie, N. Pestourie, P.M. Preux, B. François and M.C. Ploy

    Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:28

    Published on: 16 August 2017

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