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Table 4 Overview of amino acid and protein supplements

From: Nutritional and Supplementation Strategies to Prevent and Attenuate Exercise-Induced Muscle Damage: a Brief Review

Nutrient source (key nutrient) Mechanism of action Suggested benefits Refs
BCAAs (Leucine, Valine, Isoleucine) Increased MPS ↓DMG, ↓DOMS, ↑MF [88]
Creatine Anti-inflammatory properties ↓DMG, ↓DOMS, ↓INF, ↑MF [89, 91,92,93,94,95,96,97,98,99,100]
HMB Increased MPS and cellular membrane integrity ↓DMG, ↓DOMS, ↑MF [101,102,103,104,105,106]
L-glutamine Anti-inflammatory properties ↓DMG, ↓DOMS, ↑MF [107,108,109,110]
Protein Increased MPS ↓DOMS, ↑MF [111]
Taurine Antioxidant properties ↓DMG, ↓DOMS, ↑MF [113,114,115,116]
  1. BCAAs branched-chain amino acids, ↓DMG nutrient reduced indirect markers of muscle damage compared to placebo, ↓DOMS nutrient reduced soreness and delayed-onset muscle soreness compared to placebo, ↓INF nutrient reduced markers of inflammation compared to placebo, HMB β-hydroxy-β-methylbutyrate, ↑MF nutrient improved muscle function relative to placebo