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  1. Sedentary time poses a risk to health. Substituting physical activity for inactivity is obvious but this requires a behavior change. Interventions advocated to decrease uninterrupted physical inactivity (defin...

    Authors: Marvin A. Sackner, Jose R. Lopez, Veronica Banderas and Jose A. Adams
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2020 6:47
  2. Soccer is the most popular sport in the world. Expectedly, the incidence of soccer-related injuries is high and these injuries exert a significant burden on individuals and families, including health and finan...

    Authors: Oluwatoyosi B. A. Owoeye, Mitchell J. VanderWey and Ian Pike
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2020 6:46
  3. Understanding the relationships between physical fitness characteristics and sports injury may assist with the development of injury minimisation programs. The purpose of this systematic review was to investig...

    Authors: Jessica B. Farley, Lily M. Barrett, Justin W. L. Keogh, Carl T. Woods and Nikki Milne
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2020 6:45
  4. Low energy availability (LEA) represents a state in which the body does not have enough energy left to support all physiological functions needed to maintain optimal health. When compared to the normal populat...

    Authors: Paulina Wasserfurth, Jana Palmowski, Andreas Hahn and Karsten Krüger
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2020 6:44
  5. The ability to recover in the shortest possible time plays an important role especially in intermittent sports such as soccer. Evidence suggests that a well-developed endurance performance has positive effects...

    Authors: Lars Reinhardt, Stephan Schulze, Eduard Kurz and René Schwesig
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2020 6:43
  6. Skin cancer is the most common cancer in the USA. Therefore, it is important to review the contribution of ultraviolet radiation (UVR) exposure to skin cancer in individuals with the highest risk. Documenting ...

    Authors: Alan Snyder, Manuel Valdebran, David Terrero, Kyle T. Amber and Kristen M. Kelly
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2020 6:42
  7. There is a lack of injury data for the new Olympic sport of Rugby-7s, particularly for involved youth.

    Authors: Victor Lopez Jr, Richard Ma, Meryle G. Weinstein, Patria A. Hume, Robert C. Cantu, Christian Victoria, Sophie C. Queler, Khalil J. A. Webb and Answorth A. Allen
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2020 6:41
  8. Overtraining syndrome, caused by prolonged excessive stress, results in reduced performance and cortisol responsiveness in athletes. It is necessary to collect saliva samples sequentially within circadian rhyt...

    Authors: Kazumi Ushiki, Katsuhiko Tsunekawa, Yoshifumi Shoho, Larasati Martha, Hirotaka Ishigaki, Ryutaro Matsumoto, Yoshimaro Yanagawa, Asuka Nakazawa, Akihiro Yoshida, Kiyomi Nakajima, Osamu Araki, Takao Kimura and Masami Murakami
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2020 6:38
  9. Rugby Union requires annual baseline testing using the Sports Concussion Assessment Tool (SCAT5) as part of its head injury assessment protocols. Scores achieved during baseline testing are used to guide retur...

    Authors: Ross Tucker, James Brown, Eanna Falvey, Gordon Fuller and Martin Raftery
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2020 6:37
  10. A fundamental challenge for practitioners in high-level sporting environments concerns how to support athletes in adapting behaviours to solve emergent problems during competitive performance. Guided by an eco...

    Authors: Carl T. Woods, Ian McKeown, Mark O’Sullivan, Sam Robertson and Keith Davids
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2020 6:36
  11. Authors: Borja Muniz-Pardos, Jonathan Shurlock, Andre Debruyne, Juergen M. Steinacker, Mats Börjesson, Bernd Wolfarth, James L. J. Bilzon, Herbert Löllgen, Anca Ionescu, Petra Zupet, Michiko Dohi, Jeroen Swart, Victoriya Badtieva, Irina Zelenkova, Maurizio Casasco, Michael Geistlinger…
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2020 6:35
  12. Several studies have highlighted the substantial role of the athlete’s redox and inflammation status during the training process. However, many factors such as differences in testing protocols, assays, sample ...

    Authors: Evdokia Varamenti, David Tod and Samuel A. Pullinger
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2020 6:34
  13. Several clinical tests exist to assess knee laxity. Although these assessments are the predominant tools of diagnosis, they are subjective and rely on the experience of the clinician. The robotic knee testing ...

