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Table 1 Demographics of the participants

From: The Impact of Health Consciousness on the Association Between Walking Durations and Mental Health Conditions After a Disaster: a Cross-Sectional Study

   Number of participants in each demographic category Number (%) of participants walking 60 min/day Number (%) of participants walking between 30 and 60 min/day Number (%) of participants walking < 30 min/day p value
Total number   718 232 259 227  
Age 20–29 101 41 (17.7) 29 (11.2) 31 (13.7) 0.03*
  30–39 108 38 (16.4) 42 (16.2) 28 (12.3)  
  40–49 144 50 (21.6) 54 (20.8) 40 (17.6)  
  50–59 155 54 (23.3) 59 (22.8) 42 (18.5)  
  60–69 123 27 (11.6) 47 (18.1) 49 (22.6)  
  70 87 22 (9.5) 28 (10.9) 37 (16.3)  
Gender Male 329 128 (55.2) 119 (45.9) 82 (36.1) < 0.001**
  Female 389 104 (44.8) 140 (54.1) 145 (63.9)  
The number of family members 1 39 9 (3.9) 14 (5.4) 16 (7.0) 0.57
  2 126 33 (14.2) 47 (18.1) 46 (20.3)  
  3 183 61 (26.3) 69 (26.6) 53 (23.3)  
  4 123 48 (20.7) 36 (13.9) 39 (17.2)  
  5 91 33 (14.2) 31 (12.0) 27 (11.9)  
  6 93 28 (12.1) 36 (13.9) 29 (12.8)  
  7 37 10 (4.3) 17 (6.6) 10 (4.4)  
  8 10 4 (1.7) 4 (1.5) 2 (0.9)  
  9 5 3 (1.3) 2 (0.8) 0 (0.0)  
Residential condition Living in the same place as before the GEJE 169 62 (26.7) 56 (21.6) 51 (22.5) 0.51
  Living in a different place not due to the disaster 21 6 (2.6) 7 (2.7) 8 (3.5)  
  Post-disaster publicly funded rental accommodation 5 1 (0.4) 3 (1.2) 1 (0.4)  
  Houses of relatives or friends 30 7 (3.0) 14 (5.4) 9 (4.0)  
  Prefabricated post-disaster public housing 74 24 (10.3) 24 (9.3) 26 (11.5)  
  Newly built houses in the relocated high-land area 171 62 (26.7) 61 (23.6) 48 (21.1)  
  Newly built houses outside of the relocated high-land area 175 42 (18.1) 71 (27.4) 62 (27.3)  
  Others 62 23 (9.9) 20 (7.7) 19 (8.4)  
Perceived economic status Extremely difficult 42 19 (8.2) 14 (5.4) 9 (4.0) 0.41
  Difficult 130 46 (19.8) 41 (15.8) 43 (18.9)  
  A little difficult 215 65 (28.0) 77 (29.7) 73 (32.2)  
  Fine 328 101 (43.5) 125 (48.3) 102 (44.9)  
Alcohol drinking habits Drinking 273 98 (42.2) 105 (40.5) 70 (30.8) 0.03*
  Non-drinking 397 120 (51.7) 136 (52.5) 141 (62.1)  
Smoking habits Smoking 138 50 (21.6) 46 (17.8) 42 (18.5) 0.52
  Non-smoking 535 167 (72.0) 197 (76.1) 171 (75.3)  
Walk with health consciousness Yes 366 113 (48.7) 148 (57.1) 105 (46.3) 0.04*
  No 352 119 (51.3) 111 (42.9) 122 (53.7)  
CES-D < 16 532 180 (77.6) 201 (77.6) 151 (66.5) 0.007*
  16 186 52 (22.4) 58 (22.4) 76 (33.5)  
K6 < 9 630 206 (88.8) 233 (90.0) 191 (84.1) 0.13
  9 88 26 (11.2) 26 (10.0) 36 (15.9)  
IES-R < 25 576 191 (82.3) 217 (83.8) 168 (74.0) 0.02*
  25 142 41 (17.7) 42 (16.2) 59 (26.0)  
  1. Distribution of the participants regarding age groups (20–29, 30–39, 40–49, 50–59, 60–69, 70 ), gender, number of family members, residential status at the time of the survey [living in the same place as before the Great East Japan Earthquake (GEJE), living in a different place with reasons other than the consequence of the GEJE, post-disaster publicly funded rental accommodation, houses of relatives or friends, prefabricated post-disaster public housing, newly built houses in the relocated high-land area, newly built houses outside of the relocated high-land area, others], economic states (extremely difficult, difficult, a little difficult, fine), alcohol consumption (drinking, non-drinking), smoking status (smoking, non-smoking), walking with health consciousness (yes, no), the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D; non-depressive: < 16, depressive: 16), the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K6; non-distressed: < 9, distressed: 9), and the Impact of Event Scale-Revised (IES-R; non-PTSR < 25, PTSR 25). The distributions of the above parameters were shown for each walking durations subgroup ( 60 min/day, between 30 and 60 min/day, < 30 min/day). Differences in the distributions of each parameter among the three walking duration subgroups were evaluated using the Chi-square test
  2. Significance levels: *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01