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  1. There is a growing body of evidence showing the importance of physical activity against civilization-induced metabolic diseases, including type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and obesity. Eccentric contraction, when skelet...

    Authors: Gergő Szűcs, Márton Pipicz, Márton Richárd Szabó, Tamás Csont, László Török and Csaba Csonka
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2023 9:91
  2. Subthreshold depression is a highly prevalent mood disorder in young adults. Mind–body exercises, such as Tai Chi, have been adopted as interventions for clinical depressive symptoms. However, the possible eff...

    Authors: Jingsong Wu, Jian Song, Youze He, Zhaoying Li, Haiyin Deng, Zhenming Huang, Xiaoting Xie, Nichol M. L. Wong, Jing Tao, Tatia M. C. Lee and Chetwyn C. H. Chan
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2023 9:90
  3. The effects of hypoxia conditioning, which involves recurrent exposure to hypoxia combined with exercise training, on improving body composition in the ageing population have not been extensively investigated.

    Authors: Zhijian He, Lijun Qiang, Yusheng Liu, Wenfeng Gao, Tao Feng, Yang Li, Bing Yan and Olivier Girard
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2023 9:89
  4. The sex difference in the three split disciplines (swimming, cycling, and running) and overall race times in triathlon races has mainly been investigated for the Olympic distance and IRONMAN® triathlon formats...

    Authors: Beat Knechtle, David Valero, Elias Villiger, Mabliny Thuany, Marilia Santos Andrade, Pantelis T. Nikolaidis, Ivan Cuk and Katja Weiss
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2023 9:88
  5. Deloading is a ubiquitous yet under-researched strategy within strength and physique training. How deloading should be integrated into the training programme to elicit optimal training outcomes is unknown. To ...

    Authors: Lee Bell, Ben William Strafford, Max Coleman, Patroklos Androulakis Korakakis and David Nolan
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2023 9:87
  6. The integration of resistance training for cardiac patients leads to important health outcomes that are not optimally obtained with aerobic exercise; these include an increase in muscle mass, maintenance of bo...

    Authors: Kimberley L. Way, Hannah J. Thomas, Lewan Parker, Andrew Maiorana, Michelle A. Keske, David Scott, Jennifer L. Reed, Jessica Tieng, Daniel Hackett, Tess Hawkins, Christopher Latella, Rachael Cordina and Derek L. Tran
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2023 9:86
  7. Circulating biomarkers of bone formation and resorption are widely used in exercise metabolism research, but their responses to exercise are not clear. This study aimed to quantify group responses and inter-in...

    Authors: Rita Civil, Eimear Dolan, Paul A. Swinton, Lívia Santos, Ian Varley, Philip J. Atherton, Kirsty J. Elliott-Sale and Craig Sale
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2023 9:85
  8. Inorganic nitrate (NO3) supplementation is purported to benefit short-term exercise performance, but it is unclear whether NO3 improves longer-term exercise training responses (such as improvements in VO2peak o...

    Authors: Austin C. Hogwood, Kara C. Anderson, Joaquin Ortiz de Zevallos, Craig Paterson, Arthur Weltman and Jason D. Allen
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2023 9:84
  9. High tendon strain leads to sub-rupture fatigue damage and net-catabolic signaling upon repetitive loading. While high levels of tendon strain occur in adolescent athletes at risk for tendinopathy, a direct as...

    Authors: Falk Mersmann, Theresa Domroes, Meng-Shiuan Tsai, Nikolaos Pentidis, Arno Schroll, Sebastian Bohm and Adamantios Arampatzis
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2023 9:83
  10. This study aimed to quantify the potential variability in the volume of work completed after reaching different velocity loss (VL) thresholds and determine the effects of sex, training status and history, as w...

    Authors: Ivan Jukic, Katarina Prnjak, Michael R. McGuigan and Eric R. Helms
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2023 9:80
  11. High prevalence rates of β2-agonist use among athletes in competitive sports makes it tempting to speculate that illegitimate use of β2-agonists boosts performance. However, data regarding the potential perfor...

