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Table 1 Overview of intervention studies assessing plyometric training and the effect upon COD-performance

From: Effect of Different Physical Training Forms on Change of Direction Ability: a Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Plyometric training
Reference Number (n) of subjects and mean age Level and sport Week tr./tr. per week Experimental group, improvement (seconds) Control group, improvement (Seconds) Improvement, percent (%) Effect size (ES) Training intervention, experimental group.
(S) series and (R) repetitions per session
COD test
1) Length (meter)
2) Number of CODs
3) Degrees of CODs
Drop jump (DJ)
Ramírez-Campillo et al. [33] EG, n = 38
Age: 13.2 ± 1.8
CG, n = 38
Age: 13.2 ± 1.8
Young men, Soccer 7/2 Pre: 20.3 ± 2.8
Post: 19.6
Pre:20.1 ± 2.7
Post: 20.8
EG: 3.5%
CG: -3.5%
EG, ES = 0.26
CG, ES = -0.25
DJ from different heights, S: 2, R: 10 Illinois agility-test
1) 60 m
2) 9
3) 4 × 180 ° and 4 × 60 °.
Ramírez-Campillo et al. [34] EG, n = 25
Age: 13.9 ± 1.9
CG, n = 24
Age: 13.7 ± 1.6
High level, young men, soccer 7/2 Pre: 20.4 ± 1.9
Post: 19.8 ± 1.7
Pre: 20.2 ± 1.7
Post: 20 ± 1.6
EG: 2.94%
CG: 0.99%
EG, ES = 0,33
CG, ES = 0.12
DJ from fixed height (30 cm).
S: 6–9 R: 8–10
Illinois agility-test
1) 60 m
2) 9
3) 4 × 180 ° and 4 × 60 °.
Ramírez-Campillo et al. [34] EG, n = 24
Age: 13.1 ± 1.7
CG, n = 24
Age: 13.7 ± 1.6
High level, young men, soccer 7/2 Pre: 20.3 ± 1.7
Post: 19.4 ± 1.3
Pre: 20.2 ± 1.7
Post: 20 ± 1.6
EG: 4.43%
CG: 0.99%
EG, ES = 0.6
CG, ES = 0.12
DJ from optimal height.
S: 6–9 R:8–10
Illinois agility-test
1) 60 m
2) 9
3) 4 × 180 ° and 4 × 60 °
Thomas et al. [35] EG, n = 6 Age:17 ± 0.4 Men, Jr, soccer 6/2 Pre:2.86 ± 0,5
Post:2.59 ± 0,5
None EG: 9.44% EG, ES = 0,54 Vertical DJ (40 cm) 80–120 jumps per session 505-agility test
1) 10 m
2) 1
3) 180 °
Asadi and Ramirez-Campillo [36] EG, n = 6
Age:
College students 6/2 Pre: 11.3 ± 0.7
Post: 10.3 ± 0.8
None EG: 8.93% EG, ES = 1.30 Cluster set group. Drop jumps (45 cm).
S: 5, R: 20 (2 × 10) with 30–90 sec rest each session.
