Skip to main content

Table 8 Frequency of self-reported types of wins and losses according to the current level of competition

From: Profiling Combat Sports Athletes: Competitive History and Outcomes According to Sports Type and Current Level of Competition

    None Few Some Most All Total
O/E O/E O/E O/E O/E
Points or judge’s decision Victories: χ2 (8, n= 282)= 30.58, p< .01, Cramer’s V = .23 (medium effect) Amateur 20/14.7 12/17.5 16/24.2 27/30.6 37a/25 112
Regional/state 11/11.7 14/13.9 27/19.3 19/24.3 18/19.9 89
Elite 6/10.6 18/12.6 18/17.5 31/22.1 8a/18.1 81
Total 37 44 61 77 63 282
Losses: χ2 (8, n= 282)= 18.33, p< .02, Cramer’s V = .18 (medium effect) Amateur 33/24.6 11/12.3 6a/14.3 23/28.2 39/32.6 112
Regional/state 13/19.6 11/9.8 18a/11.4 24/22.4 23/25.9 89
Elite 16/17.8 9/8.9 12/10.3 24/20.4 20/23.6 81
Total 62 31 36 71 82 282
Knockout    None Few Some Most or All Total
   O/E O/E O/E O/E O/E
Victories: χ2 (6, n= 201)= 17.70, p< .01, Cramer’s V = .21 (medium effect). Amateur 43/41.2 17/21.3 12/14.9 19/13.6 91
Regional/state 32/24.4 10/12.6 9/8.9 3/8.1 54
Elite 16/25.4a 20a/13.1 12/9.2 8/8.4 56
Total 91 47 33 30 201
    None Few Some Most or all Total
    O/E O/E O/E O/E O/E
Submission or pin Victories: χ2 (6, n= 183)= 15.87, p= .01, Cramer’s V = .21 (medium effect). Amateur 20a/11.5 8/7 13/18.2 8/12.3 49
Regional/state 15/18.3 8/11.1 30/29 25/19.6 78
Elite 8/13.2 10/8 25/20.8 13/14.1 56
Total 43 26 68 46 183
Losses: χ2 (6, n= 183)= 7.26, p= .30. Amateur 22/16.1 14/15.5 6/9.6 7/7.8 49
Regional/state 21/25.6 23/24.7 19/15.3 15/12.4 78
Elite 17/18.4 21/17.7 11/11.0 7/8.9 56
Total 60 58 36 29 183
Ippon, Waza-ari or technical fall    None Not none Total
   O/E O/E  
Victories: χ2 (2, n= 117)= 10.03, p= .01, Cramer’s V = .29 (medium effect). Amateur 19a/12.3 11/11.7 30
Regional/state 19/19.7 29/28.3 48
Elite 10/16.0 29/23.0 39
Total 48 69 117
Losses: χ2 (2, n= 117)= 9.1, p= .01. Amateur 23/15.9 7a/14.1 30
Regional/state 22/25.4 26/22.6 48
Elite 17/20.7 22/18.3 39
Total 62 55 117
  1. Note: O observed count, E expected count. a and bolded = standardized residual > 1.96. Points or judge’s decision applies to all sports. Knockout applies to Muay Thai/kickboxing, mixed martial arts and traditional striking sports. Submission or pin applied to Brazilian jiu-jitsu, wrestling, mixed martial arts and judo. Ippon, Waza-ari or technical fall applies to judo and wrestling