    Authors: Daniel A. Bizjak, Dorle Nussbaumer, Kay Winkert, Gunnar Treff, Kensuke Takabajashi, Lennart Mentz, Franziska Schober, Jasmine-Lèonike Buhl, Lucas John, Jens Dreyhaupt, Luise Steeb, Lukas C. Harps, Maria K. Parr, Patrick Diel, Martina Zügel and Jürgen M. Steinacker
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2023 9:79
  12. There is limited information regarding adaptation of HIIT in female athletes which is important since the adaptation to HIIT may be different compared to male athletes. Therefore, the aim of this systematic re...

    Authors: Mima Stankovic, Dusan Djordjevic, Nebojsa Trajkovic and Zoran Milanovic
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2023 9:78
  13. Authors: Rafael L. Kons, Lucas B. R. Orssatto, Jonathan Ache-Dias, Kevin De Pauw, Romain Meeusen, Gabriel S. Trajano, Juliano Dal Pupo and Daniele Detanico
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2023 9:74

    The original article was published in Sports Medicine - Open 2023 9:73

    The Systematic Review to this article has been published in Sports Medicine - Open 2023 9:4

  14. In spring of 2020, the Sars-CoV-2 incidence rate increased rapidly in Germany and around the world. Throughout the next 2 years, schools were temporarily closed and social distancing measures were put in place...

    Authors: Paula Teich, Thea Fühner, Florian Bähr, Christian Puta, Urs Granacher and Reinhold Kliegl
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2023 9:77
  15. There is an increased risk of subsequent concussion and musculoskeletal injury upon return to play following a sports-related concussion. Whilst there are numerous assessments available for clinicians for diag...

    Authors: Laura A. M. Dunne, Michael H. Cole, Stuart J. Cormack, David R. Howell and Rich D. Johnston
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2023 9:76
  16. Hamstring strain injuries (HSI) are one of the most common sport-related injuries. They have a high injury burden and a high recurrence rate. The development of novel muscle injury grading systems has provided...

    Authors: Fearghal Kerin, Stuart O’Flanagan, Joe Coyle, Garreth Farrell, Darragh Curley, Ulrik McCarthy Persson, Giuseppe De Vito and Eamonn Delahunt
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2023 9:75
  17. The importance of soccer referees is widely accepted by international soccer organizations and governing bodies, although there is little research summarizing and appraising the literature on soccer referees. ...

    Authors: Diogo V. Martinho, Adam Field, André Rebelo, Élvio R. Gouveia and Hugo Sarmento
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2023 9:72
  18. Exercise therapy is usually prescribed as first-line treatment for lower limb tendinopathies. The multitude of exercise- and non-exercise-based management options can be overwhelming for the treating sports pr...

    Authors: Dimitris Challoumas, Gearoid Crosbie, Seth O’Neill, Carles Pedret and Neal L. Millar
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2023 9:71
  19. The combined injury of the medial collateral ligament complex and the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is the most common two ligament injury of the knee. Additional injuries to the medial capsuloligamentous s...

    Authors: Fidelius Von Rehlingen-Prinz, Miriam Leiderer, Julius Dehoust, Tobias Dust, Birgitt Kowald, Karl-Heinz Frosch, Kaywan Izadpanah, Frank Oliver Henes and Matthias Krause
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2023 9:70
  20. The evaluation of health status by cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET) has shown increasing interest in the paediatric population. Our group recently established reference Z-score values for paediatric cycle ...

    Authors: Pascal Amedro, Stefan Matecki, Taissa Pereira dos Santos, Sophie Guillaumont, Jonathan Rhodes, Suellen Moli Yin, Alfred Hager, Julia Hock, Gregoire De La Villeon, Johan Moreau, Anne Requirand, Luc Souilla, Marie Vincenti, Marie-Christine Picot, Helena Huguet, Thibault Mura…
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2023 9:68
  21. One of the most popular time-efficient training methods when training for muscle hypertrophy is drop sets, which is performed by taking sets to concentric muscle failure at a given load, then making a drop by ...

    Authors: Lena Kristiansen Sødal, Eirik Kristiansen, Stian Larsen and Roland van den Tillaar
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2023 9:66
  22. Research has shown that ingesting 0.3 g·kg−1 body mass sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) can improve time-to-exhaustion (TTE) cycling performance, but the influence of psychophysiological mechanisms on ergogenic effect...

    Authors: William H. Gurton, Guilherme G. Matta, Lewis Anthony Gough, Mayur Krachna Ranchordas, David G. King and Philip Hurst
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2023 9:65
  23. To manage injuries effectively, players, head coaches, and medical personnel need to have excellent knowledge, attitudes, and behaviours in relation to the identification of risk factors for injuries, the impl...

