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Table 4 Characteristics of research studies evaluating athletic performance on sport-specific exercise tasks

From: The Effect of Fluid Intake Following Dehydration on Subsequent Athletic and Cognitive Performance: a Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Citation Participants VO2 max Dh protocol; ambient temperature; duration Total REC (min) Dh trial BM loss (%) Fluid type Fluid assimilation time (min) Fluid intake (L∙kg BM lost−1) Sport-specific exercise task Performance outcomes(s) Performance outcomes significantly affected (Hedges’ g)
Devlin et al. (2001b) [71] 7 M, sub-elite cricketers 56 ± 6 EX; 28 °C; 60 min 0 2.8 Water 60 0.80 Cricket bowling Accuracy (line and length); velocity ↑ Bowling accuracy for line (0.85) and length (0.85)
Ali et al. (2011) [35] 10 (0 M), soccer players 47 ± 4 EX; 17 °C; 90 min 0 1.4 Water 90 1.07 hLSPT Movement time; penalty time; performance time No effect
Fritz et al. (2013) [72] 13 M, elite squash players NS EX NS 1.3 Water NS 0.40 iGhosting Test TT ↓ (0.55)
Owen et al. (2013c) [59] 13 M, semi-professional soccer players 54 ± 3 EX; 19 °C; 105 min 5 2.5 Water 110 0.89 hLSPT Movement time; penalty time; performance time No effect
          jLSST Time taken; shot speed; points per shot No effect
Owen et al. (2013d) [59] 13 M, semi-professional soccer players 54 ± 3 EX; 19 °C; 105 min 5 2.5 Water 110 0.51 hLSPT Movement time; penalty time; performance time No effect
          jLSST Time taken; shot speed; points per shot No effect
Wilson et al. (2014) [60] 8 M, licenced jockeys NS EX; 20 °C; 45 min 0 1.8 Water ~35 1.00 Simulated race ride Pushing frequency ↑ (1.46)
          Go-No-Go task SRT No effect
  1. Values are Hedges’ g effect sizes
  2. Dh dehydration, EX exercise, LIST Loughborough Intermittent Sprinting Test, LSPT Loughborough Soccer Passing Test, LSST Loughborough Shooting Test, Max. maximum, NS not specified, RH relative humidity, SRT simple reaction time, Total REC time from completing the dehydration protocol to commencing the subsequent task, TT time trial