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  1. The reliable diagnosis of a mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) is a pervasive problem in sports and in the military. The frequency and severity of each occurrence, while difficult to quantify, may impact long ...

    Authors: M. Windy McNerney, Thomas Hobday, Betsy Cole, Rick Ganong, Nina Winans, Dennis Matthews, Jim Hood and Stephen Lane
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2019 5:14
  2. While arthroscopic complete repair of massive rotator cuff tears (MRCT) back to their anatomic footprint is preferential, there are cases where this type of repair is not applicable due to the contraction of t...

    Authors: Michael-Alexander Malahias, Lazaros Kostretzis, Efstathios Chronopoulos, Emmanouil Brilakis, Grigorios Avramidis and Emmanouil Antonogiannakis
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2019 5:13
  3. The hamstrings-to-quadriceps muscle strength ratio calculated by peak torque has been used as an important tool to detect muscle imbalance, monitor knee joint stability, describe muscle strength properties and...

    Authors: Cassio V. Ruas, Ronei S. Pinto, G. Gregory Haff, Camila D. Lima, Matheus D. Pinto and Lee E. Brown
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2019 5:11
  4. Lateral elbow tendinopathy (LET) is a common condition affecting adults. Although a lack of treatment consensus continues to prompt numerous effectiveness studies, there is a paucity of clear guidance on the c...

    Authors: Jonathan Peter Evans, Ian Porter, Jaheeda B. Gangannagaripalli, Charlotte Bramwell, Antoinette Davey, Chris D. Smith, Nicola Fine, Victoria A Goodwin and Jose M Valderas
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2019 5:10
  5. Rugby league is a full-contact collision sport with an inherent risk of concussion. Wearable instrumented technology was used to observe and characterize the level of exposure to head impacts during game play.

    Authors: Lauchlan Carey, Peter Stanwell, Douglas P. Terry, Andrew S. McIntosh, Shane V. Caswell, Grant L. Iverson and Andrew J. Gardner
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2019 5:9
  6. Within the last two decades, attitudes have shifted from considering sports-related concussion as an insignificant minor injury with no long-term repercussions to a potentially serious brain injury garnering a...

    Authors: Joshua P. McGeown, Patria A. Hume, Stephen Kara, J. Patrick Neary and Will Gardner
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2019 5:8
  7. High-intensity interval training (HIIT) is frequently employed to improve the endurance of various types of athletes. To determine whether youth soccer players may benefit from the intermittent load and time e...

    Authors: Philipp Kunz, Florian Azad Engel, Hans-Christer Holmberg and Billy Sperlich
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2019 5:7
  8. The purpose of this opinion paper is providing a platform for explaining and discussing the relatedness and nestedness of constraints on the basis of four claims: (a) task constraints are distributed between t...

    Authors: Natàlia Balagué, Rafel Pol, Carlota Torrents, Angel Ric and Robert Hristovski
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2019 5:6
  9. The original article [1] contains an error in the presentation of Table 4.

    Authors: Simon Nichols, Claire Taylor, Richard Page, Anna Kallvikbacka-Bennett, Fiona Nation, Toni Goodman, Andrew L. Clark, Sean Carroll and Lee Ingle
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2019 5:5

    The original article was published in Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:22

  10. Sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) is a well-established nutritional ergogenic aid, though gastrointestinal (GI) distress is a common side-effect. Delayed-release NaHCO3 may alleviate GI symptoms and enhance bicarbonate...

    Authors: Nathan Philip Hilton, Nicholas Keith Leach, S. Andy Sparks, Lewis Anthony Gough, Melissa May Craig, Sanjoy Kumar Deb and Lars Robert McNaughton
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2019 5:4
  11. This retrospective case series examined 324 athletes who received elbow ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) reconstruction by a single surgeon in a private practice over a 9-year period. The novel Docking Plus techni...

    Authors: Benjamin F. Donohue, Marc G. Lubitz and Timothy E. Kremchek
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2019 5:3
  12. Despite the large number of studies and reviews available, the evidence regarding the biological determinants of physical activity (PA) is inconclusive. In this umbrella review, we summarized the current evide...

    Authors: Katina Aleksovska, Anna Puggina, Luca Giraldi, Christoph Buck, Con Burns, Greet Cardon, Angela Carlin, Simon Chantal, Donatella Ciarapica, Marco Colotto, Giancarlo Condello, Tara Coppinger, Cristina Cortis, Sara D’Haese, Marieke De Craemer, Andrea Di Blasio…
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2019 5:2

    The Correction to this article has been published in Sports Medicine - Open 2020 6:60

  13. Exercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD) is typically caused by unaccustomed exercise and results in pain, soreness, inflammation, and reduced muscle function. These negative outcomes may cause discomfort and imp...