    Authors: Dan Horan, Seamus Kelly, Martin Hägglund, Catherine Blake, Mark Roe and Eamonn Delahunt
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2023 9:64
  24. While there is ample evidence on the effects of single-mode aerobic and speed training on physical fitness in soccer players, less is known on the combined effects of these exercise regimens on physical and ps...

    Authors: Walid Selmi, Raouf Hammami, Sofien Kasmi, Sonia Sehli, Haithem Rebai, Michael Duncan, Mokhtar Chtara and Urs Granacher
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2023 9:63
  25. Recently, esports have been argued to impact esports players' health, particularly for those competing at higher levels. Esports are a relatively new phenomenon, and an inside perspective regarding esports pla...

    Authors: Ana Monteiro Pereira, Caroline Bolling, Phil Birch, Pedro Figueiredo, Evert Verhagen and João Brito
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2023 9:62
  26. Weak lower body strength and balance impairments are fundamental risk factors for mobility impairments and falls that can be improved by physical activity (PA). Previous meta-analyses have focused on these ris...

    Authors: Michael Adams, Katharina Gordt-Oesterwind, Martin Bongartz, Samuel Zimmermann, Svenja Seide, Volker Braun and Michael Schwenk
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2023 9:61
  27. Achilles’ tendon (AT) injuries such as ruptures and tendinopathies have experienced a dramatic rise in the mid- to older-aged population. Given that the AT plays a key role at all stages of locomotion, unsucce...

    Authors: Naomi C. Adam, Colin R. Smith, Walter Herzog, Andrew A. Amis, Adamantios Arampatzis and William R. Taylor
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2023 9:60
  28. Exercise intensities are prescribed using specific intensity zones (moderate, heavy, and severe) determined by a ‘lower’ and a ‘higher’ threshold. Typically, ventilatory (VT) or blood lactate thresholds (LT), ...

    Authors: Sebastian Kaufmann, Thomas Gronwald, Fabian Herold and Olaf Hoos
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2023 9:59
  29. Sleep is essential for maximal performance in the athletic population. Despite that, the sport context has many factors that can negatively influence athletes’ sleep and subsequent recovery.

    Authors: Lúcio A. Cunha, Júlio A. Costa, Elisa A. Marques, João Brito, Michele Lastella and Pedro Figueiredo
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2023 9:58
  30. Injury prevention exercise programmes (IPEPs) efficaciously reduce injuries. However, it is challenging to achieve sufficient adherence across a season. The main aim was to describe adherence to IPEPs in three...

    Authors: Hanna Lindblom, Markus Waldén and Martin Hägglund
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2023 9:57
  31. The impact of activity-related joint loading on cartilage is not clear. Abnormal loading is considered to be a mechanical driver of osteoarthritis (OA), yet moderate amounts of physical activity and rehabilita...

    Authors: Sally L. Coburn, Kay M. Crossley, Joanne L. Kemp, Stuart J. Warden, Tom J. West, Andrea M. Bruder, Benjamin F. Mentiplay and Adam G. Culvenor
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2023 9:56
  32. To compare linear and curvilinear models describing the force–velocity relationship obtained in lower-limb acyclic extensions, considering experimental data on an unprecedented range of velocity conditions.

    Authors: Jean Romain Rivière, Jean-Benoît Morin, Maximilien Bowen, Matt R. Cross, Laurent A. Messonnier and Pierre Samozino
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2023 9:55

    The Letter to the Editor to this article has been published in Sports Medicine - Open 2023 9:110

    The Letter to the Editor to this article has been published in Sports Medicine - Open 2023 9:111

  33. The Low Energy Availability in Females Questionnaire (LEAF-Q) is a screening tool developed to detect endurance athletes and dancers at risk for development of persistent low energy availability (LEA) and the ...

    Authors: Marcus S. Dasa, Oddgeir Friborg, Morten Kristoffersen, Gunn Pettersen, Jørn V. Sagen, Jorunn Sundgot-Borgen and Jan H. Rosenvinge
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2023 9:54
  34. Value-based healthcare provider reimbursement models have been proposed as an alternative to traditional fee-for-service arrangements that can align financial reimbursement more closely to the outcomes of valu...

