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  1. Whole-body electromyostimulation (WB-EMS) training is used in popular and health sports to improve muscular performance. Little is known about the possible psychological effects of WB-EMS training. The aim of ...

    Authors: Christian Keicher, Lena Pyrkosch, Bernd Wolfarth and Andreas Ströhle
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:40
  2. The tackle is the most common in-play event in rugby union and rugby league (the rugby codes). It is also associated with the greatest propensity for injury and thus accounts for the most injuries in the sport...

    Authors: Suzi Edwards, Roger Lee, Gordon Fuller, Matthew Buchanan, Timana Tahu, Ross Tucker and Andrew J. Gardner
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:39
  3. Resistance training (RT) is an effective intervention for glycemic control and cardiometabolic health in individuals with type 2 diabetes (T2D). However, the use of RT in individuals at risk for T2D to prevent...

    Authors: Raza Qadir, Nicholas F. Sculthorpe, Taylor Todd and Elise C. Brown
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:38
  4. Over the past decade, there has been increased interest amongst researchers, practitioners and policymakers in physical literacy for children and young people and the assessment of the concept within physical ...

    Authors: Cara Shearer, Hannah R. Goss, Lynne M. Boddy, Zoe R. Knowles, Elizabeth J. Durden-Myers and Lawrence Foweather
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:37
  5. While participation in sports-related activities results in improved health outcomes, high school athletes are at risk for lower extremity injuries, especially ankle, knee, and thigh injuries. Efforts to promo...

    Authors: Corrine Munoz-Plaza, Dana Pounds, Anna Davis, Stacy Park, Robert Sallis, Manuel G. Romero and Adam L. Sharp
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:34
  6. Ageing is associated with a decline in skeletal muscle mass and function (strength and power), known as sarcopenia. Inadequate dietary protein and inactivity have been shown to accelerate sarcopenia outcomes, ...

    Authors: Zoya Huschtscha, Alexandra Parr, Judi Porter and Ricardo J. S. Costa
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:32
  7. High-dose exercise-induced cardiac outcomes may vary between sexes. However, many studies investigating the cardiovascular effects of high-dose exercise have excluded or under-recruited females. This scoping r...

    Authors: Roshan Patel, Caitlin L. Kemp, Muneebah Hafejee, Nicholas Peckham, Vageesh Jain, Gerry P. McCann and Susil Pallikadavath
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:30
  8. In a randomised, counterbalanced, crossover design, eight men with type 1 diabetes (T1D; mean ± SD age, 27.6 ± 11.4 years) reduced insulin (INS) by 50% of their normal dose or consumed carbohydrates equivalent...

    Authors: Varun Vartak, Lynne Chepulis, Matthew Driller and Ryan G. Paul
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:29
  9. Skeletal metastatic disease excludes many cancer patients from participating in exercise and physical activity due to safety concerns. Empirical evidence from high-quality trials is warranted to guide clinicia...

    Authors: Eik Dybboe Bjerre, Sarah Weller, Mads Hvid Poulsen, Søren Sørensen Madsen, Rie Dybboe Bjerre, Peter Busch Østergren, Michael Borre, Klaus Brasso and Julie Midtgaard
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:27
  10. In 2018, there were 616,014 registered deaths in the United Kingdom (UK). Grief is a natural consequence. Many mental health concerns, which can be identified as grief outcomes (e.g. anxiety and depression) in...

    Authors: Jane Williams, Gillian W. Shorter, Neil Howlett, Julia Zakrzewski-Fruer and Angel M. Chater
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:26
  11. The assessment of improvement or maintenance of joint health in healthy subjects is a great challenge. The aim of the study was the evaluation of a joint stress test to assess joint discomfort in subjects with...

    Authors: Christiane Schön, Claudia Reule, Katharina Knaub, Antje Micka, Manfred Wilhelm, Wilfried Alt and Daniel Menzel
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:24
  12. To validate the traditional talk test (TTT) and an alternative talk test (ATT; using a visual analog scale) in overweight/obese (OW-OB) patients and to establish its accuracy in determining the aerobic trainin...

    Authors: Ignacio Orizola-Cáceres, Hugo Cerda-Kohler, Carlos Burgos-Jara, Roberto Meneses-Valdes, Rafael Gutierrez-Pino and Carlos Sepúlveda
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:23
  13. Commonly classified as individual, task or environmental, constraints are boundaries which shape the emergence of functional movement solutions. In applied sport, an ongoing challenge is to improve the measure...

    Authors: Peter Browne, Alice J. Sweeting, Carl T. Woods and Sam Robertson
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:22
  14. Cycling performance models are used to study rider and sport characteristics to better understand performance determinants and optimise competition outcomes. Performance requirements cover the demands of compe...

