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Table 2 Grading and interpretation of the ten core indicators of physical activity among children and youth in Ethiopia, 2018

From: Assessment of Physical Activity Indicators for Children and Youth in Ethiopia: Evidence from the Global Matrix 3.0 Study (2017–2018)

IndicatorGradeGrading schemeInterpretation
Overall physical activityDWe are succeeding with less than half but some children and youth (27%–33%)Majority of Ethiopian children and youth take part in home chores and light work every day for family help. Our team estimated that about 28% of children and youth (17% urban & 39% rural) meet 60 min of moderate physical activity every day
Organized sport participationsCWe are succeeding with about half of children and youth (47%–53%)Almost 50% of children and youth are participating in school athletics, handball, volleyball, and football competitions at all levels several times in a year
Active playBWe are succeeding with well over half of children and youth (67%–73%)Experts estimated that 71% of children and youth involved in active play for a minimum of 2 h a day before, during, and after school
Active transportationCWe are succeeding with about half of children and youth (47%–53%)Approximately 48% of children and youth (31% in urban and 65% rural) are walking to and from school
Sedentary behaviorsFWe are succeeding with very few children and youth (< 20%)About 13% of children and youth spend on screen time such as a mobile game, play station, and TV views for no more than 2 h per day
Physical fitnessINCIncomplete-insufficient or inadequate information to assign a gradeThere is no adequate information in the country to assign a grade for this indicator
Family and peersFWe are succeeding with very few children and youth (< 20%)Approximately 14% of children and youth are encouraged and get support from their family members like buying bike, handball, or football for their child to move
SchoolsDWe are succeeding with less than half but some children and youth (27%–33%)Our team estimated that 32% of schools in the country have access to infrastructures like a sports field, outdoor playground, and multipurpose spaces for physical activity
Community and environmentFWe are succeeding with very few children and youth (<20%)Approximately 8% of children and youth live in an environment with accessible infrastructure for physical activity such as sidewalks and parks
GovernmentDWe are succeeding with less than half but some children and youth (27%–33%)Policy exists regarding physical activity in the country’s non-communicable disease (NCD) agenda. However, it is not implemented yet