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Table 1 Data extraction from all studies included in the descriptive synthesis

From: Evolution of Physical Demands of Australian Football League Matches from 2005 to 2017: A Systematic Review and Meta-Regression

  2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
VOLUME METRICS
TD – match (m) 12500 ± 1700 [22]
12450 ± 1650 [40,41,42, 46]
12500 ± 1700 [22]
12510 ± 1710 [41, 42, 46]
12400 ± 1600 [22]
12420 ± 1580 [42, 46]
12734 ± 1596 [110]
12311 ± 1729 [111]
12620 ± 1872 [8]
12200 ± 1900 [22]
12240 ± 2010 [46,47,48]
12734 ± 1596 [110]
13455 ± 1764 [24]
12620 ± 1872 [8]
13190 ± 2040 [43, 47, 48]
12620 ± 1872 [8]
13040 ± 2010 [43, 44, 48]
13556 ± 1206 [36]
13430 ± 1990 [38, 43,44,45]
13556 ± 1206 [36]
13399 ± 69;
13399 (13150-13644) [103]
11954 ± 1259;
11954 (7572-14948) [115]
12360 ± 1920 [38, 44, 45]
12859 ± 1529 [2]
11950 ± 2056 [109]
12400 ± 1770 [38, 39, 45]
12820 ± 1750 [38, 39] 13200 ± 1680 [39] 11608 ± 3573 [112]
13048 ± 929 [108]
13257 ± 1778 [107]
13233 ± 915 [108]
TD – halves (m)     1st – 6229 ± 972
2nd – 6082 ± 1080 [111]
         
TD – start, middle, end season (m)        S – 12948 (12775-13120)
M – 13199 (13001-13397)
E – 13193 (12988-13398) [4]
S – 12948 (12775-13120)
M – 13199 (13001-13397)
E – 13193 (12988-13398) [4]
     
Match time – (min) 111.01 ± 13.50 [22, 40,41,42, 46] 111.51 ± 14.13 [22, 41, 42, 46] 104.19 ± 12.16 [22]
104.19 ± 12.16 [42, 46]
101.91 ± 9.80 [110]
98.00 ± 14.00 [111]
98.40 ± 11.60 [8]
100.10 ± 14.22 [22]
100.27 ± 15.14 [46,47,48]
101.91 ± 9.80 [110]
93.55 ± 10.30 [17]
100.50 ± 14.30 [24]
98.40 ± 11.60 [8]
106.56 ± 14.45 [43, 47, 48]
98.40 ± 11.60 [8]
105.14 ± 14.38 [43, 44, 48]
104.90 ± 10.00 [36]
109.53 ± 14.47 [38, 43,44,45]
104.90 ± 10.00 [36]
101.00 ± 11.00 [115]
104.10 ± 13.42 [38, 44, 45]
99.00 ± 19.00 [109]
103.18 ± 12.14 [38, 39, 45]
106.58 ± 12.46 [38]
106.35 ± 12.28 [39]
109.07 ± 12.35 [39] 87.80 ± 27.20 [112]
100.90 ± 7.60 [108]
100.30 ± 7.10 [108]
INTENSITY METRICS
m.min-1 – match 113.3 ± 10.0 [22]
112.7 ± 11.2 [40,41,42, 46]
113.3 ± 15.0 [22]
113.0 ± 15.7 [41, 42, 46]
120.0 ± 13.3 [22]
119.7 ± 13.5 [42, 46]
127.0 ± 17.0 [110]
128.0 ± 12.0 [111]
129.0 ± 17.0 [8]
130.0 ± 18.0 [114]
121.7 ± 11.7 [22]
122.2 ± 10.7 [46,47,48]
127.0 ± 17.0 [110]
134.0 ± 12.1 [17]
134.7 ± 12.4 [24]
129.0 ± 17.0 [8]
140.0 ± 15.0 [114]
123.7 ± 10.7 [43, 47, 48]
129.0 ± 17.0 [8]
124.7 ± 10.5 [43, 44, 48]
129.6 ± 9.5 [36]
122.5 ± 10.7 [38, 43,44,45]
129.6 ± 9.5 [36]
118.7 ± 10.7 [38, 44, 45]
123.0 ± 12.0 [2]
121.7 ± 14.1 [109]
120.3 ± 11.3 [38, 39, 45]
130.5 [104]
131.8 ± 9.1 [113]
119.7 ± 10.3 [38, 39]
130.5 [104]
120.5 ± 9.8 [39]
128.0 ± 7.4 [108] 124.4 ± 4 [107] 130.7 ± 7.1 [108]
m.min-1 – halves     1st – 131.0 ± 13.0
2nd– 125.0 ± 14.0 [111]
         
