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Table 1 Overview of intervention studies assessing plyometric training and the effect upon COD-performance

From: Effect of Different Physical Training Forms on Change of Direction Ability: a Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Plyometric training
ReferenceNumber (n) of subjects and mean ageLevel and sportWeek tr./tr. per weekExperimental group, improvement (seconds)Control group, improvement (Seconds)Improvement, percent (%)Effect size (ES)Training intervention, experimental group.
(S) series and (R) repetitions per session
COD test
1) Length (meter)
2) Number of CODs
3) Degrees of CODs
Drop jump (DJ)
Ramírez-Campillo et al. [33]EG, n = 38
Age: 13.2 ± 1.8
CG, n = 38
Age: 13.2 ± 1.8
Young men, Soccer7/2Pre: 20.3 ± 2.8
Post: 19.6
Pre:20.1 ± 2.7
Post: 20.8
EG: 3.5%
CG: -3.5%
EG, ES = 0.26
CG, ES = -0.25
DJ from different heights, S: 2, R: 10Illinois agility-test
1) 60 m
2) 9
3) 4 × 180 ° and 4 × 60 °.
Ramírez-Campillo et al. [34]EG, n = 25
Age: 13.9 ± 1.9
CG, n = 24
Age: 13.7 ± 1.6
High level, young men, soccer7/2Pre: 20.4 ± 1.9
Post: 19.8 ± 1.7
Pre: 20.2 ± 1.7
Post: 20 ± 1.6
EG: 2.94%
CG: 0.99%
EG, ES = 0,33
CG, ES = 0.12
DJ from fixed height (30 cm).
S: 6–9 R: 8–10
Illinois agility-test
1) 60 m
2) 9
3) 4 × 180 ° and 4 × 60 °.
Ramírez-Campillo et al. [34]EG, n = 24
Age: 13.1 ± 1.7
CG, n = 24
Age: 13.7 ± 1.6
High level, young men, soccer7/2Pre: 20.3 ± 1.7
Post: 19.4 ± 1.3
Pre: 20.2 ± 1.7
Post: 20 ± 1.6
EG: 4.43%
CG: 0.99%
EG, ES = 0.6
CG, ES = 0.12
DJ from optimal height.
S: 6–9 R:8–10
Illinois agility-test
1) 60 m
2) 9
3) 4 × 180 ° and 4 × 60 °
Thomas et al. [35]EG, n = 6 Age:17 ± 0.4Men, Jr, soccer6/2Pre:2.86 ± 0,5
Post:2.59 ± 0,5
NoneEG: 9.44%EG, ES = 0,54Vertical DJ (40 cm) 80–120 jumps per session505-agility test
1) 10 m
2) 1
3) 180 °
Asadi and Ramirez-Campillo [36]EG, n = 6
Age:
College students6/2Pre: 11.3 ± 0.7
Post: 10.3 ± 0.8
NoneEG: 8.93%EG, ES = 1.30Cluster set group. Drop jumps (45 cm).
S: 5, R: 20 (2 × 10) with 30–90 sec rest each session.
T test
1) 40 m
2) 4
3) 2 × 90 ° and 2 × 180
Asadi and Ramirez-Campillo [36]EG, n = 7
Age:
College students6/2Pre: 11.1 ± 1.7
Post: 10.1 ± 0.5
NoneEG: 8.32%EG, ES = 0.84Traditional group. Drop jumps (45 cm). 2 min rest between sets. S: 5, R: 20.T test
1) 40 m
2) 4
3) 2 × 90° and 2 × 180
Drop jump (DJ) + hurdle jump
Hammami et al. [37]EG, n = 15
Age: 15.7 ± 0.2
CG, n = 13
Age: 15.8 ± 0.2
Men, Jr, Soccer8/2Pre: 8.75 ± 0.43
Post: 8.34 ± 0.42
Pre: 8.38 ± 0.33
Post: 8.36 ± 0.45
EG: 4.69%
CG:0.24%
EG, ES = 0.964
CG, ES = 0.05
Hurdle jump and DJ,
S: 4–10, R: 7–10
S180°
1) 30 m
2) 5
3) 180 °
Drop jump (DJ) + hurdle jump + countermovement jump (CMJ)
Bouteraa et al. [38]EG, n = 16
Age: 16.4 ± 0.5
CG, n = 10
Age: 16.5 ± 0.5
Women, basketball, players8/2Pre: 11.3 ± 0.6
Post: 10.6 ± 0.4
Pre: 11.5 ± 0.6
Post: 11.5 ± 0.6
EG: 6.19%
CG: 0%
EG, ES: 1.4
CG, ES: 0
Vertical DJ and CMJ, Hurdle jump and zig zag. S: 2–3, R: 10–15. 80–120 jumps per sessionModified Illinois
1) 31 m
2) 7
3) 45–180 °
Drop jump + countermovement jump (DJ + CMJ)
Hernández et al. [39]EG, n = 7
Age: 10 ± 1.5
CG, n = 6
Age: 9.7 ± 2
Young, Men, Basketball7/2Pre: 12.3 ± 1.1
Post: 11 ± 1.1
Pre: 12.2 ± 0.9
Post: 11.5 ± 1.1
EG: 10.57%
CG: 5.74%
EG, ES = 1.18
CG, ES = 0.7
Non-randomized exercise order. Bilateral and unilateral multidirectional jumps.
