Skip to main content

Table 12 Summary conclusions and level of certainty from studies examining associations between physical fitness components and single injury type

From: The relationship between physical fitness attributes and sports injury in female, team ball sport players: a systematic review

Physical fitness components Relationships assessed from each study Summary conclusion Level of certainty
# relationships demonstrating significant association with injury # relationships demonstrating no significant association with injury n/N relationship outcome (%) Practical interpretation High, moderate, low, insufficient
ACL injury
Univariate analyses
 Body composition measures 0 1 [69] 0/1 (0%) Unknown Insufficient
 Flexibility measures 0 4 [73] 0/4 (0%) Unknown Insufficient
Multivariate analyses
 Body composition measures 0 1 [69] 0/1 (0%) Unknown Insufficient
 Flexibility measures 1 [73] 2 [73] 1/3 (33%) Unknown Insufficient
Noncontact ACL injury
Multivariate analyses
 Muscular strength measures 0 5 [81] 0/5 (0%) No association Insufficient
Ankle sprain
Univariate analyses
 Balance measures 0 3 [61] 0/3 (0%) Unknown Insufficient
 Body composition measures 0 2 [61] 0/2 (0%) Unknown Insufficient
 Flexibility measures 1 [61] 4 [61] 1/5 (20%) No association Insufficient
 Muscular strength measures 0 12 [61] 0/12 (0%) No association Insufficient
 Power measures 0 0 0/0 (0%) Unknown Insufficient
Multivariate analyses
 Body composition measures 0 2 [86] 0/2 (0%) Unknown Insufficient
Patellar tendinopathy
Multivariate analyses
 Body composition measures 0 2 [89] 0/2 (0%) Unknown Insufficient
  1. Coding: n/N = number of significant associated relationships divided by total number of relationships investigated. The number of relationships is reported with the study reference number in brackets
  2. Data removed from univariate analyses’ data synthesis due to poor methodological quality and/or high ROB included: noncontact ACL injury—coordination measures (1 relationship [71]), ankle sprain—balance measures (5 relationships [97]), body composition measures (2 relationships [97]), flexibility measures (1 relationship [97]), and power measures (1 relationship [97]). Data removed from multivariate analyses’ data synthesis due to poor methodological quality and/or high ROB included: noncontact ACL injury—balance (1 relationship [88], 1 relationship [71]), body composition measures (1 relationship [88], 2 relationships [71, 102]), coordination measures (5 relationships [71]), flexibility measures (1 relationship [88], 2 relationships [71]), muscular strength measures (3 relationships [88])