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Table 2 Injuries by Olympic sport and sex in retired Great Britain’s Olympians

From: A Cross-Sectional Study of Retired Great British Olympians (Berlin 1936–Sochi 2014): Olympic Career Injuries, Joint Health in Later Life, and Reasons for Retirement from Olympic Sport

  Athletes (n; m/f)* Injuries (n) Training/competition/unknown** (%) Injuries per athlete (mean n) Injured athletes (n; m/f) Injury prevalence (95% CI) Exact 95% CI***
Summer sports        
 Archery 10 (3/7) 3 0/66.7/33.3 0.30 3 (1/2)  
 Athletics (track) 99 (53/46) 128 62.5/28.9/8.6 1.29 67 (35/32) 67.7% 58.3 to 77.1
 Athletics (field) 21 (8/13) 29 37.9/48.3/13.8 1.38 17 (7/10) 81.0% 62.6 to 99.3
 Athletics (road) 19 (12/7) 30 53.3/43.3/3.4 1.58 10 (7/3) 52.6% 27.9 to 77.4
Aquatics        
 Swimming 73 (26/47) 58 50/25.9/24.1 0.79 34 (8/26) 46.6% 34.9 to 58.3
 Diving 13 (4/9) 17 58.8/23.5/17.7 1.31 8 (1/7)  
 Syn. swimming 3 (0/3) 5 100/0/0 1.67 2 (0/2)  
 Water polo 4 (3/1) 6 100/0/0 1.50 2 (1/1)  
 Badminton 4 (2/2) 4 75/0/25 1.00 2 (2/0)  
 Basketball 4 (3/1) 6 33.3/50/16.7 1.50 3 (2/1)  
 Boxing 6 (6/0) 1 0/0/100 0.17 1 (1/0)  
 Canoeing 28 (17/11) 13 76.9/7.7/15.4 0.46 8 (3/5) 28.6% 10.7 to 46.4
 Cycling 23 (17/6) 28 25/67.9/7.1 1.22 15 (10/5) 65.2% 44.2 to 86.3
 Equestrian 10 (3/7) 15 26.7/60/13.3 1.50 5 (2/3)  
 Fencing 23 (13/10) 18 33.3/55.6/11.1 0.78 12 (6/6) 52.2% 30.1 to 74.3
 Football 5 (5/0) 5 0/80/20 1.00 4 (4/0)  
 Gymnastics 20 (9/11) 31 64.5/32.3/3.2 1.55 15 (7/8) 75.0% 54.2 to 95.8
 Handball 1 (1/0) 0 0.00  
 Hockey 57 (46/11) 62 25.8/61.3/12.9 1.09 33 (26/7) 57.9% 44.7 to 71.1
 Judo 10 (6/4) 26 46.2/50/3.8 2.60 7 (4/3)  
 Modern pentathlon 7 (5/2) 11 54.5/36.4/9.1 1.57 6 (4/2)  
 Rowing 93 (54/39) 93 67.7/21.5/10.8 1.00 50 (26/24) 53.8% 43.4 to 64.1
 Sailing 20 (15/5) 20 45/25/30 1.00 10 (5/5) 50.0% 26.0 to 74.0
 Shooting 10 (6/4) 10 30/70/0 1.00 7 (4/3)  
 Table tennis 1 (1/0) 2 0/100/0 2.00 1 (1/0)  
 Taekwondo 1 (0/1) 0 0.00  
 Tennis 5 (4/1) 7 14.3/85.7/0 1.40 2 (1/1)  
 Volleyball 2 (2/0) 3 100/0/0 1.50 1 (1/0)  
 Weightlifting 8 (6/2) 19 47.4/42.1/10.5 2.38 7 (5/2)  
 Wind surfing 1 (1/0) 1 0/0/100 1.00 1 (1/0)  
 Wrestling 3 (3/0) 4 25/50/25 1.33 3 (3/0)  
Winter sports        
 Alpine skiing 12 (7/5) 14 6/5/3 1.17 2 (2/0)  
 Biathlon 4 (4/0) 4 50/50/0 1.00 2 (2/0)  
 Bobsleigh 15 (13/2) 13 53.8/23.1/23.1 0.87 9 (7/2) 60.0% 31.9 to 88.1
 Cross-country skiing 9 (6/3) 11 18.2/81.8/0 1.22 3 (3/0)  
 Figure skating 10 (2/8) 5 100/0/0 0.50 5 (1/4)  
 Ice hockey 1 (1/0) 1 0/100/0 1.00 1 (1/0)  
 Luge 3 (3/0) 3 33.3/66.7/0 1.00 2 (2/0)  
 Short tr. sp. skating 7 (3/4) 7 85.7/14.3/0 1.00 5 (2/3)  
 Skeleton 1 (0/1) 1 100/0/0 1.00 1 (0/1)  
 Skiing: freestyle 2 (1/1) 7 57.1/42.9/0 3.50 2 (1/1)  
 Speed skating 2 (2/0) 0  
Total summer sports 584 (334/250) 655 50.7/37.6/11.7 1.12 336 (178/158) 57.5% 53.5 to 61.6
Total winter sports 66 (42/24) 66 51.5/39.4/9.1 1.00 32 (21/11) 48.5% 36.1 to 60.9
Overall total 650 721 50.8/37.7/11.5 1.11 368 (199/169) 56.6% 52.8 to 60.4
  1. *m males, f females
  2. **Occurred in training, competition, unknown (i.e. competition or training)
  3. ***CI confidence intervals; prevalence not reported for sports with < 15 Olympians