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Table 4 Summary of high-speed running (HSR) and sprinting in age-grade rugby matches

From: The Use of Global Positioning and Accelerometer Systems in Age-Grade and Senior Rugby Union: A Systematic Review

Study Participants Forwards Backs
Cunningham et al. [35] 40 rugby union U20 international players. HSR > 5.0 ms−1
Overall mean—284.2 ± 134.9 m
Front row—211.6 ± 112.7 m
Second row—265.3 ± 94.2 m
Back row—359.7 ± 142.7 m
Sprints
Overall mean—0.11 ± 0.05 m.min−1
Front row—0.09 ± 0.04 m.min−1
Second row—0.10 ± 0.03 m.min−1
Back row—0.14 ± 0.05 m.min−1
HSR > 5.0 ms−1
Overall mean 656.9 ± 182.7 m
Half back—476.1 ± 204.1 m
Midfield—661.7 ± 145.1 m
Back three—728.4 ± 150.2
Sprints
Overall mean—0.26 ± 0.07 m.min−1
Half back—0.18 ± 0.06 m.min−1
Midfield—0.27 ± 0.06 m.min−1
Back three—0.29 ± 0.06 m.min−1
Cunningham et al. [36] 43 rugby union U20 international players and 27 elite professional senior players from an international performance squad. HSR > 5.0 ms−1
3.2 ± 1.5 m.min−1
Sprints
0.11 ± 0.05 m.min−1
HSR > 5.0 ms−1
7.3 ± 2.1 m.min−1
Sprints
0.26 ± 0.07 m.min−1
Flanagan et al. [44] 42 rugby union U20 international players across two teams. HSR absolute > 5.5 ms−1
Prop—44 ± 42 m
Hooker—88 ± 88 m
Second row—55 ± 66 m
Back row—153 ± 65 m
HSR Individual
Prop—100 ± 58 m
Hooker—104 ± 60 m
Second row—85 ± 76 m
Back row—212 ± 99 m
HSR absolute > 5.5 ms−1
Scrum half—191 ± 80 m
Outhalf—123 ± 29 m
Centre—363 ± 120 m
Back three—514 ± 153 m
HSR Individual
Scrum H = half—318 ± 300 m
Outhalf—118 ± 31 m
Centre—277 ± 159 m
Back three—296 ± 99 m
Hartwig et al. [24] 118 rugby union players aged between 14 and 18 years. Striding 3.3–5.8 ms−1
3.6 ± 3.5%
Sprinting > 5.8 ms−1
0.9 ± 2.1%
Striding 3.3–5.8 ms−1
3.1 ± 1.8%
Sprinting > 5.8 ms−1
1.3 ± 0.8%
Phibbs et al. [56] 61 adolescent schoolboy and academy rugby union players. HSR > 61% maximal sprint speed (m)
Schoolboy—138 ± 114 m
Academy—220 ± 111 m
VHSR > 90% maximal sprint speed (m)
Schoolboy—0 ± 1 m
Academy—5 ± 10 m
HSR > 61% maximal sprint speed (m)
Schoolboy—359 ± 182 m
Academy—280 ± 96 m
VHSR > 90% maximal sprint speed (m)
Schoolboy—19 ± 24 m
Academy—15 ± 15 m
Read et al. [37] 96 rugby union players (U16, U18 and university). Striding 3.33–5.83 ms−1
U16—993 ± 295 m
U18—995 ± 370 m
University—1112 ± 442 m
Sprinting > 5.83 ms−1
U16—87 ± 86 m
U18—94 ± 93 m
University—64 ± 65 m
Striding 3.33–5.83 ms−1
U16—843 ± 342 m
U18—1009 ± 444 m
University—1460 ± 357 m
Sprinting > 5.83 ms−1
U16—165 ± 101 m
U18—319 ± 176 m
University—353 ± 147 m
Roe et al. [38] 14 rugby union academy players. No positions stated in results for HSR
Jogging 20–50% Vmax
2215 ± 461 m
Striding 51–80% Vmax
663 ± 238 m
Sprinting 81–95% Vmax
41 ± 40 m
 
Venter et al. [25] 17 semi-professional rugby union U19 players. Striding 50–79% Vmax
Front row—9.58 ± 4.59%
Back row—6.04 ± 1.83%
Sprinting 80–95% Vmax
Front row—0.42 ± 0.22%
Back row—0.42 ± 0.12%
Maximum sprint > 95% Vmax
Front row—0.06 ± 0.01%
Back row—0.05 ± 0.02%
Striding 50–79% Vmax
Inside backs—6.22 ± 3.67%
Outside backs—2.84 ± 0.45%
Sprinting 80–95% Vmax
Inside backs—0.66 ± 0.26%
Outside backs—1.05 ± 1.15%
Maximum sprint > 95% Vmax
Inside backs—0.06 ± 0.04%
Outside backs—0.06 ± 0.04%