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  1. There is growing understanding of mental health needs in elite athletes, but less is known about the mental health of coaches and support staff who work within elite sport settings. This study examined the pre...

    Authors: Vita Pilkington, Simon M. Rice, Courtney C. Walton, Kate Gwyther, Lisa Olive, Matt Butterworth, Matti Clements, Gemma Cross and Rosemary Purcell
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:89
  2. Flexibility is an important component of physical fitness for competitive and recreational athletes. It is generally suggested that flexibility training should start from childhood (6–11 years of age) to optim...

    Authors: Olyvia Donti, Andreas Konrad, Ioli Panidi, Petros C. Dinas and Gregory C. Bogdanis
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:88
  3. Inertial measurement units (IMUs) are useful in monitoring running and alerting running-related injuries in various sports settings. However, the quantitative summaries of the validity and reliability of the m...

    Authors: Ziwei Zeng, Yue Liu, Xiaoyue Hu, Meihua Tang and Lin Wang
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:86
  4. Movement variability is defined as the normal variations in motor performance across multiple repetitions of a task. However, the term “movement variability” can mean different things depending on context, and...

    Authors: Jake Cowin, Sophia Nimphius, James Fell, Peter Culhane and Matthew Schmidt
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:85
  5. Bilirubin is a potent endogenous antioxidant and immunomodulating substance, which is also implicated in both cell signalling and various metabolic pathways. Mild elevation of systemic bilirubin concentrations...

    Authors: Jana Woronyczová, Miroslava Nováková, Martin Leníček, Miloš Bátovský, Emil Bolek, Renata Cífková and Libor Vítek
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:84
  6. There is a paucity of data on cardiovascular sequelae of asymptomatic/mildly symptomatic SARS-Cov-2 infections (COVID).

    Authors: Laurent Chevalier, Hubert Cochet, Saagar Mahida, Sylvain Blanchard S, Antoine Benard, Tanguy Cariou, Soumaya Sridi-Cheniti, Samy Benhenda, Stéphane Doutreleau, Stéphane Cade, Sylvain Guerard, Jean-Michel Guy, Pascale Trimoulet, Stéphane Picard, Bernard Dusfour, Aurelie Pouzet…
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:83
  7. Scientific and public interest in the potential ergogenic effects of sodium alginate added to a carbohydrate (CHO) beverage has increased in the last ~ 5 years. Despite an extensive use of this technology by e...

    Authors: Shaun Sutehall, Borja Muniz-Pardos, Andrew Bosch and Yannis Pitsiladis
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:82
  8. No previous systematic review has quantitatively compared the effects of resistance training, endurance training, or concurrent training on hormonal adaptations in children and adolescents. Objective was to ex...

    Authors: Daniel Jansson, Ann-Sofie Lindberg, Elena Lundberg, Magnus Domellöf and Apostolos Theos
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:81
  9. The aim of this work was to investigate the serum amino acid (AA) changes after a breath-hold diving (BH-diving) training session under several aspects including energy need, fatigue tolerance, nitric oxide (N...

    Authors: Danilo Cialoni, Andrea Brizzolari, Nicola Sponsiello, Valentina Lancellotti, Gerardo Bosco, Alessandro Marroni and Alessandra Barassi
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:80
  10. Many elite athletes have suboptimal sleep duration and efficiency, potentially due to factors that may impact sleep onset and offset times. Variability in sleep onset and offset may negatively influence sleep....

    Authors: Shona L. Halson, Rich D. Johnston, Laura Piromalli, Benita J. Lalor, Stuart Cormack, Gregory D. Roach and Charli Sargent
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:79
  11. Physical effort in sports practice is an important trigger for urinary incontinence (UI). Among high-impact sports, all track and field events require continuous ground impacts and/or abdominal contractions th...

    Authors: Elena Sonsoles Rodríguez-López, María Barbaño Acevedo-Gómez, Natalia Romero-Franco, Ángel Basas-García, Christophe Ramírez-Parenteau, Sofía Olivia Calvo-Moreno and Juan Carlos Fernández-Domínguez
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:78
  12. The individual determinants of food choice have been extensively investigated in the general population, but there have been limited studies in athletes. A better understanding of the food making decisions can...

    Authors: Fiona E. Pelly, Rachael L. Thurecht and Gary Slater
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:77
  13. While exercise training (ET) is an established tool in heart failure (HF), no research to date has analysed the efficacy of ET in both preserved (HFpEF) and reduced (HFrEF) ejection fraction phenotypes across ...

    Authors: Jamie J. Edwards and Jamie M. O’Driscoll
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:76
  14. Breaststroke is a technically complex stroke characterised by discontinuous propulsive phases, large intracyclic velocity variation and low mean velocity. The performance of this stroke at an elite level is in...