47–114 jumps per week.
T test
1) 40 m
2) 4
3) 2 × 90 ° and 2 × 180 °
Hernández et al. [39]EG, n = 6
Age: 11 ± 1.7
CG, n = 6
Age: 9.7 ± 2
Young, Men, Basketball7/2Pre: 12.1 ± 1.1
Post: 10.3 ± 0.7
Pre: 12.2 ± 0.9
Post: 11.5 ± 1.1
EG: 14.88%
CG: 5.74%
EG, ES = 2
CG, ES = 0.7
Randomized exercise order. Bilateral and unilateral multidirectional jumps.
47–114 jumps per week.
T test
1) 40 m
2) 4
3) 2 × 90 ° and 2 × 180 °
Yanci et al. [40]EG, n = 8
Age: 22.50 ± 5.04
Semi-prof. Men, Soccer6/1Pre: 4.92 ± 0.22
Post:4.86 ± 0.25
NoneEG: 1.22%EG, ES = 0,26Horizontal CMJ and Horizontal DJ, total 180 jump
(180 ground contacts per week)
Modified T test
1) 20 m
2) 4
3) 2 × 90 ° and 2 × 180 °
Yanci et al. [40]EG, n = 8
Age: 24.63 ± 2.72
Semi-prof. Men, Soccer6/2Pre: 4.87 ± 0.25
Post: 4.87 ± 0.20
NoneEG: 0%EG, ES = 0Horizontal CMJ and Horizontal DJ, total 360 jump
(360 ground contacts per week)
1) 20 m
2) 4
3) 2 × 90 ° and 2 × 180 °
Gonzalo-Skok et al. [41]EG, n = 9
Age: 13.2 ± 0.5
Men, Young elite, Basketball6/2Pre: 7.21 ± 0.22
Post: 7.01 ± 0.19
NoneEG: 2.77%EG, ES = 0.98Unilateral horizontal: DJ, long jumps with and without CMJ and repeated jumps.
S: 2–5, R: 2–5
60–100 jumps per session
V-Cut test
1) 25 m
2) 4
3) 45 °
Gonzalo-Skok et al. [41]EG, n = 9
Age: 13.3 ± 0.6
Men, Young elite, Basketball6/2Pre: 7.37 ± 0.41
Post: 7.21 ± 0.4
NoneEG: 2.17%EG, ES = 0.40Bilateral vertical: DJ, SJ with and without CMJ, Tuck jump and repeated jumps
S: 2–5, R: 2–5
60–100 jumps per session
V-cut test
1) 25 m
2) 4
3) 45 °
Keller et al. [42]EG, n = 12
Age: 14 ± 0.8
Men, Young, Soccer4/2Pre: 5.8 ± 0.4
Post: 5.6 ± 0.4
NoneEG: 3,45%EG, ES = 0,50Vertical: DJ, drop landings, split squat jumps and repeated jumps.
S:3–6 R:5–10
Modified T test
1) 18 m
2) 4
3) 2 × 90 ° and 2 × 180 °
Ramirez-Campillo et al. [43]EG, n = 8
Age: 12.9 ± 1.9
CG, n = 7
Age: 12.6 ± 1.8
Young, Men, Soccer8/2Pre: 5.24 ± 0.78
Post: 4.97 ± 0.83
Pre: 5.31 ± 0.58
Post: 5.22 ± 0.55
EG: 5.15%
CG: 1.69 %
EG, ES = 0.34
CG, ES = 1,69
Single surface plyometric training.
