Variable

MCT (n = 24)

HIIT (n = 22)

p value


Barthel index [pts]

∆t: 25.0 ± 10.5pts

∆t: 28.9 ± 16.0pts

p = .341

t_{0}: 27.5 ± 15.5pts

t_{0}: 30.2 ± 12.0pts

p = .697

t_{1}: 52.5 ± 12.3pts

t_{1}: 59.1 ± 17.7pts

p = .143

FIM + FAM [pts]

∆t: 30.9 ± 16.0pts

∆t: 29.0 ± 14.8pts

p = .707

t_{0}: 60.3 ± 17.4pts

t_{0}: 69.2 ± 14.1pts

p = .190

t_{1}: 91.2 ± 18.7pts

t_{1}: 98.1 ± 18.0pts

p = .240

VC_{max} [l]

∆t: 0.5l ± 0.3

∆t: 0.5l ± 0.6

p = .462

t_{0}: 1.7l ± 0.7

t_{0}: 1.9l ± 0.7

p = .312

t_{1}: 2.2l ± 0.8

t_{1}: 2.4l ± 0.9

p = .334

FEV_{1} [l]

∆t: 0.3l ± 0.2

∆t: 0.2l ± 0.3

p = .218

t_{0}: 1.2l ± 0.6

t_{0}: 1.4l ± 0.7

p = .272

t_{1}: 1.5l ± 0.6

t_{1}: 1.6l ± 0.7

p = .732

KCO [%]

∆t: 7.8 ± 8.2%

∆t: 4.6 ± 7.2%

p = .176

t_{0}: 55.7 ± 30.9%

t_{0}: 57.5 ± 25.7%

p = .651

t_{1}: 63.5 ± 26.6%

t_{1}: 62.1 ± 23.5%

p = .996

P0.1 [kPa]

∆t: 0.1 ± 0.1 kPa

∆t: 0.1 ± 0.1 kPa

p = .684

t_{0}: 0.2 ± 0.2 kPa

t_{0}: 0.3 ± 0.2 kPa

p = .939

t_{1}: 0.3 ± 0.2 kPa

t_{1}: 0.3 ± 0.2 kPa

p = .435

PI_{max} [kPa]

∆t: 0.7 ± 1.3 kPa

∆t: 0.8 ± 1.1 kPa

p = .918

t_{0}: 2.8 ± 1.4 kPa

t_{0}: 3.4 ± 1.3 kPa

p = .214

t_{1}: 3.5 ± 1.6 kPa

t_{1}: 4.2 ± 1.5 kPa

p = .171

P0.1/PI_{max} [%]

∆t: − 1.3% ± 7.3

∆t: − 0.3% ± 4.2

p = .331

t_{0}: 10.8% ± 8.6

t_{0}: 8.9% ± 7.9

p = .310

t_{1}: 9.5% ± 5.8

t_{1}: 8.6% ± 5.7

p = .609

 Differences in secondary endpoints (∆t, t_{1}–t_{0}; t_{0} and t_{1}) between MCT (moderate continuous training) and HIIT (highintensity interval training) after three weeks of training. Illustration of MannWhitney testing. Mean values and standard deviations are depicted. Barthel index [pts, points]: score ranging from 0 to 100, 100 representing complete independence. FIM + FAM [pts, points]: functional independence/assessment measure (score ranging from 30 to 210, 210 illustrating no functional limitation). VC_{max} [l]: Maximal vital capacity. FEV_{1} [l]: forced expiratory volume in one second. KCO [%]: carbon monoxide transfer coefficient. P0.1 [kPa]: maximal inspiratory pressure at 0.1 s. PI_{max} [kPa]: maximal inspiratory pressure. P0.1/PI_{max} [%]: respiratory capacity. Mean values ± standard deviations are depicted. Differences were assessed with MannWhitney and t testing