    Authors: Emily Nicol, Simon Pearson, David Saxby, Clare Minahan and Elaine Tor
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:75
  15. Patellar tendinopathy is one of the most common musculoskeletal problems associated with sport. While commonly perceived as a predominantly male problem, recent epidemiological studies revealed that it also af...

    Authors: Camilla Mondini Trissino da Lodi, Maria Paola Landini, Emanuela Asunis and Giuseppe Filardo
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:74
  16. Attempts to better understand the relationship between training and competition load and injury in football are essential for helping to understand adaptation to training programmes, assessing fatigue and reco...

    Authors: Aritra Majumdar, Rashid Bakirov, Dan Hodges, Suzanne Scott and Tim Rees
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:73
  17. This study aimed to analyze the extent of fatigue responses after female soccer matches and the ensuing recovery time course of performance, physiological, and perceptual responses.

    Authors: Karine Naves Oliveira Goulart, Cândido Celso Coimbra, Helton Oliveira Campos, Lucas Rios Drummond, Pedro Henrique Madureira Ogando, Georgia Brown, Bruno Pena Couto, Rob Duffield and Samuel Penna Wanner
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:72
  18. Stiffness is a fundamental property of living tissues, which may be modified by pathologies or traumatic events but also by nutritional, pharmacological and exercise interventions. This review aimed to underst...

    Authors: Ewan Thomas, Salvatore Ficarra, Masatoshi Nakamura, Antonio Paoli, Marianna Bellafiore, Antonio Palma and Antonino Bianco
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:71
  19. Intermittent hypoxia applied at rest or in combination with exercise promotes multiple beneficial adaptations with regard to performance and health in humans. It was hypothesized that replacing normoxia by mod...

    Authors: Tom Behrendt, Robert Bielitzki, Martin Behrens, Fabian Herold and Lutz Schega
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:70
  20. Pacing has been investigated in different kinds of ultra-marathon races, but not in one of the toughest ultra-marathons in the world, the ‘Spartathlon’.

    Authors: Beat Knechtle, Ivan Cuk, Elias Villiger, Pantelis T. Nikolaidis, Katja Weiss, Volker Scheer and Mabliny Thuany
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:69
  21. Extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) is used commonly to treat pain and function in Achilles tendinopathy (AT). The aim of this study was to synthesize the evidence from (non-) randomized controlled trials,...

    Authors: Marc A. Paantjens, Pieter H. Helmhout, Frank J. G. Backx, Faridi S. van Etten-Jamaludin and Eric W. P. Bakker
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:68
  22. Studies on football and the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) have mainly focused on the lockdown consequences for player fitness, the resumption of football training, and how to safely restart the league pl...

    Authors: Markus Waldén, Jan Ekstrand, Martin Hägglund, Alan McCall, Michael Davison, Anna Hallén and Håkan Bengtsson
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:67
  23. Match analysis has evolved exponentially over the past decades in team sports resulting in a significant number of published systematic reviews and meta-analyses. An umbrella review of the available literature...

    Authors: Hugo Sarmento, Filipe Manuel Clemente, José Afonso, Duarte Araújo, Miguel Fachada, Paulo Nobre and Keith Davids
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:66
  24. Mobile-gaming athletes sit in the same posture for prolonged periods, contributing to significant health risks. This study investigated the health profiles, fatigue, pain and complaints, and musculoskeletal pr...

    Authors: Wing-Kai Lam, Rui-Tan Liu, Bob Chen, Xin-Zhou Huang, Jie Yi and Duo Wai-Chi Wong
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:65
  25. Physical exercise has favorable effects on the structure of gut microbiota and metabolite production in sedentary subjects. However, little is known whether adjustments in an athletic program impact overall ch...

    Authors: Viktor Bielik, Ivan Hric, Simona Ugrayová, Libuša Kubáňová, Matúš Putala, Ľuboš Grznár, Adela Penesová, Andrea Havranová, Sára Šardzíková, Marián Grendar, Eva Baranovičová, Katarína Šoltys and Martin Kolisek
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:64
  26. Winter swimming developed from a national tradition into a health-improving sport with international competitions. The difference in performance between women and men was thoroughly examined in various sportin...

    Authors: Janne Oppermann, Beat Knechtle, Aldo Seffrin, Rodrigo Luiz Vancini, Claudio Andre Barbosa de Lira, Lee Hill and Marilia Santos Andrade
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:63
  27. Physical activity is a health-relevant lifestyle factor associated with various benefits on physical and mental health. Several meta-analyses indicated effects of acute and chronic physical activities on eleme...

    Authors: Christian Rominger, Martha Schneider, Andreas Fink, Ulrich S. Tran, Corinna M. Perchtold-Stefan and Andreas R. Schwerdtfeger
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:62
  28. Authors: Javier Raya-González, Juan José Pulido, Marco Beato, José Carlos Ponce-Bordón, Roberto López del Campo, Ricardo Resta and Tomás García-Calvo
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:60

    The original article was published in Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:31

  29. The aims of this review are to (1) summarise the current research of sports clothing as it relates to thermoregulation, comfort, and performance during exercise in the heat, (2) identify methodological limitat...

