Skip to main content

Table 6 Summary of included original studies investigating ‘adherence and outcome’

From: The Influence, Barriers to and Facilitators of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Rehabilitation Adherence and Participation: a Scoping Review

Author (year) Design Population Investigation Adherence measure OM assessment (months) OMs
n Age (mean) Sex Graft Activity level
Brewer et al. (2004) [63] Prospective 108 29.4 M 72
F 30
Not stated Not stated Adherence to clinic and home-based rehabilitation in the first 6 weeks Adherence to appointments (% attended of scheduled)
Adherence to home-exercise prescription (self-report diary and hidden tape play counter)
Adherence during appointments (SIRAS)
6 Single leg hop for distance, Lachmans, KOOS-SAS
Brewer et al. (2000) [62] Prospective 95 26.9 M 67
F 28
Not stated Competitive (52%)
Recreational (43%)
Non-athletes (3%)
Adherence to clinic and home-based rehabilitation
In the first 6 months
Adherence to appointments (% attended of scheduled)
Adherence to home-exercise prescription (0–10 self-report adherence)
Adherence during appointments (SIRAS)
6 Lysholm knee score, KT-1000, single hop for distance
Levinger et al. (2017) [61] Pilot RCT 17 32.2 M 9
F 8
Not stated Not stated Adherence to a web informational support service Adherence to recommended website usage (% out of 22) 3 KOOS, K-SES, FABQ, TSK-SF, IPAQ, qualitative interview
Pizzari et al. (2005) [64] Prospective 68 28.8 M 48
F 26
HS/BPTB Competitive (63%) Adherence to clinic and home-based rehabilitation in the first 8 weeks Adherence to appointments (% attended of scheduled)
Adherence during appointments (SIRAS)
Adherence to home-exercise prescription (self-report diary, % exercises completed)
9-12 IKDC knee evaluation form, IKDC subjection knee evaluation, CKRS, KOOS, 6m timed hop, triple crossover hop for distance
  1. CKRS Cincinnati knee rating system, F female, FABQ Fear-avoidance beliefs questionnaire, IKDC International knee documentation committee, IPAQ International physical activity questionnaires, K-SES knee self-efficacy scale, KOOS knee injury and osteoarthritis outcome score, KOOS-SAS knee injury and osteoarthritis outcome score-sports activity scale, M male, m metre, OMs outcome measures, RCT randomised controlled trial, SIRAS sports injury rehabilitation adherence scale, TSK-SF Tampa scale for kinesiophobia- short form