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  1. Original Research Article

    A Placebo-Controlled Trial of Riboflavin for Enhancement of Ultramarathon Recovery

    Riboflavin is known to protect tissue from oxidative damage but, to our knowledge, has not been explored as a means to control exercise-related muscle soreness. This study investigated whether acute ingestion ...

    Martin D. Hoffman, Taylor R. Valentino, Kristin J. Stuempfle and Brandon V. Hassid

    Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:14

    Published on: 28 March 2017

  2. Systematic Review

    The Effect of Fluid Intake Following Dehydration on Subsequent Athletic and Cognitive Performance: a Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

    The deleterious effects of dehydration on athletic and cognitive performance have been well documented. As such, dehydrated individuals are advised to consume fluid in volumes equivalent to 1.25 to 1.5 L kg−1 bod...

    Danielle McCartney, Ben Desbrow and Christopher Irwin

    Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:13

    Published on: 18 March 2017

  3. Systematic Review

    Physical and Physiological Profiles of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu Athletes: a Systematic Review

    Brazilian jiu-jitsu is a grappling combat sport that has intermittency as its core element; in other words, actions of high, moderate and low intensity are interspersed during matches, requiring a high level o...

    Leonardo Vidal Andreato, Francisco Javier Díaz Lara, Alexandro Andrade and Braulio Henrique Magnani Branco

    Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:9

    Published on: 13 February 2017

  4. Systematic Review

    Total Energy Expenditure, Energy Intake, and Body Composition in Endurance Athletes Across the Training Season: A Systematic Review

    Endurance athletes perform periodized training in order to prepare for main competitions and maximize performance. However, the coupling between alterations of total energy expenditure (TEE), energy intake, an...

    Juliane Heydenreich, Bengt Kayser, Yves Schutz and Katarina Melzer

    Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:8

    Published on: 4 February 2017

  5. Original Research Article

    The Effect of Concurrent Plyometric Training Versus Submaximal Aerobic Cycling on Rowing Economy, Peak Power, and Performance in Male High School Rowers

    Plyometric training has been shown to increase muscle power, running economy, and performance in athletes. Despite its use by rowing coaches, it is unknown whether plyometrics might improve rowing economy or p...

    Julian D. Egan-Shuttler, Rohan Edmonds, Cassandra Eddy, Veronica O’Neill and Stephen J. Ives

    Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:7

    Published on: 1 February 2017

  6. Original Research Article

    The analysis of knee joint loading during drop landing from different heights and under different instruction sets in healthy males

    Mechanical loading during exercise has been shown to promote tissue remodeling. Safe and accessible exercise may be beneficial to populations at risk of diminished bone and joint health. We examined the effect...

    Dmitry Verniba, Jason D. Vescovi, David A. Hood and William H. Gage

    Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:6

    Published on: 18 January 2017

  7. Original Research Article

    A Randomised, Placebo-Controlled, Crossover Study Investigating the Effects of Nicotine Gum on Strength, Power and Anaerobic Performance in Nicotine-Naïve, Active Males

    Nicotine use amongst athletes is high and increasing, especially team sports, yet the limited previous studies investigating the performance consequences of this behaviour have not examined the effects of the ...

    Toby Mündel, Marine Machal, Darryl J. Cochrane and Matthew J. Barnes

    Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:5

    Published on: 13 January 2017

  8. Systematic Review

    The Beneficial Effects of Physical Activity: Is It Down to Your Genes? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Twin and Family Studies

    There is evidence for considerable heterogeneity in the responsiveness to regular physical activity (PA) which might reflect the influence of genetic factors. The aim of this systematic review was to assess wh...

    J. R. Zadro, D. Shirley, T. B. Andrade, K. J Scurrah, A. Bauman and P. H. Ferreira

    Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:4

    Published on: 10 January 2017

  9. Original Research Article

    Consensus on measurement properties and feasibility of performance tests for the exercise and sport sciences: a Delphi study

    Performance tests are used for multiple purposes in exercise and sport science. Ensuring that a test displays an appropriate level of measurement properties for use within a population is important to ensure c...

    Sam Robertson, Peter Kremer, Brad Aisbett, Jacqueline Tran and Ester Cerin

    Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:2

    Published on: 5 January 2017

  10. Original Research Article

    Salivary alpha amylase not chromogranin A reflects sympathetic activity: exercise responses in elite male wheelchair athletes with or without cervical spinal cord injury

    Salivary alpha amylase (sAA) and chromogranin A (sCgA) have both been suggested as non-invasive markers for sympathetic nervous system (SNS) activity. A complete cervical spinal cord injury leading to tetraple...

