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Table 2 Age, BMI and career stage: differences according to current primary sports and current level of competition

From: Profiling Combat Sports Athletes: Competitive History and Outcomes According to Sports Type and Current Level of Competition

   n Age (1) BMI (2) Stage of career (3)
M SD M SD M SD
Current primary sport: F(6, 291)
(1)= 3.69, p< .01, (2)= 1.88. p= .09; (3)= 9.08, p< .01.
MMA 30 27.73 10.70 25.78 5.88 27.93a 21.88
MT/KB 46 27.30a 6.35 24.62 3.39 42.93a 33.53
Boxing 61 25.92a 6.91 24.01 5.73 40.59a 30.53
BJJ 58 29.38 7.96 25.43 4.10 38.91a 29.08
Wrestling 43 33.84a 15.58 26.34 4.51 74.56a 30.06
Judo 26 28.27 6.81 27.14 5.75 48.50a 30.47
TSS 34 26.68a 7.37 25.33 4.74 47.35a 34.14
Current level of competition: F(2, 295) (1)= 1.02, p= .36; (2)= 2.71, p = .07; (3)= 6.43, p<.01. Amateur 115 27.50 9.02 25.08 5.42 37.39a 32.47
Regional/State 99 29.33 9.49 26.21 4.78 49.74 32.27
Elite 84 28.61 10.03 24.60 4.14 52.37a 31.59
  1. Note: M mean, SD standard deviation, MMA mixed martial arts, MT/KB Muay Thai/kickboxing, BJJ Brazilian jiu-jitsu and TSS traditional striking sports
  2. Superscripts indicates where Bonferonni adjusted pair-wise tests indicated group differences, with scores in bold indicating the highest scores in a pairwise difference. Effect sizes for scores in bold. For age, wrestling and MT/KB (d= 0.55; medium effect); boxing (d= 0.63; medium effect) and TSS (d= 0.62; medium effect. For stage of career, wrestling and MMA (d= 1.85, large effect); MT/KB (d= 1.01, large effect); boxing (d= 1.13, large effect); BJJ (d= 1.21, large effect); judo (d= 0.87, large effect) and TSS (d= 0.85, large effect). Elite and amateur (d= 0.47, medium effect)
  3. Two-way ANOVAs (current primary x current level: F(12, 277) were non-significant for (1) = 0.78, p = .68, (2)= 0.81, p= .64 and (3)= 0.80, p= .66