    Authors: Hannah E. Carter, Michelle J. Allen, Liam A. Toohey, Steven M. McPhail and Michael K. Drew
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2023 9:53
  35. In high-intensity interval training (HIIT), the rest durations between intervals are commonly prescribed using a fixed approach (e.g., 30 s between intervals). An alternative is the self-selected (SS) approach...

    Authors: Eyal Colorni, Evyatar Ohayon, Julie N. Côté, Uri Obolski and Israel Halperin
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2023 9:52
  36. Resistance exercise is recommended for maintaining muscle mass and strength in older adults. However, little is known about exercise-induced muscle damage and recovery from resistance exercise in older adults....

    Authors: Eleanor Jayne Hayes, Emma Stevenson, Avan Aihie Sayer, Antoneta Granic and Christopher Hurst
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2023 9:51
  37. Both acute exercise and environmental hypoxia may elevate inflammatory cytokines, but the inflammatory response in the hypoxic exercise is remaining unknown.

    Authors: Mousa Khalafi, Mohammad Hossein Sakhaei, Michael E. Symonds, Saeid Reza Noori Mofrad, Yubo Liu and Mallikarjuna Korivi
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2023 9:50
  38. Since sex-specific accumulated oxygen deficit (AOD) during high-intensity swimming remains unstudied, this study aimed to assess AOD during 50, 100, and 200 m front-crawl performances to compare the responses ...

    Authors: Danilo Alexandre Massini, Tiago André Freire Almeida, Anderson Geremias Macedo, Mário Cunha Espada, Joana Francisca Reis, Francisco José Bessone Alves, Ricardo Jorge Pinto Fernandes and Dalton Müller Pessôa Filho
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2023 9:49
  39. To investigate the potential protective role of exercise on the odds of COVID-19 infection in unvaccinated contact persons (CPs) who were at higher risk of infection due to confirmed contact with infected pers...

    Authors: Nikola Schmidt, Andreas Gehlhar, Barbara Grüne, Annelene Kossow, Thomas Kraus, Johannes Nießen, Stefanie Wessely and Christine Joisten
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2023 9:48
  40. Long-term stretching of human skeletal muscles increases joint range of motion through altered stretch perception and decreased resistance to stretch. There is also some evidence that stretching induces change...

    Authors: Ioli Panidi, Olyvia Donti, Andreas Konrad, Petros C. Dinas, Gerasimos Terzis, Athanasios Mouratidis, Vasiliki Gaspari, Anastasia Donti and Gregory C. Bogdanis
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2023 9:47
  41. Running-related injuries (RRIs) are a prevalent issue for runners, with several factors proposed to be causative. The majority of studies to date are limited by retrospective study design, small sample sizes a...

    Authors: Aoife Burke, Sarah Dillon, Siobhán O’Connor, Enda F. Whyte, Shane Gore and Kieran A. Moran
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2023 9:46
  42. In recent years, the length of elite sporting competitions has raised concerns regarding player well-being, highlighting a need to review current match calendars. Therefore, this study aimed to explore the per...

    Authors: Lewis A. Fazackerley, Geoffrey M. Minett, James D. Clark and Vincent G. Kelly
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2023 9:45
  43. The successful use of extended reality (XR) in sport is highly dependent on the extent to which it can represent the perception–action couplings that exist in the performance setting. However, there are many u...

    Authors: Peter J. Le Noury, Remco C. Polman, Michael A. Maloney and Adam D. Gorman
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2023 9:44
  44. Previous studies based on death certificates have found professional soccer players were more likely to die with neurodegenerative diseases, including dementia. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate wheth...

    Authors: Tara-Mei Povall Macnab, Shima Espahbodi, Eef Hogervorst, Ahmed Thanoon, Gwen Sascha Fernandes, Bonnie Millar, Ashley Duncan, Maria Goodwin, Mark Batt, Colin W. Fuller, Gordon Fuller, Eamonn Ferguson, Tobias Bast, Michael Doherty and Weiya Zhang
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2023 9:43
  45. The prevalence of anxiety and depression symptoms in semi-elite Australian footballers is unknown. The primary objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of generalised anxiety disorder (GAD) and ...

    Authors: Anthony Henderson, Sarah Ann Harris, Troy Kirkham, Jonathon Charlesworth and Myles Calder Murphy
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2023 9:42

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