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Table 5 Studies identifying determinants of multiplanar loads about the knee

From: Biomechanical Determinants of Knee Joint Loads Associated with Increased Anterior Cruciate Ligament Loading During Cutting: A Systematic Review and Technical Framework

Study Participants Cuts used Findings
Jamison et al., 2012 [35] 29 (15 M, 14 F) healthy subjects Three steps at a self-selected pace UP 45° cut Contralateral trunk lean Sig negatively associated with pKIRM (slope = − 0.03, p = 0.021)
McBurnie et al., 2019 [60] 34 elite and sub-elite M soccer players PP 70–90° cutting task with a 10-m approach and 3 m exit Average ML GRF and average and peak hGRF sig determinants of pKRM (R = − 0.638, 0.581 and 0.576 respectively; p = < 0.001)
pKAM and pKRM sig determinants of pKFM (R = − 0.549, − 0.494; p = 0.002 and 0.003 respectively).
Weir et al., 2019 [54] 30 F hockey players (15 junior, 15 elite) UP 45° cutting task KAA and KFA ROM sig independent predictor of pKEM (ß = 0.009, 0.010; p = 0.033 and 0.030 respectively.
KAA, peak Hip ABD and KFA at IC sig independent predictors of pKIRM (ß = − 0.003, − 0.007, 0.002; p = 0.009, 0.002 and 0.280 respectively)
  1. Hip ABD hip abduction, KAA knee abduction angle; pKAM peak knee abduction moment, KFA knee flexion angle, KEM knee extension moment, pKFM peak knee flexion moment, pKRM peak knee rotation moment, pKIRM peak knee internal rotation moment, IC initial contact, PP pre-planned, UP unplanned, M male, F female, ß beta value, Sig significantly, ML medio-lateral, GRF ground reaction force, hGRF horizontal ground reaction force, R Pearson’s correlation coefficient