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Table 3 Effect outcomes

From: Safety and Effects of Football in Skeletal Metastatic Prostate Cancer: a Subgroup Analysis of the FC Prostate Community Randomised Controlled Trial

  Football group (n = 22) Usual care group (n = 19) Covariance analysis, difference between groups, mean (95% CI)
n Mean change (95% CI) n Mean change (95% CI) Adjusted for age and baseline score P-value
Change in prostate cancer-specific quality of life (points, higher is better)
 12 weeks 21 − 1.8 (− 6.8 to 3.3) 18 − 9.0 (− 14.4 to − 3.5) 7.6 (0.5 to 15.0) 0.038
 6 months 20 − 5.5 (− 10.6 to − 0.4) 16 − 5.8 (− 11.5 to − 0.1) 0.5 (− 7.3 to 8.4) 0.895
Change in lean body mass (kilogrammes)
 6 months 21 − 0.3 (− 1.1 to 0.5) 15 − 0.4 (− 1.3 to 0.6) − 0.2 (− 1.4 to 0.9) 0.673
Change in fat mass (kilogrammes)
 6 months 21 − 0.4 (− 1.3 to 0.6) 15 − 0.2 (− 1.4 to 1.0) 0.4 (− 1.1 to 1.8) 0.610
Change in total hip bone mineral density (g/cm2)
 6 months 21 0.007 (− 0.025 to 0.039) 15 0.039 (0.001 to 0.078) − 0.028 (− 0.083 to 0.026) 0.295
Change in lumbar spine L1–L4 bone mineral density (g/cm2)
 6 months 21 0.045 (− 0.005 to 0.096) 15 0.017 (− 0.042 to 0.077) 0.029 (− 0.055 to 0.113) 0.487
Change in general physical health (SF-12)
 12 weeks 21 − 2.0 (− 4.9 to 0.9) 18 − 3.7 (− 6.8 to − 0.6) 1.9 (− 2.4 to 6.2) 0.384
 6 months 20 − 3.3 (− 7.4 to 0.7) 16 − 3.7 (− 8.3 to 0.8) 0.3 (− 6.0 to 6.7) 0.912
Change in general mental health (SF-12)
 12 weeks 21 0.1 (− 3.1 to 3.2) 18 − 2.0 (− 5.4 to 1.4) 1.9 (− 2.6 to 6.4) 0.402
 6 months 20 − 2.4 (− 6.3 to 1.4) 16 − 2.9 (− 7.4 to 1.6) 0.1 (− 5.9 to 6.1) 0.976
  1. SF-12 12-Item Short Form Health Survey