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Table 4 Competitive history: differences according to current primary sports and current level of competition

From: Profiling Combat Sports Athletes: Competitive History and Outcomes According to Sports Type and Current Level of Competition

   n Age began training (1) Age began competing (2)
M SD M SD
Current primary sport: F(6, 290)
(1)= 5.70, p< .01;
(2)= 8.44, p< .01.
MMA 30 15.73 6.74 18.43a 5.84
MT/KB 46 17.04a 6.58 19.91a 7.46
Boxing 61 16.92a 6.64 19.79a 6.55
BJJ 58 17.91a 8.13 20.47a 7.46
Wrestling 43 11.65a 8.85 12.65a 8.85
Judo 26 13.58 6.98 15.65 6.49
TSS 34 13.38 6.19 16.74a 5.49
Current level of competition: F(2, 294)
(1)= 6.25, p <.01; (2)= 5.75, p< .01.
Amateur 115 17.23a 6.42 19.62a 6.71
Regional/state 99 15.14 8.21 17.84 8.08
Elite 84 13.75a 7.75 16.20a 7.45
  1. Note: M mean, SD standard deviation, MMA mixed martial arts, MT/KB Muay Thai/kickboxing, BJJ Brazilian jiu-jitsu and TSS traditional striking sports
  2. Superscripts indicates where Bonferonni adjusted pair-wise tests indicated group differences, with scores in bold indicating the lowest score in the pairwise difference. Effect sizes for scores in bold. (1) Wrestling MT/KB (d= 0.70, medium effect), boxing (d= 0.66, medium effect) and BJJ (d= 0.74, medium effect). Elite and amateurs (d= 0.48, medium effect). (2) Wrestling and MMA (d= 0.81, large effect), MT/KB (d= 0.89, large effect), boxing (d= 0.88, large effect), BJJ (d= 0.98, large effect) and traditional striking sports (d= 0.58, medium effect). Elite and amateur (d= 0.48, medium effect)
  3. Two-way ANOVAs (current primary x current level: F(12, 276) were non-significant for (1) = 1.03, p= .42; (2)= 1.20, p= .28