T test
1) 40 m
2) 4
3) 2 × 90 ° and 2 × 180
Asadi and Ramirez-Campillo [36] EG, n = 7
Age:
College students 6/2 Pre: 11.1 ± 1.7
Post: 10.1 ± 0.5
None EG: 8.32% EG, ES = 0.84 Traditional group. Drop jumps (45 cm). 2 min rest between sets. S: 5, R: 20. T test
1) 40 m
2) 4
3) 2 × 90° and 2 × 180
Drop jump (DJ) + hurdle jump
Hammami et al. [37] EG, n = 15
Age: 15.7 ± 0.2
CG, n = 13
Age: 15.8 ± 0.2
Men, Jr, Soccer 8/2 Pre: 8.75 ± 0.43
Post: 8.34 ± 0.42
Pre: 8.38 ± 0.33
Post: 8.36 ± 0.45
EG: 4.69%
CG:0.24%
EG, ES = 0.964
CG, ES = 0.05
Hurdle jump and DJ,
S: 4–10, R: 7–10
S180°
1) 30 m
2) 5
3) 180 °
Drop jump (DJ) + hurdle jump + countermovement jump (CMJ)
Bouteraa et al. [38] EG, n = 16
Age: 16.4 ± 0.5
CG, n = 10
Age: 16.5 ± 0.5
Women, basketball, players 8/2 Pre: 11.3 ± 0.6
Post: 10.6 ± 0.4
Pre: 11.5 ± 0.6
Post: 11.5 ± 0.6
EG: 6.19%
CG: 0%
EG, ES: 1.4
CG, ES: 0
Vertical DJ and CMJ, Hurdle jump and zig zag. S: 2–3, R: 10–15. 80–120 jumps per session Modified Illinois
1) 31 m
2) 7
3) 45–180 °
Drop jump + countermovement jump (DJ + CMJ)
Hernández et al. [39] EG, n = 7
Age: 10 ± 1.5
CG, n = 6
Age: 9.7 ± 2
Young, Men, Basketball 7/2 Pre: 12.3 ± 1.1
Post: 11 ± 1.1
Pre: 12.2 ± 0.9
Post: 11.5 ± 1.1
EG: 10.57%
CG: 5.74%
EG, ES = 1.18
CG, ES = 0.7
Non-randomized exercise order. Bilateral and unilateral multidirectional jumps.
47–114 jumps per week.
T test
1) 40 m
2) 4
3) 2 × 90 ° and 2 × 180 °
Hernández et al. [39] EG, n = 6
Age: 11 ± 1.7
CG, n = 6
Age: 9.7 ± 2
Young, Men, Basketball 7/2 Pre: 12.1 ± 1.1
Post: 10.3 ± 0.7
Pre: 12.2 ± 0.9
Post: 11.5 ± 1.1
EG: 14.88%
CG: 5.74%
EG, ES = 2
CG, ES = 0.7
Randomized exercise order. Bilateral and unilateral multidirectional jumps.
47–114 jumps per week.
T test
1) 40 m
2) 4
3) 2 × 90 ° and 2 × 180 °
Yanci et al. [40] EG, n = 8
Age: 22.50 ± 5.04
Semi-prof. Men, Soccer 6/1 Pre: 4.92 ± 0.22
Post:4.86 ± 0.25
None EG: 1.22% EG, ES = 0,26 Horizontal CMJ and Horizontal DJ, total 180 jump
(180 ground contacts per week)
Modified T test
1) 20 m
2) 4
3) 2 × 90 ° and 2 × 180 °
Yanci et al. [40] EG, n = 8
Age: 24.63 ± 2.72
Semi-prof. Men, Soccer 6/2 Pre: 4.87 ± 0.25
Post: 4.87 ± 0.20
None EG: 0% EG, ES = 0 Horizontal CMJ and Horizontal DJ, total 360 jump
(360 ground contacts per week)
1) 20 m
2) 4
3) 2 × 90 ° and 2 × 180 °
Gonzalo-Skok et al. [41] EG, n = 9
Age: 13.2 ± 0.5
Men, Young elite, Basketball 6/2 Pre: 7.21 ± 0.22
Post: 7.01 ± 0.19
None EG: 2.77% EG, ES = 0.98 Unilateral horizontal: DJ, long jumps with and without CMJ and repeated jumps.