m.min-1 – rotations per quarter     Q1– r1: 137.9 ± 17.2
r2: 137.0 ± 12.5
Q2 – r1: 136.2 ± 10.8
r2: 123.2 ± 16.7
Q3 – r1: 119.0 ± 16.0
r2: 128.0 ± 8.2
Q4 – r1: 121.6 ± 13.1
r2: 125.4 ± 13.6 [9]
         
m.min-1 – rotations per quarter: finals     Q1– r1: 152.7 ± 17.8
r2: 145.6 ± 22.8
Q2 – r1: 149.3 ± 26.0
r2: 139.0 ± 52.0
Q3 – r1: 130.6 ± 33.7
r2: 146.3 ± 9.7
Q4 – r1: 149.2 ± 13.7
r2: 133.3 ± 32.5 [9]
         
m.min-1 – start, middle, end season        S – 123.0 (121.0-125.0)
M – 125.0 (123.0-127.0)
E – 124.0 (122.0-127.0) [4]
S – 123.0 (121.0-125.0)
M – 125.0 (123.0-127.0)
E – 124.0 (122.0-127.0) [4]
     
Accelerations
Number of accelerations – 2.78 - 10 m·s-2     96.0 ± 41.0 [110]
82.0 ± 26.0 [8]
96.0 ± 41.0 [110]
82.0 ± 26.0 [8]
82.0 ± 26.0 [8]        
Number of accelerations per minute – ≥2.78 m·s-2     1.0 ± 0.4 [110]
0.8 ± 0.3 [8]
1.1 ± 0.5 [114]
1.0 ± 0.4 [110]
0.8 ± 0.3 [8]
1.2 ± 0.5 [114]
0.8 ± 0.3 [8] 0.5 ± 0.1 [36] 0.5 ± 0.1 [36]      
Number of accelerations – 3 - 15 m·s-2         29.0 ± 8.0;
29.0 (8-53) [115]
     
Number of accelerations >4 km.h-1 in 1 second 240.8 ± 43.2 [22, 40,41,42, 46] 251.0 ± 50.0 [22]
251.2 ± 50.1 [41, 42, 46]
253.0 ± 41.0 [22]
253.0 ± 41.1 [42, 46]
246.0 ± 47.0 [22]
292.0 ± 87.0 [46,47,48]
322.0 ± 135.0 [43, 47, 48] 402.0 ± 194.0 [43, 44, 48] 233.0 ± 119.0 [38, 43,44,45] 186.0 ± 43.0 [38, 44, 45] 188.0 ± 39.0 [38, 39, 45] 242.0 ± 60.0 [38, 39] 255.0 ± 56.0 [39]   
Number of accelerations >10 km.h-1 in 1 second 10.0 ± 4.4
[40,41,42, 46]
11.5 ± 6.0
[41, 42, 46]
12.2 ± 5.3
[42, 46]
14.5 ± 8.8
[46,47,48]
17.3 ± 14.4 [43, 47, 48] 25.4 ± 19.3 [43, 44, 48] 11.0 ± 11.5
[38, 43,44,45]
6.9 ± 5.1
[38, 44, 45]
6.9 ± 4.6
[38, 39, 45]
8.9 ± 5.8
[38, 39]
8.1 ± 4.8 [39]   
Number of surges >18km.h-1 89.0 ± 20.0 [22] 90.0 ± 24.0 [22] 93.0 ± 20.0 [22] 86.0 ± 2.0 [22]          
Time per minute engaging in acceleration - 2.78 - 10 m·s-2 (%)        1.4 ± 0.4 [36] 1.4 ± 0.4 [36]      
Sprints
Number of sprints ≥20 km.h-1 – match     74.0 ± 23.0 [111]          
Number of sprints ≥20 km.h-1 – halves     1st – 39.0 ± 13.0
2nd – 35.0 ± 12.0 [111]
         
Number of sprints ≥20 km.h-1 per minute – match     0.8 ± 0.2 [111] 0.7 ± 0.2 [17]
0.7 ± 0.1 [24]
        