DJ, standing long jump, unilateral CMJ, 180° jump and repeated CMJ. 40–70 jumps per session
1) 10 m
2) 4
3) 60 °
Ramirez-Campillo et al. [43]EG, n = 8
Age: 12.1 ± 2.2
CG, n = 7
Age: 12.6 ± 1.8
Young, Men, Soccer8/2Pre: 5.41 ± 0.61
Post: 4.93 ± 0.59
Pre: 5.31 ± 0.58
Post: 5.22 ± 0.55
EG: 8.87%
CG: 1.69 %
EG, ES = 0.80
CG, ES = 1.69
Combined surface plyometric training.
DJ, standing long jump, unilateral CMJ, 180° jump and repeated CMJ. 40–70 jumps per session
1) 10 m
2) 4
3) 60 °
Ramirez-Campillo et al. [44]EG, n = 21
Age: 20.4 ± 2.8
CG, n = 21
Age: 20.8 ± 2.7
Men, Soccer, college- level6/2Pre: 17.72 ± 0.7
Post: 17.32 ± 0.7
Pre: 17.55 ± 0.6
Post: 17.65 ± 0.7
EG: 2.26%
CG: -0.57%
EG, ES = 0.57
CG, ES = -0.15
CMJ bilateral and unilateral, with and without arms + DJ, 80–160 jumps per sessionIllinois agility-test
1) 60 m
2) 9
3) 4 × 180 ° and 4 × 60 °
Ramirez-Campillo et al. [44]EG, n = 19
Age: 22.4 ± 2.4
CG, n = 19
Age: 20.5 ± 2.5
Women, Soccer, college level6/2Pre: 19.48 ± 0.9
Post: 18.73 ± 1
Pre: 19.79 ± 1
Post: 19.93 ± 0,9
EG: 3.85%
CG: -0.71%
EG, ES = 0.79
CG, ES = -0.14
CMJ bilateral and unilateral with and without arms + DJ,80–160 jumps per sessionIllinois agility-test
1) 60 m
2) 9
3) 4 × 180 ° and 4 × 60 °
Yanci et al. [45]EG, n = 15
CG, n = 12Age: 22.5 ± 5.0
Men, amateur, Futsal6/2Pre: 2.28 ± 0.09 Post:2.17 ± 0.02Pre: 2.34 ± 0.15
Post: 2.34 ± 0.08
EG:4.82%
CG:0%
EG, ES = 2
CG, ES = 0.00
Vertical DJ, lateral jump and CMJ, 120–176 jumps per week505-agility test
1) 10 m
2) 1
3) 180 °
Yanci et al. [45]EG, n = 12
CG, n = 12
Age: 22.5 ± 5.0
Men, amateur, Futsal6/1Pre:2.28 ± 0.09
Post: 2.24 ± 0.06
Pre: 2.34 ± 0.15
Post: 2.34 ± 0.08
EG:1.75%
CG:0%
EG, ES = 0.533
CG, ES = 0.00
Vertical DJ, lateral jump and CMJ, 91–176 jumps per week505-agility test
1) 10 m
2) 1
3) 180 °
Ramirez-Campillo et al. [46]EG, n = 8
Age: 22.8 ± 4.3
CG, n = 7
Age: 20.1 ± 1.8
Women, Amateur, Socce8/1Pre: 4.94 ± 0.2
Post: 4.57 ± 0.2
Pre: 4.96 ± 0.2
Post: 4.95 ± 0.4
EG: 7.49%
CG: 0.20%
EG, ES = 1.85
CG ES = 0.03
DJ, standing long jump, unilateral CMJ, 180° jump and repeated CMJ.
40-70 jumps per week
1) 10 m
2) 4
3) 60 °
Ramirez-Campillo et al. [46]EG, n = 8
Age: 21.4 ± 2.5
CG, n = 7
Age: 20.1 ± 1.8
Women, Amateur, Soccer8/2Pre: 5.12 ± 0.3
Post: 4.74 ± 0.3
Pre: 4.96 ± 0.2
Post: 4.95 ± 0.4
EG: 7.42%
CG: 0.20%
EG, ES = 1.27
CG ES = 0.03
DJ, standing long jump, unilateral CMJ, 180° jump and repeated CMJ.