    Authors: Samantha Beckley, Shaun Stinton, Maia Lesosky, Alison September, Malcolm Collins, Thomas Branch and Mike Posthumus
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2020 6:33
  14. Outcomes following anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction are considered poor. There are many factors which may influence patient outcomes. As such, the purpose of this review was to report on the inf...

    Authors: Adam Walker, Wayne Hing and Anna Lorimer
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2020 6:32
  15. The test–retest reliability of the one-repetition maximum (1RM) test varies across different studies. Given the inconsistent findings, it is unclear what the true reliability of the 1RM test is, and to what ex...

    Authors: Jozo Grgic, Bruno Lazinica, Brad J. Schoenfeld and Zeljko Pedisic
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2020 6:31
  16. In communities affected by a disaster, walking can be a feasible form of physical exercise to improve physical and mental health conditions. However, there is limited evidence to support relationships between ...

    Authors: Yusuke Utsumi, Harumi Nemoto, Naoki Nakaya, Tomohiro Nakamura, Naho Tsuchiya, Akira Narita, Mana Kogure, Tomomi Suzuki, Moe Seto, Mitsuaki Katayanagi, Junko Okuyama, Atsushi Sakuma, Nami Honda, Yumi Sugawara, Halley Kaye-Kauderer, Yuta Takahashi…
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2020 6:30
  17. The prescription of physical training as a therapeutic measure in the treatment and control of chronic degenerative diseases, mainly cardiovascular disease and metabolic disease, is an increasingly used clinic...

    Authors: Jhennyfer Aline Lima Rodrigues, Stella Vieira Philbois, Tábata de Paula Facioli, Ada Clarice Gastaldi and Hugo Celso Dutra de Souza
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2020 6:29
  18. There is a need to update scientific assumptions in sport to promote the critical thinking of scientists, coaches, and practitioners and improve their methodological decisions. On the basis of complex systems ...

    Authors: Rafel Pol, Natàlia Balagué, Angel Ric, Carlota Torrents, John Kiely and Robert Hristovski
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2020 6:28
  19. Cannabidiol (CBD) is a non-intoxicating cannabinoid derived from Cannabis sativa. CBD initially drew scientific interest due to its anticonvulsant properties but increasing evidence of other therapeutic effects h...

    Authors: Danielle McCartney, Melissa J. Benson, Ben Desbrow, Christopher Irwin, Anastasia Suraev and Iain S. McGregor
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2020 6:27
  20. Training load and adequate recovery have been identified as essential elements to improve well-being and performance in team sports and avoid non-functional overreaching and overtraining.

    Authors: Guilherme Pereira Berriel, Rochelle Rocha Costa, Edson Soares da Silva, Pedro Schons, Guilherme Droescher de Vargas, Leonardo Alexandre Peyré-Tartaruga and Luiz Fernando Martins Kruel
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2020 6:26
  21. Low levels of physical activity, sedentary behaviour and mental health problems are issues that have received considerable attention in the last decade. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was ...

    Authors: Susanne Andermo, Mats Hallgren, Thi-Thuy-Dung Nguyen, Sofie Jonsson, Solveig Petersen, Marita Friberg, Anja Romqvist, Brendon Stubbs and Liselotte Schäfer Elinder
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2020 6:25
  22. Collective behaviors in sports teams emerge from the coordination between players formed from their perception of shared affordances. Recent studies based on the theoretical framework of ecological dynamics re...

    Authors: Paulo Caldeira, Sérgio Teixeira Fonseca, Ana Paulo, Jorge Infante and Duarte Araújo
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2020 6:24
  23. A key tenet of sports performance research is to provide coaches and athletes with information to inform better practice, yet the determinants of athletic performance in actual competition remain an under-exam...

    Authors: Kathryn E. Phillips and William G. Hopkins
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2020 6:23
  24. In elite football (soccer), periodic health examination (PHE) could provide prognostic factors to predict injury risk.

    Authors: Tom Hughes, Richard D. Riley, Michael J. Callaghan and Jamie C. Sergeant
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2020 6:22
  25. Technology is often introduced into sport to facilitate it or to improve human performance within it. On occasion, some forms of novel technology require regulation or prevention entirely to ensure that a spor...