Number of sprints ≥20 km.h-1 per minute – halves     1st – 0.8 ± 0.3
2nd – 0.7 ± 0.2 [111]
         
Time sprinting >20 km.h-1 – match (%)      6.2 ± 1.8 [17]         
Number of sprints ≥23 km.h-1 – quarters Q1 – 7.7 ± 2.6
Q2 – 7.2 ± 3.1
Q3 – 7.5 ± 4.7
Q4 – 6.2 ± 2.8 [105]
Q1 – 7.7 ± 2.6
Q2 – 7.2 ± 3.1
Q3 – 7.5 ± 4.7
Q4 – 6.2 ± 2.8 [105]
Q1 – 7.7 ± 2.6
Q2 – 7.2 ± 3.1
Q3 – 7.5 ± 4.7
Q4 – 6.2 ± 2.8 [105]
          
Number of sprints >23 km.h-1 – start, middle, end season        S – 17.9 (16.9-18.9)
M – 18.2 (17.1-19.3)
E – 19.8 (18.7-21.0) [4]
S – 17.9 (16.9-18.9)
M – 18.2 (17.1-19.3)
E – 19.8 (18.7-21.0) [4]
     
Sprinting distance >23 km.h-1 – start, middle, end season (m)        S– 405 (379-431)
M – 431 (401-461)
E – 459 (427-490) [4]
S– 405 (379-431)
M – 431 (401-461)
E – 459 (427-490) [4]
     
Number of sprints ≥ 24 km.h-1 – match             11.8 ± 6.7 [108] 11.8 ± 5.9 [107] 12.3 ± 5.9 [108]
Sprinting distance ≥24 km.h-1 – match (m)             272.0 ± 163.9 [108] 243.2 ± 119.0 [107]
266.9 ± 139.3 [108]
Time sprinting >24 km.h-1– match (s)             36.0 ± 21.0 [108] 32.0 ± 17.0 [108]
Sprinting distance ≥25.2 km.h-1 – match (m)     328 ± 164 [8] 328 ± 164 [8] 328 ± 164 [8]   80 ± 55;
80 (0-253) [115]
     
Sprinting ≥25.2 km.h-1 – match (m.min-1)     3.4 ± 1.7 [8] 3.4 ± 1.7 [8] 3.4 ± 1.7 [8]        
Sprint distance >75% of individual’s maximum speed – match (m)         268 (254-283) [103]      
HSR / HIE
Number of HSR ≥19.8 - 36 km.h-1 – match     82.0 ± 21.0 [8] 82.0 ± 21.0 [8] 82.0 ± 21.0 [8]        
Number of HSR ≥19.8 - 36 km.h-1 per min – match     0.8 ± 0.2 [8] 0.8 ± 0.2 [8] 0.8 ± 0.2 [8]        
Number of HSR ≥25.2 km.h-1 – match     22.0 ± 9.0 [8] 22.0 ± 9.0 [8] 22.0 ± 9.0 [8]        
Number of HSR ≥25.2 km.h-1 per min – match     0.2 ± 0.1 [8] 0.2 ± 0.1 [8] 0.2 ± 0.1 [8]        
HSR >4 m·s-1 percentage of total distance (%)        10.3 ± 2.2 [36] 10.3 ± 2.2 [36]   0.3 [104] 0.3 [104]   
HSR >4 m·s-1 mean number per min      2.1 ± 0.4 [24]   1.6 ± 0.3 [36] 1.6 ± 0.3 [36]      
Number of HIE ≥15 km.h-1 – match     271.0 ± 57.0 [111]          
Number of HIE ≥15 km.h-1 – halves     1st – 141.0 ± 31.0
2nd– 130.0 ± 33.0 [111]
         
TD HSR >4 m.s-1 (14.4 km.h-1) – match (m)          3678 ± 1144 [2]    3198 ± 1165 [112]  
HSR >4 m.s-1 (14.4 km.h-1) – match (m.min-1)      30.3 ± 6.9 [24]   28.6 ± 6.3 [36] 28.6 ± 6.3 [36] 36.0 ± 10.0 [2] 33.5 [104] 36.4 ± 7.1 [113] 33.5 [104] 36.4 [112]  
TD HSR >4 m·s-1 (14.4 km.h-1) – quarters (m) Q1 – 1090 ± 212
Q2 – 980 ± 219
Q3 – 971 ± 256
Q4 – 844 ± 198 [105]
Q1 – 1090 ± 212
Q2 – 980 ± 219
Q3 – 971 ± 256
Q4 – 844 ± 198 [105]
Q1 – 1090 ± 212
Q2 – 980 ± 219
Q3 – 971 ± 256
Q4 – 844 ± 198 [105]
          