80–140 jumps per week
1) 10 m
2) 4
3) 60 °
Countermovement jump (CMJ)
McCormick et al. [47]EG, n = 7
Age:15.71 ± 0.76
Adult women, Basketball6/2Right turn:
Pre: 23.86 ± 3.13
Post:24.57 ± 2.99
Left turn:
Pre:24.00 3.06 ± post:24.14 2.55
NoneRight turn:
3.0%
Left turn:
0.58%
Right turn, ES = 0.23
Left turn, ES=
0.05
CMJ in sagittal-plane, total 9 exercises. S:4, R:6Lateral shuffle test to the right and left (6 s, with max number of turns)
1) 2.44 m
2) X
3) 180 °
McCormick et al. [47]EG, n = 7
Age:16.29 ± 0.76
Adult women, Basketball6/2Right turn:
Pre: 23.00 ± 2.31
Post: 24.57 ± 1.90
Left turn:Pre:22.71 ± 2.22 Post:24.71 ± 2.36
NoneRight turn:
6.83%
Left turn:
8.81%
Right turn, ES = 0.75
Left turn, ES=
0.87
CMJ in frontal-plane, total 9 exercises.
S:4, R:6
Lateral shuffle test to the right and left (6  s, with max number of turns)
1) 2.44 m
2) X
3) 180 °
Ramírez-Campillo et al. [34]EG, n = 10. Age: 11.6 ± 1.4.CG, n = 10
Age: 11.4 ± 2.4
Young Men, Soccer6/2Pre: 5.31 + 0.27
Post:5.18
Pre: 5.30 + 0.48
Post:5.36
EG:2.5%
CG:-1.1%
EG, ES = 0.48
CG, ES = -0.125
Vertical, unilateral and bilateral CMJ. S:3–6, R:5–101) 10 m
2) 4
3) 60 °
Ramírez-Campillo et al. [34]EG, n = 10
Age: 11.4 ± 1.9
CG, n = 10
Age: 11.4 ± 2.4
Young Men, Soccer6/2Pre: 5.36 + 0.45
Post:5.26
Pre: 5.30 + 0.48
Post:5.36
EG:1.9%
CG: -1.1%
EG, ES = 0.22
CG, ES = 0.125
Horizontal, unilateral and bilateral CMJ. S3–6: R:5–101) 10 m
2) 4
3) 60 °
Ramírez-Campillo et al. [34]EG, n = 10
Age: 11.2 ± 2.3
CG, n = 10
Age: 11.4 ± 2.4
Young Men, Soccer6/2Pre: 5.36 + 0.52
Post:5.09
Pre: 5.30 + 0.48
Post:5.36
EG:5.1%
CG: -1.1%
EG, ES = 0.52
CG, ES = 0.125
Vertical, Horizontal, unilateral and bilateral CMJ. S:2, R:5–101) 10 m
2) 4
3) 60 °
Ramírez-Campillo et al. [48]EG, n = 12
Age:11.0 ± 2.0
CG, n = 14
Age:11.2 ± 2.4
Young Men, Soccer6/2Pre:5.4 ± 0.5
Post:5.19
Pre:5.4 ± 0.6
Post:5.44
EG:3.9%
CG: -0.8%
EG, ES = 0.42
CG, ES = -0.07
Bilateral Horizontal and Vertical CMJ. S:2–6, R:5–101) 10 m
2) 4
3) 60 °
Ramírez-Campillo et al. [48]EG, n = 16
Age:11.6 ± 1.7
CG, n = 14
Age:11.2 ± 2.4
Young Men, Soccer6/2Pre:5.3 ± 0.5
Post:4.86
Pre:5.4 ± 0.6
Post:5.44
EG:8.3
CG: -0.8%
EG, ES = 0.88
CG, ES = -0.07
Unilateral Horizontal and Vertical CMJ. S:2–3, R:5–101) 10 m
2) 4
3) 60 °
Ramírez-Campillo et al. [48]EG, n = 12
Age:11. ± 6 2.7
CG, n = 14
Age:11.2 ± 2.4
Young Men, Soccer6/2Pre:5.2 ± 0.6
Post:4.77
Pre:5.4 ± 0.6
Post:5.44
EG:8.3
CG: -0.8%
EG, ES = 0.72 CG, ES = -0.07Bilateral, unilateral, Vertical and Horizontal jump. S:2, R:5-101) 10 m
2) 4
3) 60 °
Ramirez-Campillo et al. [49]EG, n = 12
Age: 22.8 ± 4.3
CG, n = 12