    Christof A. Leicht, Thomas A. W. Paulson, Victoria L. Goosey-Tolfrey and Nicolette C. Bishop

    Sports Medicine - Open 2017 3:1

    Published on: 4 January 2017

  11. Original Research Article

    Effect of Repeated Whole Blood Donations on Aerobic Capacity and Hemoglobin Mass in Moderately Trained Male Subjects: A Randomized Controlled Trial

    The aims of the present study were to investigate the impact of three whole blood donations on endurance capacity and hematological parameters and to determine the duration to fully recover initial endurance c...

    Julie Meurrens, Thomas Steiner, Jonathan Ponette, Hans Antonius Janssen, Monique Ramaekers, Jon Peter Wehrlin, Philippe Vandekerckhove and Louise Deldicque

    Sports Medicine - Open 2016 2:43

    Published on: 22 November 2016

  12. Original Research Article

    Long-Term, Competitive Swimming and the Association with Atrial Fibrillation

    Endurance exercise plays a role in cardiovascular risk reduction, but may also be a risk factor for atrial fibrillation. This study was performed to assess the prevalence of atrial fibrillation in a population...

    Andrew D. Schreiner, Brad A. Keith, Karen E. Abernathy, Jingwen Zhang and Walter A. Brzezinski

    Sports Medicine - Open 2016 2:42

    Published on: 17 October 2016

  13. Original Research Article

    Oxidative Stress in Female Athletes Using Combined Oral Contraceptives

    Oxidative stress in female athletes is understudied. We investigated oxidative stress in sportswomen of different disciplines according to combined oral contraceptive (OC) use and lifestyle/alimentary habits.

    Sabina Cauci, Cinzia Buligan, Micaela Marangone and Maria Pia Francescato

    Sports Medicine - Open 2016 2:40

    Published on: 21 September 2016

  14. Original Research Article

    A Preliminary Study of the Effectiveness of an Allostatic, Closed-Loop, Acoustic Stimulation Neurotechnology in the Treatment of Athletes with Persisting Post-concussion Symptoms

    Effective interventions are needed for individuals with persisting post-concussion symptoms. High-resolution, relational, resonance-based, electroencephalic mirroring (HIRREM®) is an allostatic, closed-loop, a...

    Charles H. Tegeler, Catherine L. Tegeler, Jared F. Cook, Sung W. Lee, Lee Gerdes, Hossam A. Shaltout, Christopher M. Miles and Sean L. Simpson

    Sports Medicine - Open 2016 2:39

    Published on: 14 September 2016

  15. Original Research Article

    Implication of Socio-Demographics on Cognitive-Related Symptoms in Sports Concussion Among Children

    Sports-related concussion remains a public health challenge due to its morbidity and mortality. One of the consequences of concussion is cognitive impairment (CI) and cognitive-related symptoms (CRS) which det...

    Laurens Holmes, Joshua Tworig, Joseph Casini, Isabel Morgan, Kathleen O’Brien, Patricia Oceanic and Kirk Dabney

    Sports Medicine - Open 2016 2:38

    Published on: 14 September 2016

  16. Original Research Article

    Fat Utilization During High-Intensity Exercise: When Does It End?

    This study examined substrate oxidation at high-intensity exercise and aimed to determine when fat oxidation ends (FATmin). We hypothesized the existence of a connection between the anaerobic threshold (AnT) and ...

    Ratko Peric, Marco Meucci and Zoran Nikolovski

    Sports Medicine - Open 2016 2:35

    Published on: 31 August 2016

  17. Original Research Article

    Hyperoxia Extends Time to Exhaustion During High-Intensity Intermittent Exercise: a Randomized, Crossover Study in Male Cyclists

    Some endurance athletes exhibit exercise-induced arterial hypoxemia during high-intensity exercise. Inhalation of hyperoxic gas during exercise has been shown to counteract this exercise-associated reduction i...

    Toshiyuki Ohya, Ryo Yamanaka, Hayato Ohnuma, Masahiro Hagiwara and Yasuhiro Suzuki

    Sports Medicine - Open 2016 2:34

    Published on: 24 August 2016

  18. Original Research Article

    Aerobic Fitness Level Affects Cardiovascular and Salivary Alpha Amylase Responses to Acute Psychosocial Stress

    Good physical fitness seems to help the individual to buffer the potential harmful impact of psychosocial stress on somatic and mental health. The aim of the present study is to investigate the role of physica...

    Thomas Wyss, Maria Boesch, Lilian Roos, Céline Tschopp, Klaus M. Frei, Hubert Annen and Roberto La Marca

    Sports Medicine - Open 2016 2:33

    Published on: 23 August 2016

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