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Table 2 Characteristics of the participants tested in each of the 17 articles included in the systematic review

From: Are Leg Muscle, Tendon and Functional Characteristics Associated with Medial Tibial Stress Syndrome? A Systematic Review

Article Sample size injured v control (n) Sex (n) Population Age (years) BMI (kg/m2)
Akiyama et al. [13] Inj (24), Con (20) Male (44) Various sports Inj (21.9 ± 6.4), Con (19.4 ± 2.9) Inj (23.9), Con (23.1) a
Burne et al. [10] Inj (23), Con (135) Male (122), Female (36) Military Inj (18.4, 17.1 – 20.8), Con (18.4, 17.1 – 21.8) Inj (22.4, 19.4 – 26.3), Con (21.3, 17.8 – 27.8)
Clement et al. [14] Inj (20) Male (12), Female (8) Various sports Inj (17.5, 13 – 24) NR
Ercan et al. [23] Inj (21), Con (12) Male (24), Female (9) Track and field and football Inj (17.0 ± 0.3), Con (15.0 ± 0.3) Inj (19.8 ± 2.3), Con (18.7 ± 1.6)
Franettovich et al. [15] Inj (14), Con (14) Female (28) NR Inj (25.9 ± 5.5), Con (25.5 ± 6.2) Inj (22.6), Con (23.0) a
Garth et al. [16] Inj (17), Con (17) Male (24), Female (10) Various sports Cohort (15.0 – 35.0) NR
Hubbard et al. [17] Inj (29), Con (117) Male (65), Female (81) Various sports Inj (19.0 ± 0.98), Con (19.9 ± 1.8) Inj (21.5), Con (21.4) a
Madeley et al. [12] Inj (30), Con (30) Male (32), Female (28) Various sports Inj (24.0 ± 5.7), Con (22.8 ± 5.2) Inj (23.5 ± 2.7), Con (22.8 ± 2.3)
Moen et al. [18] Inj (15), Con (20) Male (35) Military Inj (19.0 ± 1.5), Con (19 ± 1.5) Inj (23.8 ± 2.0), Con (22.5 ± 1.6)
Naderi et al. [37] Inj (23), Con (112) Male (51), Female (61) Various sports Inj (23.1 ± 2.2), Con (22.9 ± 2.1) Inj (21.5 ± 2.3), Con (24.0 ± 3.0)
Rathleff et al. [19] Inj (14), Con (11) NR NR Inj (27.8 ± 8.8), Con (27.3 ± 6.2) Inj (25.8 ± 5.1), Con (24.9 ± 3.1)
Sabeti et al. [24] Inj (17), Con (18) NR NR Inj (21.1 ± 2.3), Con (20.7 ± 2.5) Inj (21.7 ± 2.7), Con (20.7 ± 2.2)
Saeki et al. [22] Inj (14), Con (10) Male (24) NR Cohort (20.0 ± 1.7) Cohort (19.4) a
Saeki et al. [21] Inj (15), Con (12) Male (27) Collegiate runners Cohort (20.0 ± 1.6) Cohort (19.4) a
Sobhani et al. [20] Inj (30), Con (151) Male (181) Military Inj (29.5 ± 3.8), Con (30.3 ± 4.8) Inj (26.8), Con (27.4) a
Winters et al. [38] Inj (15), Con (27) Male (8), Female (34) Dance athletes Inj (20.3 ± 2.4), Con (21.1 ± 3.4) Inj (22.3 ± 2.5), Con (21.1 ± 2.5)
Yüksel et al. [11] Inj (11), Con (11) Male (14), Female (8) NR Inj (21.0 ± 1.9), Con (23.2 ± 2.9) Inj (22.4 ± 2.6), Con (22.0 ± 3.1)
  1. Con, Control; Inj, Injured; NR, Not reported
  2. aAuthor calculated from available data