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  1. Original Research Article

    Salivary alpha amylase not chromogranin A reflects sympathetic activity: exercise responses in elite male wheelchair athletes with or without cervical spinal cord injury

    Salivary alpha amylase (sAA) and chromogranin A (sCgA) have both been suggested as non-invasive markers for sympathetic nervous system (SNS) activity. A complete cervical spinal cord injury leading to tetraple...

    Christof A. Leicht, Thomas A. W. Paulson, Victoria L. Goosey-Tolfrey and Nicolette C. Bishop

    Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:1

    Published on: 4 January 2017

  2. Original Research Article

    Effect of Repeated Whole Blood Donations on Aerobic Capacity and Hemoglobin Mass in Moderately Trained Male Subjects: A Randomized Controlled Trial

    The aims of the present study were to investigate the impact of three whole blood donations on endurance capacity and hematological parameters and to determine the duration to fully recover initial endurance c...

    Julie Meurrens, Thomas Steiner, Jonathan Ponette, Hans Antonius Janssen, Monique Ramaekers, Jon Peter Wehrlin, Philippe Vandekerckhove and Louise Deldicque

    Sports Medicine - Open 2016 2:43

    Published on: 22 November 2016

  3. Original Research Article

    Long-Term, Competitive Swimming and the Association with Atrial Fibrillation

    Endurance exercise plays a role in cardiovascular risk reduction, but may also be a risk factor for atrial fibrillation. This study was performed to assess the prevalence of atrial fibrillation in a population...

    Andrew D. Schreiner, Brad A. Keith, Karen E. Abernathy, Jingwen Zhang and Walter A. Brzezinski

    Sports Medicine - Open 2016 2:42

    Published on: 17 October 2016

  4. Original Research Article

    Oxidative Stress in Female Athletes Using Combined Oral Contraceptives

    Oxidative stress in female athletes is understudied. We investigated oxidative stress in sportswomen of different disciplines according to combined oral contraceptive (OC) use and lifestyle/alimentary habits.

    Sabina Cauci, Cinzia Buligan, Micaela Marangone and Maria Pia Francescato

    Sports Medicine - Open 2016 2:40

    Published on: 21 September 2016

  5. Original Research Article

    A Preliminary Study of the Effectiveness of an Allostatic, Closed-Loop, Acoustic Stimulation Neurotechnology in the Treatment of Athletes with Persisting Post-concussion Symptoms

    Effective interventions are needed for individuals with persisting post-concussion symptoms. High-resolution, relational, resonance-based, electroencephalic mirroring (HIRREM®) is an allostatic, closed-loop, a...

    Charles H. Tegeler, Catherine L. Tegeler, Jared F. Cook, Sung W. Lee, Lee Gerdes, Hossam A. Shaltout, Christopher M. Miles and Sean L. Simpson

    Sports Medicine - Open 2016 2:39

    Published on: 14 September 2016

  6. Original Research Article

    Implication of Socio-Demographics on Cognitive-Related Symptoms in Sports Concussion Among Children

    Sports-related concussion remains a public health challenge due to its morbidity and mortality. One of the consequences of concussion is cognitive impairment (CI) and cognitive-related symptoms (CRS) which det...

    Laurens Holmes Jr, Joshua Tworig, Joseph Casini, Isabel Morgan, Kathleen O’Brien, Patricia Oceanic and Kirk Dabney

    Sports Medicine - Open 2016 2:38

    Published on: 14 September 2016

  7. Original Research Article

    Fat Utilization During High-Intensity Exercise: When Does It End?

    This study examined substrate oxidation at high-intensity exercise and aimed to determine when fat oxidation ends (FATmin). We hypothesized the existence of a connection between the anaerobic threshold (AnT) and ...

    Ratko Peric, Marco Meucci and Zoran Nikolovski

    Sports Medicine - Open 2016 2:35

    Published on: 31 August 2016

  8. Original Research Article

    Hyperoxia Extends Time to Exhaustion During High-Intensity Intermittent Exercise: a Randomized, Crossover Study in Male Cyclists

    Some endurance athletes exhibit exercise-induced arterial hypoxemia during high-intensity exercise. Inhalation of hyperoxic gas during exercise has been shown to counteract this exercise-associated reduction i...

    Toshiyuki Ohya, Ryo Yamanaka, Hayato Ohnuma, Masahiro Hagiwara and Yasuhiro Suzuki

    Sports Medicine - Open 2016 2:34

    Published on: 24 August 2016

  9. Original Research Article

    Aerobic Fitness Level Affects Cardiovascular and Salivary Alpha Amylase Responses to Acute Psychosocial Stress

    Good physical fitness seems to help the individual to buffer the potential harmful impact of psychosocial stress on somatic and mental health. The aim of the present study is to investigate the role of physica...

