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Table 1 Summary of sports technology impact

From: A Pragmatic Approach to Resolving Technological Unfairness: the Case of Nike’s Vaporfly and Alphafly Running Footwear

Criterion
Harm or health (to the athlete or others)
Unnaturalness
Unfair advantage
Coercion
Safety and spectator appeal
Integrity of the game, harm to or advantage over the sport itself, or the ‘spirit of the sport’
Deskilling and reskilling
Dehumanisation
Cost (or excess cost)
The internal goods of a sport
Equal opportunity or access