    Authors: Patrick S. Harty, Megan L. Cottet, James K. Malloy and Chad M. Kerksick
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2019 5:1
  14. This commentary delivers a practical perspective on the current state of subjective training load (TL) monitoring, and in particular sessional ratings of perceived exertion, for performance enhancement and inj...

    Authors: Joseph O. C. Coyne, G. Gregory Haff, Aaron J. Coutts, Robert U. Newton and Sophia Nimphius
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:58
  15. Mental health in elite sport is receiving more publicity due to an increase in male athletes sharing their personal experiences. Sports injury is recognised as the major risk factor for psychological distress ...

    Authors: Gary Souter, Robin Lewis and Laura Serrant
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:57
  16. The risk of falling and associated injuries increases with age. Therefore, the prevention of falls is a key priority in geriatrics and is particularly based on physical exercising, aiming to improve the age-re...

    Authors: Azza Hamed, Sebastian Bohm, Falk Mersmann and Adamantios Arampatzis
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:56
  17. In the original article [1] reference was made to the Hawk-Eye system having been used as the sideline operating system during the 2015 season.

    Authors: Andrew J. Gardner, Ryan Kohler, Warren McDonald, Gordon W. Fuller, Ross Tucker and Michael Makdissi
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:54

    The original article was published in Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:20

  18. The mechanisms underlying the relative age effect (RAE), a biased distribution of birth dates, in sport events have been investigated for more than two decades. The present study investigated the characteristi...

    Authors: Yoichi Katsumata, Kohei Omuro, Naotoshi Mitsukawa and Hiroki Nakata
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:52
  19. Wearable sensors are portable measurement tools that are becoming increasingly popular for the measurement of joint angle in the upper limb. With many brands emerging on the market, each with variations in har...

    Authors: Corrin P. Walmsley, Sîan A. Williams, Tiffany Grisbrook, Catherine Elliott, Christine Imms and Amity Campbell
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:53
  20. Swimming-induced pulmonary edema is an infrequently encountered cause of acute respiratory distress in open-water swimmers. The condition can be challenging, with athletes often wanting answers to three main q...

    Authors: James H. Hull and Mathew G. Wilson
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:51

    The original article was published in Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:43

  21. Participation rates in fastpitch softball are continually on the rise, especially in youth. With the increased participation also comes the increased injury susceptibility. Unfortunately, the common misconcept...

    Authors: Jeff Barfield and Gretchen Oliver
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:50
  22. Previous injury in the last 12 months is the main risk factor for future running-related injuries (RRI) during training and competition environments. However, the relationship between a recent versus old previ...

    Authors: Jaime Leppe and Manuela Besomi
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:49
  23. In comparison to their heterosexual peers, lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) student-athletes encounter substantial challenges during their intercollegiate and professional athletic careers including detrimenta...

    Authors: Mikalyn T. DeFoor, Lara M. Stepleman and Paul C. Mann
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:48
  24. Whether you are a morning lark or a night owl has proven to be a key contributor in the timing of peak athletic performance. Recent evidence suggests that accounting for these differences, known as one’s chron...

    Authors: Elise R. Facer-Childs, Sophie Boiling and George M. Balanos
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:47
  25. Tendons and ligaments are common sites of musculoskeletal injuries especially during physical activity. The multifactorial etiology of tendon-ligament injury (TLI) includes both genetic and environmental facto...

    Authors: Noel Pabalan, Phuntila Tharabenjasin, Suphawadee Phababpha and Hamdi Jarjanazi
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:46
  26. Exercise-induced disturbance of acid-base balance and accumulation of extracellular potassium (K+) are suggested to elicit fatigue. Exercise under hypoxic conditions may augment exercise-induced alterations of th...

    Authors: Daichi Sumi, Chihiro Kojima, Nobukazu Kasai and Kazushige Goto
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:45
  27. Pseudoephedrine (PSE), a sympathomimetic drug, commonly used in nasal decongestants, is currently banned in sports by the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA), as its stimulant activity is claimed to enhance perfor...

    Authors: Maria D Gheorghiev, Farzad Hosseini, Jason Moran and Chris E Cooper
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:44
  28. Swimming-induced pulmonary oedema (SIPE) can affect people with no underlying health problems, but may be life threatening and is poorly understood. The aim of this systematic review was to synthesise the evid...

    Authors: Sarah Spencer, John Dickinson and Lindsay Forbes
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:43

    The Correction to this article has been published in Sports Medicine - Open 2019 5:12

    The Commentary to this article has been published in Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:51

  29. Worldwide physical activity levels of adults are declining, which is associated with increased chronic disease risk. Wearables and smartphone applications offer new opportunities to change physical activity be...

    Authors: Roxanne Gal, Anne M. May, Elon J. van Overmeeren, Monique Simons and Evelyn M. Monninkhof
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:42
  30. There has been a rise in research into obesity prevention and treatment programmes in youth, including the effectiveness of resistance-based exercise. The purpose of this meta-analysis was to examine the effec...

