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  1. Content type: Original Research Article

    Overtraining syndrome (OTS) results from excessive training load without adequate recovery and leads to decreased performance and fatigue. The pathophysiology of OTS in athletes is not fully understood, which ...

    Authors: Flavio A. Cadegiani and Claudio E. Kater

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:45

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  2. Content type: Systematic Review

    Only a few studies have addressed the relationship between toll-like receptors 2 and 4 (TLR2 and TLR4) and the production of local and systemic cytokines in response to physical exercise, and they have produce...

    Authors: Paula Andréa Malveira Cavalcante, Marcos Fernandes Gregnani, Jessica Salles Henrique, Fábio Henrique Ornellas and Ronaldo Carvalho Araújo

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:42

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    The Correction to this article has been published in Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:7

  3. Content type: Original Research Article

    As a way to train at faster running speeds, add training volume, prevent injury, or rehabilitate after an injury, lower-body positive pressure treadmills (LBPPT) have become increasingly commonplace among athl...

    Authors: Kyle R. Barnes and Jessica N. Janecke

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:41

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  4. Content type: Original Research Article

    Isolation and long duration spaceflight are associated with musculoskeletal deconditioning. Mars500 was a unique, high-fidelity analogue of the psychological challenges of a 520-day manned mission to Mars. We ...

    Authors: Christopher J. Gaffney, Elena Fomina, Dennis Babich, Vladimir Kitov, Konstantin Uskov and David A. Green

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:40

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  5. Content type: Original Research Article

    The importance of optimal and/or superior vision for participation in high-level sports remains the subject of considerable clinical research interest. Here, we examine the vision and visual history of elite/n...

    Authors: Brendan T. Barrett, Jonathan C. Flavell, Simon J. Bennett, Alice G. Cruickshank, Alex Mankowska, Julie M. Harris and John G. Buckley

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:39

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  6. Content type: Original Research Article

    Session rating of perceived exertion (sRPE) is a practical tool for coaches to assess internal training load of their athletes. In a sport like cross-country running, that is individual in nature, but has a te...

    Authors: Kyle R. Barnes

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:38

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  7. Content type: Review Article

    Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are a class of drugs commonly used to treat both the acute and chronic injuries sustained by athletes during training and competition. In many parts of the world,...

    Authors: Martin Anthony Christopher Manoukian, Christopher William Migdal, Amode Ravindra Tembhekar, Jerad Alexander Harris and Charles DeMesa

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:36

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  8. Content type: Original Research Article

    The risk factors of pulmonary edema induced by diving in healthy subjects are not well known. The aim of the present study was to assess the parameters contributing to the increase in extravascular lung water ...

    Authors: A. Boussuges, K. Ayme, G. Chaumet, E. Albier, M. Borgnetta and O. Gavarry

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:35

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  9. Content type: Original Research Article

    Individual time to peak blood bicarbonate (HCO3 ) has demonstrated good to excellent reproducibility following ingestion of both 0.2 g kg−1 body mass (BM) and 0.3 g kg−1 BM sodium bica...

    Authors: Lewis Anthony Gough, Sanjoy Kumar Deb, Andy Sparks and Lars Robert McNaughton

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:34

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  10. Content type: Systematic Review

    Previous reports of single-leg assessment demonstrated functional deficits in postural stability following anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. However, quantified measures describing postural stability va...

    Authors: Tim Lehmann, Linda Paschen and Jochen Baumeister

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:32

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  11. Content type: Original Research Article

    A 12-week multi-team sport programme was provided to employees of a large services organisation and conducted in workplaces. This programme was used to investigate the short-term effect of regular sports team ...

    Authors: Andrew Brinkley, Hilary McDermott, Rachel Grenfell-Essam and Fehmidah Munir

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:30

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  12. Content type: Original Research Article

    Many professional sports have introduced sideline video review to help recognise concussions. The reliability and validity of identifying clinical and observable signs of concussion using video analysis has no...

    Authors: Andrew J. Gardner, David R. Howell, Christopher R. Levi and Grant L. Iverson

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:29

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  13. Content type: Original Research Article

    Staphylococcus aureus (SA) is a leading cause of infectious diseases in sports teams. In recent decades, community-associated SA (CA-SA) strains have emerged worldwide and have been re...

    Authors: E. Couvé-Deacon, D. Postil, O. Barraud, C. Duchiron, D. Chainier, A. Labrunie, N. Pestourie, P.M. Preux, B. François and M.C. Ploy

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:28

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  14. Content type: Original Research Article

    There is a large amount of information regarding risk factors for fifth metatarsal stress fractures; however, there are few studies involving large numbers of subjects.

    Authors: Sho Matsuda, Toru Fukubayashi and Norikazu Hirose

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:27

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  15. Content type: Original Research Article

    Several professional contact and collision sports have recently introduced the use of sideline video review for club medical staff to help identify and manage concussions. As such, reviewing video footage on t...

