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Table 3 Summary of the main data from the studies included

From: The Role of Technology in Adherence to Physical Activity Programs in Patients with Chronic Diseases Experiencing Fatigue: a Systematic Review

Study Chronic disease Number of participants Control group Timeline (weeks) Mean age (years) Sex M/F Program’s goal PA outcome Adherence Primary outcome of each study Secondary outcomes of each study
Backman et al. [51] Breast and colorectal cancer 39 Yes 10 54 8/31 10,000 steps Step counts  90% week 1,  85% week 10a Adherence to PA intervention HRQoL, body composition and blood markers
Benzo et al. [52] COPD 12 No 8 > 40 Not specified 12 min walk Walking minutes 89 ± 0.22% Program feasibility WAI-SR
Gary et al. [53] HF 24 Yes 12 60 12/12 Individualized: from 30 to 60 walking minutes, 3 times per week Walking minutes, daily steps 83% CS-PFP10 Muscle strength, HRQoL, functional capacity, disease severity levels
Hooas et al. [44, 50] COPD 10 No 156 55 5/5 Individualized Training sessions 69.1% year 1, 40.5% year 2, 13.9% year 3 (9/10)b Adherence System Usability Scale
Mendoza et al. [49] COPD 50 Yes 13 68 33/17 Personalized Step counts 80±31% week 4, 85 ± 26% week 8, 81 ± 22% week 13c Daily step counts Exercise capacity (6MWT), health status (SGRQ, CAT)
Moy et al. [54] COPD 27 No 13 72 27/0 Personalized Step counts 90.39% at baseline, 104.82% week 12a Daily step counts General health status, MMRC dyspnea score, Bristol knowledge, exercise self-efficacy
Pinto et al. [55] Breast cancer survivors 43 Yes (but not analyzed) 12 53 0/43 Personalized Exercise minutes, step counts 88.37% week 1, 55.81% week 12 Adherence Exercise self-efficacy
  1. HRQoL Health Related Quality of Life, COPD Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, WAI-SR Working Alliance Inventory‐Short Revised, HF Heart Failure, CS-PFP10 Continuous Scale Physical Functional Performance test, 6MWT 6-Min Walk Test, SGRQ Saint George’s Respiratory Questionnaire, CAT Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease Assessment Test, MMRC Modified Medical Research Council
  2. acalculated by authors
  3. b at 3 year follow-up there were only 9 patients
  4. cdata requested and obtained from corresponding author