    Authors: Helen Collins, Samantha Fawkner, Josephine N. Booth and Audrey Duncan
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:41
  31. Injuries in association football (soccer) are debilitating for players and can also be detrimental to the success of a team or club. The type or condition of a playing surface has been empirically linked to in...

    Authors: Aimée C. Mears, Paul Osei-Owusu, Andy R. Harland, Alun Owen and Jonathan R. Roberts
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:40
  32. Little evidence is available about how sports participation influences psychosocial health and quality of life in children and adolescents with a disability or chronic disease. Therefore, the aim of the curren...

    Authors: Saskia J. te Velde, Kristel Lankhorst, Maremka Zwinkels, Olaf Verschuren, Tim Takken and Janke de Groot
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:38
  33. Recently, four different operative techniques, referring to the primary anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) repair, were described. These are the dynamic intraligamentary stabilization (DIS) with Ligamys™, the Br...

    Authors: Michael-Alexander Malahias, Dimitrios Chytas, Kaori Nakamura, Vasileios Raoulis, Masashi Yokota and Vasileios S. Nikolaou
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:37
  34. The current recommendations for resistance training (RT) frequency range from 2 to 5 days per week (days week− 1) depending on the subjects’ training status. However, the relationship between RT frequency and mus...

    Authors: Grant W. Ralston, Lon Kilgore, Frank B. Wyatt, Duncan Buchan and Julien S. Baker
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:36
  35. Maternal metabolic health during the prenatal period is an established determinant of cardiometabolic disease risk. Many studies have focused on poor offspring outcomes after exposure to poor maternal health, ...

    Authors: Laetitia Guillemette, Jacqueline L. Hay, D. Scott Kehler, Naomi C. Hamm, Christopher Oldfield, Jonathan M. McGavock and Todd A. Duhamel
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:35
  36. Practicing sport at the highest level is typically accompanied by several stressors and restrictions on personal life. Elite athletes’ lifestyle delivers a significant challenge to sleep, due to both the physi...

    Authors: Mathieu Nedelec, Anis Aloulou, François Duforez, Tim Meyer and Gregory Dupont
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:34
  37. Core stability training has grown in popularity over 25 years, initially for back pain prevention or therapy. Subsequently, it developed as a mode of exercise training for health, fitness and sport. The scient...

    Authors: David R. Clark, Michael I. Lambert and Angus M. Hunter
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:32
  38. While clinical trials have demonstrated the benefits of structured exercise for prostate cancer survivors, few attempts have been made to investigate and implement sustainable community-based exercise programs...

    Authors: Eik Dybboe Bjerre, Mette Leth, Nanna Maria Hammer and Julie Midtgaard
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:31
  39. “Hitting the wall” (HTW) can be understood as a psychophysiological stress process characterised by (A) discrete and poignant onset, (B) dynamic interplay between physiological, affective, motivational, cognit...

    Authors: Andreas Venhorst, Dominic P. Micklewright and Timothy D. Noakes
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:30
  40. Locomotor muscle fatigue (LMMF) and exercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD) are common conditions experienced during long-distance running due to the pooled effect of mechanical and metabolic strain on the locom...

    Authors: Andreas Venhorst, Dominic P. Micklewright and Timothy D. Noakes
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:29
  41. It is important that players and coaches have access to objective information on soccer player’s physical status for team selection and training purposes. Physiological tests can provide this information. Phys...

    Authors: Monèm Jemni, Mohammad Shoaib Prince and Julien S. Baker
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:28

    The Retraction Note to this article has been published in Sports Medicine - Open 2019 5:42

  42. Foam rolling (FR) has been shown to alleviate some symptoms of exercise-induced muscle damage and has been suggested to increase range of motion (ROM) without negatively impacting strength. However, it is uncl...

    Authors: Lewis J. Macgregor, Malcolm M. Fairweather, Ryan M. Bennett and Angus M. Hunter
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:26
  43. This review aims to (1) consolidate evidence regarding the association between socioeconomic status (SES) and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), (2) conduct a meta-analysis of the association between SES and CRF...

    Authors: Katherine J. Ombrellaro, Nita Perumal, Johannes Zeiher, Jens Hoebel, Till Ittermann, Ralf Ewert, Marcus Dörr, Thomas Keil, Gert B. M. Mensink and Jonas D. Finger
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:25
  44. The study of human movement within sports biomechanics and rehabilitation settings has made considerable progress over recent decades. However, developing a motion analysis system that collects accurate kinema...

    Authors: Steffi L. Colyer, Murray Evans, Darren P. Cosker and Aki I. T. Salo
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:24
  45. Previous research has established that general sleep screening questionnaires are not valid and reliable in an athlete population. The Athlete Sleep Screening Questionnaire (ASSQ) was developed to address this...

    Authors: Amy M. Bender, Doug Lawson, Penny Werthner and Charles H. Samuels
    Citation: Sports Medicine - Open 2018 4:23

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