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Table 1 Peak extension and flexion torques and corresponding knee angles as well as HQ-ratios as mean ± standard deviation

From: Effects of Hip Flexion on Knee Extension and Flexion Isokinetic Angle-Specific Torques and HQ-Ratios

  Concentric Eccentric Statistics*
180°/s 60°/s 60°/s ANOVA (hip flexion × velocity) ANOVA (hip flexion × mode)
Hip flexed Hip extended Hip flexed Hip extended Hip flexed Hip extended Hip flexion Velocity Interact. Hip flexion Mode Interact.
Extension Torque (Nm/kg) 1.63 ± 0.20 1.44 ± 0.20 2.21 ± 0.43 1.95 ± 0.33 2.28 ± 0.55 2.18 ± 0.36 p < .001
ηp2 = .62
p < .001
ηp2 = .84
p = .305
ηp2 = .06
p = .016
ηp2 = .27
p = .009
ηp2 = .31
p = .061
ηp2 = .17
Knee angle (°) 43.5 ± 7.6 38.9 ± 10.8 60.9 ± 6.9 59.6 ± 8.5 57.1 ± 9.8 57.0 ± 11.2 p = .010
ηp2 = .30
p < .001
ηp2 = .94
p = .077
ηp2 = .16
p = .370
ηp2 = .04
p = .155
ηp2 = .10
p = .582
ηp2 = .02
Flexion Torque (Nm/kg) 1.16 ± 0.20 0.70 ± 0.18 1.26 ± 0.26 0.87 ± 0.18 1.47 ± 0.30 0.96 ± 0.17 p < .001
ηp2 = .83
p < .001
ηp2 = .72
p = .086
ηp2 = .15
p < .001
ηp2 = .80
p < .001
ηp2 = .49
p = .024
ηp2 = .24
Knee angle (°) 68.5 ± 6.9 61.2 ± 11.5 38.1 ± 13.2 26.9 ± 8.9 36.1 ± 15.2 32.4 ± 16.0 p < .001
ηp2 = .63
p < .001
ηp2 = .91
p = .299
ηp2 = .06
p = .001
ηp2 = .47
p = .631
ηp2 = .01
p = .058
ηp2 = .18
HQ-ratio   0.71 ± 0.11 0.49 ± 0.13 0.58 ± 0.10 0.45 ± 0.08 0.66 ± 0.13 0.45 ± 0.09 p < .001
ηp2 =.74
p < .001
ηp2 = .64
p < .001
ηp2 = .60
p < .001
ηp2 = .74
p = .018
ηp2 = .26
p = .001
ηp2 = .47
  1. Note: *two separate two-factor repeated measure ANOVAs