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Table 3 Characteristics of the selected studies

From: Monitoring the Athlete Match Response: Can External Load Variables Predict Post-match Acute and Residual Fatigue in Soccer? A Systematic Review with Meta-analysis

StudiesPlayers details (level, n, age)Tracking systemsExternal load metrics examinedFatigue-related dependent variables investigatedQuality assessment score
Aquino et al., [28]Elite/18/15.6 ± 0.4Video analysis "tracking software DVIDEOW"Medium running distance (8.1–13 km h−1); HI running distance (13.1–18 km h−1); Sprinting distance (> 18 km h−1); HI activity distance (> 13 km h−1); TD; Number of sprints.Pre- to post-match % change in CK concentration
Pre- to post-match % change in LDH concentration
0.65
De Hoyo et al., [23]Elite/15/18 ± 115-Hz GPS with 100-Hz accelerometerMedium intensity (14–17.9 km h−1), HI (18-20.9 km h−1) and sprinting (> 21 km h−1) distances; High-speed (> 14 km h−1) and very high-speed running (> 18 km h−1); number of medium to high (> 2 m/s2) and high (> 3 m/s2) accelerations; number of medium to high (< − 2 m/s2) and high decelerations (< − 3 m/s2); TD; Impacts (> 7.1G)Pre to post-match changes at ~ 30 min, G + 24H and G + 48H in:
CK concentration
Average concentric and eccentric force during CMJ
CMJ height
0.70
Draganidis et al., [21]Semi-professional/20/ 22.6 ± 1.55-Hz GPS with 100-Hz accelerometerHI running (>14.5 km h−1); VHI running (>19.8 km h−1) and sprinting (>25.2 km h−1); number of low, medium and HI accelerations (1–2 m/s2, 2–3 m/s2, > 3 m/s2); Number of low, medium and HI decelerations (− 1 to − 2 m/s2, − 2 to − 3 m/s2, < − 3 m/s2); TDPre to G + 24H, G + 48H and G + 72H changes in:
CK concentration
Leucocytes count
Concentric and eccentric isokinetic peak torque at 60°/s and 180°/s
MVIC of KE and KF muscles
DOMS
0.80
Nedelec et al., [25]Professional/14/ 21.8 ± 3.2Video analysisHigh acceleration and deceleration <5 m
High acceleration and deceleration >5 m
HI running
Hard changes of direction
Pre to G + 24H, G + 48H and G + 72H post-match changes in: CMJ performance MVIC of the hamstring with knee flexed at 90° and 150° KF muscle soreness0.65
Rampinini et al., [29]Professional/20/19 ± 1Video-computerized, semi-automatic match analysisTD
HI running (> 15 km h−1)
Pre to immediately, G + 24H and G + 48H % changes in:
Maximal voluntary activation (%VA)
Normalized Root mean square of vastus lateralis muscle EMG signal during MVIC.
Peak torque with 1-ms, 10-ms interval and 100-ms interval stimulations
0.70
Romagnoli et al., [30]Professional/20/17- 20Video-computerized, semi-automatic match analysisTD
Low-intensity running distance (< 15 km h−1)
HI running distance (> 15 km h−1)
VHI running distance (> 20 km h−1)
Pre to 30 min, G + 24H and G + 48H changes in:
White blood cells count
Cortisol and Testosterone concentrations
Creatine kinase concentration
0.40
Russell et al., [12]Professional/15/
20 ± 1
10-Hz GPS unitsRaw and normalized (per min) TD
Raw and normalized (per min) HI running distance (> 19.8 km h−1)
Raw and normalized (per min) total number of: sprints (> 19.8 km h−1), high accelerations, high decelerations, HI impacts
Total number of accelerations, decelerations and impacts.
Pre to G + 24H and G + 48H changes in: CK concentration
CMJ PPO
0.80
Scott et al., [31]Professional/15/26 ± 4video-computerized, semi-automatic match analysisTD, HI running (> 19.8 km h−1) and Sprinting (> 25.2 km h−1): distances and occurrencesPre to G + 48H changes in CK concentration0.75
Shearer et al., [32]Elite/11/20 ± 110-Hz GPS unitsRaw and normalized (per min) TD
Raw and normalized (per min) HI running distance (> 19.8 km h−1)
Raw and normalized (per min) total number of sprints (> 19.8 km h−1)
Pre to G + 24H and G + 48H changes in:
CK concentration
CMJ PPO
Brief assessment of mood
0.75
Thorpe et al., [22]Semi-professional/7/25 ± 61-Hz GPS unit with 100-Hz accelerometerWalking distance (0–6 km h−1); jogging distance (6–8 km h−1); low-speed running (8–12 km h−1); moderate-speed running (12–15 km h−1); Fast speed running (15–18 km h−1); sprinting distance (>18 km h−1); HI activity (> 15 km h−1); total number of sprints.Pre to post-match changes in:
CK concentration
Myoglobin concentration
Cortisol and Testosterone concentrations
0.70
Varley et al., [33]Professional/10/27 ± 3Video-computerized, semi-automatic match analysisTD, sprint distance (> 25.2 km h−1), total number of: sprints), high accelerations, high decelerations.Pre to immediately, G + 48H and G + 72H changes in:
CK concentration
CMJ height
Muscle fatigue and wellness
0.85
  1. n: number of players, TD: total distance, KE: knee extension, KF: knee flexion, CMJ: countermovement jump, PPO: peak power output, PT: peak torque, DOMS: delayed onset muscle soreness, HI: high intensity, VHI: very high intensity, MVIC: maximal voluntary isometric contraction