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Table 3 Summary of high-speed running (HSR) and sprinting in senior rugby

From: The Use of Global Positioning and Accelerometer Systems in Age-Grade and Senior Rugby Union: A Systematic Review

Study Participants Forwards Backs
Beard et al. [63] 188 rugby union players from the Pro12 and an international team. Distance > 5.6 ms−1
International front row—59 ± 54 m
Club front row—49 ± 54 m
International second row—161 ± 105 m
Club second row—103 ± 69 m
International back row—206 ± 110 m
Club back row—168 ± 102 m
Distance > 7.5 ms−1
International front row—0.4 ± 2.3 m
Club front row—0.3 ± 2.0 m
International second row—3.2 ± 7.6 m
Club second row—2.1 ± 7.5 m
International back row—12.1 ± 20.5 m
Club back row—5.9 ± 13.1 m
Distance > 5.6 ms−1
International half back—338 ± 121 m
Club half back—299 ± 123 m
International centre—455 ± 160 m
Club centre—376 ± 144 m
International outside back—577 ± 204 m
Club outside back—441 ± 143 m
Distance > 7.5 ms−1
International half back—30.9 ± 31.0 m
Club half back—24.8 ± 28.3 m
International centre—34.3 ± 40.8 m
Club centre—29.4 ± 30.0 m
International outside back—101.7 ± 78.9 m
Club outside back—61.4 ± 48.5 m
Cahill [28] 120 professional rugby union players from the English Premiership. 51–80% Vmax
Median 860 m IQR 440 m
81–95% Vmax
Median 37 m IQR 64 m
96–100% Vmax
Median 0 m IQR 6 m
51–80% Vmax
Median 822 m IQR 338 m
81–95% Vmax
Median 50 m IQR 76 m
96–100% Vmax
Median 0 m IQR 8 m
Campbell et al. [52] 32 club rugby union players. HSR > 5.5 ms−1
Front row—78 ± 76 m
Seconds row—159 ± 124 m
Loose forwards –159 ± 124 m
Sprints
Front row—0.1 ± 0.07 m.min−1
Seconds row—0.1 ± 0.08 m.min−1
Loose forwards –0.2 ± 0.09 m.min−1
HSR > 5.5 ms−1
Half backs—244 ± 110 m
Centres—308 ± 152 m
Outside backs 400 ± 170 m
Sprints
Half backs—0.3 ± 0.09 m.min−1
Centres—0.3 ± 0.07 m.min−1
Outside backs 0.2 ± 0.09 m.min−1
Coughlan et al. [23] 2 players (1 back and 1 forward) from an international team. HSR 5–6.7 ms−1
5.6%
Max speed running > 6.7 ms−1
0.3%
HSR 5–6.7 ms−1
7.5%
Max speed running > 6.7 ms−1
1.6%
Cunningham et al. [36] 43 rugby union U20 international players and 27 elite professional senior players from an international performance squad. HSR > 5.0 ms−1
3.1 ± 1.6 m.min−1
Sprints
0.11 ± 0.06 m.min−1
HSR > 5.0 ms−1
7.2 ± 2.1 m.min−1
Sprints
0.25 ± 0.07 m.min−1
Dubios et al. [4] 14 professional rugby union players from the French Top 14. HSR > 4 5 ms−1
397.2 ± 117.9 m
HSR > 4 5 ms−1
537.1 ± 127.2
Jones et al. [30] 36 professional rugby union players. HSR > 5 ms−1
231 ± 167 m
Sprinting > 5.6 ms−1
121 ± 112 m
HSR > 5 ms−1
509 ± 150 m
Sprinting > 5.6 ms−1
333 ± 122 m
Jones et al. (3§) 33 professional rugby union players from a Pro 12 team. HSR 5–5.5 ms−1
Tight forwards—81 ± 43 m
Loose forwards—140 ± 63 m
Sprinting > 5.6 ms−1
Tight forwards—64 ± 46 m
Loose forwards—166 ± 116 m
HSR 5–5.5 ms−1
Half backs—155 ± 71 m
Inside backs—209 ± 56 m
Outside backs—174 ± 52 m
Sprinting > 5.6 ms−1
Half backs—226 ± 112 m
Inside backs—378 ± 149 m
Outside backs—392 ± 135 m
Lindsay et al. [32] 37 professional rugby union players from a Super Rugby squad. HSR > 5.5 ms−1
Front row—1.4 ± 1.1 m.min−1
Locks—1.3 ± 0.8 m.min−1
Loose forwards—5.3 ± 2.0 m.min−1
Very HSR > 6.9 ms−1
Front row—0.01 ± 0.01 m.min−1
Locks—0.05 ± 0.01 m.min−1
Loose forwards—0.61 ± 0.66 m.min−1
HSR > 5.5 ms−1
Inside backs—5.9 ± 2.6 m.min−1
Outside backs—7.1 ± 2.0 m.min−1
Very HSR > 6.9 ms−1
Inside backs—0.75 ± 0.73 m.min−1
Outside backs—2.14 ± 1.20 m.min−1
Mclaren et al. [18] 28 professional rugby union players from the English Championship. HSR 4.1–5.5 ms−1
650 ± 160 m
Very HSR > 5.5 ms−1
180 ± 110 m
HSR 4.1–5.5 ms−1
770 ± 240 m
Very HSR > 5.5 ms−1
400 ± 130 m
Pollard et al. [58] 22 players from an international rugby team. HSR > 5 ms−1
3.3 ± 1.5 m.min−1
HSR > 5 ms−1
7.8 ± 1.9 m.min−1
Reardon et al. [34] 36 professional rugby union players from a Pro 12 team. HSR absolute > 5 ms−1
269 ± 172.02 m
Individualised HSR
354.72 ± 99.22 m
HSR absolute > 5 ms−1
697.79 ± 198.11 m
Individualised HSR
570.02 ± 171.14 m
Reid et al. [29] 8 professional rugby union players from a Magners League team. HSR 5.1–6.7 ms−1
Loose head prop—260 m
Lock—134.7 m
Open side flanker—595.6 m
Max speed running > 6.7 ms−1
Loose head prop—12.4 m
Lock—0 m
Open side flanker—84.2 m
HSR 5.1–6.7 ms−1
Scrum half—645.9 m
Fly half—416.3 m
Inside centre—550.9 m
Wing—607.5 m
Full back—472.2 m
Max speed running > 6.7 ms−1
Scrum half—57.4 m
Fly half—0 m
Inside centre—46.5 m
Wing—159.1 m
Full back—77.6 m
Suarez-Arrones et al. [26] 9 international rugby union players. High intensity 5–5.5 ms−1
Front row—75 ± 16 m
Back row—190 ± 34 m
Sprinting > 5.5 ms−1
Front row—86 ± 39 m
Back row—232 ± 37 m
High intensity 5–5.5 ms−1
Centres—292 ± 91 m
Scrums/out—252 ± 148 m
Sprinting > 5.5 ms−1
Centres—633 ± 47 m
Scrums/out—292 ± 44 m
Tee et al. [67] 19 professional rugby union players from a South African rugby team. HSR > 4 ms−1
10 ± 4 m.min−1
HSR > 4 ms−1
12 ± 3 m.min−1
Tee et al. [68] 19 professional rugby union players from a South African rugby team. HSR > 4 ms−1
11 ± 5 m.min−1
HSR > 4 ms−1
14 ± 4 m.min−1