    Authors: Bryce Dyer
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2020 6:21

    The Letter to the Editor to this article has been published in Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:94

    The Letter to the Editor to this article has been published in Sports Medicine - Open 2021 7:95

  26. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are medications that are frequently used by athletes. There may also be some abuse of these substances, although it is unclear whether NSAIDs in fact enhance perf...

    Authors: Catherine Cornu, Clémence Grange, Amanda Regalin, Justine Munier, Sonia Ounissi, Natane Reynaud, Behrouz Kassai-Koupai, Pierre Sallet and Patrice Nony
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2020 6:20
  27. Currently, no data is available regarding the association between professional experience or limb dominance and the prevalence of asymptomatic knee joint lesions in adult professional male soccer players.

    Authors: Eduard Nikolayevich Bezuglov, Vladimir Yurevich Khaitin, Anastasiya Vladimirovna Lyubushkina, Artemii Mikhailovich Lazarev, Artem Valerievich Gorinov, Elena Yurevna Sivakova, Elizaveta Ilinichna Rumiantseva and Alexey Vladimirovich Lychagin
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2020 6:19
  28. Understanding the relationships between physical fitness attributes and sport-specific technical skills may assist with the establishment of beneficial training interventions. The aim of this systematic review...

    Authors: Jessica B. Farley, Joshua Stein, Justin W. L. Keogh, Carl T. Woods and Nikki Milne
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2020 6:18
  29. Pre-exercise supplements containing low doses of caffeine improve endurance exercise performance, but the most efficacious time for consumption before intense endurance exercise remains unclear, as does the co...

    Authors: Andrew D. Davenport, Tom S. O. Jameson, Sean P. Kilroe, Alistair J. Monteyne, George F. Pavis, Benjamin T. Wall, Marlou L. Dirks, Nima Alamdari, Catherine R. Mikus and Francis B. Stephens
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2020 6:17
  30. Replication studies are essential for identifying credible associations between alleles and phenotypes. Validation of genotype-phenotype associations in the sports and exercise field is rare. An initial geneti...

    Authors: Miguel A. Rivera, Thomas D. Fahey, Juan R. López-Taylor and Juan L. Martínez
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2020 6:16
  31. Rugby union (RU) is a skill-collision team sport played at junior and senior levels worldwide. Within England, age-grade rugby governs the participation and talent development of youth players. The RU player d...

    Authors: Kevin Till, Jonathon Weakley, Dale B. Read, Padraic Phibbs, Josh Darrall-Jones, Greg Roe, Sarah Chantler, Stephen Mellalieu, Michael Hislop, Keith Stokes, Andrew Rock and Ben Jones
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2020 6:14
  32. Prostate cancer has the second highest incidence of all cancers amongst men worldwide. Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) remains a common form of treatment. However, in reducing serum testosterone to castrate...

    Authors: Teresa Lam, Vita Birzniece, Mark McLean, Howard Gurney, Amy Hayden and Birinder S. Cheema
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2020 6:13
  33. A number of clinical trials have been published assessing the role of iliac crest bone grafting for the management of recurrent anterior instability with glenoid bone loss in contemporary practice. We therefor...

    Authors: Michael-Alexander Malahias, Dimitrios Chytas, Vasileios Raoulis, Efstathios Chronopoulos, Emmanouil Brilakis and Emmanouil Antonogiannakis
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2020 6:12
  34. Exercise changes the concentrations of many metabolites, which are small molecules (< 1.5 kDa) metabolized by the reactions of human metabolism. In recent years, especially mass spectrometry-based metabolomics...

    Authors: Daniela Schranner, Gabi Kastenmüller, Martin Schönfelder, Werner Römisch-Margl and Henning Wackerhage
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2020 6:11
  35. Accurate and detailed measurement of a dancer’s training volume is a key requirement to understanding the relationship between a dancer’s pain and training volume. Currently, no system capable of quantifying a...

    Authors: Danica Hendry, Kevin Chai, Amity Campbell, Luke Hopper, Peter O’Sullivan and Leon Straker
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2020 6:10
  36. Individual compliances of the foot-shoe interface have been suggested to store and release elastic strain energy via ligamentous and tendinous structures or by increased midsole bending stiffness (MBS), compre...

