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Fig. 3 | Sports Medicine - Open

Fig. 3

From: Doping practices in international weightlifting: analysis of sanctioned athletes/support personnel from 2008 to 2019 and retesting of samples from the 2008 and 2012 Olympic Games

Fig. 3

The 10 nations with the highest number of sanctions, from the IWF Sanction List [21] between 2008 and 2019 and for the 10 most detected substances the percentage of times they were detected. Other* denotes either Methyltestosterone, Clenbuterol, Metenolone, Oxandrolone, Boldenone, Methylhexanamine or Nandrolone. EAAS, markers indicating endogenous AAS usage. AZE Azerbaijan, KAZ Kazakhstan, RUS Russia, BUL Bulgaria, BLR Belarus, ARM Armenia, UKR Ukraine, ROU Romania, THA Thailand, MDA Moldova

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