S: 2–5, R: 2–5
60–100 jumps per session
V-Cut test
1) 25 m
2) 4
3) 45 °
Gonzalo-Skok et al. [41] EG, n = 9
Age: 13.3 ± 0.6
Men, Young elite, Basketball 6/2 Pre: 7.37 ± 0.41
Post: 7.21 ± 0.4
None EG: 2.17% EG, ES = 0.40 Bilateral vertical: DJ, SJ with and without CMJ, Tuck jump and repeated jumps
S: 2–5, R: 2–5
60–100 jumps per session
V-cut test
1) 25 m
2) 4
3) 45 °
Keller et al. [42] EG, n = 12
Age: 14 ± 0.8
Men, Young, Soccer 4/2 Pre: 5.8 ± 0.4
Post: 5.6 ± 0.4
None EG: 3,45% EG, ES = 0,50 Vertical: DJ, drop landings, split squat jumps and repeated jumps.
S:3–6 R:5–10
Modified T test
1) 18 m
2) 4
3) 2 × 90 ° and 2 × 180 °
Ramirez-Campillo et al. [43] EG, n = 8
Age: 12.9 ± 1.9
CG, n = 7
Age: 12.6 ± 1.8
Young, Men, Soccer 8/2 Pre: 5.24 ± 0.78
Post: 4.97 ± 0.83
Pre: 5.31 ± 0.58
Post: 5.22 ± 0.55
EG: 5.15%
CG: 1.69 %
EG, ES = 0.34
CG, ES = 1,69
Single surface plyometric training.
DJ, standing long jump, unilateral CMJ, 180° jump and repeated CMJ. 40–70 jumps per session
1) 10 m
2) 4
3) 60 °
Ramirez-Campillo et al. [43] EG, n = 8
Age: 12.1 ± 2.2
CG, n = 7
Age: 12.6 ± 1.8
Young, Men, Soccer 8/2 Pre: 5.41 ± 0.61
Post: 4.93 ± 0.59
Pre: 5.31 ± 0.58
Post: 5.22 ± 0.55
EG: 8.87%
CG: 1.69 %
EG, ES = 0.80
CG, ES = 1.69
Combined surface plyometric training.
DJ, standing long jump, unilateral CMJ, 180° jump and repeated CMJ. 40–70 jumps per session
1) 10 m
2) 4
3) 60 °
Ramirez-Campillo et al. [44] EG, n = 21
Age: 20.4 ± 2.8
CG, n = 21
Age: 20.8 ± 2.7
Men, Soccer, college- level 6/2 Pre: 17.72 ± 0.7
Post: 17.32 ± 0.7
Pre: 17.55 ± 0.6
Post: 17.65 ± 0.7
EG: 2.26%
CG: -0.57%
EG, ES = 0.57
CG, ES = -0.15
CMJ bilateral and unilateral, with and without arms + DJ, 80–160 jumps per session Illinois agility-test
1) 60 m
2) 9
3) 4 × 180 ° and 4 × 60 °
Ramirez-Campillo et al. [44] EG, n = 19
Age: 22.4 ± 2.4
CG, n = 19
Age: 20.5 ± 2.5
Women, Soccer, college level 6/2 Pre: 19.48 ± 0.9
Post: 18.73 ± 1
Pre: 19.79 ± 1
Post: 19.93 ± 0,9
EG: 3.85%
CG: -0.71%
EG, ES = 0.79
CG, ES = -0.14
CMJ bilateral and unilateral with and without arms + DJ,80–160 jumps per session Illinois agility-test
1) 60 m
2) 9
3) 4 × 180 ° and 4 × 60 °
Yanci et al. [45] EG, n = 15
CG, n = 12Age: 22.5 ± 5.0
Men, amateur, Futsal 6/2 Pre: 2.28 ± 0.09 Post:2.17 ± 0.02 Pre: 2.34 ± 0.15
Post: 2.34 ± 0.08
EG:4.82%
CG:0%
EG, ES = 2
CG, ES = 0.00
Vertical DJ, lateral jump and CMJ, 120–176 jumps per week 505-agility test
1) 10 m
2) 1
3) 180 °
Yanci et al. [45] EG, n = 12
CG, n = 12
Age: 22.5 ± 5.0
Men, amateur, Futsal 6/1 Pre:2.28 ± 0.09
Post: 2.24 ± 0.06
Pre: 2.34 ± 0.15
Post: 2.34 ± 0.08
EG:1.75%
CG:0%
EG, ES = 0.533
CG, ES = 0.00
Vertical DJ, lateral jump and CMJ, 91–176 jumps per week 505-agility test
1) 10 m
2) 1
3) 180 °
Ramirez-Campillo et al. [46] EG, n = 8
Age: 22.8 ± 4.3
CG, n = 7
Age: 20.1 ± 1.8
Women, Amateur, Socce 8/1 Pre: 4.94 ± 0.2
Post: 4.57 ± 0.2
Pre: 4.96 ± 0.2
Post: 4.95 ± 0.4
EG: 7.49%
CG: 0.20%
EG, ES = 1.85
CG ES = 0.03
DJ, standing long jump, unilateral CMJ, 180° jump and repeated CMJ.