    Thomas Wyss, Maria Boesch, Lilian Roos, Céline Tschopp, Klaus M. Frei, Hubert Annen and Roberto La Marca

    Sports Medicine - Open 2016 2:33

    Published on: 23 August 2016

  10. Original Research Article

    Effect of Forefoot Strike on Lower Extremity Muscle Activity and Knee Joint Angle During Cutting in Female Team Handball Players

    The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of different strike forms, during cutting, on knee joint angle and lower limb muscle activity.

    Naruto Yoshida, Shun Kunugi, Sonoko Mashimo, Yoshihiro Okuma, Akihiko Masunari, Shogo Miyazaki, Tatsuya Hisajima and Shumpei Miyakawa

    Sports Medicine - Open 2016 2:32

    Published on: 15 August 2016

  11. Original Research Article

    Potential Effects on Cardiorespiratory and Metabolic Status After a Concurrent Strength and Endurance Training Program in Diabetes Patients — a Randomized Controlled Trial

    Concurrent aerobic and resistance training (CART) programs have been widely recommended as an important strategy to improve physiologic and functional performance in patients with chronic diseases. However, th...

    Daniela Bassi, Renata Gonçalves Mendes, Vivian Maria Arakelian, Flávia Cristina Rossi Caruso, Ramona Cabiddu, José Carlos Bonjorno Júnior, Ross Arena and Audrey Borghi-Silva

    Sports Medicine - Open 2016 2:31

    Published on: 11 August 2016

  12. Original Research Article

    Genomic Integrity Is Favourably Affected by High-Intensity Interval Training in an Animal Model of Early-Stage Chronic Kidney Disease

    Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an irreversible disease that diminishes length and quality of life. Emerging evidence suggests CKD progression and genomic integrity are inversely and causally related. To reduc...

    Patrick S. Tucker, Aaron T. Scanlan, Rebecca K. Vella and Vincent J. Dalbo

    Sports Medicine - Open 2016 2:28

    Published on: 9 August 2016

  13. Original Research Article

    Cardiovascular Risk and Disease Among Masters Endurance Athletes: Insights from the Boston MASTER (Masters Athletes Survey To Evaluate Risk) Initiative

    Masters athletes (MAs), people over the age of 35 that participate in competitive sports, are a rapidly growing population that may be uniquely at risk for cardiovascular (CV) disease. The objective of this st...

    Kayle Shapero, James Deluca, Miranda Contursi, Meagan Wasfy, Rory B. Weiner, Gregory D. Lewis, Adolph Hutter and Aaron L. Baggish

    Sports Medicine - Open 2016 2:29

    Published on: 9 August 2016

  14. Review Article

    Medical Care for Swimmers

    Swimming is one of the most popular sports worldwide. Competitive swimming is one of the most watched sports during the Olympic Games. Swimming has unique medical challenges as a result of a variety of environ...

    Morteza Khodaee, George T. Edelman, Jack Spittler, Randall Wilber, Brian J. Krabak, Daniel Solomon, Scott Riewald, Alicia Kendig, Laura M. Borgelt, Mark Riederer, Vladimir Puzovic and Scott Rodeo

    Sports Medicine - Open 2016 2:27

    Published on: 25 July 2016

  15. Original Research Article

    Body Mass Changes Across a Variety of Running Race Distances in the Tropics

    Current literature evaluating body mass (BM) changes across a variety of running race distances is limited. The primary objective of this study was to profile the range of BM changes across race distances. The...

    Desmond Wei Tan, Si Hui Yap, Mingchang Wang, Priscilla Weiping Fan, Ya Shi Teo, Priathashini Krishnasamy, Lingaraj Krishna, Tamara Hew-Butler and Jason Kai Wei Lee

    Sports Medicine - Open 2016 2:26

    Published on: 19 July 2016

  16. Current Opinion

    Athletes: Fit but Unhealthy?

    While the words “fit” and “healthy” are often used synonymously in everyday language, the terms have entirely separate meanings. Fitness describes the ability to perform a given exercise task, and health expla...

    Philip B. Maffetone and Paul B. Laursen

    Sports Medicine - Open 2016 2:24

    Published on: 26 May 2016

  17. Original Research Article

    Prevalence and Impact of Anemia on Basic Trainees in the US Air Force

    Anemia has been implicated in adverse health outcomes of athletes and military trainees, ranging from overuse injuries to degraded physical and cognitive performance. The purpose of this study was to investiga...

    Kathryn E. Myhre, Bryant J. Webber, Thomas L. Cropper, Juste N. Tchandja, Dale M. Ahrendt, Christopher A. Dillon, Roy W. Haas, Samantha L. Guy, Mary T. Pawlak and Susan P. Federinko

    Sports Medicine - Open 2016 2:23

    Published on: 11 May 2016

  18. Review Article

    Musculoskeletal Lower Limb Injury Risk in Army Populations

    Injuries are common within military populations, with high incidence rates well established in the literature. Injuries cause a substantial number of working days lost, a significant cost through compensation ...

    Kimberley A. Andersen, Paul N. Grimshaw, Richard M. Kelso and David J. Bentley

    Sports Medicine - Open 2016 2:22

    Published on: 29 April 2016

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