Age: 17.1 ± 0.5
High level, Young Men, Soccer7/2Pre: 16.58 ± 0.74
Post: 15.87 ± 0.46
Pre: 16.9 ± 0.53
Post: 16.51 ± 0.56
EG: 4.28%
CG: 2.31%
EG, ES = 1.18
CG, ES = 0.72
Plyometrics before soccer training. Cyclic and acyclic horizontal and vertical jumps, with left, right and both legs. 104-204 jumps per session.Illinois agility-test
1) 60 m
2) 9
3) 4 × 180 ° and 4 × 60 °
Ramirez-Campillo et al. [49]EG, n = 14
Age: 21.4 ± 2.5
CG, n = 12
Age: 17.1 ± 0.5
High level, Young Men, Soccer7/2Pre: 16.55 ± 0.47
Post: 16.43 ± 0.42
Pre: 16.9 ± 0.53
Post: 16.51 ± 0.56
EG: 0.73%
CG: 2.31%
EG, ES = 0.27
CG, ES = 0.72
Plyometrics after soccer training. Cyclic and acyclic horizontal and vertical jumps, with left, right and both legs. 104–204 jumps per session.Illinois agility-test
1) 60 m
2) 9
3) 4 × 180 ° and 4 × 60 °
Thomas et al. [50]EG, n = 6 Age:17 ± 0.4Men, Jr, Soccer6/2Pre:2.89 ± 0.41
Post:2.55 ± 0.41
NoneEG:11.76%EG, ES = 0.83Vertical CMJ, 80–120 jump per session505-agility test
1) 10 m
2) 1
3) 180 °
Chtara et al. [51]EG, n = 10
CG, n = 10
Age:13.6 ± 0.3
Men, Jr, Soccer7/1Pre:7.10 ± 0.23 Post:6.95 ± 0.17Pre:7.12 ± 0.22 Post:7.07 ± 0.21EG:2.11%
CG:0.70%
EG, ES = 0.75
CG, ES = 0.23
Unilateral, bilateral, lateral, Vertical and Horizontal CMJ, S:2–3, R:8–12Zig-zag test
1) 20 m
2) 3
3) 100 °
van den Tillaar et al. [52]EG, n = 13
Age: 13.8 ± 0.5
Mixed, Young, handball6/2Pre: 6.53 ± 0.75
Post:6.06
NoneEG: 7.20%EG, ES:0.63Bilateral and unilateral CMJ, max mobilization without bending knees, S:2–3, R:8–251) 20 m
2) 5
3) 4 × 135 ° and 1 × 90 °
Bouguezzi et al. [53]EG, n = 15
Age: 11.32 ± 0.27
Young Men, Soccer8/1Pre: 12.11 ± 0.83
Post: 11.31 ± 0.76
NoneEG: 6.61%EG, ES = 1.01Vertical and horizontal CMJ, ankle jumps and zig zag. S: 6–12, R: 8–12. 50–120 jumps per session.T test
1) 40 m
2) 4
3) 2 × 90 ° and 2 × 180 °
Bouguezzi et al. [53]EG, n = 15
Age:12.27 ± 0.33
Young Men, Soccer8/2Pre: 12.17 ± 0.98
Post: 11.02 ± 0.45
NoneEG: 9.45%EG, ES = 1.61Vertical and horizontal CMJ, ankle jumps and zig zag. S: 3–6, R: 7–14. 50–120 jumps per session.T test
1) 40 m
2) 4
3) 2 × 90 ° and 2 × 180 °
Loturco et al. [54]EG, n = 11
Age: 22.2 ± 2.4
Prof.
Men, Soccer
5/2Pre: 6.10 ± 0.20 Post:5.91 ± 0.25NoneEG: 3.11%E, ES = 0.84Squat jump with different loads, CMJ vertical and Horizontal jump.
S:3–8, R:4–6
Zig-zag test
1) 20 m
2) 3
3) 100 °
Asadi [55]EG, n = 10
Age: 20.2 ±
CG, n = 10
Age: 20.1 ± 1.5
Division 1. Men, Basketball6/2Pre: 12 ± 0.56
Post: 10.97 ± 0.6
Pre:12.15 ± 0.57
Post: 12.57 ± 0.68
EG: 8.58%
CG: -3.46%
EG, ES = 1.78
CG, ES = -0.67
Vertical and Horizontal CMJ.
