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Table 2 Patient Characteristics Expressed as Mean (95% Confidence Intervals)

From: Is Cardiorespiratory Fitness Related to Cardiometabolic Health and All-Cause Mortality Risk in Patients with Coronary Heart Disease? A CARE CR Study

Variable High CRF, n = 28 Mod CRF, n = 32 Low CRF, n = 10 Partial eta squared p value
Sex (% male) 26 (93) 27 (84) 7 (70)   0.199
Age (years) 56.3 (53.1, 59.4)*✝ 67.2 (64.3, 70.2) 69.3 (64.1, 74.5)* 0.326 < 0.001**
BMI (kg.m−2) 29.0 (27.5, 30.5) 28.9 (27.5, 30.3) 30.9 (28.3, 33.4) 0.030 0.363
Waist circumference (cm) 101.3 (97.3, 105.4) 102.6 (98.7, 106.4) 108.1 (101.4, 114.9) 0.043 0.235
Waist to hip ratio (cm) 0.96 (0.93, 0.98) 0.98 (0.95, 1.00) 0.96 (0.92, 1.01) 0.018 0.553
Android fat % 45.0 (42.0, 48.0) 48.0 (45.2, 50.8) 47.9 (42.9, 52.9) 0.034 0.316
Total fat % 35.9 (32.2, 39.6) 37.3 (33.8, 40.7) 41.1 (34.8, 47.3) 0.029 0.371
Lean body mass (Kg) 55.0 (51.9, 58.1)*✝ 50.2 (47.3, 53.1) 45.3 (40.1, 50.5)* 0.145 0.005**
Android/gynoid ratio 1.31 (1.24, 1.38)* 1.26 (1.20, 1.32)x 1.06 (0.95, 1.17)*x 0.182 0.001**
LVEF (%) 56.6 (54.0, 59.2) 54.3 (51.8, 56.6) 52.8 (48.5, 57.1) 0.043 0.232
Resting HR (bpm) 56 (52, 69)* 59 (56, 63)x 67 (61, 74)*x 0.118 0.015**
Resting SBP (mmHg) 130 (122, 137) 124 (117, 131) 138 (125, 150) 0.056 0.147
Resting DBP (mmHg) 85 (80, 89) 82 (77, 86) 73 (65, 81) 0.083 0.055
FEV1/FVC ratio 0.78 (0.75, 0.81) 0.75 (0.72, 0.78) 0.75 (0.70, 0.80) 0.042 0.237
Presenting diagnosis
MI (%) 17 (61) 15 (47) 6 (60)   0.642
PCI (%) 8 (29) 11 (34) 1 (10)   
Angina (%) 2 (7) 3 (9) 2 (20)   
CABG (%) 1 (4) 3 (9) 1 (10)   
Past medical history
Previous MI (%) 6 (21) 6 (19) 2 (20)   0.186
Type II diabetes (%) 3 (12) 6 (19) 5 (50)   0.028**
Atrial fibrillation (%) 0 (0) 2 (6) 1 (10)   0.269
Smoker (%) 1 (4) 1 (3) 2 (20)   0.238
Ex-smoker (%) 16 (57) 16 (50) 7 (70)   
  1. Mod moderate, BMI body mass index, LVEF left ventricular ejection fraction, HR heart rate, SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, FEV1/FVC ratio of forced expiratory volume in 1 s to forced vital capacity, MI myocardial infarction, PCI percutaneous coronary intervention, CABG coronary artery bypass graft
  2. **Significant group effect
  3. *Significant difference between high CRF and low CRF
  4. Significant difference between high CRF and moderate CRF
  5. xSignificant difference between mod CRF and low CRF