40-70 jumps per week
1) 10 m
2) 4
3) 60 °
Ramirez-Campillo et al. [46] EG, n = 8
Age: 21.4 ± 2.5
CG, n = 7
Age: 20.1 ± 1.8
Women, Amateur, Soccer 8/2 Pre: 5.12 ± 0.3
Post: 4.74 ± 0.3
Pre: 4.96 ± 0.2
Post: 4.95 ± 0.4
EG: 7.42%
CG: 0.20%
EG, ES = 1.27
CG ES = 0.03
DJ, standing long jump, unilateral CMJ, 180° jump and repeated CMJ.
80–140 jumps per week
1) 10 m
2) 4
3) 60 °
Countermovement jump (CMJ)
McCormick et al. [47] EG, n = 7
Age:15.71 ± 0.76
Adult women, Basketball 6/2 Right turn:
Pre: 23.86 ± 3.13
Post:24.57 ± 2.99
Left turn:
Pre:24.00 3.06 ± post:24.14 2.55
None Right turn:
3.0%
Left turn:
0.58%
Right turn, ES = 0.23
Left turn, ES=
0.05
CMJ in sagittal-plane, total 9 exercises. S:4, R:6 Lateral shuffle test to the right and left (6 s, with max number of turns)
1) 2.44 m
2) X
3) 180 °
McCormick et al. [47] EG, n = 7
Age:16.29 ± 0.76
Adult women, Basketball 6/2 Right turn:
Pre: 23.00 ± 2.31
Post: 24.57 ± 1.90
Left turn:Pre:22.71 ± 2.22 Post:24.71 ± 2.36
None Right turn:
6.83%
Left turn:
8.81%
Right turn, ES = 0.75
Left turn, ES=
0.87
CMJ in frontal-plane, total 9 exercises.
S:4, R:6
Lateral shuffle test to the right and left (6  s, with max number of turns)
1) 2.44 m
2) X
3) 180 °
Ramírez-Campillo et al. [34] EG, n = 10. Age: 11.6 ± 1.4.CG, n = 10
Age: 11.4 ± 2.4
Young Men, Soccer 6/2 Pre: 5.31 + 0.27
Post:5.18
Pre: 5.30 + 0.48
Post:5.36
EG:2.5%
CG:-1.1%
EG, ES = 0.48
CG, ES = -0.125
Vertical, unilateral and bilateral CMJ. S:3–6, R:5–10 1) 10 m
2) 4
3) 60 °
Ramírez-Campillo et al. [34] EG, n = 10
Age: 11.4 ± 1.9
CG, n = 10
Age: 11.4 ± 2.4
Young Men, Soccer 6/2 Pre: 5.36 + 0.45
Post:5.26
Pre: 5.30 + 0.48
Post:5.36
EG:1.9%
CG: -1.1%
EG, ES = 0.22
CG, ES = 0.125
Horizontal, unilateral and bilateral CMJ. S3–6: R:5–10 1) 10 m
2) 4
3) 60 °
Ramírez-Campillo et al. [34] EG, n = 10
Age: 11.2 ± 2.3
CG, n = 10
Age: 11.4 ± 2.4
