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Table 1 Modified Black and Downs Quality Assessment scores for 17 articles included in the systematic review

From: Are Leg Muscle, Tendon and Functional Characteristics Associated with Medial Tibial Stress Syndrome? A Systematic Review

Article Reporting External validity Bias Confounding Power Score Total Rating (%) Ranking
Akiyama et al. [13] 7 1 2 0 1 11 18 61.1 13
Burne et al. [10] 8 1 4 3 1 17 20 85 2
Clement et al. [14] 3 1 1 2 0 7 20 35 17
Ercan et al. [23] 7 1 2 2 0 12 17 70.6 9
Franettovich et al. [15] 8 1 3 0 1 13 18 72.2 8
Garth et al. [16] 4 0 2 0 1 7 17 41.2 16
Hubbard et al. [17] 8 1 3 4 0 16 19 84.2 3
Madeley et al. [12] 7 1 3 0 1 12 16 75 6
Moen et al. [18] 8 1 3 2 0 14 19 73.7 7
Naderi et al. [37] 7 0 4 4 1 16 20 80 4
Rathleff et al. [19] 5 1 3 1 1 11 18 61.1 13
Sabeti et al. [24] 5 1 2 1 0 9 17 52.9 15
Saeki et al. [22] 6 1 3 1 1 12 17 70.6 9
Saeki et al. [21] 6 1 3 1 1 12 17 70.6 9
Sobhani et al. [20] 7 1 3 3 0 14 18 77.8 5
Winters et al. [38] 8 1 4 3 1 17 17 100 1
Yüksel et al. [11] 7 1 3 0 1 12 17 70.6 9