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Table 3 Identified study details and findings for modifiable risk factors

From: Physical Conditioning Strategies for the Prevention of Concussion in Sport: a Scoping Review

Study Modifiable risk factors for concussion Sport Age range (years) Sample number Sex
Mansell et al. 2005 [55] Neck strength—No Soccer 18.26–20.13 n = 36 Male and female
Mihalik et al. 2011 [33] Neck strength—No Ice hockey 14.0–16.0 n = 37 Unspecified
Lisman et al. 2012 [54] Neck strength—no American football 18.8–24.4 n = 16 Male
Collins et al. 2014 [27] Neck strength—yes
Neck size—yes
Soccer
Basketball
Lacrosse
Unspecified n = 6704
(total)
Male and female
Eckner et al. 2014 [52] Neck strength—yes
Neck size—yes
Soccer, ice hockey, American football, martial arts, wrestling, and lacrosse 10.6–21.3 n = 46 Male and female
Schmidt et al. 2014 [30] Neck strength—no
Neck size—no
Cervical stiffness—yes
American football 15.7–21.9 n = 49 Unspecified
Hislop et al. 2017 [53] Pre-activity movement exercise program—yes Rugby Union 14.8–17.2 n = 3188 Unspecified
Caccese et al. 2018 [50] Neck size—yes
Neck strength—yes
Soccer 13.6–20.6 n = 100 Male and female
Attwood et al. 2018 [48] Pre-activity movement exercise program—yes Rugby Union 19.9–31.1 n = 41 clubs
(participants unknown)
Male
Eckerlsey et al. 2019 51] Neck strength—no Simulated baseball, simulated American football Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable
Becker et al. 2019 [49] Neck strength—no Soccer 16.7–23.9 n = 33 Male