S:3, R:15
T test
1) 40 m
2) 4
3) 2 × 90 ° and 2 × 180 °
Negra et al. [56]EG, n = 13 ± 0.2
Age: 12.7 ± 0.2
CG, n = 11
Age: 12.7 ± 0.2
Young, Men, Soccer8/2Pre: 11.1 ± 0.5
Post: 10.3 ± 0.5
Pre: 11.38 ± 0.44
Post: 11.73 ± 0.39
EG: 7.21%
CG: -3.08%
EG, ES = 1,60
CG, ES = -0,84
Vertical leap, horizontal jumps, horizontal ankle hop. S:5–8 R:10–15. 50–120 ground contacts per session.T test
1) 40 m
2) 4
3) 2 × 90 ° and 2 × 180 °
Meylan and Malatesta [57]EG, n = 14
Age:13.3 ± 0.6
CG, n = 11
Age: 13.1 ± 0.6
Men, Young, Soccer8/2Pre: 4.69 ± 0.16
Post: 4.24 ± 0.17
Pre: 4.58 ± 0.22
Post: 4.70 ± 0.25
EG:9.59%
CG: -2.62%
EG, ES = 2.73
CG, ES = -0.51
CMJ, repeated jump, ankle jump and Squat-jump, S:2–4, R:6–121) 10 m
2) 4
3) 60 °
Chaabene and Negra [58]EG, n = 13
Age: 12.68 ± 0.23
Male soccer players8/2Pre: 11.33 ± 0.34 Post: 10.54 ± 0.53 EG: 6.97%EG, ES = 1.82Plyometric training, low volume (50–120 contacts per session). CMJs and two-footed ankle-hops.T test
1) 40 m
2) 4
1) 2 × 90 ° and 2 × 180 °
Chaabene and Negra [58]EG, n = 12
Age: 12.72 ± 0.27
Male soccer players8/2Pre: 11.58 ± 0.72
Post: 11.23 ± 0.77
 EG: 3.02%EG, ES = 0.47Plyometric training, high volume (110–220 contacts per session). CMJs and two-footed ankle-hops.T test
1) 40 m
2) 4
1) 2 × 90 ° and 2 × 180 °
Negra et al. [59]EG, n = 17
Age: 12.1 ± 0.5
Male soccer players8/2Pre: 11.9 ± 0.4
Post: 11.5 ± 0.1
 EG: 3.36%EG, ES = 1.6Stable surface. 50–120 contacts per session. Two-footed ankle hop, CMJ. S: 4–6, R: 6–10.Modified Illinois agility-test
1) 30 m
2) 9
1) 5 × 180 ° and 4 × 45 °
Negra et al. [59]EG, n = 16
Age:12.2 ± 0.6
Male soccer players8/2Pre: 11.7 ± 0.3
Post: 11.6 ± 0.1
 EG: 0.85%EG, ES = 0.5Stable and unstable surface. Two-footed ankle hop, CMJ. S: 4–6, R: 6–10.Modified Illinois agility-test
1) 30 m
2) 9
3. 5 × 180 ° and 4 × 45 °
Different countermovement jump (CMJ) + hurdle jump
Faigenbaum et al. [60]EG, n = 14
Age:13.6 ± 0.7
Young Men, 12–15  years6/2Pre: 5.6 ± 0.27
Post:5.6 ± 0.25
NoneEG: 0%EG, ES = 034 different jumps over 6 weeks. S:1–2, R:6–10 per jump conditionPro agility shuttle run
1) 18.2 m
2) 3
3) 2 × 90 ° and 1 × 180 °
Fernandez-Fernandez et al. [61]EG, n = 30
CG, n = 30
Age: 12.5 ± 0.3
Young Men, Tennis8/2Pre: 2.95 ± 0.2
Post: 2.86 ± 0.2
Pre: 2.93 ± 0.1
Post: 2.92 ± 0.1
EG: 3.05%
CG: 0.34%
EG, ES = 0.45
CG, ES = 0.1
Different CMJs, Hurdle jump and ankle jump. 6–8 exercises, S:2–4, R:10–15 per week505-agility test
1) 10 m
2) 1
3) 180 °
Söhnlein et al. [62]EG: n = 18
Age: 13.0 ± 0.8
CG: n = 11
Age: 12.0 ± 1.0
Young Men, Soccer16/2Pre:11.66 ± 0.79
Post:10.95 ± 0.58
Pre:11.89 ± 0.57
Post:11.71 ± 0.61
EG:6,09%
CG: 1,51%
EG, ES = 1.04
CG, ES = 0.31
Unilateral and bilateral jump. Vertical, horizontal, lateral, Hurdle jump, squat jump and ankle jump, 112–350 jumps per weekHurdle agility run
1) 24 m
2) 7
3.) 90°–180°
  1. Abbreviations: Tr:: Training; CODs: Change of new directions; Pre: Pre-test; Post: Post-test; EG: Experimental group; CG: Control group; None: control group not provided