    Authors: Sasa Cigoja, Michael J. Asmussen, Colin R. Firminger, Jared R. Fletcher, W. Brent Edwards and Benno M. Nigg
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2020 6:9
  37. The original article [1] contained an error whereby the symbol ‘☼’ originally included in and below Tables 2–5 did not display properly.

    Authors: Benjamin R. Hindle, Anna Lorimer, Paul Winwood and Justin W. L. Keogh
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2020 6:8

    The original article was published in Sports Medicine - Open 2019 5:49

  38. Hip arthroscopy is a common surgical intervention for young and middle-aged adults with hip-related pain and dysfunction, who have high expectations for returning to physical activity following surgery. The pu...

    Authors: Denise M. Jones, Kay M. Crossley, Ilana N. Ackerman, Harvi F. Hart, Karen L. Dundules, Michael J. O’Brien, Benjamin F. Mentiplay, Joshua J. Heerey and Joanne L. Kemp
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2020 6:7
  39. Collisions (i.e. tackles, ball carries, and collisions) in the rugby league have the potential to increase injury risk, delay recovery, and influence individual and team performance. Understanding the collisio...

    Authors: Mitchell Naughton, Ben Jones, Sharief Hendricks, Doug King, Aron Murphy and Cloe Cummins
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2020 6:6

    The Correction to this article has been published in Sports Medicine - Open 2020 6:50

  40. Telomere length is inversely associated with the senescence and aging process. Parallelly, obesity can promote telomere shortening. Evidence suggests that physical activity may promote telomere elongation.

    Authors: Camila Fernanda Cunha Brandao, Carla Barbosa Nonino, Flavia Giolo de Carvalho, Carolina Ferreira Nicoletti, Natalia Yumi Noronha, Rocio San Martin, Ellen Cristini de Freitas, Marcia Varella Morandi Junqueira-Franco and Julio Sergio Marchini
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2020 6:5
  41. Performance analysis in rugby union has become an integral part of the coaching process. Although performance analysis research in rugby and data collection has progressed, the utility of the insights is not w...

    Authors: Carmen M. E. Colomer, David B. Pyne, Mitch Mooney, Andrew McKune and Benjamin G. Serpell
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2020 6:4
  42. Nordic walking is an attractive method of endurance training. Nevertheless, the biomechanic response due to the additional contribution of using poles in relation to free walking training has been less explore...

    Authors: Natalia Andrea Gomeñuka, Henrique Bianchi Oliveira, Edson Soares da Silva, Elren Passos-Monteiro, Rodrigo Gomes da Rosa, Alberito Rodrigo Carvalho, Rochelle Rocha Costa, Martín Cruz Rodríguez Paz, Barbara Pellegrini and Leonardo Alexandre Peyré-Tartaruga
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2020 6:3
  43. Off-field screening tools, such as the Sports Concussion Assessment Tool (SCAT), have been recommended to identify possible concussion following a head impact where the consequences are unclear. However, real-...

    Authors: G. W. Fuller, R. Tucker, L. Starling, E. Falvey, M. Douglas and M. Raftery
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2020 6:2
  44. Movement integration (MI) involves infusing physical activity into normal classroom time. A wide range of MI interventions have succeeded in increasing children’s participation in physical activity. However, n...

    Authors: Spyridoula Vazou, Collin A. Webster, Gregory Stewart, Priscila Candal, Cate A. Egan, Adam Pennell and Laura B. Russ
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2020 6:1
  45. Regular physical activity is vital for children’s health, well-being, and development. However, evidence is scant about physical activity indicators for children and youth in Ethiopia. This study aimed to asse...

    Authors: Chalchisa Abdeta, Zelalem Teklemariam, Alem Deksisa, Endashew Abera, Reginald Ocansey and Anthony D. Okely
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2019 5:55
  46. The ability to perform a rapid change of direction (COD) is a critical skill in numerous court- and field-based sports. The aim of this review is to investigate the effect of different physical training forms ...

    Authors: Hallvard Nygaard Falch, Håvard Guldteig Rædergård and Roland van den Tillaar
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2019 5:53

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