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Table 4 Mean male physical performance results (sd) stratified by anemia status

From: Prevalence and Impact of Anemia on Basic Trainees in the US Air Force

Males (N = 13,866)
  No anemia Anemia p value^
Borderline Moderate Severe
1.5 mile run No. 12,698 642 496 30
Initial 12.30 (1.69) 12.79 (1.71) 12.91 (1.78) 13.33 (1.85) <0.001
Final 10.46 (0.97) 11.10 (1.11) 11.16 (1.21) 11.23 (1.15) <0.001
Improvement 14.9 % 13.2 %* 13.5 %* 15.7 %
Push-ups No. 12,694 642 496 30
Initial 37.20 (12.59) 35.56 (12.02) 35.25 (12.25) 34.17 (10.24) <0.001
Final 54.75 (12.69) 52.78 (12.41) 53.05 (12.55) 53.37 (10.84) <0.001
Improvement 47.2 % 48.4 % 50.5 % 56.2 %
Sit-ups No. 12,696 642 496 30
Initial 38.61 (10.67) 37.18 (10.46) 37.44 (9.72) 39.93 (10.79) <0.001
Final 54.98 (8.69) 54.31 (8.49) 54.54 (8.19) 57.17 (9.65) 0.082
Improvement 42.4 % 46.1 %* 45.7 % 43.2 %
  1. Mean (standard deviation) in minutes
  2. Mean (standard deviation) in repetitions
  3. ^Comparison of four categories based on one-way ANOVA
  4. *Statistically significant difference compared to non-anemic based on paired two-sample t test with Welch modification and post-hoc Bonferroni correction