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Table 1 Olympian characteristics

From: A Cross-Sectional Study of Retired Great British Olympians (Berlin 1936–Sochi 2014): Olympic Career Injuries, Joint Health in Later Life, and Reasons for Retirement from Olympic Sport

  All, n = 650 Female, n = 274 Male, n = 376 P values
Anthropometrics     
 Age (years), median (range) 60.5 (23–97) 54 (23–93) 66 (26–97) p < 0.001
 Height (cm), mean (SD) 175.6 (10.2) 169.0 (7.6) 180.4 (9.0) p < 0.001
 Weight (kg), mean (SD) 76.6 (15.8) 67.8 (13.8) 83.1 (14.0) p < 0.001
 Current BMI (kg/m2), mean (SD) 24.7 (4.0) 23.7 (4.7) 25.4 (3.3) p < 0.001
 Olympic career BMI (kg/m2), mean (SD) 22.8 (2.9) 21.7 (2.5) 23.5 (2.9) p < 0.001
Sport exposure     
 Athletes by summer/winter sport, n (%) 274 (42.2)
376 (57.8)
250 (91.2)
24 (8.8)
334 (88.8)
42 (11.2)
p = 0.382
 Number of international years doing Olympic sport, mean (SD) 9.8 (6.2) 10.2 (6.8) 9.4 (5.7) p = 0.301
 Number of years retired from Olympic participation, mean (SD) 31.2 (16.7) 27.5 (16.2) 34.2 (16.5) p < 0.001
  1. A comparison for differences between the groups was analysed using the unpaired t test for continuous variables, or Mann-Whitney U test where appropriate, and categorical variables were analysed using χ2. Statistically significant differences are highlighted in bold