    Authors: Hamish A. Ferguson, Chris Harnish and J. Geoffrey Chase
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:20

    The Letter to the Editor to this article has been published in Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:60

  15. In an effort to reduce transmission and number of infections of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2 or COVID-19) virus, governments and official bodies around the world have produce...

    Authors: Jonathan Shurlock, Borja Muniz-Pardos, Ross Tucker, Norbert Bachl, Theodora Papadopoulou, Graham Holloway, Nigel Jones, Xavier Bigard, Karin Vonbank, David Niederseer, Joachim Meyer, Dennis Nowak, Andre Debruyne, Petra Zupet, Herbert Löllgen, Juergen M. Steinacker…
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:19
  16. Understanding plantarflexor muscle impairments among individuals with Achilles tendinopathy (AT) may help to guide future research and inform clinical management of AT. Therefore, the aim of this review is to ...

    Authors: Fatmah Hasani, Patrick Vallance, Terry Haines, Shannon E. Munteanu and Peter Malliaras
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:18
  17. While chronic exercise training has been demonstrated to be an effective non-pharmacological treatment for chronic low back pain (CLBP), there has been a relative lack of evidence or clinical guidelines for wh...

    Authors: Nicholas Tataryn, Vini Simas, Tailah Catterall, James Furness and Justin W. L. Keogh
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:17
  18. The relative age effect (RAE) is a worldwide phenomenon, allowing sport participation and elite selection to be based on birthdate distribution. Negative consequences include both a narrow, non-optimal elite s...

    Authors: Johan Jakobsson, A. Lennart Julin, Glenn Persson and Christer Malm
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:16
  19. Global positioning systems (GPS) imbedded with accelerometer systems (AS) are used in rugby union (RU) to collect information on absolute and relative distances, distances in different speed zones, high-speed ...

    Authors: Lee A. Bridgeman and Nicholas D. Gill
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:15
  20. Sodium supplements are ubiquitous in endurance running, but their impact on performance has been subjected to much debate. The objective of the study was to assess the effect of sodium supplementation as a wei...

    Authors: Grant S. Lipman, Tamara Hew-Butler, Caleb Phillips, Brian Krabak and Patrick Burns
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:13
  21. The Sports Concussion Assessment Tool (SCAT) is recommended to screen for concussion following head impact events in elite sport. The most recent 5th edition (SCAT5) included a ‘rapid neurological screen’ whic...

    Authors: Gordon Ward Fuller, John Miles, Ross Tucker, Marc Douglas, Martin Raftery, Eanna Falvey and Prabhat Mathema
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:14
  22. Intensive care unit-acquired weakness syndrome (ICUAWS) can be a consequence of long-term mechanical ventilation. Despite recommendations of early patient mobilisation, little is known about the feasibility, s...

    Authors: Simon Wernhart, Jürgen Hedderich, Svenja Wunderlich, Kunigunde Schauerte, Eberhard Weihe, Dominic Dellweg and Karsten Siemon
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:11
  23. Given the severe economic and performance implications of hamstring injuries, there are different attempts to identify their risk factors for subsequently developing injury prevention strategies to reduce the ...

    Authors: João Gustavo Claudino, Carlos Alberto Cardoso Filho, Natália Franco Netto Bittencourt, Luiz Gilherme Gonçalves, Crislaine Rangel Couto, Roberto Chiari Quintão, Guilherme Fialho Reis, Otaviano de Oliveira Júnior, Alberto Carlos Amadio, Daniel Boullosa and Júlio Cerca Serrão
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:10
  24. Rapid restoration of muscle glycogen stores is imperative for athletes undertaking consecutive strenuous exercise sessions with limited recovery time (e.g. ≤ 8 h). Strategies to optimise muscle glycogen re-syn...

    Authors: Jonathan Craven, Ben Desbrow, Surendran Sabapathy, Phillip Bellinger, Danielle McCartney and Christopher Irwin
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:9
  25. Intense and continuous physical training in sports is related with psychological and physiological stress, affecting the health and well-being of athletes. The development of non-invasive sampling methodologie...

    Authors: Maria João Nunes, Cristina M. Cordas, José J. G. Moura, João Paulo Noronha and Luís Cobra Branco
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:8
  26. Low back pain (LBP) is pervasive among elite junior tennis players. Previous research has explored the relationship between serving mechanics and LBP, though the participants in these studies had already exper...

    Authors: Molly Connolly, Kane Middleton, Graeme Spence, Olivia Cant and Machar Reid
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:7
  27. To examine the test re-test reliability of isometric maximal voluntary contractions (MVC) of hip adduction (ADDISO), hip abduction (ABDISO), and multijoint leg extension (SQUATISO) in sub-elite female Australian ...

    Authors: Daniel Kadlec, Matthew J. Jordan, Leanne Snyder, Jacqueline Alderson and Sophia Nimphius
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:5
  28. The pervasiveness of doping and findings of anti-doping corruption threaten weightlifting’s position at the 2024 Olympic Games. Analysing the practices of doping in weightlifters could identify patterns in dop...