Young Men, Soccer 6/2 Pre: 5.36 + 0.52
Post:5.09
Pre: 5.30 + 0.48
Post:5.36
EG:5.1%
CG: -1.1%
EG, ES = 0.52
CG, ES = 0.125
Vertical, Horizontal, unilateral and bilateral CMJ. S:2, R:5–10 1) 10 m
2) 4
3) 60 °
Ramírez-Campillo et al. [48] EG, n = 12
Age:11.0 ± 2.0
CG, n = 14
Age:11.2 ± 2.4
Young Men, Soccer 6/2 Pre:5.4 ± 0.5
Post:5.19
Pre:5.4 ± 0.6
Post:5.44
EG:3.9%
CG: -0.8%
EG, ES = 0.42
CG, ES = -0.07
Bilateral Horizontal and Vertical CMJ. S:2–6, R:5–10 1) 10 m
2) 4
3) 60 °
Ramírez-Campillo et al. [48] EG, n = 16
Age:11.6 ± 1.7
CG, n = 14
Age:11.2 ± 2.4
Young Men, Soccer 6/2 Pre:5.3 ± 0.5
Post:4.86
Pre:5.4 ± 0.6
Post:5.44
EG:8.3
CG: -0.8%
EG, ES = 0.88
CG, ES = -0.07
Unilateral Horizontal and Vertical CMJ. S:2–3, R:5–10 1) 10 m
2) 4
3) 60 °
Ramírez-Campillo et al. [48] EG, n = 12
Age:11. ± 6 2.7
CG, n = 14
Age:11.2 ± 2.4
Young Men, Soccer 6/2 Pre:5.2 ± 0.6
Post:4.77
Pre:5.4 ± 0.6
Post:5.44
EG:8.3
CG: -0.8%
EG, ES = 0.72 CG, ES = -0.07 Bilateral, unilateral, Vertical and Horizontal jump. S:2, R:5-10 1) 10 m
2) 4
3) 60 °
Ramirez-Campillo et al. [49] EG, n = 12
Age: 22.8 ± 4.3
CG, n = 12
Age: 17.1 ± 0.5
High level, Young Men, Soccer 7/2 Pre: 16.58 ± 0.74
Post: 15.87 ± 0.46
Pre: 16.9 ± 0.53
Post: 16.51 ± 0.56
EG: 4.28%
CG: 2.31%
EG, ES = 1.18
CG, ES = 0.72
Plyometrics before soccer training. Cyclic and acyclic horizontal and vertical jumps, with left, right and both legs. 104-204 jumps per session. Illinois agility-test
1) 60 m
2) 9
3) 4 × 180 ° and 4 × 60 °
Ramirez-Campillo et al. [49] EG, n = 14
Age: 21.4 ± 2.5
CG, n = 12
Age: 17.1 ± 0.5
High level, Young Men, Soccer 7/2 Pre: 16.55 ± 0.47
Post: 16.43 ± 0.42
Pre: 16.9 ± 0.53
Post: 16.51 ± 0.56
EG: 0.73%
CG: 2.31%
EG, ES = 0.27
CG, ES = 0.72
Plyometrics after soccer training. Cyclic and acyclic horizontal and vertical jumps, with left, right and both legs. 104–204 jumps per session. Illinois agility-test
