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Table 2 Grading and interpretation of the ten core indicators of physical activity among children and youth in Ethiopia, 2018

From: Assessment of Physical Activity Indicators for Children and Youth in Ethiopia: Evidence from the Global Matrix 3.0 Study (2017–2018)

Indicator Grade Grading scheme Interpretation
Overall physical activity D We are succeeding with less than half but some children and youth (27%–33%) Majority of Ethiopian children and youth take part in home chores and light work every day for family help. Our team estimated that about 28% of children and youth (17% urban & 39% rural) meet 60 min of moderate physical activity every day
Organized sport participations C We are succeeding with about half of children and youth (47%–53%) Almost 50% of children and youth are participating in school athletics, handball, volleyball, and football competitions at all levels several times in a year
Active play B We are succeeding with well over half of children and youth (67%–73%) Experts estimated that 71% of children and youth involved in active play for a minimum of 2 h a day before, during, and after school
Active transportation C We are succeeding with about half of children and youth (47%–53%) Approximately 48% of children and youth (31% in urban and 65% rural) are walking to and from school
Sedentary behaviors F We are succeeding with very few children and youth (< 20%) About 13% of children and youth spend on screen time such as a mobile game, play station, and TV views for no more than 2 h per day
Physical fitness INC Incomplete-insufficient or inadequate information to assign a grade There is no adequate information in the country to assign a grade for this indicator
Family and peers F We are succeeding with very few children and youth (< 20%) Approximately 14% of children and youth are encouraged and get support from their family members like buying bike, handball, or football for their child to move
Schools D We are succeeding with less than half but some children and youth (27%–33%) Our team estimated that 32% of schools in the country have access to infrastructures like a sports field, outdoor playground, and multipurpose spaces for physical activity
Community and environment F We are succeeding with very few children and youth (<20%) Approximately 8% of children and youth live in an environment with accessible infrastructure for physical activity such as sidewalks and parks
Government D We are succeeding with less than half but some children and youth (27%–33%) Policy exists regarding physical activity in the country’s non-communicable disease (NCD) agenda. However, it is not implemented yet