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Table 2 The speed threshold and PlayerLoad characteristics of young rugby union players during match-play within England

From: Applied Sport Science for Male Age-Grade Rugby Union in England

StudyLevel of playAgePositionSample size (n)Speed thresholdsPLPLslow
Threshold 1Threshold 2Threshold 3Threshold 4
Cunningham et al. [35]       > 5 m s−1  
InternationalU20Forwards21 (81)   284 ± 135 m  
Backs19 (80)   656 ± 183 m  
Phibbs et al. [9]     < 61% MSS61–90% MSS≥ 90% MSSAU 
AcademyU18Forwards16 3901 ± 1202 m220 ± 111 m5 ± 10 m420 ± 130 AU 
Backs15 4489 ± 720 m280 ± 96 m15 ± 15 m431 ± 98 AU 
SchoolU18Forwards15 3698 ± 1217 m138 ± 114 m0 ± 1 m399 ± 141 AU 
Backs15 4098 ± 918 m359 ± 182 m19 ± 24 m378 ± 86 AU 
Read et al. [5]    0–1.94 m s−11.95–3.33 m s−13.34–5.83 m s−1> 5.84 m s−1AUAU
SchoolU16Forwards162007 ± 218 m1278 ± 291 m993 ± 295 m87 ± 86 m456 ± 47 AU231 ± 24 AU
Backs152011 ± 304 m865 ± 325 m843 ± 342 m165 ± 101 m332 ± 76 AU152 ± 34 AU
U18Forwards182099 ± 546 m1044 ± 318 m995 ± 370 m94 ± 93 m437 ± 96 AU224 ± 51 AU
Backs162307 ± 647 m854 ± 264 m1009 ± 444 m319 ± 176 m395 ± 118 AU172 ± 49 AU
University Forwards172235 ± 699 m1271 ± 400 m1112 ± 442 m64 ± 65 m504 ± 157 AU250 ± 76 AU
 Backs142820 ± 503 m1256 ± 219 m1460 ± 357 m353 ± 147 m500 ± 80 AU213 ± 31 AU
      0–3.33 m s−1> 3.34 m s−1 AU·min−-1AU·min−1
Read et al. [3]CountyU16Forwards20 55.2 ± 4.1*22.6 ± 2.9* 7.3 ± 0.6**3.1 ± 0.3**
Backs15 52.1 ± 5.1*27.7 ± 7.7* 6.8 ± 1.2**2.4 ± 0.3**
U18Forwards21 54.9 ± 4.3*20.2 ± 6.9* 7.6 ± 1.0**3.3 ± 0.3**
Backs19 53.2 ± 5.4*25.5 ± 4.6* 7.2 ± 1.1**2.7 ± 0.4**
U20Forwards18 50.7 ± 4.8*14.5 ± 3.4* 6.9 ± 0.7**3.4 ± 0.4**
Backs19 50.4 ± 6.2*20.6 ± 3.9* 6.1 ± 1.0**2.6 ± 0.4**
  1. Data are displayed as mean ± SD. Sample size is the number of participants in the study, followed by the total number of observations in brackets if different
  2. PL PlayerLoad, PLslow PlayerLoad slow, MSS maximal sprint speed, AU arbitrary units
  3. *m min1
  4. **AU min1