1) 60 m
2) 9
3) 4 × 180 ° and 4 × 60 °
Thomas et al. [50] EG, n = 6 Age:17 ± 0.4 Men, Jr, Soccer 6/2 Pre:2.89 ± 0.41
Post:2.55 ± 0.41
None EG:11.76% EG, ES = 0.83 Vertical CMJ, 80–120 jump per session 505-agility test
1) 10 m
2) 1
3) 180 °
Chtara et al. [51] EG, n = 10
CG, n = 10
Age:13.6 ± 0.3
Men, Jr, Soccer 7/1 Pre:7.10 ± 0.23 Post:6.95 ± 0.17 Pre:7.12 ± 0.22 Post:7.07 ± 0.21 EG:2.11%
CG:0.70%
EG, ES = 0.75
CG, ES = 0.23
Unilateral, bilateral, lateral, Vertical and Horizontal CMJ, S:2–3, R:8–12 Zig-zag test
1) 20 m
2) 3
3) 100 °
van den Tillaar et al. [52] EG, n = 13
Age: 13.8 ± 0.5
Mixed, Young, handball 6/2 Pre: 6.53 ± 0.75
Post:6.06
None EG: 7.20% EG, ES:0.63 Bilateral and unilateral CMJ, max mobilization without bending knees, S:2–3, R:8–25 1) 20 m
2) 5
3) 4 × 135 ° and 1 × 90 °
Bouguezzi et al. [53] EG, n = 15
Age: 11.32 ± 0.27
Young Men, Soccer 8/1 Pre: 12.11 ± 0.83
Post: 11.31 ± 0.76
None EG: 6.61% EG, ES = 1.01 Vertical and horizontal CMJ, ankle jumps and zig zag. S: 6–12, R: 8–12. 50–120 jumps per session. T test
1) 40 m
2) 4
3) 2 × 90 ° and 2 × 180 °
Bouguezzi et al. [53] EG, n = 15
Age:12.27 ± 0.33
Young Men, Soccer 8/2 Pre: 12.17 ± 0.98
Post: 11.02 ± 0.45
None EG: 9.45% EG, ES = 1.61 Vertical and horizontal CMJ, ankle jumps and zig zag. S: 3–6, R: 7–14. 50–120 jumps per session. T test
1) 40 m
2) 4
3) 2 × 90 ° and 2 × 180 °
Loturco et al. [54] EG, n = 11
Age: 22.2 ± 2.4
Prof.
Men, Soccer
5/2 Pre: 6.10 ± 0.20 Post:5.91 ± 0.25 None EG: 3.11% E, ES = 0.84 Squat jump with different loads, CMJ vertical and Horizontal jump.
S:3–8, R:4–6
Zig-zag test
1) 20 m
2) 3
3) 100 °
Asadi [55] EG, n = 10
Age: 20.2 ±
CG, n = 10
Age: 20.1 ± 1.5
Division 1. Men, Basketball 6/2 Pre: 12 ± 0.56
Post: 10.97 ± 0.6
Pre:12.15 ± 0.57
Post: 12.57 ± 0.68
EG: 8.58%
CG: -3.46%
EG, ES = 1.78
CG, ES = -0.67
Vertical and Horizontal CMJ.
