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Table 1 Article inclusion criteria

From: Physical Conditioning Strategies for the Prevention of Concussion in Sport: a Scoping Review

Criterion Description
Publication type Peer-reviewed
Empirical research
Methodology and results described in detail
English language.
Publication date Published between 1 January 2005 and 1 December 2020.
Participant characteristics Adolescents and adult athletes or respective non-human models.
  Any participation in any sport or athletic activity during high school, college, professional, or amateur levels.
Injury characteristics Sport-related mechanism of injury and/or,
Modification of concussion risk factors and/or
Diagnosed with a sport-related concussion (SRC) or mild traumatic brain injury using clinical diagnostic criteria:
“Sport-related concussion is a traumatic brain injury induced by biomechanical forces. Several common features that may be utilized in clinically defining the nature of a concussive head injury include:
• SRC may be caused either by a direct blow to the head, face, neck, or elsewhere on the body with an impulsive force transmitted to the head.
• SRC typically results in the rapid onset of short-lived impairment of neurological function that resolves spontaneously. However, in some cases, signs and symptoms evolve over a number of minutes to hours.
• SRC may result in neuropathological changes, but the acute clinical signs and symptoms largely reflect a functional disturbance rather than a structural injury and, as such, no abnormality is seen on standard structural neuroimaging studies.
• SRC results in a range of clinical signs and symptoms that may or may not involve loss of consciousness.” [9]
Research design Pre-injury intervention compared to the control group to reduce the incidence of concussion or risk factors for concussion. Post-injury performance on outcome measure(s) compared to the control group without acute concussion and injured athletes’ pre-injury baseline performance. Intervention to address modifiable physical risk factors for concussion.
Statistical information Statistically significant findings regarding the reduction in risk factors or incidence of concussion, brain, and head injuries.