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Table 4 Group differences in the endpoints of body composition, physical activity, glucose and insulin indices and HRQOL at 6 weeks, 6 months and 12 months, reflecting the effect of PRT

From: Androgen deprivation in prostate cancer: benefits of home-based resistance training

Variables 6 weeks p value 6 months p value 12 months p value
Body composition
 Total mass (kg) 1.5 (0.9) 0.09 0.5 (0.9) 0.60 − 1.0 (0.9) 0.30
 Total LBM (% total mass) 0.5 (0.8) 0.47 1.3 (0.8) 0.11 2.7 (0.8) 0.001
 Total BCM (% total mass) 1.0 (0.8) 0.21 1.3 (0.8) 0.10 1.9 (0.8) 0.02
 Total FM (% total mass) − 0.4 (0.9) 0.65 − 1.1 (0.9) 0.25 − 3.1 (1.0) 0.002
 FM trunk (kg) − 0.1 (0.7) 0.94 − 0.8 (0.7) 0.39 − 1.8 (0.8) 0.02
Physical activity
 Step count 12864 (7102) 0.08 7719 (7308) 0.30 19188 (7805) 0.02
SF36v2 health survey
 Physical functioning 0.3 (2.6) 0.89 − 2.1 (2.7) 0.45 1.3 (2.8) 0.63
 Role—physical 0.002 (2.1) 0.99 1.5 (2.2) 0.51 − 0.6 (2.3) 0.81
 Bodily pain 5.0 (2.3) 0.03 0.3 (2.4) 0.91 2.6 (2.5) 0.30
 General health 5.0 (2.4) 0.04 1.0 (2.6) 0.69 2.7 (2.6) 0.32
 Vitality 3.8 (2.4) 0.11 5.8 (2.5) 0.02 6.0 (2.5) 0.02
 Social functioning 2.7 (1.9) 0.15 4.2 (1.9) 0.03 2.1 (2.0) 0.31
 Role—emotional 1.8 (2.2) 0.43 2.6 (2.3) 0.28 1.9 (2.4) 0.43
 Mental health 2.8 (2.2) 0.21 3.7 (2.3) 0.12 4.9 (2.4) 0.04
 Physical component summary 1.6 (1.8) 0.40 − 1.7 (1.9) 0.37 − 0.1 (2.0) 0.97
 Mental component summary 3.4 (1.9) 0.08 5.7 (2.0) 0.006 5.5 (2.1) 0.01
Glucose/insulin indices
 Glucose (mmol/L) fasting − 0.1 (0.2) 0.73 0.2 (0.2) 0.34 0.01 (0.2) 0.94
 Insulin (IU/L) fasting − 5.2 (3.8) 0.18 − 1.6 (3.9) 0.68 3.2 (4.1) 0.44
 Matsuda Index 2.5 (0.8) 0.004 0.4 (0.8) 0.64 − 0.04 (0.9) 0.96
  1. Data are presented as mean ± S.E.M; p value represents mean differences between the UC and PRT groups at 6 weeks, 6 months and 12 months; BCM body cell mass, FM fat mass
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