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Table 3 Characteristics of research studies evaluating athletic performance on resistance exercise tasks

From: The Effect of Fluid Intake Following Dehydration on Subsequent Athletic and Cognitive Performance: a Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Citation Participants Dh protocol; ambient temperature; duration Total REC (min) Dh trial BM loss (%) Fluid type Fluid assimilation time (min) Fluid intake (L kg BM lost−1) Resistance exercise task Performance outcomes(s) Performance outcomes significantly affected (Hedges’ g)
Montain et al. (1998) [66] 8 M, physically active EX (M); 40 °C; 2–3 h Testing from
3–8 h
4.0 Water 3–8 h NS Knee extension ET >50% MVC; MVC pre-ET test, 30-s post-ET test and >30-s post-ET test ET >50% MVC ↑ (2.70)
MVC ↓ (ES unknown)
Greiwe et al. (1998) [52] 7 M, unacclimated HT 120 3.8 Water 306 1.00 Knee extension and elbow flexion Peak torque; ET 100% MVC No effect
Bigard et al. (2001) [53] 11 M, unacclimated, physically active HT 180 3.0 NaCl + water 120 1.00 Knee extension MVC, ET 25% MVC; ET 75% MVC ET 25% MVC ↑ (0.22)
Schoffstall et al. (2001) [54] 10 M, competitive power lifters HT 120 1.7 Water 120 1.10 Bench Press 1 RM ↑ (0.24)
Del Coso et al. (2008) [46] 7 (NS), acclimated, endurance cyclists EX (V); 36 °C; 2 h 0 3.7 Mineral water 120 0.90 Knee extension MVC No effect
Kraft et al. (2010) [74] 10 M, recreationally strength trained WI ≥45 3.1 Water 165 1.00 gFull body resistance exercise protocol Repetitions completed at 12 RM ↑ (0.87)
Ali et al. (2013) [57] 10 M, university-level soccer players EX (V); 22 °C; 90 min 0 2.9 Water 90 0.50 MVC (3.14 and 1.05 rad/s) knee flexion and extension Peak torque; TW; Abs. mean PO No effect
         Knee extension and elbow flexion Peak torque; mean torque No effect
Wilson et al. (2014) [60] 8 M, licenced jockeys EX; 20 °C; 45 min 0 1.8 Water ~35 1.00 Chest-press and knee flexion Max. strength ↑ Chest (5.57) and leg (1.05) max. strength
Rodrigues et al. (2014) [49] 10 M, unacclimated, physically active EX (V); 37 °C; 91 min 30 2.0 Water 121 NS Knee extension and elbow flexion Peak torque Knee extensor peak torque ↑ (0.85)
  1. Exercise intensity is described as high (H), vigorous (V) or moderate (M), in accordance with classifications outlined by Norton et al. [86]. Values are Hedges’ g effect sizes
  2. Abs. absolute, Dh dehydration, ES effect size, ET endurance time, EX exercise, HT heat, MVC maximal voluntary contraction, NS not specified, PO power output, RH relative humidity, RM repetition maximum, Total REC time from completing the dehydration protocol to commencing the subsequent task, TW total work, WI warm water immersion
  3. gThe full body resistance exercise protocol measured total repetitions in three sets of bench press, lat pull down, overhead press, barbell curl, triceps and leg press exercise at 12 RM