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Table 1 Definitions of physical fitness components [9, 38]

From: The Relationship Between Physical Fitness Qualities and Sport-Specific Technical Skills in Female, Team-Based Ball Players: A Systematic Review

ComponentDefinition
AgilityThe capacity to rapidly move the whole body in different directions with speed and accuracy.a
BalanceThe maintenance of equilibrium while the whole body is moving or stationary.
Body compositionDescribes the human body’s relative amount of muscle, fat, bone, and other tissue.b
Cardiorespiratory fitnessRelates to the ability of the circulatory and respiratory systems of the human body to supply oxygen during large-muscle, dynamic exercise.
CoordinationRelates to the ability to use body parts to accurately and smoothly perform motor tasks.
FlexibilityThe available range of motion at a joint.
Muscular enduranceThe ability of a muscle or muscle group to remain contracted or to contract repeatedly without fatigue.
Muscular strengthThe ability of a muscle to produce force.
PowerThe rate one is able to exert maximal force.
Reaction timeThe time elapsed between a stimulus and onset of movement to respond to it.
SpeedThe ability to perform a skill or movement quickly.c
  1. aTests that involved a response to a stimulus [39] or change of direction speed [40] were considered under the global term of ‘agility’
  2. bAnthropometric measures were included in the ‘body composition’ category [9]
  3. cTests that measured speed endurance were considered under the global component of ‘speed’