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Table 2 Vital signs measured within the first 5 min among uninjured, injured and seriously injured riders

From: Vital and Clinical Signs Gathered Within the First Minutes After a Motorcycle Accident on a Racetrack: an Observational Study

Vital sign n Uninjured
Mean
(range, SD)
(95% CI)
Injured
Mean
(range, SD)
(95% CI)
Seriously injured
Mean
(range, SD)
(95% CI)
p-value*
Heart rate 44 109
(70–140, SD 17)
(95% CI 102–116)
107
(86–130, SD 16)
(95% CI 92–102)
102
(67–135, SD 28)
(95% CI 56–147)
0.34
Respiratory rate 40 18
(16–22, SD 2)
(95% CI 17–18)
18
(16–22, SD 2)
(95% CI 16–21)
25
(18–32, SD 6)
(95% CI 18–25)
0.02**
SpO2 46 96
(94–98, SD 1)
(95% CI 95–96)
95
(92–98, SD 2)
(95% CI 93–97)
94
(90–97, SD 3)
(95% CI 90–99)
0.82
Systolic blood pressure 43 139
(104–189, SD 20)
(95% CI 131–147)
141
(105–190, SD 32)
(95% CI 112–171)
133
(112–163, SD 23)
(95% CI 96–170
0.08
GCS 48 15
(15–15, SD 0)
(95% CI 15–15)
12
(3–15, SD 4)
(95% CI 11–15)
13
(12–15, SD 2)
(95% CI 11–16)
< 0.00**
  1. SpO2, peripheral capillary oxygen saturation; SBT, systolic blood pressure; GCS Glasgow Coma Scale
  2. *Analysed with the Kruskal-Wallis test. **For significant results, post hoc tests using Bonferroni were made to compare pairs within the groups (see text)