    Authors: Isaiah Di Domenico, Samantha M. Hoffmann and Paul K. Collins
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:58
  30. The extramuscular connective tissue (ECT) has been shown to play a significant role in mechanical force transmission between musculoskeletal structures. Due to this and owing to its tight connection with the u...

    Authors: Sarah Tenberg, Kazunori Nosaka and Jan Wilke
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:57
  31. The concept of physical literacy (PL) has been advocated as the need to create environments fostering sustainable engagement in PA. This study adopted ecological approach to evaluate the effectiveness of a ble...

    Authors: Ming Hui Li, James Rudd, Jia Yi Chow, Cindy Hui Ping Sit, Stephen Heung Sang Wong and Raymond Kim Wai Sum
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:55
  32. The COVID-19 pandemic dramatically changed lifestyle worldwide, including sport. A comprehensive evaluation of the prevalence of cardiac involvement in COVID-19 is essential to finalize a safe protocol for res...

    Authors: Lidia Colangelo, Alessandra Volpe, Elisabetta Toso, Massimo Magnano, Mario Matta, Chiara Vignati, Andrea Marchini, Luca Semperboni, Luca Stefanini and Fiorenzo Gaita
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:54
  33. This article addresses several key issues that have been raised related to subjective training load (TL) monitoring. These key issues include how TL is calculated if subjective TL can be used to model sports p...

    Authors: Joseph O. C. Coyne, Aaron J. Coutts, Robert U. Newton and G. Gregory Haff
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:53
  34. Performance of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) by children and adolescents improves physical and health-related fitness, as well as cardiometabolic risk factors.

    Authors: Nikolai Bauer, Billy Sperlich, Hans-Christer Holmberg and Florian A. Engel
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:50
  35. Evidence guiding the decision on whether to treat proximal hamstring tendon avulsions (PHA) operatively or non-operatively is very limited. The aim of this study was to identify the current practices and the r...

    Authors: Sofia Laszlo, Martin Nilsson, Elsa Pihl, Ville M. Mattila, Jörg Schilcher, Olof Sköldenberg, Frede Frihagen and Kenneth B. Jonsson
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:49
  36. Prostate cancer is a complex disease affecting millions of men globally. Radiotherapy (RT) is a common treatment modality although treatment efficacy is dependent upon several features within the tumour microe...

    Authors: Malcolm Brown, Amélie Rébillard, Nicolas H. Hart, Dominic O’Connor, Gillian Prue, Joe M. O’Sullivan and Suneil Jain
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:48
  37. Expert performers in fast-ball and combat sports continuously interact with their opponents and, if they are to be successful, adapt behaviour in order to gain an advantage. For example, disguise and deception ar...

    Authors: Harry Ramsey, Matt Dicks, Lorraine Hope and Vasu Reddy
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:47
  38. In this review we integrate the scientific literature and results-proven practice and outline a novel framework for understanding the training and development of elite long-distance performance. Herein, we des...

    Authors: Thomas Haugen, Øyvind Sandbakk, Stephen Seiler and Espen Tønnessen
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:46
  39. Sports-related concussion (SRC) is common in collision sport athletes. There is growing evidence that repetitive SRC can have serious neurological consequences, particularly when the repetitive injuries occur ...

    Authors: David K. Wright, Terence J. O’Brien and Sandy R. Shultz
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:45
  40. High-intensity multimodal training (HIMT) is emerging as a popular training method that combines aerobic and resistance training throughout a single exercise session. The current literature is limited by a lac...

    Authors: Tijana Sharp, Clementine Grandou, Aaron J. Coutts and Lee Wallace
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:43
  41. The critical power (CP) concept represents the uppermost rate of steady state aerobic metabolism during work. Work above CP is limited by a fixed capacity (W′) with exercise intensity being an accelerant of its d...

    Authors: Normand A. Richard and Michael S. Koehle
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:42
  42. Current trends in sports monitoring are characterized by the massive collection of tech-based biomechanical, physiological and performance data, integrated through mathematical algorithms. However, the applica...

    Authors: Lluc Montull, Agne Slapšinskaitė-Dackevičienė, John Kiely, Robert Hristovski and Natàlia Balagué
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:41

    The Correction to this article has been published in Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:61

  43. Plyometric training (PT) has been widely studied in sport science. However, there is no review that determines the impact of PT on the structural variables and mechanical properties of the lower limbs and phys...

    Authors: María Ramírez-delaCruz, Alfredo Bravo-Sánchez, Paula Esteban-García, Fernando Jiménez and Javier Abián-Vicén
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2022 8:40

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