    Authors: Andrew J. Gardner, Christopher R. Levi and Grant L. Iverson

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:26

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  16. Content type: Original Research Article

    The efficacy of wearing [a] compression garment (CG) between repeated bouts of exercise within a same day has not been fully understood. The present study determined the effect of wearing a CG after strenuous ...

    Authors: Kazushige Goto, Sahiro Mizuno and Ayaka Mori

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:25

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  17. Content type: Short communication

    A foodborne illness outbreak involving an elite sports team was investigated by a public health unit in Sydney, Australia. An epidemiological association was established between gastrointestinal illness and th...

    Authors: Kwendy Cavanagh, Travers Johnstone, Essi Huhtinen, Zeina Najjar, Peter Lorentzos, Craig Shadbolt, John Shields and Leena Gupta

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:24

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  18. Content type: Systematic Review

    Researchers and practitioners working in sports medicine and science require valid tests to determine the effectiveness of interventions and enhance understanding of mechanisms underpinning adaptation. Such de...

    Authors: David Drake, Rodney Kennedy and Eric Wallace

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:23

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  19. Content type: Original Research Article

    Physical therapy and peritendinous hyaluronic acid (HA) injections have both shown promising results in the treatment of shoulder tendinopathies. However, the superiority of treatment combining physical therap...

    Authors: César Flores, Ramón Balius, Guillermo Álvarez, Miguel A. Buil, Luisa Varela, Carlos Cano and Joaquín Casariego

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:22

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  20. Content type: Original Research Article

    The mechanisms underlying the relative age effect in sport events have been investigated for more than two decades. The present study focused on the relationship between the relative age effect and lengths of ...

    Authors: Hiroki Nakata

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:21

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  21. Content type: Systematic Review

    Achilles tendinopathy is the most prevalent tendon disorder in people engaged in running and jumping sports. Aetiology of Achilles tendinopathy is complex and requires comprehensive research of contributing ri...

    Authors: Maria Kozlovskaia, Nicole Vlahovich, Kevin J. Ashton and David C. Hughes

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:20

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  22. Content type: Systematic Review

    While the clinical benefits of exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation are well established, there is extensive variation in the interventions used within these trials. It is unknown whether variations in indivi...

    Authors: Bridget Abell, Paul Glasziou and Tammy Hoffmann

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:19

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  23. Content type: Current Opinion

    Previous research has considered action and adventure sports using a variety of associated terms and definitions which has led to confusing discourse and contradictory research findings. Traditional narratives...

    Authors: Tuomas Immonen, Eric Brymer, Dominic Orth, Keith Davids, Francesco Feletti, Jarmo Liukkonen and Timo Jaakkola

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:18

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  24. Content type: Original Research Article

    Gorkhas, a sub-mountainous population of the Himalayan region, are known for strength and bravery. In the present study when “Gorkha” is used without brackets, we are mentioning Gorkhas of Tibeto-Burman origin...

    Authors: Seema Malhotra, Kiran Preet, Arvind Tomar, Shweta Rawat, Sayar Singh, Inderjeet Singh, L. Robert Varte, Tirthankar Chatterjee, M. S. Pal and Soma Sarkar

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:17

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  25. Content type: Original Research Article

    Susceptible to injury, the neck is subject to scientific investigations, frequently aiming to elucidate possible injury mechanisms via surface electromyography (EMG) by indirectly estimating cervical loads. Ac...

    Authors: Riccardo Lo Martire, Kristofer Gladh, Anton Westman and Björn O. Äng

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:16

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  26. Content type: Original Research Article

    The main mechanism involved in the pathogenesis of autoimmunity is an uncontrolled inflammatory response against self-antigens. Therefore, anti-inflammatory factors, such as the intake of bioactive compounds a...

    Authors: Leandro Kansuke Oharomari, Camila de Moraes and Anderson Marliere Navarro

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:15

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  27. Content type: Original Research Article

    Riboflavin is known to protect tissue from oxidative damage but, to our knowledge, has not been explored as a means to control exercise-related muscle soreness. This study investigated whether acute ingestion ...

    Authors: Martin D. Hoffman, Taylor R. Valentino, Kristin J. Stuempfle and Brandon V. Hassid

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:14

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  28. Content type: Systematic Review

    The deleterious effects of dehydration on athletic and cognitive performance have been well documented. As such, dehydrated individuals are advised to consume fluid in volumes equivalent to 1.25 to 1.5 L kg−1 bod...

    Authors: Danielle McCartney, Ben Desbrow and Christopher Irwin

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:13

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  29. Content type: Review Article

    The possible muscular strength, hypertrophy, and muscle power benefits of resistance training under environmental conditions of hypoxia are currently being investigated.

    Authors: Belén Feriche, Amador García-Ramos, Antonio J. Morales-Artacho and Paulino Padial

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:12

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  30. Content type: Review Article

    Chronic exertional compartment syndrome (CECS) is a recognized condition in the lower limb, with many reports in the literature. However, very few instances include CECS of the upper limb. This article present...