S:3, R:15
T test
1) 40 m
2) 4
3) 2 × 90 ° and 2 × 180 °
Negra et al. [56] EG, n = 13 ± 0.2
Age: 12.7 ± 0.2
CG, n = 11
Age: 12.7 ± 0.2
Young, Men, Soccer 8/2 Pre: 11.1 ± 0.5
Post: 10.3 ± 0.5
Pre: 11.38 ± 0.44
Post: 11.73 ± 0.39
EG: 7.21%
CG: -3.08%
EG, ES = 1,60
CG, ES = -0,84
Vertical leap, horizontal jumps, horizontal ankle hop. S:5–8 R:10–15. 50–120 ground contacts per session. T test
1) 40 m
2) 4
3) 2 × 90 ° and 2 × 180 °
Meylan and Malatesta [57] EG, n = 14
Age:13.3 ± 0.6
CG, n = 11
Age: 13.1 ± 0.6
Men, Young, Soccer 8/2 Pre: 4.69 ± 0.16
Post: 4.24 ± 0.17
Pre: 4.58 ± 0.22
Post: 4.70 ± 0.25
EG:9.59%
CG: -2.62%
EG, ES = 2.73
CG, ES = -0.51
CMJ, repeated jump, ankle jump and Squat-jump, S:2–4, R:6–12 1) 10 m
2) 4
3) 60 °
Chaabene and Negra [58] EG, n = 13
Age: 12.68 ± 0.23
Male soccer players 8/2 Pre: 11.33 ± 0.34 Post: 10.54 ± 0.53   EG: 6.97% EG, ES = 1.82 Plyometric training, low volume (50–120 contacts per session). CMJs and two-footed ankle-hops. T test
1) 40 m
2) 4
1) 2 × 90 ° and 2 × 180 °
Chaabene and Negra [58] EG, n = 12
Age: 12.72 ± 0.27
Male soccer players 8/2 Pre: 11.58 ± 0.72
Post: 11.23 ± 0.77
  EG: 3.02% EG, ES = 0.47 Plyometric training, high volume (110–220 contacts per session). CMJs and two-footed ankle-hops. T test
1) 40 m
2) 4
1) 2 × 90 ° and 2 × 180 °
Negra et al. [59] EG, n = 17
Age: 12.1 ± 0.5
Male soccer players 8/2 Pre: 11.9 ± 0.4
Post: 11.5 ± 0.1
  EG: 3.36% EG, ES = 1.6 Stable surface. 50–120 contacts per session. Two-footed ankle hop, CMJ. S: 4–6, R: 6–10. Modified Illinois agility-test
1) 30 m
2) 9
1) 5 × 180 ° and 4 × 45 °
Negra et al. [59] EG, n = 16
Age:12.2 ± 0.6
Male soccer players 8/2 Pre: 11.7 ± 0.3
Post: 11.6 ± 0.1
  EG: 0.85% EG, ES = 0.5 Stable and unstable surface. Two-footed ankle hop, CMJ. S: 4–6, R: 6–10. Modified Illinois agility-test
1) 30 m
2) 9
3. 5 × 180 ° and 4 × 45 °
Different countermovement jump (CMJ) + hurdle jump
Faigenbaum et al. [60] EG, n = 14
Age:13.6 ± 0.7
Young Men, 12–15  years 6/2 Pre: 5.6 ± 0.27
Post:5.6 ± 0.25
None EG: 0% EG, ES = 0 34 different jumps over 6 weeks. S:1–2, R:6–10 per jump condition Pro agility shuttle run
1) 18.2 m
2) 3
3) 2 × 90 ° and 1 × 180 °
Fernandez-Fernandez et al. [61] EG, n = 30
CG, n = 30
Age: 12.5 ± 0.3
Young Men, Tennis 8/2 Pre: 2.95 ± 0.2
Post: 2.86 ± 0.2
Pre: 2.93 ± 0.1
Post: 2.92 ± 0.1
EG: 3.05%
CG: 0.34%
EG, ES = 0.45
CG, ES = 0.1
Different CMJs, Hurdle jump and ankle jump. 6–8 exercises, S:2–4, R:10–15 per week 505-agility test
1) 10 m
2) 1
3) 180 °
Söhnlein et al. [62] EG: n = 18
Age: 13.0 ± 0.8
CG: n = 11
Age: 12.0 ± 1.0
Young Men, Soccer 16/2 Pre:11.66 ± 0.79
Post:10.95 ± 0.58
Pre:11.89 ± 0.57
Post:11.71 ± 0.61
EG:6,09%
CG: 1,51%
EG, ES = 1.04
CG, ES = 0.31
Unilateral and bilateral jump. Vertical, horizontal, lateral, Hurdle jump, squat jump and ankle jump, 112–350 jumps per week Hurdle agility run
1) 24 m
2) 7
3.) 90°–180°
  1. Abbreviations: Tr:: Training; CODs: Change of new directions; Pre: Pre-test; Post: Post-test; EG: Experimental group; CG: Control group; None: control group not provided