TD HSR >4 m·s-1 (14.4 km.h-1) – start, middle, end season (m)        S – 3462 (3336-3589)
M – 3492 (3347-3638)
E – 3696 (3352-3840) [4]
S – 3462 (3336-3589)
M – 3492 (3347-3638)
E – 3696 (3352-3840) [4]
     
TD HSR 4.17 - 10 m·s-1 (15.01 - 36 km.h-1) – match (m)     3334 ± 756 [110] 3334 ± 756 [110]         
HSR 4.17 - 10 m·s-1 (15.01 - 36 km.h-1) – match (m.min-1)     34.0 ± 9.0 [110]
34.9 ± 8.8 [114]
34.0 ± 9.0 [110]
38.1 ± 8.8 [114]
        
HSR 4.17 - 10 m·s-1 (15.01 - 36 km.h-1) – quarter rotations: (m.min-1)     Q1– r1: 37.5 ± 12.5
r2: 37.5 ± 9.4
Q2 – r1: 43.2 ± 18.9
r2: 32.8 ± 10.4
Q3 – r1: 32.1 ± 10.0
r2: 37.1 ± 7.9
Q4 – r1: 32.8 ± 9.6
r2: 37.5 ± 13.9 [9]
         
HSR 4.17 - 10 m·s-1 (15.01 - 36 km.h-1) – quarter rotations: finals (m.min-1)     Q1 – r1: 43.2 ± 13.9
r2: 40 ± 13.5
Q2 – r1: 42.8 ± 16.4
r2: 39.2 ± 15.8
Q3 – r1: 35.3 ± 10.0
r2: 40.0 ± 17.5
Q4 – r1: 40.7 ± 10.7
r2: 33.5 ± 10.7 [9]
         
TD HSR >18 km.h-1 – match (m)             1888 ± 421 [108] 1657 ± 470 [107]
1938 ± 430 [108]
HSR >18 km.h-1 – match (m.min-1)             18.9 ± 4.6 [108] 13.1 ± 3.8 [107] 19.1 ± 4.6 [108]
Time over 18 km.h-1 – match (min) 5.24 ± 1.31
[40,41,42, 46]
5.25 ± 1.49
[41, 42, 46]
5.39 ± 1.28 [42] 5.40 ± 1.40 [47, 48] 6.18 ± 1.54 [43, 47, 48] 6.20 ± 1.51 [43, 44, 48] 5.25 ± 2.15 [38, 43,44,45] 4.45 ± 1.36
[38, 44, 45]
4.53 ±1.38
[38, 39, 45]
5.07 ± 1.72
[38, 39]
5.16 ± 1.40 [39]   
HSR 19.1 - 24 km.h-1 – match (m.min-1)           11.7 ± 2.5 [113]    
TD HSR >19.9 km.h-1 – start, middle, end season (m)        S – 1023 (977-1070)
M – 1056 (1003-1109)
E – 1145 (1089-1200) [4]
S – 1023 (977-1070)
M – 1056 (1003-1109)
E – 1145 (1089-1200) [4]
     
HSR >20 km.h-1 – match (m.min-1)      15.1 ± 4.4 [24]         
TD HSR >19.9 km.h-1 – start, middle, end season (m)        S – 405 (379-431)
M – 431 (401-461)
E – 459 (427-490) [4]
S – 405 (379-431)
M – 431 (401-461)
E – 459 (427-490) [4]
     
TD HSR >24 km.h-1 – start, middle, end season (m)              243 ± 119 [107]
Number of HSR >24 km.h-1 efforts              11.8 ± 5.9 [107]
HSR >24 km.h-1 – match (m.min-1)           2.3 ± 0.8 [113]    
TD HSR >25 km.h-1 – start, middle, end season (m)             154 ± 105 [112]  
  1. HIR high-intensity running, HIE high-intensity efforts, m metres, m.min-1 metres per minute, min minutes, m·s-1 meters per second, s seconds, TD total distance,
  2. ± mean and standard deviation, (-) mean and range, % percentage