Methodology and results described in detail
|Publication date||Published between 1 January 2005 and 1 December 2020.|
|Participant characteristics||Adolescents and adult athletes or respective non-human models.|
|Any participation in any sport or athletic activity during high school, college, professional, or amateur levels.|
Sport-related mechanism of injury and/or,|
Modification of concussion risk factors and/or
Diagnosed with a sport-related concussion (SRC) or mild traumatic brain injury using clinical diagnostic criteria:
“Sport-related concussion is a traumatic brain injury induced by biomechanical forces. Several common features that may be utilized in clinically defining the nature of a concussive head injury include:
• SRC may be caused either by a direct blow to the head, face, neck, or elsewhere on the body with an impulsive force transmitted to the head.
• SRC typically results in the rapid onset of short-lived impairment of neurological function that resolves spontaneously. However, in some cases, signs and symptoms evolve over a number of minutes to hours.
• SRC may result in neuropathological changes, but the acute clinical signs and symptoms largely reflect a functional disturbance rather than a structural injury and, as such, no abnormality is seen on standard structural neuroimaging studies.
• SRC results in a range of clinical signs and symptoms that may or may not involve loss of consciousness.” 
|Research design||Pre-injury intervention compared to the control group to reduce the incidence of concussion or risk factors for concussion. Post-injury performance on outcome measure(s) compared to the control group without acute concussion and injured athletes’ pre-injury baseline performance. Intervention to address modifiable physical risk factors for concussion.|
|Statistical information||Statistically significant findings regarding the reduction in risk factors or incidence of concussion, brain, and head injuries.|