    Authors: Austin Cole, John L. Hiatt, Christopher Arnold, Terry Sites and Ramon Ylanon

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:11

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  31. Content type: Review Article

    Accurately measuring physical activity and energy expenditure in persons with chronic physical disabilities who use wheelchairs is a considerable and ongoing challenge. Quantifying various free-living lifestyl...

    Authors: Tom E. Nightingale, Peter C. Rouse, Dylan Thompson and James L. J. Bilzon

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:10

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  32. Content type: Systematic Review

    Brazilian jiu-jitsu is a grappling combat sport that has intermittency as its core element; in other words, actions of high, moderate and low intensity are interspersed during matches, requiring a high level o...

    Authors: Leonardo Vidal Andreato, Francisco Javier Díaz Lara, Alexandro Andrade and Braulio Henrique Magnani Branco

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:9

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  33. Content type: Systematic Review

    Endurance athletes perform periodized training in order to prepare for main competitions and maximize performance. However, the coupling between alterations of total energy expenditure (TEE), energy intake, an...

    Authors: Juliane Heydenreich, Bengt Kayser, Yves Schutz and Katarina Melzer

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:8

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  34. Content type: Original Research Article

    Plyometric training has been shown to increase muscle power, running economy, and performance in athletes. Despite its use by rowing coaches, it is unknown whether plyometrics might improve rowing economy or p...

    Authors: Julian D. Egan-Shuttler, Rohan Edmonds, Cassandra Eddy, Veronica O’Neill and Stephen J. Ives

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:7

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  35. Content type: Original Research Article

    Mechanical loading during exercise has been shown to promote tissue remodeling. Safe and accessible exercise may be beneficial to populations at risk of diminished bone and joint health. We examined the effect...

    Authors: Dmitry Verniba, Jason D. Vescovi, David A. Hood and William H. Gage

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:6

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  36. Content type: Original Research Article

    Nicotine use amongst athletes is high and increasing, especially team sports, yet the limited previous studies investigating the performance consequences of this behaviour have not examined the effects of the ...

    Authors: Toby Mündel, Marine Machal, Darryl J. Cochrane and Matthew J. Barnes

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:5

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  37. Content type: Systematic Review

    There is evidence for considerable heterogeneity in the responsiveness to regular physical activity (PA) which might reflect the influence of genetic factors. The aim of this systematic review was to assess wh...

    Authors: J. R. Zadro, D. Shirley, T. B. Andrade, K. J Scurrah, A. Bauman and P. H. Ferreira

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:4

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  38. Content type: Original Research Article

    Performance tests are used for multiple purposes in exercise and sport science. Ensuring that a test displays an appropriate level of measurement properties for use within a population is important to ensure c...

    Authors: Sam Robertson, Peter Kremer, Brad Aisbett, Jacqueline Tran and Ester Cerin

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:2

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  39. Content type: Original Research Article

    Salivary alpha amylase (sAA) and chromogranin A (sCgA) have both been suggested as non-invasive markers for sympathetic nervous system (SNS) activity. A complete cervical spinal cord injury leading to tetraple...

    Authors: Christof A. Leicht, Thomas A. W. Paulson, Victoria L. Goosey-Tolfrey and Nicolette C. Bishop

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:1

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  40. Content type: Original Research Article

    The aims of the present study were to investigate the impact of three whole blood donations on endurance capacity and hematological parameters and to determine the duration to fully recover initial endurance c...

    Authors: Julie Meurrens, Thomas Steiner, Jonathan Ponette, Hans Antonius Janssen, Monique Ramaekers, Jon Peter Wehrlin, Philippe Vandekerckhove and Louise Deldicque

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2016 2:43

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  41. Content type: Original Research Article

    Endurance exercise plays a role in cardiovascular risk reduction, but may also be a risk factor for atrial fibrillation. This study was performed to assess the prevalence of atrial fibrillation in a population...

    Authors: Andrew D. Schreiner, Brad A. Keith, Karen E. Abernathy, Jingwen Zhang and Walter A. Brzezinski

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2016 2:42

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  42. Content type: Review Article

    A large proportion of empirical research and reviews investigating the ergogenic potential of sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) supplementation have focused predominately on performance outcomes and only speculate abou...

    Authors: Jason C. Siegler, Paul W. M. Marshall, David Bishop, Greg Shaw and Simon Green

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2016 2:41

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  43. Content type: Original Research Article

    Oxidative stress in female athletes is understudied. We investigated oxidative stress in sportswomen of different disciplines according to combined oral contraceptive (OC) use and lifestyle/alimentary habits.

    Authors: Sabina Cauci, Cinzia Buligan, Micaela Marangone and Maria Pia Francescato

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2016 2:40

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  44. Content type: Original Research Article

    Effective interventions are needed for individuals with persisting post-concussion symptoms. High-resolution, relational, resonance-based, electroencephalic mirroring (HIRREM®) is an allostatic, closed-loop, a...

    Authors: Charles H. Tegeler, Catherine L. Tegeler, Jared F. Cook, Sung W. Lee, Lee Gerdes, Hossam A. Shaltout, Christopher M. Miles and Sean L. Simpson

    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2016 2:39

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