    Authors: Alexander Kolliari-Turner, Brian Oliver, Giscard Lima, John P. Mills, Guan Wang, Yannis Pitsiladis and Fergus M. Guppy
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:4
  29. Netball is estimated to be played by more than 20 million people worldwide, but there is evidence of high injury incidence. A thorough understanding of the types and rates of netball injuries is essential for ...

    Authors: Christopher Downs, Suzanne J. Snodgrass, Ishanka Weerasekara, Sarah R. Valkenborghs and Robin Callister
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:3
  30. Wave surfing will debut in the next Olympic Games and is increasingly popular as a sport. Chronic shoulder complaints are frequently reported amongst surfers, though literature researching its pathophysiology ...

    Authors: Lisette Charlotte Langenberg, Guilherme Vieira Lima, Sebastiaan Emanuel Heitkamp, Floortje Lutgart Arnoldus Maria Kemps, Matthew Simon Jones, Miguel António de Almeida Garcia Moreira and Denise Eygendaal
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:2
  31. Subjective monitoring of rate of perceived exertion is common practice in many sports. Typically, the information is used to understand the training load and at times modify forthcoming sessions. Identifying t...

    Authors: Darren Paul, Paul Read, Abdulaziz Farooq and Luke Jones
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:1
  32. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Katina Aleksovska, Anna Puggina, Luca Giraldi, Christoph Buck, Con Burns, Greet Cardon, Angela Carlin, Simon Chantal, Donatella Ciarapica, Marco Colotto, Giancarlo Condello, Tara Coppinger, Cristina Cortis, Sara D’Haese, Marieke De Craemer, Andrea Di Blasio…
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2020 6:60

    The original article was published in Sports Medicine - Open 2019 5:2

  33. Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) has detrimental effects on body composition, metabolic health, physical functioning, bone mineral density (BMD) and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in men with prostat...

    Authors: Teresa Lam, Birinder Cheema, Amy Hayden, Stephen R. Lord, Howard Gurney, Shivanjini Gounden, Navneeta Reddy, Haleh Shahidipour, Scott Read, Glenn Stone, Mark McLean and Vita Birzniece
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2020 6:59
  34. Injury surveillance in professional sport categorises injuries as either “new” or “recurrent”. In an attempt to make categorisation more specific, subsequent injury categorisation models have been developed, b...

    Authors: Charlotte Leah Bitchell, Jo Varley-Campbell, Gemma Robinson, Victoria Stiles, Prabhat Mathema and Isabel Sarah Moore
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2020 6:58
  35. Lumbar spine abnormalities, in particular stress fractures to the pars interarticularis, are common in elite junior tennis players, though the difference in prevalence between males and females remains unclear...

    Authors: Molly Connolly, Andrew H. Rotstein, Justin Roebert, Rafal Grabinski, Frank Malara, Tomas O’Shea, Tim Wood, Melanie Omizzolo, Stephanie Kovalchik and Machar Reid
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2020 6:57
  36. Increased performance from injury prevention exercise programmes (IPEPs) may affect injury risks positively and support the implementation of IPEPs. The primary aim was to study the performance effects of inju...

    Authors: Hanna Lindblom, Markus Waldén and Martin Hägglund
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2020 6:56
  37. With increasing resources in sports organisations being allocated to the development and preparation of individual athletes and sub-groups with specialist performance roles, the work of coaches, specialist (ro...

    Authors: Fabian W. Otte, Martyn Rothwell, Carl Woods and Keith Davids
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2020 6:55
  38. Sports-related concussions pose a significant public health concern, and preventative measures are needed to help reduce risk in sport. Vision training could be a suitable prevention strategy for sports-relate...

    Authors: Stacey M. Kung, Titus K. Suksreephaisan, Blake G. Perry, Barry R. Palmer and Rachel A. Page
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2020 6:54
  39. Cutting actions are associated with non-contact ACL injuries in multidirectional sports due to the propensity to generate large multiplanar knee joint loads (KJLs) that have the capacity to increase ACL loadin...

    Authors: Thomas A. Donelon, Thomas Dos’Santos, Guy Pitchers, Mathew Brown and Paul A. Jones
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2020 6:53
  40. Where do novel and innovative ideas in sport science come from? How do researchers and practitioners collectively explore the dynamic landscape of inquiry, problem, solution and application? How do they learn ...

    Authors: Carl T. Woods, Sam Robertson, James Rudd, Duarte Araújo and Keith Davids
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2020 6:52
  41. Wayfinding is the process of embarking upon a purposeful, intentional, and self-regulated journey that takes an individual from an intended region in one landscape to another. This process is facilitated throu...

    Authors: Carl T. Woods, James Rudd, Sam Robertson and Keith Davids
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2020 6:51

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