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Table 6 Demographics of non-health-conscious walkers

From: The Impact of Health Consciousness on the Association Between Walking Durations and Mental Health Conditions After a Disaster: a Cross-Sectional Study

   Number of participants in each demographic category Number (%) of participants walking 60 min/day Number (%) of participants walking between 30 and 60 min/day Number (%) of participants walking < 30 min/day p value
Total number   352 119 111 122  
Age 20–29 70 29 (24.4) 19 (17.1) 22 (18.0) 0.03*
  30–39 65 22 (18.5) 23 (20.7) 20 (16.4)  
  40–49 84 28 (23.5) 33 (29.7) 23 (18.9)  
  50–59 63 22 (18.5) 22 (19.8) 19 (15.6)  
  60–69 39 12 (10.1) 8 (7.2) 19 (15.6)  
  70 31 6 (5.0) 6 (5.4) 19 (15.6)  
Gender Male 164 69 (58.0) 48 (43.2) 47 (38.5) 0.007**
  Female 188 50 (42.0) 63 (56.8) 75 (61.5)  
The number of family members 1 18 4 (3.4) 6 (5.4) 8 (6.6) 0.17
  2 51 15 (12.6) 14 (12.6) 22 (18.0)  
  3 96 32 (26.9) 31 (27.9) 33 (27.0)  
  4 67 31 (26.1) 14 (12.6) 22 (18.0)  
  5 39 11 (9.2) 16 (14.4) 12 (9.8)  
  6 46 15 (12.6) 17 (15.3) 14 (11.5)  
  7 21 5 (4.2) 10 (9.0) 6 (4.9)  
  8 3 3 (2.5) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)  
  9 3 1 (0.8) 2 (1.8) 0 (0.0)  
Residential condition Living in the same place as before the GEJE 80 29 (24.4) 21 (18.9) 30 (24.6) 0.47
  Living in a different place not due to the disaster 14 3 (2.5) 7 (6.3) 4 (3.3)  
  Post-disaster publicly funded rental accommodation 3 1 (0.8) 1 (0.9) 1 (0.8)  
  Houses of relatives or friends 16 4 (3.4) 7 (6.3) 5 (4.1)  
  Prefabricated post-disaster public housing 39 17 (14.3) 10 (9.0) 12 (9.8)  
  Newly built houses in the relocated high-land area 80 30 (25.2) 27 (24.3) 23 (18.9)  
  Newly built houses outside of the relocated high-land area 80 18 (15.1) 27 (24.3) 35 (28.7)  
  Others 33 14 (11.8) 10 (9.0) 9 (7.4)  
Perceived economic status Extremely difficult 22 12 (10.1) 7 (6.3) 3 (2.5) 0.15
  Difficult 71 27 (22.7) 18 (16.2) 26 (21.3)  
  A little difficult 109 36 (30.3) 32 (28.8) 41 (33.6)  
  Fine 149 43 (36.1) 54 (48.6) 52 (42.6)  
Alcohol drinking habits Drinking 133 53 (44.5) 44 (39.6) 36 (29.5) 0.04*
  Non-drinking 207 62 (52.1) 62 (55.9) 83 (68.0)  
Smoking habits Smoking 83 32 (26.9) 25 (22.5) 26 (21.3) 0.52
  Non-smoking 245 78 (65.5) 79 (71.2) 88 (72.1)  
CES-D < 16 253 84 (70.6) 88 (79.3) 81 (66.4) 0.09
  16 99 35 (29.4) 23 (20.7) 41 (33.6)  
K6 < 9 302 100 (84.0) 100 (90.1) 102 (83.6) 0.29
  9 50 19 (16.0) 11 (9.9) 20 (16.4)  
IES-R < 25 282 95 (79.8) 97 (87.4) 90 (73.8) 0.03*
  25 70 24 (20.2) 14 (12.6) 32 (26.2)  
  1. Distribution of walker without health-consciousness group regarding age groups (20–29, 30–39, 40–49, 50–59, 60–69, 70), gender, number of family members, residential status at the time of the survey [living in the same place as before the Great East Japan Earthquake (GEJE), living in a different place with reasons other than the consequence of the GEJE, post-disaster publicly funded rental accommodation, houses of relatives or friends, prefabricated post-disaster public housing, newly built houses in the relocated high-land area, newly built houses outside of the relocated high-land area, others], economic states (extremely difficult, difficult, a little difficult, fine), alcohol consumption (drinking, non-drinking), smoking status (smoking, non-smoking), the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D; non-depressive: < 16, depressive: 16), the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K6; non-distressed: < 9, distressed: 9), and the Impact of Event Scale-Revised (IES-R; non-PTSR < 25, PTSR 25). The distributions of the above parameters were shown for each walking durations subgroup ( 60 min/day, between 30 and 60 min/day, < 30 min/day). Differences in the distributions of each parameter among the three walking duration subgroups were evaluated using the Chi-square test
  2. Significant levels: *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01