Skip to main content

Table 2 The influence of contextual factors on the mean difference in rate of muscle glycogen re-synthesis (analysed via restricted maximum likelihood, simple meta-regression) for CHO vs. control treatments

From: The Effect of Consuming Carbohydrate With and Without Protein on the Rate of Muscle Glycogen Re-synthesis During Short-Term Post-exercise Recovery: a Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Effect estimate Mean difference (re-synthesis rate mmol·kg dm−1 h−1)
Covariate Coefficient (95% CI) p value
Glycogen post-exercise (≤ 150 mmol·kg dm−1 vs. > 150 mmol·kg dm−1) 4.32 (− 7.78 to 16.4) 0.484
Interval of CHO administration ≤ hourly (yes vs. no) 11.0 (1.24 to 20.9) 0.027
Total CHO (g) intake − 0.00 (− 0.06 to 0.04) 0.665
Relative CHO (g·kg BM−1 h−1) intake 5.00 (− 11.5 to 20.5) 0.553
Met CHO guidelines (yes vs. no) 7.05 (− 5.26 to 19.4) 0.262
Length of recovery (h) 2.09 (− 1.98 to 6.17) 0.314
Relative difference in muscle glycogen immediately post-exercise − 0.12 (− 0.35 to 0.11) 0.317
Mode of exercise (cycling vs. resistance) 1.84 (− 15.3 to 19.0) 0.833
Study quality (Rosendal score %) 0.92 (− 0.10 to 1.94) 0.076
  1. CHO carbohydrate, BM body mass, dm dry mass